Publications by authors named "Shota Tobori"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

MrgprB4 in trigeminal neurons expressing TRPA1 modulates unpleasant sensations.

J Pharmacol Sci 2021 Aug 28;146(4):200-205. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, 46-29 Yoshida-Shimoadachi-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.

Gentle touch such as stroking of the skin produces a pleasant feeling, which is detected by a rare subset of sensory neurons that express Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor B4 (MrgprB4) in mice. We examined small populations of MrgprB4-positive neurons in the trigeminal ganglion and the dorsal root ganglion, and most of these were sensitive to transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) agonist but not TRPV1, TRPM8, or TRPV4 agonists. Deficiency of MrgprB4 did not affect noxious pain or itch behaviors in the hairless plantar and hairy cheek. Although behavior related to acetone-induced cold sensing in the hind paw was not changed, unpleasant sensory behaviors in response to acetone application or sucrose splash to the cheek were significantly enhanced in Mrgprb4-knockout mice as well as in TRPA1-knockout mice. These results suggest that MrgprB4 in the trigeminal neurons produces pleasant sensations in cooperation with TRPA1, rather than noxious or cold sensations. Pleasant sensations may modulate unpleasant sensations on the cheek via MrgprB4.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphs.2021.04.006DOI Listing
August 2021

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 agonist GSK1016790A improves neurological outcomes after intracerebral hemorrhage in mice.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2020 08 16;529(3):590-595. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Japan.

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is one of the most severe subtypes of stroke with high morbidity and mortality. Although a lot of drug discovery studies have been conducted, the drugs with satisfactory therapeutic effects for motor paralysis after ICH have yet to reach clinical application. Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4), a Ca-permeable cation channel and activated by hypoosmolarity and warm temperature, is expressed in various cell types. The present study investigated whether TRPV4 would participate in the brain damage in a mouse model of ICH. ICH was induced by intrastriatal treatment of collagenase. Administration of GSK1016790A, a selective TRPV4 agonist, attenuated neurological and motor deficits. The inhibitory effects of the TRPV4 agonist in collagenase-injected WT mice were completely disappeared in TRPV4-KO mice. The TRPV4 agonist did not alter brain injury volume and brain edema at 1 and 3 days after ICH induction. The TRPV4 agonist did not show any differences with respect to the increased number of Iba1-positive microglia/macrophages, GFAP-positive astrocytes, and Gr1-positive neutrophils at 1 and 3 days after ICH induction. Quantitative RT-PCR experiments revealed that the TRPV4 agonist significantly upregulated the expression level of c-fos, a marker of neuronal activity, while the agonist gave no effects on the expression level of cytokines/chemokines at 1 day after ICH induction, These results suggest that stimulation of TRPV4 would ameliorate ICH-induced brain injury, presumably by increased neuronal activity and TRPV4 provides a novel therapeutic target for the treatment for ICH.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2020.06.103DOI Listing
August 2020

Depletion of microglia ameliorates white matter injury and cognitive impairment in a mouse chronic cerebral hypoperfusion model.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2019 07 13;514(4):1040-1044. Epub 2019 May 13.

Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, 46-29 Yoshida-Shimoadachi-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan.

Microglia are immune cells in the central nervous system (CNS) and essential for homeostasis that are important for both neuroprotection and neurotoxicity, and are activated in a variety of CNS diseases. Microglia aggravate cognitive impairment induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, but their precise roles under these conditions remain unknown. Here, we used PLX3397, a colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor inhibitor, to deplete microglia in mice with chronic cerebral hypoperfusion induced by bilateral common carotid artery stenosis (BCAS). Cognitive impairment induced 28 days after BCAS was significantly improved in mice fed a diet containing PLX3397. In PLX3397-fed mice, microglia were depleted and white matter injury induced by BCAS was suppressed. In addition, the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, interleukin 6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha, was suppressed in PLX3397-fed mice. Taken together, these findings suggest that microglia play destructive roles in the development of cognitive impairment and white matter injury induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion. Thus, microglia represent a potential therapeutic target for chronic cerebral hypoperfusion-related diseases.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.05.055DOI Listing
July 2019