Publications by authors named "Shunsuke Ozawa"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Disruption of postnatal neurogenesis and adult-stage suppression of synaptic plasticity in the hippocampal dentate gyrus after developmental exposure to sterigmatocystin in rats.

Toxicol Lett 2021 Oct 11;349:69-83. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8 Saiwai-cho, Fuchu-shi, Tokyo, 183-8509, Japan; Cooperative Division of Veterinary Sciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8 Saiwai-cho, Fuchu-shi, Tokyo, 183-8509, Japan; Institute of Global Innovation Research, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8 Saiwai-cho, Fuchu-shi, Tokyo, 183-8509, Japan. Electronic address:

Exposure to sterigmatocystin (STC) raises concerns on developmental neurological disorders. The present study investigated the effects of maternal oral STC exposure on postnatal hippocampal neurogenesis of offspring in rats. Dams were exposed to STC (1.7, 5.0, and 15.0 ppm in diet) from gestational day 6 until day 21 post-delivery (weaning), and offspring were maintained without STC exposure until adulthood on postnatal day (PND) 77, in accordance with OECD chemical testing guideline Test No. 426. On PND 21, 15.0-ppm STC decreased type-3 neural progenitor cell numbers in the subgranular zone (SGZ) due to suppressed proliferation. Increased γ-H2AX-immunoreactive () cell numbers in the SGZ and Ercc1 upregulation and Brip1 downregulation in the dentate gyrus suggested induction of DNA double-strand breaks in SGZ cells. Upregulation of Apex1 and Ogg1 and downregulation of antioxidant genes downstream of NRF2-Keap1 signaling suggested induction of oxidative DNA damage. Increased p21 SGZ cell numbers and suppressed cholinergic signaling through CHRNB2-containing receptors in GABAergic interneurons suggested potential neurogenesis suppression mechanisms. Multiple mechanisms involving N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated glutamatergic signaling and various GABAergic interneuron subpopulations, including CHRNA7-expressing somatostatin interneurons activated by BDNF-TrkB signaling, may be involved in ameliorating the neurogenesis. Upregulation of Arc, Ptgs2, and genes encoding NMDA receptors and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors suggested synaptic plasticity facilitation. On PND 77, ARC granule cells decreased, and Nos2 was upregulated following 15.0 ppm STC exposure, suggesting oxidative stress-mediated synaptic plasticity suppression. Inverse pattern in gene expression changes in vesicular glutamate transporter isoforms, Slc17a7 and Slc17a6, from weaning might also be responsible for the synaptic plasticity suppression. The no-observed-adverse-effect level of maternal oral STC exposure for offspring neurogenesis was determined to be 5.0 ppm, translating to 0.34-0.85 mg/kg body weight/day.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2021.06.006DOI Listing
October 2021

Nanospherical aggregation of isothiouronium-terminated amphiphilic polythiophene: preparation and vapor-phase detection of volatile organic compounds.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2014 Sep;14(9):6624-31

Cationic isothiouronium-terminated amphiphilic poly(3-octylthiophene) IPOT has been synthesized by the reaction of bromoethylene-terminated poly(3-octylthiophene) with 1-(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl)-3-methylthiourea. By performing gel-permeation chromatography analysis, we estimated the number-average molecular weight (M(n)) and the polydispersity index (PDI) to be 1.07 x 10(4) and 1.48, respectively. The incorporation of an isothiouronium unit at the terminal position renders the polymer amphiphilic. Well-dispersed spherical aggregates were formed with increasing H2O content in the THF solution and were characterized by FE-SEM and powder XRD measurements. We thus proposed a core/shell-type micelle with a poly(3-octylthiophene) segment as the core and an isothiouronium segment as the shell, exposing the hydrophilic methoxyethoxy pendant. The change in morphology to a spherical shape led to a bathochromic shift of the absorption band with decreasing fluorescence intensity, enabling us to use it as a fluorimetric "off-on" sensor for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) where a quick response to THF was observed on the IPOT aggregate-coated TLC plate.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2014.9343DOI Listing
September 2014
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