Publications by authors named "Simon H Ro"

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The role of interferon regulatory factor-1 and interferon regulatory factor-2 in IFN-gamma growth inhibition of human breast carcinoma cell lines.

J Interferon Cytokine Res 2003 Sep;23(9):501-11

Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.

Interferon (IFN) regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1) and IRF-2 play opposing roles in the regulation of many IFN-gamma-inducible genes. To investigate the signal transduction pathway in response to IFN-gamma in light of differences in growth effects, we selected four human breast carcinoma cell lines based on a spectrum of growth inhibition by IFN-gamma. MDA468 growth was markedly inhibited by IFN-gamma, and it showed substantial induction of IRF-1 mRNA but little IRF-2 induction. SKBR3 showed little growth inhibition and little induction of IRF-1 mRNA but significant induction of IRF-2 mRNA. HS578T and MDA436 growth inhibition and IRF-1/IRF-2 induction were intermediate. All four cell lines showed intact receptor at the cell surface and Stat1 translocation to the nucleus by immunostaining. By EMSA, there were marked differences in the induced ratio of IRF-1 and IRF-2 binding activity between the cell lines that correlated with growth inhibition. Finally, antisense oligonucleotides specific for IRF-1 attenuated IFN-gamma growth inhibition in MDA436 and MDA468, confirming the direct role of IRF-1 in IFN-gamma growth inhibition. Induction of IRF-1 causes growth inhibition in human breast cancer cell lines, and induction of IRF-2 can oppose this. The relative induction of IRF-1 to IRF-2 is a critical control point in IFN-gamma response.
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September 2003