Publications by authors named "Soleyman Bafadam"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Cardioprotective effects of Fenugreek () seed extract in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats.

J Cardiovasc Thorac Res 2021 13;13(1):28-36. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Inadequate control of diabetes mellitus (DM) leads to considerable cardiovascular implications like diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). Cardiomyocyte apoptosis is one of the main mechanisms of DCM pathogenesis associated with hyperglycemia, oxidative stress, inflammation, hyperlipidemia and several other factors. (Fenugreek) has been long used as a traditional medicine and has many therapeutic effects, including anti-diabetic, anti-hyperlipidemia, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. The current study aimed to investigate cardioprotective effects of fenugreek seed on diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced in forty-two male rats by injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (60 mg/ kg). Diabetic animals were treated with three different doses of fenugreek seed extract (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) or metformin (300 mg/kg) for six weeks by gavage. Nondiabetic rats served as controls. Glucose, cholesterol, and triglycerides levels were measured in the blood samples, and oxidative stress markers as well as gene expression of , and were assessed in the cardiac tissues of the experimental groups. Diabetic rats exhibited increased serum glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides levels, elevated markers of oxidative stress thiobarbituric acid-reacting substances (TBARS) levels , total thiol groups (SH), catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and enhanced apoptosis cell death (ratio of Bax/Bcl2). Fenugreek seed extract considerably improved metabolism abnormalities, attenuated oxidative stress and diminished apoptosis index. Our study suggests that fenugreek seed may protect the cardiac structure in STZ-induced diabetic rats by attenuating oxidative stress and apoptosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/jcvtr.2021.01DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8007891PMC
January 2021

The Protective Effects of Pharmacologic Postconditioning of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Nigella sativa on Functional Activities and Oxidative Stress Injury During Ischemia-Reperfusion in Isolated Rat Heart.

Cardiovasc Toxicol 2020 04;20(2):130-138

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, 9177948564, Iran.

Oxidative stress is known to act as the trigger of cardiac damage during ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Postconditioning (PoC) is employed to minimize the consequences of ischemia at the onset of reperfusion. Regarding the well-known antioxidant properties of Nigella sativa (Ns), the aim of this study was to investigate whether Nigella sativa postconditioning (Ns-PoC) could reduce IRI by lowering the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Isolated rat hearts were perfused with the Langendorff apparatus, which were subjected to 20 min of preperfusion, 20 min of global ischemia, followed by 40 min of reperfusion. At the onset of reperfusion, based on the type of intervention group, a 10-min period of Krebs flow was developed along with the treatment, and then the reperfusion with Krebs solution was conducted for 30 min. Heart rate (HR) and left ventricular pressure (LVP) were recorded by isometric transducers connected to a data acquisition system. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) levels, total thiol groups (-SH) levels, superoxide anion dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) activities in myocardial tissues were detected to evaluate the oxidative stress damage degree. Ns-PoC significantly improved cardiodynamic parameters including left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), rate pressure product (RPP), and the maximum up/down rate of the left ventricular pressure (± dp/dt) as well as SH groups, SOD, and CAT activities. Moreover, it decreased MDA and 4-HNE levels during early reperfusion. The results of this study showed that Ns-PoC ameliorated cardiac functions in isolated rat heart during I/R injuries by improving myocardial oxidative stress states, which may be related to the antioxidant effect of Ns.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12012-019-09540-xDOI Listing
April 2020

Effects of levothyroxine on learning and memory deficits in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease: the role of BDNF and oxidative stress.

Drug Chem Toxicol 2020 Jan 21;43(1):57-63. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

The effect of levothyroxine (L-T4) on the learning and memory impairment induced by streptozotocin (STZ) and brain tissue oxidative damage in rats was evaluated. An animal model of the Alzheimer's disease (AD) was established by intracerebroventricular injection of STZ (3 mg/kg) in male Wistar rats (250 ± 50 g). After that, the rats were treated for 3 weeks with L-T4 (10, 100 μg/kg) or normal saline. Passive avoidance (PA) learning and spatial memory were evaluated using shuttle box and Morris water maze (MWM), respectively. Finally, the rats were euthanized, their blood samples were collected for further thyroxine assessment and their brains were removed after decapitation in order to measure the oxidative stress parameters and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). In the MWM, latency (s) increased in the AD rats compared with the normal control group while it decreased in the 10 μg/kg L-T4 injected AD rats compared with the AD group. In the PA, the latency for entering the dark compartment was lower in the AD group than in the normal control group and it decreased in the 10 μg/kg L-T4 injected AD rats. The low dose of L-T4 (10 μg/kg) reduced malondialdehyde concentration but increased thiols concentration, superoxide dismutase, catalase activities and BDNF level in hippocampal tissues of the AD rats. Injection of L-T4 (10 μg/kg) alleviated memory deficits and also improved factors of oxidative stress and BDNF level in the STZ-induced AD rats.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01480545.2018.1481085DOI Listing
January 2020
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