Publications by authors named "Simona Falorio"

9 Publications

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Randomized Trial Comparing R-CHOP Versus High-Dose Sequential Chemotherapy in High-Risk Patients With Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphomas.

J Clin Oncol 2016 11 31;34(33):4015-4022. Epub 2016 Oct 31.

Sergio Cortelazzo, Atto Billio, Andrea Piccin, and Giovanni Negri, Ospedale Centrale di Bolzano, Bolzano; Corrado Tarella and Riccardo Bruna, Azienda Ospedaliera Ordine Mauriziano and University of Turin; Marco Ladetto and Manuela Zanni, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria (AOU) Città della Salute e della Scienza, Turin; Alessandro Massimo Gianni, Paolo Corradini, and Massimo Di Nicola, Fondazione Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS) Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, University of Milano; Andrés J.M. Ferreri, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute; Valentina Tabanelli and Stefano Pileri, Istituto Europeo di Oncologia; Alessandro Rambaldi, University of Milano, Milan; Anna Maria Barbui, Andrea Rossi, Giuseppe Gritti, Arianna Masciulli, Federica Delaini, Cristina Boschini, and Alessandro Rambaldi, Azienda Socio Sanitaria Territoriale Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo; Caterina Patti and Antonino Mulé, Azienda Ospedali Riuniti Villa Sofia-Cervello, Palermo; Valerio Zoli, Ospedale San Camillo Forlanini, Rome; Claudia Castellino, Ospedale S. Croce e Carle, Cuneo; Francesco Di Raimondo, AOU Policlinico Vittorio Emanuele University of Catania, Catania; Fabio Benedetti, University of Verona; Marco Chilosi, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata Verona, Verona; Giorgio La Nasa, Ospedale Binaghi, Cagliari; Guido Gini, Ospedali Riuniti, Ancona; Livio Trentin, Azienda Ospedaliera-Università di Padova, Padua; Maurizio Frezzato, Ospedale San Bortolo, Vicenza; Leonardo Flenghi, Azienda Ospedaliera di Perugia, Perugia; and Simona Falorio, Ospedale Civile Spirito Santo, Pescara, Italy.

Purpose The benefit of high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) as first-line treatment in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphomas is still a matter of debate. To address this point, we designed a randomized phase III trial to compare rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP)-14 (eight cycles) with rituximab plus high-dose sequential chemotherapy (R-HDS) with ASCT. Patients and Methods From June 2005 to June 2011, 246 high-risk patients with a high-intermediate (56%) or high (44%) International Prognostic Index score were randomly assigned to the R-CHOP or R-HDS arm, and 235 were analyzed by intent to treat. The primary efficacy end point of the study was 3-year event-free survival, and results were analyzed on an intent-to-treat basis. Results Clinical response (complete response, 78% v 76%; partial response, 5% v 9%) and failures (no response, 15% v 11%; and early treatment-related mortality, 2% v 3%) were similar after R-CHOP versus R-HDS, respectively. After a median follow-up of 5 years, the 3-year event-free survival was 62% versus 65% ( P = .83). At 3 years, compared with the R-CHOP arm, the R-HDS arm had better disease-free survival (79% v 91%, respectively; P = .034), but this subsequently vanished because of late-occurring treatment-related deaths. No difference was detected in terms of progression-free survival (65% v 75%, respectively; P = .12), or overall survival (74% v 77%, respectively; P = .64). Significantly higher hematologic toxicity ( P < .001) and more infectious complications ( P < .001) were observed in the R-HDS arm. Conclusion In this study, front-line intensive R-HDS chemotherapy with ASCT did not improve the outcome of high-risk patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2016.67.2980DOI Listing
November 2016

Efficacy and safety of bendamustine for the treatment of patients with recurring Hodgkin lymphoma.

Br J Haematol 2013 Jan 20;160(2):207-15. Epub 2012 Nov 20.

Haematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation Unit, Department of Haematology, Fondazione G. Pascale, IRCCS, Naples, Italy.

The management of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) recurring after stem cell transplantation (SCT) and multiply relapsed disease remains challenging. We report on 41 such patients who received bendamustine hydrochloride, a bifunctional mechlorethamine derivative mechanistically unrelated to traditional alkylators, after a median of four prior chemotherapy lines, including SCT in 85% of cases. Bendamustine was given at doses of 90-120 mg/m(2) every 21 or 28 d. At first assessment (2-4 cycles), the overall response rate (ORR) was 78% with 12 (29%) complete (CR) and 20 (49%) partial responses (PR). Upon treatment prolongation to 6-8 courses, 40% of PRs progressed, yielding a final ORR of 58% with 31% of CRs. Eight patients (two CRs, six PRs) were subsequently allotransplanted. Median progression-free and overall survival exceeded 11 and 21 months respectively; complete responders displayed a median disease-free survival above 9 months with a relapse rate of only 30%. Outcomes were independent of disease chemosensitivity, previous transplant and bendamustine dose-intensity. No life-threatening or unexpected adverse events occurred. Within the limits of a retrospective analysis and schedule heterogeneity, these results appear very encouraging and prompt prospective trials to confirm bendamustine as a valuable option in the palliative setting and in cytoreductive strategies before allotransplantation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.12120DOI Listing
January 2013

Fertility in female survivors of Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter 2012 ;34(1):48-53

Hematology and Pathology Services, Hospital Universitário, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Currently, Hodgkin's lymphoma is one of the most curable types of cancer. Patients are often young and so the long-term morbidities of treatment have become of increasing concern. Among these, infertility is one of the most challenging consequences for patients in reproductive age. Premature ovarian failure in premenopausal women is a serious long-term sequel of the toxicity of chemotherapy. The main consequence of this syndrome is infertility, but women also present other symptoms related to estrogen deprivation. Different rates of impaired gonadal function are reported, depending on the patient's age, stage of disease, dose and intensity of chemotherapy and the use of radiation therapy. The most established strategy in female infertility is cryopreservation of embryos after in vitro fertilization. Additionally, the use of oral contraceptives or gonadotropinreleasing hormone analogs (GnRH-a) during treatment is under study. This review will provide a general overview of the main studies conducted to evaluate the infertility rate among female Hodgkin's lymphoma survivors and risk factors associated to treatment, different end-point definitions for evaluating fertility and also a brief description of the available strategies for fertility preservation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5581/1516-8484.20120014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3459604PMC
October 2012

Risk factors for impaired gonadal function in female Hodgkin lymphoma survivors: final analysis of a retrospective multicenter joint study from Italian and Brazilian Institutions.

Hematol Oncol 2013 Jun 2;31(2):72-8. Epub 2012 Oct 2.

Dipartimento di Ematologia, Ospedale Civile Spirito Santo, Pescara, Italy.

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is one of the most common types of cancer in the young and one of the most curable forms of cancer. Therefore, there has been an increasing interest in the study of long-term morbidities. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for impaired gonadal function in a retrospective cohort of 238 HL female survivors from Italy and Brazil and to analyse the role of oral contraceptives (OC) and GnRH-analogues. Besides data collection from HL databases, a specific questionnaire was administered to collect data on gonadal function. The median age at diagnosis was 25 years and the median follow-up was 7 years. Overall, 25% of the patients developed impaired gonadal function. Older age at diagnosis, front-line therapies containing alkylating agents and more than one treatment were independent risk factors, whereas the use of OC or GnRH-a reduced independently the risk of impaired gonadal function. The fertility rate among fertile survivors was low when compared with the general population. We confirmed that older age, type of front-line chemotherapy and a higher number of therapies are associated with gonadal function impairment in terms of infertility and premature menopause in female HL survivors. Also, the use of GnRH-a or OC was independently identified as a protective factor. Further prospective studies are needed to better understand the barriers to parenthood in HL survivors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hon.2029DOI Listing
June 2013

The early- and intermediate-term toxicity to primitive hematopoietic progenitor cells of three chemotherapy regimens for advanced hodgkin lymphoma.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma 2009 Dec;9(6):425-9

Medicina Interna e Gastroenterologia, Università di Pavia, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo, P.le Golgi no 2, 27100 Pavia, Italy.

Background: The early stem cell reservoir can be impaired by a few cycles of chemotherapy, and this impairment might persist after normalization of peripheral cytopenias. We directly evaluated the damage caused to marrow progenitor cells by 3 currently used chemotherapy regimens for advanced Hodgkin lymphoma.

Patients And Methods: Bone marrow samples from 37 patients randomly treated according to either the ABVD (doxorubicin/bleomycin/vinblastine/dacarbazine), COPPEBVCAD (cyclophosphamide/vincristine/procarbazine/prednisone/epirubicin/bleomycin/vinblastine/lomustine/melphalan/ vindesine), or BEACOPP (bleomycin/etoposide/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide/vincristine/procarbazine/prednisone) schedule were taken a few days before the start of chemotherapy and 30 days and 6 months after its completion. Samples were cryopreserved, thawed in a single session, and cultured for 5 weeks to detect long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-IC).

Results: On the basis of the numbers of LTC-IC detected and of their relative variations, the ABVD regimen was associated with the least early reduction and the best late recovery of LTC-IC. COPPEBVCAD produced the greatest early damage, but recovery was nearly complete by 6 months. BEACOPP caused intermediate early toxicity that persisted at 6 months.

Conclusion: The different late toxicity exerted on marrow progenitors by these chemotherapy regimens should be carefully weighed in relation to both the expected early response rate and subsequent possibility of rescue in the case of first treatment failure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3816/CLM.2009.n.084DOI Listing
December 2009

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog treatment for the prevention of treatment-related ovarian failure and infertility in women of reproductive age with Hodgkin lymphoma.

Leuk Lymphoma 2008 Jun;49(6):1087-93

Department of Hematology, Civic Hospital, via Fonte Romana, Pescara, Italy.

We conducted a retrospective study on treatment-related ovarian failure in 61 women with Hodgkin lymphoma who were under treatment from 1994 to 2006. To minimize the risk of treatment-related gonadotoxicity, triptorelin (Decapeptyl), a gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa), was administered monthly. All patients were treated with frontline polychemotherapy with or without radiotherapy. Seven refractory or relapsed patients received salvage treatment, and six of these patients further received peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Fifty patients (82%) recovered regular menses, four patients (6%) reported menstrual abnormalities, and seven patients (12%) who were under salvage treatment became amenorrheic. We found a clear correlation between age at the time of treatment, advanced disease, cumulative therapeutic load and ovarian failure. After the completion of treatment, 13 patients who attempted conception conceived. GnRHa may preclude ovarian damage and infertility in young women receiving frontline polychemotherapy alone or in combination with supradiaphragmatic radiotherapy. In refractory or relapsed patients, GnRHa does not seem to be very effective, and further experimental approaches are required for fertility preservation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428190802035982DOI Listing
June 2008