Publications by authors named "Sofia Mellou"

2 Publications

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Haemostatic profile of riboflavin-treated apheresis platelet concentrates.

Blood Transfus 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Laboratory of Haematology and Blood Bank Unit, Attikon University Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background: The haemostatic activity of platelet concentrates (PCs) treated with pathogen reduction technology (PRT) remains a subject of debate. Our aim was to investigate the effect of Mirasol PRT on the haemostatic properties of PCs stored in plasma.

Material And Methods: Untreated and Mirasol-treated platelets stored in plasma and derived from ten split double-dose apheresis PCs were evaluated in vitro on days 1, 3 and 5 post collection for functionality, microparticle procoagulation activity (MPA), endogenous thrombin potential (ETP), and haemostatic profile using rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM).

Results: P-selectin expression was significantly higher in Mirasol-treated platelets compared with untreated counterparts on days 3 and 5 (p=0.003 and p=0.002, respectively). Clot strength, as shown by EXTEM maximum clot firmness (MCF), was significantly lower in the Mirasol-treated platelets at all time points (days 1, 3, 5) than in untreated platelets (p=0.009, p<0.001, p<0.001, respectively). There was a considerable increase in MPA over time (p<0.001) and this was significantly higher in the Mirasol-treated platelets on day 5 (p=0.015). A notable acceleration of decrease in ETP values was observed for Mirasol-treated PCs over time (p<0.001), with significant differences between PRT-treated and untreated PCs on days 3 and 5 (p=0.038 and p=0.019, respectively). Clot strength attenuation was significantly associated with pH reduction (p<0.001, Spearman's rho: 0.84), increased microparticle procoagulant activity (p<0.001, Spearman's rho: -0.75), and with decreased ETP (p<0.032, Spearman's rho: 0.41).

Discussion: Increased platelet activation induced by PRT treatment leads to a decrease in in vitro haemostatic capacity as seen by reduced clot strength and thrombin generation capacity over time. The clinical relevance of this needs to be investigated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2450/2021.0089-21DOI Listing
May 2021

Treatment of light chain (AL) amyloidosis with the combination of bortezomib and dexamethasone.

Haematologica 2007 Oct;92(10):1351-8

Department of Clinical Therapeutics, Alexandra Hospital, University of Athens, School of Medicine, Athens, Greece.

Background And Objectives: High-dose melphalan and autologous stem cell transplantation is currently the treatment of choice for selected patients with AL amyloidosis; however, new treatments are needed for patients who are ineligible for or relapse after this procedure. Bortezomib is a proteasome inhibitor with proven activity in multiple myeloma, and the addition of dexamethasone results in superior outcome. We evaluated the activity and feasibility of the combination of bortezomib and dexamethasone (BD) in patients with AL amyloidosis.

Design And Methods: Consecutive patients with histologically proven, symptomatic AL amyloidosis were treated with BD.

Results: Eighteen patients, including seven who had relapsed or progressed after previous therapies were treated with BD. Eleven (61%) patients had two or more organs involved; kidneys and heart were affected in 14 and 15 patients, respectively. The majority of patients had impaired performance status and high brain natriuretic peptide values; serum creatinine was elevated in six patients. Among evaluable patients, 94% had a hematologic response and 44% a hematologic complete response, including all five patients who had not responded to prior high dose dexamethasone-based treatment and one patient under dialysis. Five patients (28%) had a response in at least one affected organ. Hematologic responses were rapid (median 0.9 months) and median time to organ response was 4 months. Neurotoxicity, fatigue, peripheral edema, constipation and exacerbation of postural hypotension were manageable although necessitated dose adjustment or treatment discontinuation in 11 patients.

Interpretation And Conclusions: The combination of BD is feasible in patients with AL amyloidosis. Patients achieve a rapid hematologic response and toxicity can be managed with close follow-up and appropriate dose adjustment. This treatment may be a valid option for patients with severe heart or kidney impairment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.11325DOI Listing
October 2007
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