Publications by authors named "Sihe Jiang"

2 Publications

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Early bilirubinemia after allogeneic stem cell transplantation-an endothelial complication.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Jan 30. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Department of Medicine V, Hematology, Oncology and Rheumatology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Hyperbilirubinemia occurs frequently after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Causes include primary liver damage and endothelial complications as major contributors. Here, we have investigated the impact of early bilirubinemia (EB) on posttransplant outcomes. Maximum total bilirubin levels (days 0-28) were categorized using maximally selected log rank statistics to identify a cut off for the endpoint non-relapse mortality (NRM) in a training cohort of 873 patients. EB above this cut off was correlated with NRM and overall survival (OS) and with pre- and posttransplant Angiopoietin-2, interleukin (IL)18, CXCL8 and suppressor of tumorigenicity-2 (ST2) serum levels, and the endothelial activation and stress index (EASIX). Clinical correlations were validated in a sample of 388 patients transplanted in an independent institution. The EB cut off was determined at 3.6 mg/dL (61.6 µM). EB predicted OS (HR 1.60, 95% CI 1.21-2.12, p < 0.001), and NRM (CSHR 2.14; 1.28-3.56, p = 0.004), also independent of typical endothelial complications such as veno-occlusive disease, refractory acute graft-versus-host disease, or transplant-associated microangiopathy. However, EB correlated with high Angiopoietin-2, EASIX-pre and EASIX-day 0, as well as increased levels of posttransplant CXCL8, IL18, and ST2. In summary, EB indicates a poor prognosis. The association of EB with endothelial biomarkers suggests an endothelial pathomechanism also for this posttransplant complication.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-01186-6DOI Listing
January 2021

Predicting sinusoidal obstruction syndrome after allogeneic stem cell transplantation with the EASIX biomarker panel.

Haematologica 2021 Feb 1;106(2):446-453. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Medicine V, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

No biomarker panel is established for prediction of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome/veno-occlusive disease (SOS/VOD), a major complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). We compared the potential of the Endothelial Activation and Stress Index (EASIX), based on lactate dehydrogenase, creatinine, and thrombocytes, with that of the SOS/VOD CIBMTR clinical risk score to predict SOS/VOD in two independent cohorts. In a third cohort, we studied the impact of endothelium-active prophylaxis with pravastatin and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDA) on SOS/VOD risk. The cumulative incidence of SOS/VOD within 28 days after alloSCT in the training cohort (Berlin, 2013-2015, n=446) and in the validation cohort (Heidelberg, 2002-2009, n=380) was 9.6% and 8.4%, respectively. In both cohorts, EASIX assessed at the day of alloSCT (EASIX-d0) was significantly associated with SOS/VOD incidence (p<0.0001), overall survival (OS) and non-relapse mortality (NRM). In contrast, the CIBMTR score showed no statistically significant association with SOS/VOD incidence, and did not predict OS and NRM. In patients receiving pravastatin/UDA, the cumulative incidence of SOS/VOD was significantly lower at 1.7% (p<0.0001, Heidelberg, 2010-2015, n=359) than in the two cohorts not receiving pravastatin/UDA. The protective effect was most pronounced in patients with high EASIX-d0. The cumulative SOS/VOD incidence in the highest EASIX-d0 quartiles were 18.1% and 16.8% in both cohorts without endothelial prophylaxis as compared to 2.2% in patients with pravastatin/UDA prophylaxis (p<0.0001). EASIX-d0 is the first validated biomarker for defining a subpopulation of alloSCT recipients at high risk for SOS/VOD. Statin/UDA endothelial prophylaxis could constitute a prophylactic measure for patients at increased SOS/VOD risk.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2019.238790DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7849560PMC
February 2021