Publications by authors named "Sixi Lin"

3 Publications

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First Report of Brown Spot Needle Blight on Pinus thunbergii Parl. Caused by Aureobasidium pullulans in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Nanjing Forestry University, 74584, College of Forestry, 159 Longpan Road, Nanjing, China, 210037;

Pinus thunbergii Parl., known as black pine, is widely distributed all over China. This pine variety can prevent soil desertification and promote soil conservation and is excellent for constructing fast-growing forests and shelter belts. The timber of this species can be used for infrastructure construction and furniture production. In August 2020, needle blight symptoms were found on several trees of black pine in Sichuan Province, China. Further surveys showed that these symptoms are common while the disease incidence is less than 30% which indicated the severity of the disease is mild. The tips of old needles first turn grayish green and developed into brown bands ranging from 1 to 2 mm. To determine the pathogen, 20 needle samples with typical symptoms were disinfected with 75% alcohol, and sections of the tissue were cut from joints of diseased and healthy tissues (visually healthy) with a sterilized scalpel, surface sterilized for 45 seconds in 75% alcohol, soaked for 90 seconds in 1.5% NaCIO, rinsed in sterilized water and dried. Small cut tissues were placed on potato dextrose agar (PDA) at 25℃ for 10 days. Pure cultures were obtained by monosporic isolation. The colonies initially appeared white to cream, yeast-like, and later turned to pink and remained at least 10 days. Conidia were hyaline, smooth-walled, single-celled, and ellipsoidal with variable shape and size, 7.5 to 16 × 3.5 to 7 µm (Zalar et al. 2008). DNA was extracted from the mycelium of the isolate by the cetyltriethylammonium bromide (CTAB) method and amplified through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of rDNA and partial β-tubulin genes of a representative isolate (SC05) were amplified using the ITS1/ITS4 and Bt2a/Bt2b primer pairs, respectively(Wu et al. 2017). The sequences submitted to GenBank (Accession Nos. MW228368 for ITS and MW256762 for β-tubulin) showed high similarity with BLAST sequences of Aureobasidium pullulans (ITS, KR704881 [100%]; β-tubulin, MT671934 [99.49%]). For the pathogenicity test, a conidial suspension was prepared with a concentration of 2.0 × 107 conidia/ml. The suspension was sprayed onto 3 annual seedlings' needles, and the control was sprayed with sterile water. Inoculated and non-inoculated plants were kept in humid chambers in a glasshouse. After 10 days, typical symptoms appeared on inoculated needles, whereas control needles remained symptomless. The fungus, A. pullulans, was reisolated from those lesions, confirming Koch's postulates. No symptoms were observed on control plants. Aureobasidium pullulans, a ubiquitous saprophytic fungus on many fruits and very rarely reported to cause disease on pine needles. Only reported invasion of Ozone-injured needles in P. strobus (Costonis and Sinclair 1972) and needles damaged by acid rain in P. sylvestris (Ranta 1990). To our knowledge, this is the first report of brown spot needle blight on P. thunbergii caused by A. pullulans in China. The disease represents a threat to pine manufactures and more research on the pathogenesis and management is needed.  .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-11-20-2435-PDNDOI Listing
June 2021

Deciphering the Molecular Variations of Pine Wood Nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus with Different Virulence.

PLoS One 2016 25;11(5):e0156040. Epub 2016 May 25.

Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus is the causative agent of pine wilt disease which has caused huge economic losses in many countries. It has been reported that two forms of pine wood nematodes existed in its native region, i.e., with strong virulence and weak virulence. However, little is known about the molecular differences between the two forms. To better understand their molecular variations, transcriptome and genome sequences of three strongly virulent and one weakly virulent strains were analyzed. We found 238 transcripts and 84 exons which showed notable changes between the two virulent forms. Functional analyses of both differentially expressed transcripts and exons indicated that different virulence strains showed dissimilar nematode growth, reproduction, and oxidoreductase activities. In addition, we also detected a small number of exon-skipping events in B. xylophilus. Meanwhile, 117 SNPs were identified as potential genetic markers in distinguishing the two forms. Four of them were further proved to have undergone allele specific expressions and possibly interrupted the target site of evolutionary conserved B. xylophilus miR-47. These particular SNPs were experimentally verified by including eight additional strains to ensure the validity of our sequencing results. These results could help researchers to better diagnose nematode species with different virulence and facilitate the control of pine wilt disease.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0156040PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4880305PMC
July 2017

Deep sequencing analyses of pine wood nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus microRNAs reveal distinct miRNA expression patterns during the pathological process of pine wilt disease.

Gene 2015 Jan 15;555(2):346-56. Epub 2014 Nov 15.

Collaborative Innovation Center of Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, China; Institute of Forest Protection, College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China; Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Prevention and Management of Invasive Species, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus is known as the causative agent of pine wilt disease with complex life cycles. In this research, four small RNA libraries derived from different infection stages of pine wilt disease were constructed and sequenced. Consequently, we obtained hundreds of evolutionarily conserved miRNAs and novel miRNA candidates. The analysis of miRNA expression patterns showed that most miRNAs were expressed at extraordinarily high levels during the middle stage of pine wilt disease. Functional analysis revealed that expression levels of miR-73 and miR-239 were mutually exclusive with their target GH45 cellulase genes. In addition, another set of atypical miRNAs, termed mirtrons, was also identified in this study. Thus, our research has provided detailed characterization of B. xylophilus miRNA expression patterns during the pathological process of pine wilt disease. These findings would contribute to more in-depth understanding of this devastating plant disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2014.11.030DOI Listing
January 2015
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