Publications by authors named "Shouxing Duan"

14 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure with peritoneum reinforcement repair for pediatric inguinal hernia: a single-center experience with over 2,000 patients.

Transl Pediatr 2021 May;10(5):1317-1323

Department of Pediatric Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, China.

Background: Inguinal hernia is one of the common diseases in infants and children that requires operative treatment. Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in children has become an alternative to the open procedure. Laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure with peritoneum reinforcement (LPECPR) is a safe and effective approach for pediatric inguinal hernia, and has a lower recurrence. This is a retrospective study to present our experience with children who underwent LPECPR.

Methods: A total of 2,018 patients with inguinal hernia who underwent LPECPR in our hospital from July, 2011 to December, 2020 were reviewed. The surgical technique is modified on the basis of laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure (LPEC) to close extraperitoneally by circuit suturing twice around the internal inguinal ring.

Results: All cases were completed LPECPR without conversion. There were no intraoperative complications. A total of 2,018 patients' laparoscopic procedures were achieved. The mean operative time was 14 and 20 min for unilateral and bilateral operations, respectively. Follow-up to date is 13.4 months (6-36 months), there were no postoperative complications, such as knot reactions, hydrocele formation, testicular atrophy or pain, except 3 recurrences (3/2,018, 0.15%).

Conclusions: This modified LPECPR technique can acquire lower recurrence rate for repair pediatric inguinal hernia. The midterm safety and efficacy of LPECPR are proven and it can be a routine procedure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/tp-21-25DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8192996PMC
May 2021

Risk factors and predictive model for abdominal wound dehiscence in neonates: a retrospective cohort study.

Ann Med 2021 12;53(1):900-907

Department of Pediatric Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, China.

Background: Abdominal wound dehiscence (AWD) is a major complication of abdominal surgery, and neonates are a group with a high risk of AWD, which has serious consequences or can even result in death. The purpose of this study is to explore the risk factors for neonatal AWD and construct a predictive model.

Methods: The clinical data of 453 cases that underwent neonatal laparotomy from June 2009 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, among which 27 cases of AWD were identified. Nine factors, including gender, age at admission, weight at admission, preterm delivery, level of preoperative anaemia, hypoalbuminemia, operation time, incision length, and incision type, were analyzed to explore their correlation with neonatal AWD.

Results: The incidence of neonatal AWD was 6.0% (27/453), among which partial wound dehiscence accounted for 4.9% (22/453) and complete wound dehiscence accounted for 1.1% (5/453). Hypoproteinemia and incision type were the independent risk factors for neonatal AWD, and weight at admission was a protective factor for AWD in the multivariate models. All these factors were incorporated to construct a nomogram, and a calibration curve was plotted. The result indicated that the actual risk was close to the predicted risk when the predicted risk rate was greater than about 35%.

Conclusions: Neonatal AWD is closely related to hypoproteinemia and incision contamination. Our predictive model showed the potential to provide an individualized risk estimate of AWD for neonatal patients undergoing abdominal surgery.Key messagesNeonatal abdominal wound dehiscence (AWD) has a serious consequence and the incidence of neonatal AWD was about 6.0% and the complete AWD morbidity is 1.1%.Hypoproteinemia and incision type were the independent risk factors for neonatal AWD.Our predictive model showed the potential to provide an individualized risk estimate of AWD for neonatal patients undergoing abdominal surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07853890.2021.1938661DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8204998PMC
December 2021

Abnormal brain activity patterns during spatial working memory task in patients with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis: a fMRI study.

Brain Imaging Behav 2021 Aug;15(4):1898-1911

Department of Radiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, 515041, China.

Hemodialysis (HD) is associated with cognitive impairment in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, the neural mechanism of spatial working memory (SWM) impairment in HD-ESRD patients remains unclear. We investigated the abnormal alterations in SWM-associated brain activity patterns in HD-ESRD patients using blood oxygen level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI) technique during n-back tasks. Twenty-two HD-ESRD patients and 22 well-matched controls underwent an fMRI scan while undergoing a three-load n-back tasks with different difficulty levels. Cognitive and mental states were assessed using a battery of neuropsychologic tests. The HD-ESRD patients exhibited worse memory abilities than controls. Compared with the control group, the HD-ESRD patient group showed lower accuracy and longer response time under the n-back tasks, especially in the 2-back task. The patterns of brain activation changed under different working memory loads in the HD-ESRD patients, showing decreased activity in the right medial frontal gyrus and inferior frontal gyrus under 0-back and 1-back task, while more decreased activation in the bilateral frontal cortex, parietal lobule, anterior/posterior cingulate cortex and insula cortex under 2-back task. With the increase of task difficulty, the activation degree of the frontal and parietal cortex decreased. More importantly, we found that lower activation in frontal cortex and parietal lobule was associated with worse cognitive function in the HD-ESRD patients. These results demonstrate that the abnormal brain activity patterns of frontal cortex and parietal lobule may reflect the neural mediation of SWM impairment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11682-020-00383-7DOI Listing
August 2021

RXFP2 as novel potential biomarker for abnormal differentiation induced by diethylstilbestrol in the gubernaculum of fetal mice.

Am J Transl Res 2020 15;12(7):3715-3727. Epub 2020 Jul 15.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College No. 57 Changping Road, Shantou 515041, Guangdong, China.

Environmental estrogens (EEs) have been correlated with abnormalities in the male urogenital system. However, the mechanism underlying the effect of these molecules remains unclear. In vitro and in vivo experiments were performed to examine the expression level and mechanism of relaxin family peptide receptor 2 (RXFP2) in the gubernaculum of fetal mice following diethylstilbestrol (DES) treatment. The in vivo results demonstrate that DES treatment increased the stillbirth rate gradually, decreased the gubernacular cone volume significantly, and disrupted the tissue structure, leading to incomplete testicular descent. In vitro experiments reveal that DES administration resulted in abnormal cellular morphology and structural disorder of gubernacular cells, which lost their original morphology in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, DES-induced F-actin rearrangement and stress fiber formation in cultured cells. Protein quantitative analysis showed that the RXFP2 level in each experimental group was significantly lower than that of the normal group. In conclusion, DES affects the morphology and alters the gubernaculum structure, as well as the expression of RXFP2 protein. These data demonstrate that DES is toxic to gubernaculum in fetal mice, and that RXFP2 is associated with the abnormal gubernaculum morphology induced by DES. Taken together, these data suggest that RXFP2 may be a novel potential biomarker for abnormal differentiation of the gubernaculum.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7407749PMC
July 2020

Long-term exposure to ephedrine leads to neurotoxicity and neurobehavioral disorders accompanied by up-regulation of CRF in prefrontal cortex and hippocampus in rhesus macaques.

Behav Brain Res 2020 09 4;393:112796. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, No. 57 Changping Road, Shantou, 515041, Guangdong, China; Shantou University Medical College, No. 22 Xinling Road, Shantou, 515041, Guangdong, China; Guangdong Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Imaging, No. 57 Changping Road, Shantou, 515041, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

Drug addiction continues to threaten the health and welfare of people worldwide, and ephedrine abuse is a serious drug problem in many areas of the world. Ephedrine toxicity is thought to induce behavioral effects primarily through actions on the central nervous system. The corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) system plays an important role in regulating behavioral effects induced by addictive drugs, but whether CRF is related to ephedrine toxicity remains unclear. This study seeks to examine whether there is a correlation between the CRF and chronic ephedrine neurotoxicity. To this end, we established a chronic ephedrine (0.4-1.6 mg/kg/d) exposure model in rhesus macaques, assessed its effects on body weight and behavior, examined neuronal changes in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus, and measured the CRF expression in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. After 8-weeks of exposure to ephedrine, the toxic effects of ephedrine included significant weight loss and induction of behavioral changes in rhesus macaques. In particular, in the modeling group, the abnormal behavioral changes mainly manifested as irritability and behavioral sensitization. Meanwhile, the histological abnormalities included neuronal morphological changes, pyknosis and irregular shapes of neurons in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. In addition, the expression levels of CRF mRNA and protein were increased in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus of ephedrine-treated animals. In summary, the finding of this study indicated that ephedrine neurotoxicity can cause neuronal damage in cerebral cortex, which in turn can result in certain neurobehavioral abnormalities, and that CRF expression in prefrontal cortex and hippocampus is elevated in response to ephedrine exposure. These observations suggested that long-term exposure to ephedrine might be causing neurotoxicity and leading to neurobehavioral disorders accompanied by up-regulation of CRF in prefrontal cortex and hippocampus.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2020.112796DOI Listing
September 2020

Megameatus intact prepuce treated with urethral plate-preserving surgery: a retrospective study of an unusual hypospadias variant.

Transl Androl Urol 2019 Dec;8(6):583-590

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, China.

Background: Megameatus intact prepuce (MIP) is a unique variant of hypospadias and is a clinically rare condition. Due to the anatomical characteristics of the MIP hypospadias variant presenting a unique challenge to surgeons, no single urethroplasty method provides a universal solution for all patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of hypospadias after MIP repair by urethral plate-preserving urethroplasty.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 25 coronal or distal MIP patients, with a median age of 8, with most deficiencies being discovered during their first hospital visit for phimosis. Correction with urethroplasty was performed for all patients; 5 underwent the Mathieu procedure, 13 underwent the tubularized incised plate (TIP) procedure, and 7 underwent the Duplay procedure. The 25 patients were followed up for 6 to 36 months to evaluate the surgical outcomes.

Results: There were no significant differences in intraoperative bleeding, hospital stays, postoperative analgesia rate, and cure rate among the three surgical procedures. The operative time for the Mathieu procedure was longer than that for the TIP and Duplay procedures, which did not differ. Complications occurred in 4 of the 25 patients (16.0%), and the overall complication-free survival rate at 1 year after surgery was 80.5%. The age at the time of surgery, urethral plate width, urethroplasty length, surgical procedures, or meatal location (coronal or distal penis) were not independently predictive of complications.

Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of MIP are often concealed and then accidentally discovered during hospital visits for phimosis; thus, the actual incidence of MIP might be higher. The urethral plate should be preserved during MIP-correcting treatment, especially for coronal or distal MIP. The same satisfactory outcomes can be obtained with Mathieu, TIP, or Duplay urethroplasty.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/tau.2019.10.12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6987599PMC
December 2019

Effects of Chronic Ephedrine Toxicity on Functional Connections, Cell Apoptosis, and CREB-Related Proteins in the Prefrontal Cortex of Rhesus Monkeys.

Neurotox Res 2020 Mar 20;37(3):602-615. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Shantou University Medical College, No. 22 Xinling Road, Shantou, Guangdong, 515041, People's Republic of China.

Ephedrine abuse has spread in many parts of the world, severely threatening human health. The mechanism of ephedrine toxicity is still unclear. To explore the possible neural mechanisms of ephedrine toxicity, this study established a non-human primate model of ephedrine exposure, analyzed the functional connectivity changes in its prefrontal cortex through resting state BOLD-fMRI, and then inspected the pathophysiological changes as well as the expression of the cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (CREB), phosphorylated CREB (P-CREB), and CREB target proteins (c-fos and fosB) in the prefrontal cortex. After ephedrine toxicity, we found that the prefrontal cortex of monkeys strengthened its functional connectivity with the brain regions that perform motivation, drive, reward, and learning and memory functions and weakened its functional connectivity with the brain regions that perform cognitive control. These results suggest that ephedrine toxicity causes abnormal neural circuits that lead to the amplification and enhancement of drug-related cues and the weakening and damage of cognitive control function. Histology showed that the neurocytotoxicity of ephedrine can cause neuronal degeneration and apoptosis. Real-time PCR and Western blot showed increased expression of CREB mRNA and CREB/P-CREB/c-fos/fosB protein in the prefrontal cortex after ephedrine toxicity. Collectively, the present study indicates that the enhancement of drug-related cues and the weakening of cognitive control caused by abnormal neural circuits after drug exposure may be a major mechanism of brain function changes caused by ephedrine. These histological and molecular changes may be the pathophysiological basis of brain function changes caused by ephedrine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12640-019-00146-3DOI Listing
March 2020

Behavioral Changes and Neuronal Damage in Rhesus Monkeys after 10 Weeks of Ketamine Administration Involve Prefrontal Cortex Dopamine D2 Receptor and Dopamine Transporter.

Neuroscience 2019 09 19;415:97-106. Epub 2019 Jul 19.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, No. 57 Changping Road, Shantou 515041, Guangdong, China; Shantou University Medical College, No. 22 Xinling Road, Shantou, Guangdong 515041, China; Guangdong Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Imaging, No. 57 Changping Road, Shantou, Guangdong 515041, China. Electronic address:

The dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) and dopamine transporter (DAT) play a regulatory role in dopaminergic neurotransmission and thus play an important role in drug addiction. The prefrontal cortex (PFC), a critical part of the mesencephalic dopaminergic system, is thought to be involved in the development and maintenance of drug addiction. The addiction to ketamine is thought to induce behavioral effects primarily through actions on the central nervous system. However, the neural mechanism underlying the effects of ketamine addiction remains unclear. In this study, we investigate the involvement of PFC DRD2 and DAT in ketamine addiction effects after ketamine administration for 10 weeks in nonhuman primates. To this end, after administering ketamine to rhesus monkeys for 10 weeks, we assessed changes in body weight and behavior. Additionally, neuronal changes in the PFC were examined by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining; the DRD2 and DAT mRNA and protein expression levels in the PFC were determined by real-time PCR and Western blot analysis, respectively. After 10-week ketamine administration, the assessment of the manifestations of toxicity in rhesus monkeys revealed significant changes in body weight and behavior, decreased DRD2 and DAT mRNA and protein expression in the PFC, and histological abnormalities including neuronal eosinophilia, pyknosis and disorderly arrangement of neurons in the PFC. These results suggest that the reduced expression of DRD2 and DAT in PFC could be involved in the behavioral and the neurological changes induced by ketamine administration, which may play an important role in the molecular mechanisms of ketamine addiction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2019.07.022DOI Listing
September 2019

Children with Cryptorchidism Complicated by Testicular Torsion: A Case Series.

Urol Int 2019 26;102(1):113-117. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Woman's and Children's Hospital, Shenzhen University and Pingshan District, Shenzhen, China.

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of children with cryptorchidism complicated by testicular torsion.

Methods: The clinical data of 6 children with cryptorchidism complicated by testicular torsion admitted to our hospital from December 2000 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.

Results: All 6 children were diagnosed with cryptorchidism by surgery, their age was from 12 days up to 11 years, and the average time between onset of symptoms and diagnosis was 20.5 h. Torsion testis was located in the groin area and the rate of left to right was about 2:1. Twist was 600° on average. All children were admitted because of the inconsolable cry, abdominal pain, and the swelling of the groin. Three patients underwent orchidectomy, while the other 3 patients underwent detorsion and cryptorchidopexy. Color Doppler ultrasound examination showed normal testes at 6 months after operation. Only 1 case was diagnosed with cryptorchidism after birth.

Conclusions: Cryptorchidism is an emergency in pediatric urology and often leads to a low testicular salvage rate, especially in infants, due to lack of knowledge, delayed diagnosis, and late treatment. Neonatal genital examination is important for the early diagnosis and management of cryptorchidism.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493766DOI Listing
March 2019

Exploring the neuromechanism of chronic ephedrine addiction in rhesus monkeys: A behavioural and brain resting-state fMRI study.

Behav Brain Res 2019 02 27;359:807-813. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, No. 57 Changping Road, Shantou, Guangdong 515041, China; Shantou University Medical College, No. 22 Xinling Road, Shantou, Guangdong 515041, China; Guangdong Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Imaging, No. 57 Changping Road, Shantou, Guangdong 515041, China. Electronic address:

Ephedrine is thought to exert behavioural effects primarily through actions on the central nervous system. However, the neuromechanism underlying the effects of ephedrine addiction still remains unclear. Our study aimed to establish chronic ephedrine addiction models in rhesus monkeys and to investigate the neuromechanism of chronic ephedrine addiction using the behavioural methods combined with resting-state blood oxygenation level dependent-functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI). Monkeys in the ephedrine addiction group (n = 6) received intramuscular injections of ephedrine using a dose escalation method, with a chronic model established in 8 weeks, while in the control group (n = 4), monkeys received a pure 0.9% saline injection. The weight and behaviors of the monkeys were observed throughout the treatment. All monkeys underwent the brain MR scans for two times (before treatment and after treatment had been discontinued). After molding, the weight of the ephedrine group was significantly reduced, while the weight of the control group increased significantly. Compared with the control group, the ephedrine addicted monkeys showed more abnormal behaviors related to addiction. In fMRI study, the ephedrine addicted monkeys showed more increased brain activation than that of the control group, mainly including the prefrontal cortex(PFC) and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), the left ventral tegmental area(VTA), right insula, right amygdala, hippocampus, left thalamus, and left cerebellum.We hypothesize that the principal neuromechanism underlying chronic ephedrine addiction involves multiple abnormal brain neuron circuits, mainly in the PFC and the limbic system, and is closely related to addictive behaviors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2018.07.024DOI Listing
February 2019

cAMP Response Element Binding Protein Expression in the Hippocampus of Rhesus Macaques with Chronic Ephedrine Addiction.

Biomed Res Int 2017 18;2017:1931204. Epub 2017 Oct 18.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, No. 57 Changping Road, Shantou, Guangdong 515041, China.

Background: Drug addiction is classified as a chronic relapse nature brain disease with complicated neurobiology mechanisms. There are an increasing number of researchers that are investigating the possible mechanisms for solving the thorny problem.

Methods: The model of chronic addiction of rhesus monkey ephedrine was established, where changes in body weight and behavior were monitored. The expression of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) in the hippocampus of rhesus monkeys was identified by real-time PCR and Western blot.

Results: We were successful in establishing the chronic ephedrine addiction model in the rhesus macaques. They exhibited changes in body weight and behavior. Immunofluorescence showed that CREB was expressed in the nucleus of the hippocampus, and the expression of CREB mRNA and protein in the hippocampus were increased by real-time PCR and Western blot. The CREB positive expression in the hippocampus of the modeling group was significantly higher than in the control group.

Conclusions: The changes of body weight and behavior of the rhesus monkeys after ephedrine chronic addiction were significant. The changes of CREB in the hippocampus of rhesus macaques with ephedrine chronic addiction are important molecular mechanisms, and the upregulation of CREB may be involved in the physiological pathology and behavior process in individuals with chronic ephedrine addiction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1931204DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5664267PMC
January 2018

Diethylstilbestrol Regulates the Expression of LGR8 in Mouse Gubernaculum Testis Cells.

Med Sci Monit 2016 Feb 8;22:416-21. Epub 2016 Feb 8.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Hormonal effects on the gubernaculum can affect testicular descent. Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is a nonsteroidal synthetic estrogen that disrupts the outgrowth of gubernaculums, leading to testis maldescent. However, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. MATERIAL AND METHODS The gubernaculum were removed from 3-day-old mice and cultured. The subcultured cells were randomly divided into a normal control group and experimental groups. The DES groups were administered 10 μg/ml, 1 μg/ml, 0.1 μg/ml, 0.01 μg/ml of diethylstilbestrol dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) respectively. The cell morphology was observed under an inverted microscope, and leucine-rich repeat-containing G protein-coupled receptor 8 (LGR8) was localized by immunofluorescence. The expressions of LGR8 gene and protein in gubernaculum cells were quantified by RT-PCR and Flow Cytometer respectively. RESULTS DES treatment converted cells from a normal fibroblast-like morphology into a more refractile, spindle-shaped morphology or irregular elliptical shapes along with cytoplasmic shrinkage. LGR8 was expressed in the cytoplasmic membrane, DES dose-dependently downregulated LGR8 expression at low doses (≤1.0 μg/ml), but upregulated LGR8 at high doses (10 μg/ml) at both the mRNA and protein levels. CONCLUSIONS These results suggest that DES causes testicular maldescent by altering the LGR8 pathway in mouse gubernaculum testis cells.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4750751PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/msm.895089DOI Listing
February 2016

An insight into insulin-like factor 3 regulate its receptor RXFP2 in mouse gubernaculum testis cells.

Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2015 1;8(11):14806-11. Epub 2015 Nov 1.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College Shantou, Guangdong, China.

The etiology of testicular dysgenesis syndrome is multifactorial and involves abnormalities in the anatomical structures and endocrine factors. Several studies have shown that the abnormal development of the gubernaculum may affect testicular descent, and the insulin-like factor 3 (INSL3) appears to play an important role in development of the gubernaculum have been proved. INSL3 binds its specific receptor (Relaxin family peptide 2, RXFP2), which was highly expressed in gubernaculum, to produce a crucial effect in the first transabdominal descent stage, but its mechanism still remain unclear. In this study, in order to explore how does INSL3 regulate its receptor RXFP2, we cultured mouse gubernaculum testis cells in vitro, which was treated by INSL3, and examined the expression of RXFP2 in mouse gubernaculum testis cells. The results displayed that INSL3 changed RXFP2 expression, and we found that low dose INSL3 can increase RXFP2 expression, the mechanism of above-mentioned might be related with the hormesis of INSL3.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4713594PMC
October 2016

Computer-aided three-dimensional reconstruction of main vessels in hemangiomas.

Int J Clin Exp Med 2015 15;8(2):1747-54. Epub 2015 Feb 15.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Shantou University Medical College Shantou 515041, Guangdong Province, P.R China.

This study aimed to investigate three-dimensional (3-D) morphological features of the main vessel architecture of human hemangioma. Serial sections of specimens from three cases of children hemangioma were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) to visualize the vessels. Serial images were taken and processed with computer-assisted 3-D reconstruction. Partial 3-D structure reconstruction of vessel morphology in hemangioma revealed strange distribution and branching, which were different from normal vessels of the human skin. The 3-5 microvascular was most common in hemangioma. We observed respective characteristics of three cases: 1 case showed uniform artery vein distribution accompanied by running trend; 1 case showed main artery distribution and less vein distribution, and there were many blood sinus in the shallow surface close to the skin; another case showed vein distribution in the middle of antrum. In conclusion, digital vascular model of 3-D structure of main vessel hemangioma provides a new way for the diagnosis and treatment of hemangioma of children.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4402750PMC
May 2015
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