Publications by authors named "Shokouh Shayanpour"

9 Publications

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Dominance of Variant Human Herpesvirus 6 A Among Hemodialysis Patients, Ahvaz, Iran.

Iran J Kidney Dis 2019 11;13(6):404-413

Infectious and Tropical Disease Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Introduction: Hemodialysis (HD) patients are a high-risk population for acquiring blood-borne viruses such as HHV-6. HHV-6 can remain latent in the host cells after primary infection; the reactivation of virus may result complications such as seizure, respiratory failure, hepatitis, and encephalitis. There is a limited report concerning HHV-6 infection in HD patients in Iran. Thus, this study was conducted to determine the frequency of HHV-6 among HD patients.

Methods: We determined HHV-6 DNA in sera samples of 84 patients undergoing HD. The DNA was extracted from the sera samples and the presence of HHV-6 DNA variants A and B was evaluated by nested PCR.

Results: 52/84 (61.9%) of HD patients were males and 32/84 (38.1%) females. The age ranges of patients were between 18 to 85 years and the mean age was 52 ± 1.52 (± SD) years. Out of 84 sera samples, HHV-6 DNA was detected in 10 (11.9%) participants, including 6/52 (11.5%) in males and 4/32 (12.5%) in females. HHV- 6A was detected in 10/10 (100%) of positive cases. No HHV-6 B was found in HD patients. The distribution of HHV-6A DNA was not significant between genders (P > .05). Out of 84 HD patients, 55 (65.47%) cases were over 50 years, among them 10 (18.18%) cases were positive for HHV-6 A infection (P < .05).

Conclusion: The results showed that only HHV-6 DNA variant A was found in 11.9% of HD patients. Regarding the consequence of HHV-6 reactivation, to manage and improve treatment, the screening of HHV-6 DNA test should be implemented for HD patients.
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November 2019

Effects of Synbiotics and Probiotics Supplementation on Serum Levels of Endotoxin, Heat Shock Protein 70 Antibodies and Inflammatory Markers in Hemodialysis Patients: a Randomized Double-Blinded Controlled Trial.

Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins 2020 03;12(1):144-151

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of probiotic and synbiotic supplementation on serum inflammatory markers, endotoxin, and anti-HSP70 in hemodialysis (HD) patients. This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Seventy-five hemodialysis patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were randomly assigned for 12 weeks to one of the three arms: synbiotics [n = 23; 15 g of prebiotics, 5 g of probiotic powder containing Lactobacillus acidophilus T16, Bifidobacterium bifidum BIA-6, Bifidobacterium lactis BIA-6, and Bifidobacterium longum LAF-5 (2.7 × 10 CFU/g each)], probiotics [n = 23; 5 g probiotics as in synbiotic group with 15 g of maltodextrin in the sachet as placebo], and placebo [n = 19; 20 g of maltodextrin in the sachet]. Blood and feces were collected at baseline and after intervention. Serum high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6, endotoxin, and anti-heat shock protein 70 antibodies (anti-HSP70) were measured. The number of fecal colonies was determined using the plate-counting method. The mean serum level of hs-CRP, anti-HSP70, and endotoxin decreased significantly between groups (p = 0.007, p = 0.037, and p = 0.036, respectively). For the synbiotic group, the mean changes in hs-CRP and IL-6 were significantly lower than for the placebo (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively) and probiotic group (p = 0.011 and p = 0.008, respectively). Anti-HSP70 mean changes in the synbiotic and probiotic groups differed from the placebo group (p = 0.002 and p = 0.013, respectively). Administration of synbiotics was more effective than probiotics for improvement of inflammatory markers, endotoxin and anti-HSP70 serum levels. Trial registration number: IRCT2017041233393N1.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12602-018-9509-5DOI Listing
March 2020

Effect of Synbiotic and Probiotic Supplementation on Serum Levels of Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecules in Hemodialysis Patients: a Randomized Control Study.

Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins 2019 12;11(4):1210-1218

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of synbiotic and probiotic supplementation on serum vascular dysfunction and necrosis markers in hemodialysis (HD) patients. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 75 HD patients were randomly assigned to either the synbiotic or probiotic or placebo group. The patients in the synbiotic group received 15 g of prebiotics and 5 g probiotic powder containing Lactobacillus acidophilus strain T16 (IBRC-M10785), Bifidobacterium bifidum strain BIA-6, Bifidobacterium lactis strain BIA-6, Bifidobacterium longum strain LAF-5 (2.7 × 10 CFU/g each) in sachets (n = 25), whereas the probiotic group received 5 g probiotics same to the first group with 15 g of maltodextrin powder in sachets (n = 25) and the placebo group received 20 g of maltodextrin powder in sachets (n = 25) for 12 weeks. At baseline and the end of the study, serum concentrations of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule type 1 (sICAM-1), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule type 1 (sVCAM-1), cytokeratin 18 (CK-18) as the necrosis marker, uric acid, and phosphate levels were measured. Feces also were collected for microbiota colony counting. Serum ICAM-1 level reduced significantly in the synbiotic group after the intervention period (P = 0.02), and this reduction was significantly different in the synbiotic group in comparison to the placebo group (P = 0.03). Serum levels of VCAM-1 and CK-18 were not significantly different between the groups. However, the reduction in serum levels of VCAM-1 in the synbiotic group was significantly higher in comparison to the placebo group (P = 0.01). Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that ∆ phosphate was the sole independent determinant of ∆ICAM-1 (P = 0 < 001). The study indicated that synbiotic supplementation reduced serum ICAM-1 level, which is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases in HD patients, but has no effect on the necrosis marker. Trial registration: www.irct.ir (IRCT2017041233393N1).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12602-018-9477-9DOI Listing
December 2019

Hepatitis E Virus Infection Among Chronic Hemodialysis.

Jundishapur J Microbiol 2016 Mar 17;9(3):e26645. Epub 2016 Mar 17.

Department of Internal Medicine, Chronic Renal Failure Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/jjm.26645DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4877441PMC
March 2016

Restless Legs Syndrome: Associated Risk Factors in Hemodialysis Patients.

Nephrourol Mon 2015 Nov 29;7(6):e31967. Epub 2015 Nov 29.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Herbal Research Center, Pharmacy School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran.

Background: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) may be associated with increased morbidity and mortality among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients; however, it is a disorder that is neglected in dialysis centers.

Objectives: The goal of this study was to investigate the clinical factors associated with RLS among ESRD patients.

Patients And Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on ESRD patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD) in three HD centers in Ahvaz city in Southwest Iran. Blood samples were obtained prior to a dialysis session to check the routine laboratory test results and assess the adequacy of dialysis. The presence of RLS was assessed by using the international RLS study group (IRLSSG) diagnostic criteria. The IRLSSG rating scale was also used to evaluate the severity of the RLS symptoms.

Results: Of the 139 HD patients enrolled in this study, 60 were female (43.2%) and 79 were male (56.8%), with a mean age of 51.82 ± 13.31 years. The prevalence of RLS was 15.8% (22 patients), with 50% of them (11 patients) having severe or very severe symptoms. There was a significant relationship between RLS and longer durations of dialysis (P < 0.001). The mean level of serum ferritin was lower in patients without RLS, but it was not significant (P = 0.065). No significant differences were found according to age, gender, dialysis shifts, and hemoglobin (Hb) level among patients with and without RLS.

Conclusions: We conclude that a significant percentage of ESRD patients undergoing maintenance HD have severe or very severe RLS symptoms. The presence of RLS is associated to longer durations of dialysis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/numonthly.31967DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4744637PMC
November 2015

Evaluation of administration of oral N-acetylcysteine to reduce oxidative stress in chronic hemodialysis patients: A double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2016 Jan;27(1):88-93

Department of Nephrology, Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

This study was designed to assess the efficacy of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on the reduction of oxidative stress in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients through measurement of total serum anti-oxidant capacity. In this randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial, the efficacy and safety of NAC in reduction of oxidative stress was evaluated in 40 chronic HD patients. The study was conducted at the HD Department of the Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 19. Paired samples test showed that the mean score of the serum level of total anti-oxidant capacity (TAC) increased from 26.39±17.03 to 33.26±18.8 (Pvalue=0.01) and from 24.02±16.47 to 25.38±17.04 (P=0.1) in the NAC and placebo groups, respectively. Difference in the mean TAC changes between groups was statistically significant (P=0.042). In our study, NAC administration could reduce oxidative stress in chronic HD patients. No major side-effects were observed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1319-2442.174084DOI Listing
January 2016

Arteriovenous Fistula Recirculation in Hemodialysis.

Nephrourol Mon 2015 Jul 22;7(4):e27474. Epub 2015 Jul 22.

Chronic Renal Failure Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/numonthly.27474DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4623609PMC
July 2015

Prevention of cisplatin nephrotoxicity.

J Nephropharmacol 2016 22;5(1):57-60. Epub 2015 Aug 22.

Chronic Renal Failure Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Cisplatin has a well-established role in the treatment of broad spectrum of malignancies; however its use is limited because of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity (CIN) which can be progressive in more than 50% of cases. The most important risk factors for CIN include higher doses of cisplatin, previous cisplatin chemotherapy, underlying kidney damage and concurrent treatment with other potential nephrotoxin agents, such as aminoglycosides, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, or iodinated contrast media. Different strategies have been offered to diminish or prevent nephrotoxicity of cisplatin. The standard approach for prevention of CIN is the administration of lower doses of cisplatin in combination with full intravenous hydration prior and after cisplatin administration. Cisplatin-induced oxidative stress in the kidney may be prevented by natural antioxidant compounds. The results of this review show that many strategies for prevention of CIN exist, however, attention to the administration of these agent for CIN is necessary.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5297508PMC
August 2015

Diabetes and end-stage renal disease; a review article on new concepts.

J Renal Inj Prev 2015 1;4(2):28-33. Epub 2015 Jun 1.

Chronic Renal Failure Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

It is well established that diabetic nephropathy is the most common cause or in combination with hypertensive nephropathy are the most common causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in developed and developing countries. For this review, we used a variety of sources by searching through PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Current Content and Iran Medex from January 1990 up to December 2014. Manuscripts published in English and Persian languages, as full-text articles, and or as abstract were included in the study. Patient survival in diabetics on maintenance renal replacement therapy including hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD) and kidney transplantation is significantly lower than that seen in nondiabetics with ESRD. The poor prognosis of diabetic patients with ESRD is partly due to presence of significant cardiovascular disease, problems with vascular access, more susceptible to infections, foot ulcer, and hemodynamic instability during HD. Although, many complications related to kidney transplantation may occur in diabetic ESRD patients, multiple studies have found that the kidney transplantation is the preferred renal replacement therapy for diabetic patients with ESRD and it is associated with a much better survival and quality of life than dialysis among these patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12861/jrip.2015.07DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4459725PMC
June 2015