Publications by authors named "Somayeh Kazemnejad"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Thyroid peroxidase in human endometrium and placenta: a potential target for anti-TPO antibodies.

Clin Exp Med 2021 Feb 26;21(1):79-88. Epub 2020 Sep 26.

Reproductive Immunology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.

Autoimmune thyroid disease is the most common endocrine disorder during pregnancy. Thyroid autoantibodies (TAs) have been suggested to serve a role in implantation failure and spontaneous abortion. Until now, there are no data on the potential interaction of TAs with human reproductive organs. Here, we set out for the first time to test this hypothesis by studying the expression of thyroid peroxidase (TPO) at gene and protein level in human reproductive organs. Endometrial samples were taken from normal women, and placenta tissues were collected after full-term caesarian section. Expression of TPO messenger RNA (mRNA) was investigated by qRT-PCR. In addition, polyclonal anti-TPO antibodies were produced and the expression of TPO protein in mentioned tissues was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The reactivity of anti-TPO antibody in human embryos was evaluated by immunofluorescent staining. For the first time, our study showed that TPO is expressed at gene and protein levels in endometrium and placenta. TPO expression was mainly localized to glandular and luminal epithelial cells in the endometrium. In placenta, the syncytiotrophoblasts and invasive trophoblast cells were the main cell types that expressed TPO protein. Specific band of approximately 110 kDa was observed in all endometrial and placental tissues by Western blot analysis. However, no expression of TPO protein was observed in human embryo. TPO expression in endometrium and placenta may explain higher frequency of abortion and infertility in patients with thyroid autoimmunity.
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February 2021

Menstrual blood-derived stromal stem cells from women with and without endometriosis reveal different phenotypic and functional characteristics.

Mol Hum Reprod 2014 Sep 16;20(9):905-18. Epub 2014 Jun 16.

Reproductive Immunology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, PO Box 19615-1177, Tehran, Iran Nanobiotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran Immunology Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Retrograde flow of menstrual blood cells during menstruation is considered as the dominant theory for the development of endometriosis. Moreover, current evidence suggests that endometrial-derived stem cells are key players in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. In particular, endometrial stromal stem cells have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of this disease. Here, we aimed to use menstrual blood, as a novel source of endometrial stem cells, to investigate whether stromal stem cells from endometriosis (E-MenSCs) and non-endometriosis (NE-MenSCs) women differed regarding their morphology, CD marker expression pattern, proliferation, invasion and adhesion capacities and their ability to express certain immunomodulatory molecules. E-MenSCs were morphologically different from NE-MenSCs and showed higher expression of CD9, CD10 and CD29. Furthermore, E-MenSCs had higher proliferation and invasion potentials compared with NE-MenSCs. The amount of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-1 (IDO1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in E-MenSCs co-cultured with allogenic peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was shown to be higher both at the gene and protein levels, and higher IDO1 activity was detected in the endometriosis group. However, NE-MenSCs revealed increased concentrations of forkhead transcription factor-3 (FOXP3) when compared with E-MenSCs. Nonetheless, interferon (IFN)-γ, Interleukin (IL)-10 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) levels were higher in the supernatant of E-MenSCs-PBMC co-cultures. Here, we showed that there are inherent differences between E-MenSCs and NE-MenSCs. These findings propose the key role MenSCs could play in the pathogenesis of endometriosis and further support the retrograde and stem cell theories of endometriosis. Hence, considering its renewable and easily available nature, menstrual blood could be viewed as a reliable and inexpensive material for studies addressing the cellular and molecular aspects of endometriosis.
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September 2014

Eutopic and ectopic stromal cells from patients with endometriosis exhibit differential invasive, adhesive, and proliferative behavior.

Fertil Steril 2013 Sep 28;100(3):761-9. Epub 2013 May 28.

Immunology Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Objective: To study immunophenotype, differential proliferation capacity, invasiveness, adhesion, and cytokine production in ectopic and eutopic endometrial stromal cells (EESCs and EuESCs) from patients with endometriosis.

Design: In vitro study.

Setting: Academic research center.

Patient(s): Patients with ovarian endometriosis (endometrioma) and nonendometriotic controls.

Intervention(s): None.

Main Outcome Measure(s): EESCs and EuESCs from 25 patients with endometrioma and ESCs from 20 nonendometriotic controls (CESCs) were isolated, and their immunophenotype, proliferation, invasion, adhesion, and cytokine production were assessed and compared.

Result(s): Isolated ESCs from all three sources expressed markers specific for cells of mesenchymal origin but were negative for hematopoietic markers. EESCs exhibited a significantly lower proliferation rate in fibronectin-coated plates and less invasive capacity compared with CESCs or EuESCs. Among all stromal cell groups studied, EuESCs showed the highest invasive behavior. EESCs adhered more firmly to extracellular matrix than EuESCs or CESCs in all time intervals examined. The levels of interleukin (IL) -6 and IL-8 production by EESCs were significantly higher compared with those of EuESCs or CESCs.

Conclusion(s): The results of the present study demonstrated that retrograde menstruation alone does not account for the pathogenesis of endometriosis as eutopic and ectopic counterparts of ESCs from patients with endometriosis exhibit differential invasive, adhesive, and proliferative behavior.
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September 2013

Changes in hepatic cytosolic glutathione S-transferase activity and expression of its class-P during prenatal and postnatal period in rats treated with aflatoxin B1.

Arch Toxicol 2006 Sep 24;80(9):572-9. Epub 2006 Feb 24.

Department of Biochemistry Faculty of Medical Science, Tarbiat Modarres University, P.O. Box 14115-331, Tehran, Iran.

The effect of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on the expression of glutathione S-transferase-P (GST-P) which is the major isoform of GST in developmental stages has been investigated in rat liver during prenatal and postnatal stages. Following administration of AFB1 (0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 or 4.0 mg/kg bw) injected I.P on day 8.5 of gestation the number of dead or reabsorbed fetuses and malformed embryos were recorded. Then the fetal livers were processed for measurement of total GST and GST-P activities, using 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) and ethacrynic acid (ETA) as substrates respectively. RT-PCR using rat GST-P specific primers was performed on mRNA extracted from livers. Besides, the effects of AFB1 on hepatic GST and GST-P were assessed in groups of suckling rats directly injected with the toxin. The results show that a single dose of AFB1 (1.0 or 2.0 mg/kg bw) caused approximately 50-60% depletion in fetal liver GST towards CDNB. Postnatal experiments revealed that liver GST (using CDNB as substrate) was significantly induced (approximately 40%) in suckling rats injected with a single dose of AFB1 (3.0 mg AFB1/kg) 24 h before killing. Liver GST-P expression was unaffected due to AFB1 exposures of rats before and after the birth. This finding was substantiated by western blotting and RT-PCR techniques. These data suggest that AFB1-related induction in rat liver total GST after birth may be implicated in protective mechanisms against AFB1. In contrast, inhibition of this enzyme in fetal liver following placental transfer of the carcinogen may explain high susceptibility of fetal cells to trans-plancental aflatoxins. Furthermore, lack of influence of AFB1 on GST-P expression in developmental stages can role out the involvement of this class of GST in AFB1 biotransformation.
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September 2006