Publications by authors named "Shiu-Ki R Hui"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Massive Transfusion Protocols in Obstetric Hemorrhage: Theory versus Reality.

Am J Perinatol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Depatment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Objective:  Massive transfusion protocols are widely implemented in obstetrical practice in case of severe hemorrhage; however, different recommendations exist regarding the appropriate ratios of blood product components to be transfused. We report our extensive experience with massive component transfusion in a referral center in which the standard massive transfusion protocol is modified by ongoing clinical and laboratory evaluation.

Study Design:  A retrospective chart review of all patients who had massive transfusion protocol activation in a level 4 referral center for obstetrical practice was performed from January 2014 to January 2020. Data collected included the etiology of obstetrical hemorrhage, number of blood products of each type transfused, crystalloid infusion, and several indices of maternal morbidity and mortality. Data are presented with descriptive statistics.

Results:  A total of 62 patients had massive transfusion protocol activation, of which 97% received blood products. Uterine atony was found to be the most common etiology for massive hemorrhage (34%), followed by placenta accreta spectrum (32%). The mean estimated blood loss was 1,945 mL. A mean of 6.5 units of packed red blood cells, 14.8 units of fresh frozen plasma and cryoprecipitate, and 8.3 units of platelets were transfused per patient. No maternal deaths were seen.

Conclusion:  The ratios of transfused packed red blood cell to fresh frozen plasma/cryoprecipitate and of packed red blood cell to platelet units varied significantly from the fixed initial infusion ratio called for by our massive transfusion protocol resulting in universally favorable maternal outcomes. When rapid laboratory evaluation of hematologic and clotting parameters is available, careful use of this information may facilitate safe modification of an initial fixed transfusion ratio based on etiology of the hemorrhage and individual patient response.

Key Points: · Massive transfusion protocols in obstetrics follow fixed ratios of blood products.. · Actual usage of blood components is different than the standardized protocols.. · We recommend to modify the initial fixed transfusion ratio according to clinical response..
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0041-1728833DOI Listing
May 2021

Age-based difference in activation markers of coagulation and fibrinolysis in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Pediatr Crit Care Med 2014 Jun;15(5):e198-205

1Section of Neonatology, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX. 2Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX. 3Department of Pathology & Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX. 4Cancer and Hematology Centers, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX. 5Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX.

Objective: Coagulation system activation in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation results in hemostatic derangements. Thrombin generation markers like prothrombin fragment 1+2 and thrombin-antithrombin complex are sensitive markers of hypercoagulability. Plasmin-antiplasmin complex is a sensitive marker for fibrinolysis. D-dimers reflect thrombin generation and fibrinolysis. The aim was to identify the extent of hemostasis activation during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation by measuring thrombin-antithrombin complex, prothrombin fragment 1+2, plasmin-antiplasmin complex, and D-dimer.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Tertiary care academic center.

Patients: Children placed on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation from April 2011 to January 2013.

Interventions: Prothrombin fragment 1+2, thrombin-antithrombin complex, plasmin-antiplasmin complex, and D-dimer were measured on days 1 and 5 of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Measurements And Main Results: Data presented as median (interquartile range); nonparametric tests were done using SPSS. Twenty-nine children (52% < 30 d old [neonates], median extracorporeal membrane oxygenation length 151 hr) were studied. Complications included thrombosis in 14%, bleeding in 45%, and thrombosis and bleeding together in 10%. Thrombin-antithrombin complex, prothrombin fragment 1+2, plasmin-antiplasmin complex, and D-dimer levels were high on day 1 and remained increased on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. In neonates, all levels were higher on day 5 compared with day 1: thrombin-antithrombin complex (55.6 μg/L [30.7-76.0] vs 18.7 μg/L [10.9-34.6]; p = 0.03), prothrombin fragment 1+2 (2,038 pmol/L [1,093-4,018.5] vs 377.5 pmol/L [334.3-1,103.0]; p = 0.00), plasmin-antiplasmin complex (2,160 μg/L [786-3,090] vs 398 μg/L [296.8-990.8]; p = 0.00), and D-dimer (3.0 μg/mL [1.9-11.5] vs 1.5 μg/mL [0.6-2.9]; p = 0.01). Thrombin-antithrombin complex, prothrombin fragment 1+2, plasmin-antiplasmin complex, and D-dimer levels did not correlate with anti-Xa activity or heparin dose. In bleeders older than 30 days, plasmin-antiplasmin complex stayed elevated on day 5, but in patients with no bleeding complications, plasmin-antiplasmin level showed a declining trend. In neonates, plasmin-antiplasmin levels increased over the course of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation irrespective of bleeding.

Conclusion: Despite our best efforts at adequate anticoagulation with unfractionated heparin, neonates showed persistent increase in coagulation activation on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Fibrinolysis activation may contribute to bleeding in patients older than 30 days. Different anticoagulation protocols should be individualized based on age.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PCC.0000000000000107DOI Listing
June 2014