Publications by authors named "Shuichi Chikada"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Sapropterin For Phenylketonuria: A Japanese Post-Marketing Surveillance Study.

Pediatr Int 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Daiichi Sankyo Company Limited, 3-5-1, Nihonbashi Honcho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, 103-8426, Japan.

Background: To assess the long-term safety and efficacy of sapropterin in a real-world setting in Japanese patients with tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4)-responsive phenylketonuria (PKU).

Methods: This post-marketing surveillance study enrolled all patients in Japan with confirmed BH4-responsive PKU who were administrated sapropterin between July 2008 and October 2017. Patients were observed at least every 3 months during follow-up, with key data collected on treatment exposure/duration, effectiveness according to physician judgement, serum phenylalanine levels, and adverse events.

Results: Of 87 enrolled patients, 85 patients (male, 42.4%; outpatients, 96.5%) were included in the safety and efficacy analysis sets. Treatment started at age <4 years in 43 (50.6%) patients and the most common starting daily dose was 5-10 mg/kg (n=41 [48.2%]) with the overall duration of treatment between 0.2 and 17.2 years. Serum phenylalanine levels according to loading tests reduced from a baseline level of 9.66 mg/dL (range 0.48-36.80 mg/dL) by >30% in 84 patients. Treatment was deemed effective in 79 of 85 patients (92.9%, 95% CI 85.3-97.4). One (1.2%) patient experienced an adverse drug reaction (alanine aminotransferase increased) 50 days after the start of administration, which resolved without complications with continued treatment.

Conclusions: Sapropterin appears well tolerated and highly effective in Japanese patients treated in a real-world setting, including those who start treatment at age <4 years and pregnant women.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.14939DOI Listing
July 2021

The safety and efficacy of the long-acting neuraminidase inhibitor laninamivir octanoate hydrate for Inhalation Suspension Set in children under the age of 5 in a post-marketing surveillance.

J Infect Chemother 2021 Oct 2;27(10):1436-1446. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: We conducted a post-marketing surveillance of laninamivir octanoate hydrate for Inhalation Suspension Set in patients under the age of 5 infected with the influenza virus to evaluate safety and efficacy of the drug.

Methods: Subjects enrolled by the centralized enrollment system were administered laninamivir once using a nebulizer based on the package insert.

Results: Safety was evaluated in 1104 patients. The incidence of ADRs was 1.00% (11/1104). Compared to the incidence of ADRs of 2.04% (9/441) in the clinical trials for development, no increase in the frequency of ADRs was noted. Serious ADRs were noted in 3 patients (5 cases): 2 cases of convulsive attack, each 1 case of muscular weakness, a depressed level of consciousness, and pain in extremities. Excluding 2 patients with unknown outcomes, all of the patients recovered or their symptoms were alleviated. To detect risk factors for the occurrence of ADRs, 16 attributes were examined, and none of them were found to be significant. Efficacy was evaluated in 881 patients. The median time (95% CI) to fever resolution was 37.0 (33.0-39.0) h in type A virus (785 patients), 45.0 (34.0-56.0) h in type B virus (95 patients), and 22.0 h (1 patient) in the mixed type. This was similar to the time to fever resolution in the clinical trials.

Conclusion: The results of this surveillance verified that there are no noticeable problems with the safety or efficacy of laninamivir for children under the age of 5 infected with the influenza A and B viruses.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2021.06.004DOI Listing
October 2021

Prasugrel for Japanese patients with acute coronary syndrome in short-term clinical practice (PRASFIT-Practice I): a postmarketing observational study.

Cardiovasc Interv Ther 2018 Apr 17;33(2):135-145. Epub 2017 Feb 17.

Pharmacovigilance Department, Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.

Data on prasugrel use in Japanese patients are limited to phase II/III clinical trials. This early postmarketing observational study evaluated the safety and efficacy of short-term prasugrel use in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in real-world clinical settings in Japan. From May 2014 to January 2015, we enrolled consecutive patients with ACS requiring percutaneous coronary intervention in each institution. Each patient started prasugrel treatment ≥1 month before the end of the study period. Safety outcomes included incidence rates of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and bleeding adverse events (AEs). Efficacy outcomes were incidence rates of cardiovascular events (including major adverse cardiovascular events [MACE]). Case report forms were collected from 749 patients, 732 of whom were eligible for the safety and efficacy analysis sets. Approximately 95% of patients had a prasugrel loading/maintenance dose of 20 mg/3.75 mg/day. The incidences of ADRs and bleeding AEs were 8.6 and 6.4%, respectively. Twelve patients experienced major bleeding AEs; approximately 60% (seven patients) of which were gastrointestinal disorders. The incidence of bleeding AEs was significantly higher primarily in patients of female sex, aged ≥75 years, with low body weight (≤50 kg), severe cardiovascular disease, or severe renal impairment. The incidence of MACE was 1.9% during prasugrel treatment, and 3.1% at the end of the study period. This short-term study indicated that prasugrel treatment at loading/maintenance doses of 20 mg/3.75 mg/day was safe and effective in Japanese ACS patients in an acute setting.

Clinical Trial Registration: This study is registered at http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/ under the identifier UMIN000014699.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12928-017-0459-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5880844PMC
April 2018
-->