Publications by authors named "Shyamaly D Sur"

3 Publications

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A novel technique for the semi-automated measurement of embryo volume: an intraobserver reliability study.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2010 May 9;36(5):719-25. Epub 2010 Apr 9.

Nottingham University Research & Treatment Unit in Reproduction (NURTURE), Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, UK.

The aim was to assess intraobserver reliability of a new semi-automated technique of embryo volumetry. Power calculations suggested 46 subjects with viable, singleton pregnancies were required for reliability analysis. Crown rump length (CRL) of each embryo was analyzed using 2-D and a 3-D dataset acquired using transvaginal ultrasound. Virtual organ computer-aided analysis (VOCAL) was used to calculate volume of gestation sac (GSV) and yolk sac (YSV) and SonoAVC (sonography-based automated volume count) was used to quantify fluid volume (FV). Embryo volume was calculated by subtracting FV and YSV from GSV. Each dataset was measured twice. Reliability was assessed using Bland-Altman plots and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). Fifty-two datasets were analyzed. Median embryo volume was 1.8 cm(3) (0.1 to 8.1 cm(3)); median gestational age 7 + 4 weeks; median CRL 13 mm (2 to 29 mm). Mean difference of embryo volume measurements was 0.1cm(3) (limits of agreement [LOA] -0.3 to 0.4 cm(3)); multiples of mean (MoM) 0.38; mean difference of CRL measurements 0.3 mm (LOA -1.4 to 2.0 mm), MoM = 0.26. ICC for embryo volume was 0.999 (95%CI 0.998 to 0.999), confirming excellent intraobserver agreement. ICC for CRL was 0.996 (95%CI 0.991 to 0.998). Regression analysis showed good correlation between embryo volume and CRL (R(2) = 0.60). The new semi-automated 3-D technique provides reliable measures of embryo volume. Further work is required to assess the validity of this technique.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2010.03.006DOI Listing
May 2010

The management of miscarriage.

Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2009 Aug 20;23(4):479-91. Epub 2009 Mar 20.

Nottingham University Research and Treatment Unit in Reproduction, Division of Human Development, School of Clinical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre Campus, Nottingham, UK.

Women diagnosed with incomplete and delayed miscarriage are faced with three options for their subsequent management: expectant, medical or surgical. Health-care practitioners must empower patients to make educated decisions about their own management by providing them with sufficient information in a readily understandable format. This can be difficult both for the patient and the staff in what is often an understandably, highly emotional situation. Detailed counselling is an essential part of the process as psychological outcomes have been shown to be improved when women feel in control of the decision-making process. In this article, we discuss each of the treatment options in detail, and explore how the type of miscarriage influences their relative success rates. We also consider the comparative risks of bleeding, infection, side effects of drugs, pain scores and quality-of-life scores associated with each method through evidence derived from systematic reviews, meta-analyses and randomised controlled trials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2009.01.014DOI Listing
August 2009

How good are emergency department Senior House Officers at interpreting X-rays following radiographers' triage?

Eur J Emerg Med 2007 Feb;14(1):6-13

Emergency Department, Horton Hospital, Oxford Radcliffe Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxon, UK.

Objective: To assess the accuracy of Senior House Officers at interpreting plain X-rays following their triage by radiographers in an emergency department.

Method: We collected 2593 patients' records by systematic sampling of all those seen by emergency physicians between January 2002 and April 2002 (ca 10 000 patients) in a UK emergency department. The variables recorded included evidence of X-ray investigations and, when present, the Senior House Officer's diagnosis, the presence (abnormal) or absence of a radiographers red dot and the reference standard diagnosis. A separate category of uncertain (inconclusive) was applied to the Senior House Officer and reference standard diagnosis where appropriate. Diagnostic performance was measured by likelihood ratios with associated pre-test and post-test probabilities.

Results: Including the uncertain category as abnormal gave the following results: there were 967 X-rays and those with a red dot had a probability of an abnormality of 80%. Although a further opinion of abnormal by a Senior House Officer increased this probability to 89% when they overrode the red dot opinion of the radiographer, it was incorrect in 26% of cases.

Conclusion: Currently, the Senior House Officer contributes to the red dot system by improving on the radiographer in rates of diagnosis of both abnormal and normal X-rays. Further reductions in error rates, however, are unlikely to be achieved until there is a change to the existing system. This may ultimately involve removing some of the responsibility of X-ray interpretation from the Senior House Officer. Any future research should consider the methodological issues highlighted by this study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.mej.0000224438.74493.faDOI Listing
February 2007