Publications by authors named "Siamak Razzagh"

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An investigation to human health risks from multiple contaminants and multiple origins by introducing 'Total Information Management'.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Apr 21;28(15):18702-18724. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Geology, V.O. Chidambaram College, Tuticorin-8, Tamil Nadu, India.

A capability for aggregating risks to aquifers is explored in this paper for cases with sparse data exposed to anthropogenic and geogenic contaminants driven by poor/non-existent planning/regulation practices. The capability seeks 'Total Information Management' (TIM) under sparse data by studying hydrogeochemical processes, which is in contrast to Human Health Risk Assessment (HHRA) by the USEPA for using sample data and a procedure with prescribed parameters without deriving their values from site data. The methodology for TIM pools together the following five dimensions: (i) a perceptual model to collect existing knowledge-base; (ii) a conceptual model to analyse a sample of ion-concentrations to determine groundwater type, origin, and dominant processes (e.g. statistical, graphical, multivariate analysis and geological survey); (iii) risk cells to contextualise contaminants, where the paper considers nitrate, arsenic, iron and lead occurring more than three times their permissible values; (iv) 'soft modelling' to firm up information by learning from convergences and/or divergences within the conceptual model; and (v) study the processes within each risk cell through the OSPRC framework (Origins, Sources, Pathways, Receptors and Consequence). The study area comprises a series of patchy aquifers but HHRA ignores such contextual data and provides some evidence on both carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks to human health. The TIM capability provides a greater insight for the processes to unacceptable risks from minor ions of anthropogenic nitrate pollutions and from trace ions of arsenic, iron and lead contaminants.
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April 2021