Publications by authors named "Shu Lu Chung"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Low-magnitude high-frequency vibration enhances gene expression related to callus formation, mineralization and remodeling during osteoporotic fracture healing in rats.

J Orthop Res 2014 Dec 17;32(12):1572-9. Epub 2014 Aug 17.

Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

Low magnitude high frequency vibration (LMHFV) has been shown to improve anabolic and osteogenic responses in osteoporotic intact bones and during osteoporotic fracture healing; however, the molecular response of LMHFV during osteoporotic fracture healing has not been investigated. It was hypothesized that LMHFV could enhance osteoporotic fracture healing by regulating the expression of genes related to chondrogenesis (Col-2), osteogenesis (Col-1) and remodeling (receptor activator for nuclear factor- κ B ligand (RANKL) and osteoproteger (OPG)). In this study, the effects of LMHFV on both osteoporotic and normal bone fracture healing were assessed by endpoint gene expressions, weekly radiographs, and histomorphometry at weeks 2, 4 and 8 post-treatment. LMHFV enhanced osteoporotic fracture healing by up-regulating the expression of chondrogenesis-, osteogenesis- and remodeling-related genes (Col-2 at week 4 (p=0.008), Col-1 at week 2 and 8 (p<0.001 and p=0.008) and RANKL/OPG at week 8 (p=0.045)). Osteoporotic bone had a higher response to LMHFV than normal bone and showed significantly better results as reflected by increased expression of Col-2 and Col-1 at week 2 (p<0.001 for all), larger callus width at week 2 (p=0.001), callus area at week 1 and 5(p<0.05 for all) and greater relative area of osseous tissue (p=0.002) at week 8. This study helps to understand how LMHFV regulates gene expression of callus formation, mineralization and remodeling during osteoporotic fracture healing.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jor.22715DOI Listing
December 2014

Fracture healing enhancement with low intensity pulsed ultrasound at a critical application angle.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2011 Jul 2;37(7):1120-33. Epub 2011 Jun 2.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) was shown to have dose-dependent enhancement effect on the osteogenic activity of human periosteal cells that played an important role in fracture healing. It was hypothesized that the stimulatory effects of LIPUS on the periosteal cells could be optimized by adjusting the ultrasound delivered at its critical angle to the surface of bone. This increased the transmission of ultrasound waves on periosteum. By using a rat femoral fracture model, the stimulatory effects of LIPUS transmitted at 0°, 22°, 35° and 48°, and the sham-treatment control were investigated. Treatment efficacy was assessed using radiography, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), histomorphometry and torsional test. The results showed that callus mineralization and bridging, biomechanical properties were significantly enhanced in the 35° group over the control and 0° groups after week 8. LIPUS transmitted at 35°, which could be the critical application angle, showed the best enhancement effects among all the other groups. LIPUS transmitted at a critical application angle may have greater enhancement effects in fracture healing.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2011.04.017DOI Listing
July 2011