Publications by authors named "Si-Lin Gan"

19 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[Comparision of Mutational Spectrum between Elderly and Young Adults with Acute Myeloid Leukemia Based on Next Generation Sequencing].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2020 Feb;28(1):12-17

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province, China,E-mail:

Objective: To compare the gene mutational spectrum between elderly and young adults with acute myeloid leukemia(AML) based on next generation sequencing(NGS).

Methods: The specimens of 250 AML patients in first affiliated hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2018 to November 2018 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The mutation of 22 related genes were detected by using AML NGS chips. Then, the differences between elderly (≥60 years old) and young adults (<60 years old) were compared.

Results: The most frequent mutations of 250 patients were as follows: NPM1(22.4%), FLT3-ITD(18.8%), NRAS(17.2%), DNMT3A(14.4%), TET2(11.6%), IDH2(9.6%), Biallelic CEBPA(8.8%), Moallelic CEBPA(8.4%), KIT(8.4%), RUNX1(7.6%), IDH1(7.6%), ASXL1(6.0%), U2AF1(5.2%), SRSF2 (3.2%), SF3B1(3.2%), TP53(2.4%), KRAS(2.0%). The NPM1, CEBPA, DNMT3A mutation significantly increased in intermediate prognosis group while KIT significantly increased in favourable prognosis group. The TET2 and IDH2 mutation rate in elderly patients were significantly higher than that in young patients (21.8% vs 8.7%) (χ=7.180, P=0.007) and (20.0% vs 6.7%) ( χ=8.788, P=0.003) respectively. Compared with young patients, the frequencies of DNA methylation and demethylation mutations (including DNMT3A, TET2, IDH1, IDH2) and RNA splicing enzyme mutations (inc-luding SRSF2, SF3B1, U2AF1, ZRSR2) in elderly patients significantly increased(67.3% vs 36.4%) (χ=16.653, P=0.000) and (23.6% vs 8.7%)(χ=9.041, P=0.003) respectively.

Conclusion: The gene mutational spectrum in elderly and young adult AML shows heterogeneity. Compared with young adults, the frequencies of DNA methylation and demethylation mutations and RNA splicing enzyme mutations in elderly patients significantly increase.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.19746/j.cnki.issn.1009-2137.2020.01.003DOI Listing
February 2020

[Long Non Coding RNA RP11-69I8.3 Expression in Acute Leukemia and Its Cinical Significance].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2018 Aug;26(4):978-983

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province,China.E-mail:

Objective: To investigate the expression of long non coding RNA RP11-69I8.3 in acute leukemia and its clinical significance.

Methods: lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 expression was detected by RT-PCR in bone marrow samples from 17 healthy controls, 32 newly diagnosed AML patients and 32 newly diagnosed ALL patients, and 25 ALL patients of complete remission after chemotherapy. Meanwhile, the clinical data were collected and the relation of lncRNA RP11-6918.3 expression with the clinical characteristics was analyzed.

Results: Compared with the control group, there was no significant difference in the expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 in AML group(P>0.05). lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 lowly expressed in untreated ALL group(P=0.001). Compared with the de novo ALL group, lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 was highly expressed in complete remission ALL group (P<0.013). In 32 de novo ALL patients,the expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 in children was significantly lower than that in adult(P=0.017). There was no correlation of the expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 with the sex, WBC count, HB level, Plt count, LDH level, T or B type, ratio of bone marrow blast cell, BCR/ABL and WT1 fusion gene expression, chromosome karyotype, extramedullary infiltration, whether complete remission after one chemotherapy, whether relapse. In 26 B-ALL patients, there was no correlation between lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 and the immunophenotype.

Conclusion: The expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 in the untreated AML is not significantly different from the control group. lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 is low expressed in ALL group, highly expressed in ALL group with complete remission. In untreated ALL, the expression of lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 in children is significantly lower than that in adult. In B-ALL patients, the lncRNA RP11-69I8.3 is not relevant with the immunophenotype.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2018.04.006DOI Listing
August 2018

[Expression of CC-chemokine Receptor 7 in Patiens with Multiple Myeloma and Its Relationship with Extramedullary Disease].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2017 Apr;25(2):476-479

Department of Hematology, The First Affilitated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province, China. E-mail:

Objective: To investigate the expression of CC-chemokine receptor 7(CCR7) in patients with multiple myeloma(MM) and its correlation with clinical features of MM.

Methods: The level of CCR7 expression in bone marrow samples from 53 newly diagnosed MM patients was detected by flow cytometry(FCM). Statistical methods were used to analyze the correlation between CCR7 expression and clinical features, such as sex, age, M protein, peripheral blood cell count, biochemical indicators, plasma cell ratio of bone marrow, immunophenotype, osteopathy and extramedullary disease.

Results: The plasma cells in 24 out of 53 cases(45.28%) expressed CCR7. The rate of extramedullary disease in CCR7 positive group was significantly higher than that in CCR7 negative group (29.17% vs 3.45%)(P<0.05).

Conclusion: The expression of CCR7 in patients with MM is high, moreover this high expression correlates with extramedullary disease, thus CCR7 can be used as an effective indicator for prediction of extramedullary disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2017.02.030DOI Listing
April 2017

[Clinical Analysis for 42 Imatinib-resistant Patients with Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2017 Apr;25(2):377-381

Department of Hematology,The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University,Zhengzhou 450001,Henan Province,China.

Objective: To analyze the kinase mutation ratio, related factors, effectiveness and safety of the second generation drugs for imatinib-resistant patients with chronic myeloid leukemia(CML).

Methods: COX proportional hazard regression model was used for unvariate and multvariate analysis of various factors affecting the kinase mutation and for evaluating the effectiveness and safety of second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor(TKI).

Results: 13 kinds of mutation were detected in 19 out of 42 cases for 22 times, including 4 times of F359V, 3 times of E255K, 2 time for F359C, F317L, T315I, Y253H, 1 time for D256R, C250R, D276G, F486S, M244V, Y256H and G250E, 3 cases with mixed mutations. The main adverse effects of patients receiving nilotinib were skin rash and fluid retention, while that for patients receiving dasatinib were eyelid edema and elevated bilirubin.

Conclusion: The WBC count, spleen enlargement degree, chromosome karyotypes, disease staging, drug used before treatment and time of acheiving CCyR are the related factors of the kinase mutations, but the patients receiving the second generation TKI can survive well.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2017.02.012DOI Listing
April 2017

[Expression of CD146 in Adult and Children's Acute B Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Its Significance].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2017 Feb;25(1):30-34

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University,Zhengzhou 450052,Henan Province,China. E-mail:

Objective: To explore the differences of CD146 expression in adult and children's acute B cell lymphoblastic leukemia(B-ALL), and its relation with clinical features, molecular biological and cytogenctic claracteristics.

Methods: The expression of CD146 in bone marrow samples from adult and children's B-ALL patients were detected by flow cytometry (FCM) and the relation of CD146 abnormal high expression with the patients' clinical features, molecular biological and cytogenetical characteristics, as well as other antigens were analyzed.

Results: The abnormal high expression rates of CD146 in adult and children's B-ALL patients were 29.17% and 9.09% respectively, showing that the expression rate of CD146 in adult patients was higher than that in children's patients(P<0.05). In adult B-ALL, CD146 was positively related with CD64 and CD117, while in children's B-ALL CD146 was positively related with CD71 and CD58 (P<0.05). After 1 course of standardized chemotherapy, the complete remission rates in adult and children's B-ALL patients with abnormal high expression of CD146 both were low as compared with adult and children's B-ALL without abnormal high expression of CD146 (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The expression rate of CD146 in adult B-ALL is higher than that in children's B-ALL. The CD146 positively relates with poor prognostic antigens, the CD146 may be one poor prognosis marker.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2017.01.005DOI Listing
February 2017

[Expression and Clinical Significance of N-cadherin in Bone Marrow Leukemic Cells Derived from Patients with Acute Leukemia].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2016 Oct;24(5):1312-1318

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province, China.

Objective: To investigate the expression of N-cadherin in bone marrow leukemic cells derived from acute leukemia patients and its clinical significances.

Methods: A total of 113 patients with acute leukemia were enrolled in this study. Flow cytometry was employed to detect the expression of N-Cadherin in bone marrow leukemic cells from acute leukemia patients and the relationships between the N-cadherin expression and the clinical characteristics of patients with acute leukemia were analyzed.

Results: The expression of N-Cadherin in bone marrow leukemic cells deriveted from patients with acute leukemia was variable with 0%-99.7%. For adult AML patients, the positive rate of CD34 in N-cadherin group was significantly higher than that in N-cadherin group(67.39% vs 33.33%)(P=0.013), while the differences of total CR rate and rate of CR after 1 cycle of induction treatment were not significant between these 2 groups(P>0.05). As to ALL patients, N-cadherin group had significant lower WBC count (21.31±7.07 vs 51.10±23.69)(P=0.008) and lower percentage of peripheral blood blast (43.22±5.75% vs 66.45±5.65%)(P=0.015). The CR rate after 1 cycle of induction treatment and rate of overall CR were lower and the relapse rate was higher in N-cadherin ALL group than those in N-cadherin ALL group, but the differences were not significant (P>0.05). For childhood ALL, the positive rate of CD33 in N-cadherin group was significantly higher than that in N-cadherin group(47.62% vs 0%)(P=0.012). The relapse rate was higher in N-cadherin group than that in N-cadherin group (30.00% vs 0%)(P=0.115). The median survival time, 3-year overall OS rate and 3-year relapse-free survival rate in N-cadherin groups of adult AML, non-M3 AML, ALL and chidhood ALL paients were superior to N-cadherin groups, but the differences were not significant.

Conclusion: The expression of N-cadherin in bone marrow leukemic cells relates to some clinical features of patients with acute leukemia and to some extent has inferior effect on survival of patients with acute leukemia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2016.05.005DOI Listing
October 2016

[Comparison of CCR5 Expression on T Lymphocytes between the Bone Marrow and Peripheral Blood Grafts after Mobilization].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2016 Jun;24(3):821-6

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province, China. E-mail:

Objective: To compare the expression of C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5) on T cells between bone marrow grafts (G-BM) and peripheral blood grafts (G-PB) nobilized by recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF), and to analyze the correlation of CCR5+ T lymphocyte expression in the grafts with the occurrence of acute GVHD.

Methods: Forty-six healthy donor and their recipient pairs of related allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were enrolled in this study. All the recipients were received the infusion of G-BM and G-PB. The relative proportion and quantity of CCR5+ T cell subset in G-BM and G-PB were detected and compared. Then the correlation of the quantity of infused CCR5+ T cells with the occurrence of acute GVHD was analyzed.

Results: After mobilization, the proportions of CD4+ CCR5+ and CD8+ CCR5+ T cells occupying T cells in G-PB were both lower than those in G-BM. However, the absolute counts in G-PB were 15-25 times more than those in the bone marrow. And the absolute counts could not predict the occurrence of acute GVHD after transplantation (P>0.05).

Conclusion: The difference of CCR5+ subsets between G-PB and G-BM may partially explain that grafts from different sources have different immunologic characteristics. Besides, the quantity of CCR5+ T cells in the grafts are not related with the occurrence of acute GVHD. However, the relative proportion of CCR5+ T cell subset in the grafts may be predictive of acute GVHD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2016.03.035DOI Listing
June 2016

[Clinical Analysis of Recombinant Human Thrombopoietin for Treatment of 46 Adult Patients with Newly Diagnosed Primary Immune Thrombocytopenia].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2016 Apr;24(2):531-5

Department of Hematology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) for treatment of patients with newly diagnosed immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).

Methods: The clinical data of 96 patients with newly diagnosed ITP from August 2013 to August 2015 were analyzed retrospectively, 96 patients were divided into the rhTPO group (46 cases) and the control group (50 cases). Patients in the rhTPO group received subcutaneous injection of rhTPO at a dose of 300 U/(kg·d) for a maximum of 14 days, and control group was treated with glucocorticoid (standard dose) for 28 days. Then the efficacy and adverse reactions between the 2 groups were compared.

Results: Compared with the control group, the patients in rhTPO group achieved higher complete response (CR) rate (56.5% vs 34.0%) (P = 0.03), shorter median time when platelet counts reached 100 × 10(9)/L[10 (5-14) d vs 14 (6-26) d, P < 0.01] and less adverse reactions (4.4% vs 82.0%) (P < 0.01). After the withdrawal of rhTPO, platelet counts gradually decreased. Sex, age and the presence of HP infection had no influence on efficacy of rhTPO (P > 0.10), but when Plt count was too low (≤10 × 10(9)/L), the proportion of patients obtaining CR showed an decreased tendency, as compared with those with Plt>10 × 10(9)/L (38.9% vs 67.9%) (P = 0.06).

Conclusion: rhTPO has satisfactory therapeutic effect and enough safety for patients with newly diagnosed ITP, however, its long-term efficacy should be furtherly improved.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2016.02.042DOI Listing
April 2016

[Clinical Characteristics and Therapeutic Efficacy of Multiple Myeloma Combined with Renal Amyloidosis].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2016 Apr;24(2):474-7

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province, China. E-mail:

Objective: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of multiple myeloma (MM) combined with renal amyloidosis and its curative efficacy and prognosis.

Methods: The clinical data of 22 cases of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma combined with renal amyloidosis treated in our hospital from November 2011 to July 2015 were analyzed retrospectively.

Results: According to Intenational Staging System (ISS), among above-menthioned 22 patients the ISS II accounted for 77.2% (17/22), ISS III accounted for 22.8% (5/22). The patients with renal impairment accounted for 36.4% (8/22), with anemia 40.9% (9/22), with serum album < 35 g/L 86.4% (19/22), with urinary protein positive 100% (22/22). The evaluation of the curative efficacy of the 22 cases was as follows: CR 13.6% (3/22); VGPR 4.5% (1/22); PR 22.8% (5/22); SD 45.5% (10/22); PD 13.6% (3/22). Out of 9 patients with effective treatment, 3 cases (3/9, 33.3%) achieved "improved" in renal amyloidosis, 4 cases (4/9, 44.5%) achieved stable in renal amyloidosis, 2 cases (2/9, 2%) achieved "worsened" in renal amyloidosis. Among 17 cases who were followed up, 7 cases died, 10 cases survived, the average duration of follow-up for these cases was 11 (1-37) months, the median overall survival (OS) time was 19 (95% CI 9.2-28.8) months.

Conclusion: MM with renal amyloidosis is rare, refractory and has a poor prognosis. Whether there is impairment of kidney function or not, renal amyloidosis shall be taken into consideration if the MM patients got massive proteinuria especially nephritic syndrome. Bortezomib may improve the curative efficacy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2016.02.031DOI Listing
April 2016

[Expression and Clinical Significance of CC-chemokine Receptor 7 in Adult Acute Leukemia].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2016 Apr;24(2):311-5

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province, China. E-mail:

Objective: To explore the expression of CC-chemokine Receptor 7 (CCR7) in adult acute leukemia patients, and to analyze the relationship of CCR7 expression with the clinical characteristics of patients.

Methods: The expression of CCR7 in bone marrow samples from adult acute leukemia patients were detected by flow cytometry (FCM), the relationship of CCR7 expression with the clinical characteristics of patients such as sex, age, WBC count, blast cell ratio, CD56 expression, molecular biology, cell genetics, risk stratification, extramedullary infiltration was analyzed.

Results: The expression rate of CCR7 in adult ALL and AML patients was 36.8% and 9.6%, respectively, and the expression level of CCR7 in ALL patients was higher than that in AML patients (P < 0.05). The extramedullary infiltration rate was 100% and 41.7 % for CCR7 positive and negative groups of ALL, respectively (P < 0.05). While the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) in extramedullary infiltration group of ALL was higher than that in none-extramedullary infiltration group of ALL (50.00 ± 10.42 vs 18.14 ± 1.39), respectively (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: CCR7 is higher expressed in adult acute leukemia cells, moreover its expression rate in ALL is higher than that in AML, and the expression of CCR7 is related with extramedullary infiltration in ALL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2016.02.001DOI Listing
April 2016

[Expression of N-Cadherin in Patients with Multiple Myeloma and Its Clinical Significance].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2015 Aug;23(4):1044-8

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province, China.

Objective: To investigate the expression of N-Cadherin in the patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and to explore its clinical significance.

Methods: A total of 64 patients with multiple myeloma were enrolled in this study. The expression of N-Cadherin in bone marrow CD38⁺/CD138⁺ cells from multiple myeloma patients was detected by flow cytometry. The relationship between N-Cadherin expression and clinical prognostic factors was analyzed.

Results: Among 64 cases of MM, the expression of N-Cadherin in 17 patients (26.56%) was high (> 20%), while that in 47 cases (73.44%) was low (< 20%); The differences of N-Cadherin expression in disease staging and classification, known prognostic factors, myeloma cell antigen expression and bone damage between patients with high and low N-Cadherin expression were not statistically different; the difference N-Cadherin expression in genetic abnormalities such as D13S319 deletion, RB1 deletion and IGH gene rearrangement between above-methioned two groups was not significant. The 1q21 amplification rate in the group with high expression of N-Cadherin was enhanced significently; the overall survival (OS) times of patients with abnormally high and low expression levels of N-Cadherin were 26.7 months and 55.5 months respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: The high expression of N-Cadherin in multiple myeloma may be one of the indicator for poor prognosis of MM, which may be related with 1q21 amplification.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2015.04.027DOI Listing
August 2015

[Expression of Programmed Death Ligand-1 (PD-L1) in Human Acute Leukemia and Its Clinical Significance].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2015 Aug;23(4):930-4

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province, China. E-mail:

Objective: To explore the expression of PD-L1 in acute leukemia patients, and to analyze the relationship of PD-L1 expression with the patients' clinical characteristics and prognosis.

Methods: The expression of PD-L1 in leukemia cells of 75 patients including 59 de novo patients and 16 relapse/refractory patients with acute leukemia was detected by the flow cytometry, the clinical information was collected, and the therapeutic efficacy of de novo patients was analyzed.

Results: The PD-L1 was expressed in human acute leukemia cells with total expression rate 32% (24/75), and its expression level in AML-M5 was higher than that in other leukemias [56.3% (9/16) vs 25.4% (15/59)], there was statistical significance (P = 0.019). The PD-L1 possitive rate in relapse/refractory group was higher than that in de novo patient group [(56.3% (9/16) vs 25.4% (15/59)], and there was statistical significance (P = 0.019). In 59 de novo patients, the CR rate of PD-L1 positive group after 1 course of chemotherapy was lower than that in PD-L1 negative group (66.7% vs 71.4%), the CR rate of PD-L1 positive group after 2 courses of chemotherapy was also lower than that in PD-L1 negative group (70% vs 88.6%). The relapse rate and the proportion of refractory patients in PD-L1 possitive group were higher than those in PD-L1 negative group. The expression of PD-L1 did not correlated with the clinical parameters, such as sex, age, extramedullary infiltration, percentage of blast cells in bone marrow, counts of WBC, RBC and platelet, as well as molecular biological features and cytogenetical characteristics.

Conclusion: PD-L1 is expressed in human acute leukemia cells, and may be involved in the immune escape and primary resistant mechanisms, PD-L1 may be used as an indicator for evaluation of the the patients' prognosis and reocurrence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2015.04.004DOI Listing
August 2015

[Clinical curative efficacy of inducing remission for the newly diagnosed aged AML patients by chemotherapy with IA and DA regimens].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2014 Oct;22(5):1282-5

Department of Hematology, The First Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province, China.

This study was aimed to explore the clinical efficacy and toxicity of idarubicin (IA regimen) and daunoru-bicin combined with cytarabine (DA regimen) for treating aged patients with AML as induction chemotherapy. The clinical data of 60 newly diagnosed AML aged patients treated with IA or DA regimen were analyzed retrospectively. IA regimen group included 22 patients (8 male and 14 females with median age of 66 yrs), while the DA regimen group included 38 patients (20 males and 18 females with median age of 64 yrs). The complete remission rate, total effective rate and adverse effects after one chemotherapy course were compared. The results showed that the CR rate in IA regimen group was 63.63%, which was significantly higer than that in DA regimen group (31.58%) (P < 0.05). The total effective rate was 63.63% and 36.84% respectively in IA and DA regimen groups, there was significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05). Both the hematological and non-hematological adverse effects were observed and no difference was found in the two regimen groups, neither in myelosupression (P > 0.05), the major hematological adverse effects, nor in non-hematological adverse effects (P > 0.05). It is concluded that for aged AML patients, IA regimen can achieve a higher CR rate and higher total effective rate than that in DA regimen without increase of adverse effects after one induction chemotherapy course.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2014.05.018DOI Listing
October 2014

[The clinical study of invasive fungal infection in 76 cases of hematologic diseases].

Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2013 Mar;52(3):218-20

Department of Hematology, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

Objective: To investigate the risk factors, clinical features, efficacy and adverse reactions in patients of hematologic diseases with invasive fungal infections (IFI).

Methods: The risk factors and clinical features were retrospectively analyzed to compare the efficacy and safety of itraconazole with amphotericin B in treatment of IFI in 76 patients with hematologic diseases.

Results: Of the 76 patients, 68 (89.5%) used broad-spectrum antibiotics, 64 (84.2%) were treated with more than 2 courses chemotherapy, 43 (56.6%) were under agranulocytosis, 34 (44.7%) were using glucocorticoid for long terms, 27 (35.5%) were with peripheral or central venous catheter. The overall effective rates of itraconazole and amphotericin B were 60.5% and 61.5% respectively (P = 0.929). There was a significant difference between itraconazole and amphotericin B in hypokalemia (14.0% vs 42.4%, P = 0.005) while no other differences in adverse reactions were found.

Conclusions: The risk factors of patients in hematologic diseases with IFI include chemotherapy, using broad septum antibiotics and agranulocysis. The therapeutic effect of itraconazole and amphotericin B in treatment of IFI is similar. The adverse reactions of itraconazole is less and slighter than amphotericin B.
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March 2013

[Clinical characteristics of CD56(+) patients with acute monocytic leukemia and their prognostic significance].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2013 Jun;21(3):596-600

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Province, China.

This study was aimed to investigate the clinical features of CD56(+) patients with acute monocytic leukemia (AML-M5) and their prognostic significance. The data of 76 newly-diagnosed patients from our hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups: CD56(+) group (21 patients) and CD56(-) group (55 patients). The clinical features, CR rate, relapse rate, the duration of CR, and survival time of patients between the two groups were compared. The results indicated that the CD56(+) antigen was observed in 21 patients (27.6%), their median age was 51.5 years and with a range 16 - 70 years. Of the 21 CD56(+) patients, the high WBC count was found in 57.1% CD56(+) patients (12/21), but it only in 15% CD56(-) patients (P < 0.05). The extramedullary infiltration was seen in 13 CD56(+) patients, and accounted for 62% (13/21), meanwhile this infiltration was found in 18 CD56(-) patients (18/55) and accounted for 33% (P < 0.05). All cases immunophenotypically highly expressed CD13, CD33, CD64, CD11b, cMPO, CD38, in which only the expression frequency of CD11b was positively related with CD56 (r = 0.59, P < 0.05). The CR rate in CD56(+) group accounted for 60.0%, and had no significant difference in comparison with that in CD56(-) group. In CD56(+) group the relapse rate was 75% (P = 0.042), the mean duration of CR was 5.5 months (95%CI, 3.1 - 8.6, P = 0.002), the median overall survival time was 10.1 months (95%CI, 2.3 - 16.3, P = 0.001). and all these had statistical significance as compared with that in CD56(-) group. It is concluded that CD56(+) AML-M5 patients always complicate with high WBC count and extramedullary infiltration, their CR rate and duration of CR are lower and shorter respectively, their relapse rate and prognosis are high and poor respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2013.03.012DOI Listing
June 2013

[Correlation of chromosome karyotype with dyshaematopoiesis and reticulin in myelodysplastic syndrome].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2013 Apr;21(2):415-8

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Province, China.

This study was purposed to explore the correlation of chromosome karyotype with dyshaematopoiesis and reticulin in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The data of 202 MDS patients diagnosed and treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed in term of chromosome karyotype, dyshaematopoiesis and reticulin detection results. The chromosome karyotypes were categorized according to the International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS). The results showed that there was a positive correlation between chromosome karyotype grading and number of lineages with dyshaematopoiesis (r = 0.443, P < 0.05). The detected rates of multilineage dyshaematopoiesis in patients with good, intermediate and poor chromosome karyotypes were 44.4%, 71.4% and 96.3% respectively. There was a positive correlation between chromosome karyotype grading and reticulin grading (r = 0.451, P < 0.05). The positive rates of reticulin in patients with good grading, intermediate and poor chromosome karyotypes were 36.8%, 64.3% and 92.6% respectively. The detected rate of multilineage dyshaematopoiesis, number of lineages with dyshaematopoiesis, the positive rate of reticulin and reticulin grade in patients with poor karyotypes were higher than those in patients with intermediate or good chromosome karyotypes (separately P < 0.01). The above data in patients with intermediate chromosome karyotypes were higher than those in patients with good chromosome karyotypes (separately P < 0.01). It is concluded that the chromosome karyotype grading positively correlates with the number of lineages with dyshaematopoiesis and reticulin grading. When the chromosome karyotype changed from good to poor, the detected rate of multilineage dyshaematopoiesis, number of lineages with dyshaematopoiesis, positive rate of reticulin and reticulin grading became higher and higher.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2013.02.032DOI Listing
April 2013

[Dynamically monitoring minimal residual disease in acute leukemia after complete remission by multiparameter flow cytometry and its relation with prognosis].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2013 Apr;21(2):339-42

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhenhzhou, Henan Province, China.

This study was purposed to investigate the dynamically monitoring minimal residual disease (MRD) by flow cytometry (FCM) in patients with acute leukemia (AL) after complete remission and its relation with prognosis. From October 2010 to May 2012, 58 cases of AL (including 45 cases of AML and 13 cases of ALL) were regularly monitored for MRD in bone marrow by FCM and their bone marrow morphology was observed by light microscopy at the same time which continued to relapse or to follow-up deadline in the Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Through average follow-up for 9 months (3 - 21 months), the average MRD level of patients with CR was got. And the prognostic value of MRD level at different time points in AL patients after CR was analysed and summarized. MRD ≥ 1% was defined as positive, otherwise, as negative. The results showed that the maximum and minimum MRD levels of 45 AML patients were 9.57% and 0.01% respectively, the average was 0.67%; the maximum and minimum MRD levels of 13 cases of ALL patients were 7.9% and 0.0016% respectively, the average was 0.99%. Among 44 cases after induction therapy, the relapse rate of MRD(+) group was 53.3% (8/15), the relapse rate of MRD(-) group was 10.3% (3/29), and the relapse rate of MRD(+) group was higher than that of MRD(-) group (χ(2) = 7.58, P = 0.006). Among 58 cases after the first consolidatory therapy, the relapse rate of MRD(+) group was 62.5% (5/8), the relapse rate of MRD(-) group was 16.0% (8/50), and the relapse rate of MRD(+) group was higher than that of MRD(-) group (χ(2) = 6.11, P = 0.013). It is concluded that MRD detected by FCM has a large range (10(-6) - 10(-2)), which can not be used as a single indicator of complete remission. When MRD ≥ 1% after induction therapy and the first consolidatory therapy, the relapse rate significantly increases, MRD can be used as a sensitive indicator for prognosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2013.02.016DOI Listing
April 2013

[Clinical observation of thalidomide combined with VAD regimen for treatment of osteosclerotic myeloma (POEMS syndrome)].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2012 Apr;20(2):348-51

Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

This study was purposed to analyze the clinical features and evaluate the efficacy of thalidomide combined with VAD regimen for treatment of osteosclerotic myeloma (POEMS syndrome). The data of 27 patients with POEMS syndrome in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were analyzed retrospectively, including clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, treatments and prognosis. The results showed that the polyneuropathy was observed in 27 patients (27/27), hepato-spleno-lymphadenectasis was found in 15 patients (15/27), endocrinopathy was found in 24 patients (24/27), skin changes was observed in 22 patients (22/27). M protein was found in 23 patients (23/27); in addition to these clinical manifestations, the papilledema serous cavity effusion and sclerotic bone lesion were also frequently observed in patients with POEMS syndrome. The remission rates of treatment of POEMS syndrome with thalidomide combined with VAD regimen for organomegaly, edema, skin changes, and endocrinopathy were 60, 58.3, 41 and 45.8 respectively. The level of serum M protein and the nervous system ODSS value decreased greatly after treatment (P < 0.01). It is concluded that the clinical characteristics of POEMS syndrome are complicated and easy to be misdiagnosed, and the evidence of monoclonal plasma cell hyperplasia should be actively searched for those patients whose serum M protein is negative. Thalidomide combined with VAD regimen for treatment of patients with POEMS syndrome has advantages such as significant curative effects, less side-effects, good tolerance, and higher safety and can be chosen as a preferred approach.
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April 2012

[Clinical study on efficiency of fludarabine-based regimen for the patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2012 Feb;20(1):70-2

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects and adverse reactions of fludarabine-based regimen for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia(CLL).18 patients with CLL were treated with F regimen [fludarabine 30 mg/(m(2)·d) intravenously for 3 d, repeatedly every 28 days]. 22 patients were treated with FC regimen [fludarabine 25 mg/(m(2)·d) plus cyclophosphamide 250 mg/(m(2)·d) intravenously for 3 d, repeatedly every 28 days]. The results showed that the rate of complete remission (CR), partial remission (PR) and overall remission (OR) reached 16.7%, 61.1% and 77.8% in the F regimen groups and 59.1%, 40.9% and 100% in the FC regimen groups (P < 0.05, P > 0.05 and P > 0.05), respectively. FC regimen resulted in significantly higher CR rate than that in single-agent fludarabine regimen. The main adverse reactions were myelosuppression and immunosuppression. No significant differences were found between the two regimens. FC regimen did not increase the rate of severe infections. It is concluded that FC regimen can give higher CR rate as compared with F regimen, fludarabine-based regimens is effective and safe first-line regimen for patients with CLL.
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February 2012
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