Publications by authors named "Shimaa El-Shafey Soliman"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Circulating miR-21-5p and miR-126-3p: diagnostic, prognostic value, and multivariate analysis in non-small-cell lung cancer.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Mar 10;48(3):2543-2552. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Biochemistry Division of Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt.

One of the most recent of tumor molecular characterization approaches is the microRNA (miR) expression profile. No single marker is sufficiently accurate for clinical use. Numerous biomarkers panels were created for three main purposes: tumor subtype, classification and, early detection, and prediction of tumor responses to treatment and prognosis of patients. miR-21-5p and miR-126-3p have received special attention because of their relationship with many cancer sites such as lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and renal cell carcinoma. We aimed to study their diagnostic and prognostic utility in lung cancer patients. Serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. The expression levels of miR-21-5p and miR-126-3p were determined by real-time PCR in 60 non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and 40 healthy controls to detect diagnostic utility. Moreover, it was correlated with all disease clinicopathological characters and patient survival. Higher miR-21-5p and lower miR-126-3p levels were found in lung cancer patients than in controls. The sensitivity of CEA and miR-21-5p and miR-126-3p were 78.3, 96.7, and 90% at cutoff points 7.5, 2.35, and 2.175, respectively to distinguish NSCLC patients from controls. On combining both miR-21-5p and miR-126-3p, an improvement of sensitivity to 97% was noted. For patients, miR-21-5P increased significantly with metastatic stage and the highest grade (GIII). There was significantly longer overall survival (OS) among patients with early stages, lower grades GI&II, low miR-21-5p, and high miR-126-3p. miR-126-3p and presence of metastasis, the last two factors were the independent factors affecting OS with a hazard ratio of 0.26 (95% CI: 0.06-1.09) and 3.64 (95% CI: 1.22-16.5), respectively. Circulating miR-21-5p and miR-126-3p may play a significant role in diagnosis and prognosis in NSCLC patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-021-06302-3DOI Listing
March 2021

Surfactant protein D: a predictor for severity of community-acquired pneumonia in children.

Pediatr Res 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University Hospital, Shebin El-kom, Egypt.

Background: Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a promising biomarker proposed for the prediction of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) severity. Therefore, we aimed to assess the role of SP-D in the prediction of CAP severity in pediatric patients.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was carried out at the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) and wards of Menoufia University Hospital. We recruited 112 children admitted into wards with pneumonia (simple pneumonia) and 68 children admitted into PICU with severe pneumonia (PICU admitted). World Health Organization (WHO) classification and mortality predictive scores were calculated to determine the severity of pneumonia for the two groups, including the Pediatric Respiratory Severity Score (PRESS) and the Predisposition, Insult, Response, and Organ dysfunction modified Score (PIROm). SP-D was measured at admission.

Results: The SP-D level was significantly lower in patients with simple pneumonia than in patients with severe pneumonia (P < 0.001). SP-D was significantly higher among children with severe pneumonia, as determined by WHO, PRESS, and PIROm (P = 0.001). SP-D was significantly higher among children with mechanical ventilation, shock, hypoxia, sepsis, and mortality. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for SP-D showed that the area under the curve was 0.741 (P value < 0.001), with a sensitivity of 85.3% and a specificity of 44.6%.

Conclusions: Serum SP-D level has a predictive value for the detection of community-acquired pneumonia severity in children.

Impact: SP-D is a good predictor for the detection of CAP severity in hospitalized children. SP-D was correlated with severity scores and was associated with indicators of CAP severity, including mechanical ventilation, shock, hypoxia, sepsis, and mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41390-021-01492-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8010482PMC
March 2021

Serum circulating cell free DNA as potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in non small cell lung cancer.

Biochem Biophys Rep 2018 Sep 30;15:45-51. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt.

Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is leading cause of cancer related death and the survival rate for patients with NSCLC remain poor so early diagnosis of NSCLC represents the best opportunity for cure. Cell-free DNA (cf-DNA) is extracellular nucleic acids found in cell-free plasma/serum of humans, given the recent approval of a liquid biopsy in lung cancer, the use of circulating tumor DNA as a novel non-invasive diagnostic and prognostic biomarker is promising.

Objectives: Studying whether the concentrations of circulating Cell Free DNA in serum can be used as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for NSCLC patients.

Method: This study was carried out on 140 subjects included 60 patients with non small cell lung cancer,40 patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and 40 healthy controls. Quantitative analysis of serum circulating cf-DNA was done b y AlU-based quantitative real time PCR. Serum level of CEA was measured by ELISA.

Results: NSCLC patients demonstrated significantly higher values of each of ALU 215, ALU 247, and DNA integrity than both COPD patients and controls. On ROC curve analysis, the total accuracy of ALU 247, ALU 115, DNA integrity (92.1%, 83.6%, 56.4%) at cutoff points (325, 565 & 0.48) respectively. On combining both DNA integrity and CEA, improved sensitivity to 93.3% was noted. For NSCLC patients, ALU 115 & ALU 247 increased significantly with more advanced stage and highest level was noticed in metastatic patients. Regarding survival there was better overall survival among patients with low DNA integrity.

Conclusion: Serum cf-DNA concentrations and integrity index may be valuable tool in early diagnosis of NSCLC and prediction of prognosis of those patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrep.2018.06.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6031238PMC
September 2018

Validity and clinical impact of glucose transporter 1 expression in colorectal cancer.

Saudi J Gastroenterol 2017 Nov-Dec;23(6):348-356

Department of Clinical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shibin El Kom, Egypt.

Background/aim: There is no doubt that colorectal cancer (CRC) poses a major threat to public health worldwide, and despite improvement in managements, prognosis still remains an irritating question with no definite answer. Being a fundamental player in cancer metabolism, glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) could be utilized as a prognostic biomarker that could fuel development of new treatment strategies. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of GLUT1 expression as a prognostic biomarker and to elucidate to what extent it is immersed in poor clinical outcome among CRC patients.

Patients And Methods: GLUT1 expression in peripheral blood specimens was analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in 47 CRC patients and 20 healthy controls.

Results: There was significantly elevated GLUT1 expression in peripheral blood of CRC patients than in controls (P < 0.001). The cutoff value of 0.605 provided 98% sensitivity and 100% specificity. There were significantly higher values of GLUT1 expression in patients under 50 years (P = 0.003), performance status 2 (P = 0.009), stage IV (P < 0.001), and presence of metastasis (P < 0.001). GLUT1 expression showed nonsignificant association with overall survival (P = 0.068), while tumor stage (P = 0.01) and metastasis (P = 0.009) were significantly associated with lower overall survival.

Conclusion: GLUT1 is sensitive and specific marker for CRC. It is overexpressed in young age patients, poor performance status, and stage IV patients. Although this was not statistically significant, GLUT 1 showed higher expression level in patients with lesser survival.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sjg.SJG_197_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5738797PMC
November 2018