Publications by authors named "Shujing Hao"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency disease detected by the enzyme activity of peripheral leukocytes.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2021 Aug 22;9(8):e1728. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

ChinovoLaboratory, Beijing, P. R. China.

Background: Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) deficiency is a common neurodegenerative disease associated with abnormal mitochondrial energy metabolism. The diagnosis of PDHC is difficult because of the lack of a rapid, accurate, and cost-effective clinical diagnostic method.

Methods: A 4-year-old boy was preliminarily diagnosed with putative Leigh syndrome based on the clinical presentation. PDHC activity in peripheral blood leukocytes and a corresponding gene analysis were subsequently undertaken. Sodium pyruvate 1- C was used for the analysis of PDHC activity in peripheral leukocytes. The genes encoding PDHC were then scanned for mutations.

Results: The results showed that the corresponding PDHC activity was dramatically decreased to 10.5 nmol/h/mg protein as compared with that of healthy controls (124.6 ± 7.1 nmol/h/mg). The ratio of PDHC to citrate synthase was 2.1% (control: 425.3 ± 27.1). The mutation analysis led to the identification of a missense mutation, NM_000284.4:g214C>T, in exon 3 of PDHC.

Conclusion: The peripheral blood leukocyte PDHC activity assay may provide a practical enzymatic diagnostic method for PDHC-related mitochondrial diseases.
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August 2021

Heteroplasmy Detection of Mitochondrial DNA A3243G Mutation Using Quantitative Real-Time PCR Assay Based on TaqMan-MGB Probes.

Biomed Res Int 2018 13;2018:1286480. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Chinovo Laboratory, Beijing, China.

A point mutation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) at nucleotide position 3243 A to G (mt.3243A>G) is involved in many common diseases, including maternally inherited diabetes and deafness (MIDD) and mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis with stroke-like episodes (MELAS). However, the mutant level of mt.3243A>G varies both among individuals and in different organs, tissues, and even cells of single individuals. For detection of this mutation, current methods have limited universality and sensitivity and may be not adequate for a routine clinical test. Here, we develop and evaluate a rapid TaqMan-MGB quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) method for detecting and quantifying the heteroplasmy level of mt.3243A>G in single-tube analysis. With our method, the sensitivity of detection was as low as 0.1%, but the accuracy of quantification was reliable, down to 4%. All positives could be correctly identified, and the heteroplasmy levels determined by qPCR correlated well with the results from restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and pyrosequencing assays (r = 0.921~0.973 and 0.972~0.984). In addition, we demonstrated that the urinary sediments, leukocytes, or hair follicles might be ideal templates to detect and quantify the heteroplasmy of mt.3243A>G mutation; however, they should be optimized or retreated for further accurate quantification. Our study should allow rapid and high throughput diagnostic testing and can potentially be used to clarify the association between clinical phenotype and pathogenic mitochondrial mutations derived from various tissues.
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March 2019

17β-estradiol prevents cardiac diastolic dysfunction by stimulating mitochondrial function: a preclinical study in a mouse model of a human hypertrophic cardiomyopathy mutation.

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2015 Mar 23;147:92-102. Epub 2014 Dec 23.

Department of Cardiology, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, China. Electronic address:

Objective: We investigated the effect of ovariectomy (OVX) and 17β-estradiol (E2) replacement on both mitochondrial and myocardial function in cTnT-Q92 transgenic mice generated by cardiac-restricted expression of a human hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) mutation.

Methods: The cTnT-Q92 mice were ovariectomized at twenty weeks of age and were treated with either placebo (OVX group) or E2 (OVX+E2 group) for twelve weeks before being sacrificed. Wild-type and cTnT-Q92 female mice receiving sham operation were used as controls. Indices of diastolic function such as mitral early (E) and late (A) inflow as well as isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) were measured by echocardiography. A Clark-type electrode was used to detect respiratory control, and ATP levels were determined at the mitochondrial level using HPLC. Key components related to mitochondrial energy metabolism, such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), PPARγ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) and nuclear respiratory factor-1 (NRF-1), were also analyzed using Western blot and RT-PCR. The levels of oxidative stress markers were determined by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA) using the thiobarbituric acid assay.

Results: The cTnT-Q92 mice had impaired diastolic function compared with wild-type mice (E/A ratio, 1.39 ± 0.04 vs. 1.21 ± 0.01, p<0.001; IVRT, 19.17 ± 0.85 vs. 22.15 ± 1.43 ms, p=0.028). In response to ovariectomy, cardiac function further decreased compared with that observed in cTnT-Q92 mice that received the sham operation (E/A ratio, 1.15 ± 0.04 vs. 1.21 ± 0.01, p<0.001; IVRT, 28.31 ± 0.39 vs. 22.15 ± 1.43 ms, p=0.002). Myocardial energy metabolism, as determined by ATP levels (3.49 ± 0.31 vs. 5.07 ± 0.47 μmol/g, p<0.001), and the mitochondrial respiratory ratio (2.04 ± 0.10 vs. 2.63 ± 0.11, p=0.01) also decreased significantly. By contrast, myocardial concentrations of MDA increased significantly in the OVX group, and PGC-1α, PPARα and NRF-1decreased significantly. E2 supplementation significantly elevated myocardial ATP levels (4.55 ± 0.21 vs. 3.49 ± 0.31 μmol/g, p=0.003) and mitochondrial respiratory function (3.93 ± 0.05 vs. 2.63 ± 0.11, p=0.001); however, it reduced the MDA level (0.21 ± 0.02 vs. 0.36 ± 0.03 nmol/g, p<0.001), which subsequently improved diastolic function (E/A ratio, 1.35 ± 0.06 vs. 1.15 ± 0.04, p<0.001; IVRT, 18.22 ± 1.16 vs. 28.31 ± 0.39 ms, p=0.007).

Conclusions: Our study has shown that 17β-estradiol improved myocardial diastolic function, prevented myocardial energy dysregulation, and reduced myocardial oxidative stress in cTnT-Q92 mice.
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March 2015