Publications by authors named "Sonia Abbasi Ravasjani"

2 Publications

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Osteogenic and Angiogenic Synergy of Human Adipose Stem Cells and Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells Cocultured in a Modified Perfusion Bioreactor.

Organogenesis 2021 Jul 29:1-16. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Research Center for New Technologies in Life Science Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Synergistic promotion of angiogenesis and osteogenesis in bone tissue-engineered constructs remains a crucial clinical challenge, which might be overcome by simultaneous employment of superior techniques including coculture systems, differentiation-stimulated factors, combinatorial scaffolds and bioreactors.Current study investigated the effect of flow perfusion along with coculture of human adipose stem cells (hASCs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) on osteogenic and angiogenic differentiation.Pre-treated hASCs with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D were seeded onto poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)/β-tricalcium phosphate/polycaprolactone (PLGA/β-TCP/PCL) scaffold with/without HUVECs, and cultured for 14 days within a flask or modified perfusion bioreactor. Analysis of osteogenic and angiogenic gene expression, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and ALP staining indicates a synergistic effect of perfusion flow and coculture system on osteogenic and angiogenic differentiation. The advantage of modified perfusion bioreactor is its five-branch flow distributor which directly connect to the porous PCL hollow fibers embedded in the 3D scaffold to improve flow and flow-induced shear stress uniformity.Dynamic coculture increased VEGF by 6-fold, VEGF by 2-fold, and Endothelin-1 by 4-fold, relative to dynamic monoculture. Static coculture enhanced osteogenic and angiogenic differentiation, compared with static monoculture. Although dynamic coculture is in preference to static coculture due to significant increase in ALP activity and promoted angiogenic marker expression. Our finding is the first to indicate that the modified perfusion bioreactor combined with the beneficial cell-cell crosstalk in pre-treated hASC/HUVEC cocultures provides a synergy between osteogenic and angiogenic differentiation of the accumulation of cells, suggesting that it represents a promising approach for regeneration of critical-sized bone defects.
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July 2021

Inlet flow rate of perfusion bioreactors affects fluid flow dynamics, but not oxygen concentration in 3D-printed scaffolds for bone tissue engineering: Computational analysis and experimental validation.

Comput Biol Med 2020 09 4;124:103826. Epub 2020 Aug 4.

Department of Oral Cell Biology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), University of Amsterdam and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Gustav Mahlerlaan 3004, 1081 LA, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Fluid flow dynamics and oxygen-concentration in 3D-printed scaffolds within perfusion bioreactors are sensitive to controllable bioreactor parameters such as inlet flow rate. Here we aimed to determine fluid flow dynamics, oxygen-concentration, and cell proliferation and distribution in 3D-printed scaffolds as a result of different inlet flow rates of perfusion bioreactors using experiments and finite element modeling. Pre-osteoblasts were treated with 1 h pulsating fluid flow with low (0.8 Pa; PFF) or high peak shear stress (6.5 Pa; PFF), and nitric oxide (NO) production was measured to validate shear stress sensitivity. Computational analysis was performed to determine fluid flow between 3D-scaffold-strands at three inlet flow rates (0.02, 0.1, 0.5 ml/min) during 5 days. MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblast proliferation, matrix production, and oxygen-consumption in response to fluid flow in 3D-printed scaffolds inside a perfusion bioreactor were experimentally assessed. PFF more strongly stimulated NO production by pre-osteoblasts than PFF. 3D-simulation demonstrated that dependent on inlet flow rate, fluid velocity reached a maximum (50-1200 μm/s) between scaffold-strands, and fluid shear stress (0.5-4 mPa) and wall shear stress (0.5-20 mPa) on scaffold-strands surfaces. At all inlet flow rates, gauge fluid pressure and oxygen-concentration were similar. The simulated cell proliferation and distribution, and oxygen-concentration data were in good agreement with the experimental results. In conclusion, varying a perfusion bioreactor's inlet flow rate locally affects fluid velocity, fluid shear stress, and wall shear stress inside 3D-printed scaffolds, but not gauge fluid pressure, and oxygen-concentration, which seems crucial for optimized bone tissue engineering strategies using bioreactors, scaffolds, and cells.
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September 2020