Publications by authors named "Siham Tallouzt"

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First Report of Isolation of from Layer Chickens in Morocco with Decrease in Laying Performance.

Avian Dis 2019 12;63(4):727-730

Clinic for Poultry and Fish Medicine, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna 1210, Austria.

is a genus of the family of . It is well known as a commensal inhabitant of the respiratory and reproductive tract of healthy chickens. But in the last years, is increasingly reported in field cases with a decrease in laying performance due to infections of the reproductive tract. The aim of the present study was to investigate the implication of infection in layer flocks facing a decrease in laying performance in Morocco. Birds were received from five different laying hen farms in two regions in Morocco showing a drop of egg production. Necropsy revealed 46.1 % (24/52) of sampled birds showed variable lesions in ovaries, salpinx, and trachea. In fact, 24 birds were affected by salpingitis, 18 by oophoritis, and 11 birds by atrophy of ovaries. Furthermore, tracheitis was observed in 24 birds. Bacteriological investigation was done from different organs, and was found in ovaries ( = 20), trachea ( = 17), and cloaca ( = 3). Identification was based on growth morphology, Gram staining, and biochemical properties. Additionally, polymerase chain reaction test using specific primers for the genus identification was carried out. All isolates showed bands of 925 bp specific for expressing the virulent toxin GtxA. Antibiotic resistance testing was performed and revealed that isolates were sensitive to enrofloxacin, florfenicol, and gentamycin but resistant to ampicillin, erythromycin, oxytetracycline, and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim. The present study is the first report of in Morocco, demonstrating the need for further epidemiologic investigations as well as in regard to antibiotic resistance development.
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December 2019