Publications by authors named "Shuhei Mineo"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Rice bran-derived protein fractions enhance sulforaphane-induced anti-oxidative activity in gingival epithelial cells.

Arch Oral Biol 2021 Sep 24;129:105215. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Division of Periodontology, Department of Oral Biological Science, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan. Electronic address:

Objective: Food-derived bioactive peptides have been reported to exhibit various beneficial effects, including anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant properties. Oxidative stress has been implicated in the development of several inflammatory diseases such as periodontal disease. However, the anti-oxidative effect of food-derived bioactive peptides in gingival epithelial cells (GECs) is unknown. Therefore, we examined the bioactivity of the peptides in GECs.

Design: Food-derived peptide fractionations derived from rice bran, rice endosperm, corn, and soy were screened for anti-oxidative effects using anti-oxidant response element (ARE)-luciferase-transfected HEK 293 cells. The induction of anti-oxidation-related genes and proteins in GECs by the fractions were examined by quantitative PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Then, the fraction-mediated anti-oxidative effects were examined by measuring intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels using flow cytometry. Furthermore, the anti-oxidative response-related cellular signaling pathways were analyzed via Western blotting.

Results: Although treatment with the food-derived peptides alone did not activate anti-oxidative responses, co-treatment with sulforaphane (SFN; a potent anti-oxidant) and certain food-derived peptides enhanced anti-oxidative responses in ARE-luciferase-transfected HEK 293 cells. The fractions augmented heme oxygenase-1 mRNA and protein expression in GECs. The percentage of ROS-positive cells was significantly decreased by co-treatment with SFN and peptide fractions derived from rice bran. Furthermore, the involvement of both nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in the enhancement of anti-oxidative responses was demonstrated by Western blotting.

Conclusions: Peptides derived from rice bran enhances SFN-induced anti-oxidative responses in GECs through ERK-Nrf2-ARE signaling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2021.105215DOI Listing
September 2021

Epithelial TRPV1 channels: Expression, function, and pathogenicity in the oral cavity.

J Oral Biosci 2020 09 13;62(3):235-241. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Division of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry & Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata University, Niigata, 951-8514, Japan.

Background: The oral cavity serves as an entrance to the body and is therefore exposed to various exogenous stimuli, including mechanical forces, chemical agents, and bacterial components. The oral mucosa responds to these stimuli to maintain homeostasis and good oral health. The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) ion channel functions as an environment-sensing protein and is involved in a wide variety of cellular responses. Recent studies have revealed that epithelial TRPV1 ion channels in the oral cavity play pivotal roles in several pathophysiological conditions. In this review, we summarize the features of epithelial TRPV1 channels in the oral cavity and focus on their cellular function and pathogenicity with reference to related findings in other organs and tissues.

Highlight: TRPV1 channels are widely expressed in epithelial cells in the oral cavity and play pivotal roles in fundamental cellular processes and disease progression.

Conclusion: This review suggests that oral epithelial TRPV1 contributes to several cellular functions such as cell proliferation, barrier function, and inflammation. Further understanding of the characteristics of epithelial TRPV1 in the oral cavity may provide new insights into the prevention or treatment of diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.job.2020.05.005DOI Listing
September 2020
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