Publications by authors named "Shivani A Kasbekar"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Corneal transplant surgery for keratoconus and the effect of surgeon experience on deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty outcomes.

Am J Ophthalmol 2014 Dec 28;158(6):1239-46. Epub 2014 Aug 28.

St Paul's Eye Unit, 8X Link, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Purpose: To investigate graft survival and surgical experience on clinical outcome following deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK).

Design: Multicenter cohort study.

Methods: The United Kingdom Transplant Database was used to identify patients who had undergone a first DALK or penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) for keratoconus. Data were collected at the time of surgery and at 1, 2, and 5 years postoperatively. Graft survival, best-corrected visual acuity, and refractive error were analyzed for 3 consecutive time periods. DALK outcomes were analyzed according to surgeon experience.

Results: A total of 4521 patients were included. Graft survival was 92% (95% CI: 90-92) for PKP and 90% (95% CI: 88-92) for DALK (P = .09). For corneal transplants undertaken in the periods 1999-2002, 2002-2005, and 2005-2007, graft survival was 90%, 92%, and 88% following DALK, and 93%, 91%, and 92% following PKP, respectively. There was no evidence of a difference between surgeons in terms of case mix (P = .4) or outcome (P = .2). Surgeon experience, in terms of the number of previous DALK undertaken, had no significant effect on outcome. A donor recipient trephine size disparity of 0.5 mm was associated with an increased risk of graft failure for both DALK (P = .03) and PKP (P = .002), whereas ocular surface disease was a significant risk factor for DALK (P = .04) but not PKP.

Conclusions: There has been little change in graft survival for DALK and PKP over the past decade. Ocular surface disease is an important risk factor for graft failure following DALK. A surgical learning curve for DALK could not be demonstrated in terms of clinical outcome.
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December 2014

Corneal endothelial dysfunction in Pearson syndrome.

Ophthalmic Genet 2013 Mar-Jun;34(1-2):55-7. Epub 2011 Sep 21.

Department of Ophthalmology, Southport and Ormskirk Hospital NHS Trust, Southport, UK.

Mitochondrial disorders are associated with well recognized ocular manifestations. Pearson syndrome is an often fatal, multisystem, mitochondrial disorder that causes variable bone marrow, hepatic, renal and pancreatic exocrine dysfunction. Phenotypic progression of ocular disease in a 12-year-old male with Pearson syndrome is described. This case illustrates phenotypic drift from Pearson syndrome to Kearns-Sayre syndrome given the patient's longevity. Persistent corneal endothelial failure was noted in addition to ptosis, chronic external ophthalmoplegia and mid-peripheral pigmentary retinopathy. We propose that corneal edema resulting from corneal endothelial metabolic pump failure occurs within a spectrum of mitochondrial disorders.
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August 2013

The value of the Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) in predicting ischaemia in myocardial perfusion scintigraphy - a prospective study.

Nucl Med Rev Cent East Eur 2010 ;13(2):59-63

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK.

Background: Functional capacity assessment may be a useful tool to stratify patients according to risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). The Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) is a functional assessment based on activities of daily living and cardiovascular fitness, assessed using a self-administered questionnaire.

Material And Methods: We assessed the relationship between established clinical risk factors for CAD and the DASI with results of myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS). The MPS results used in the analysis were the presence of reversible ischaemia and the resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). A DASI self-administered questionnaire was completed by 117 consecutive participants, and a patient history was taken to ascertain established risk factors. All participants underwent a stress test, and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy was performed. Statistical analysis consisted of logistic and linear regression using a statistical software package.

Results: The DASI was the only factor that correlated significantly with reversible ischaemia on MPS. None of the previously established risk factors had a significant association with reversible ischaemia within the model. Our study found a potential relationship between the DASI score and the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) although this was not statistically significant.

Conclusions: Our study findings suggest that the DASI may represent a powerful tool for risk stratification prior to investigation of CAD. A further study with a larger sample size will be required to investigate the predictive value of the DASI and the association with LVEF.
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December 2011