Publications by authors named "Shimaa Abdelsattar Zaki"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study of the phosphodiesterase-3 inhibitor cilostazol as an adjunctive to antidepressants in patients with major depressive disorder.

CNS Neurosci Ther 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt.

Aims: Cilostazol (CLS) has shown antidepressant effect in cardiovascular patients, post-stroke depression, and animal models through its neurotrophic and antiinflammatory activities. Consequently, we aimed to investigate its safety and efficacy in patients with MDD by conducting double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study.

Methods: 80 participants with MDD (DSM-IV criteria) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) score >20 were treated with CLS 50 mg or placebo twice daily plus escitalopram (ESC) 20 mg once daily for six weeks. Patients were evaluated by HDRS scores (weeks 0, 2, 4, and 6). Serum levels of CREB1, BDNF, 5-HT, TNF-α, NF- κB, and FAM19A5 were assessed pre- and post-treatment.

Results: Co-administration of CLS had markedly decreased HDRS score at all-time points compared to the placebo group (p < 0.001). Early improvement, response, and remission rates after 6 weeks were significantly higher in the CLS group (90%, 90%, 80%, respectively) than in the placebo group (25%, 65%, 50% respectively) (p < 0.001). Moreover, the CLS group was superior to the placebo group in modulation of the measured neurotrophic and inflammatory biomarkers.

Conclusion: CLS is safe and effective short-term adjunctive therapy in patients with MDD with no other comorbid conditions. Trial registration ID:NCT04069819.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cns.13731DOI Listing
September 2021

The AMPK modulator metformin as adjunct to methotrexate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A proof-of-concept, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Jun 24;95:107575. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Menoufia University, Egypt.

Background: Metformin (MET) may exert anti-rheumatic effects and reduce cartilage degradation through its immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory actions.

Methods: This was a double-blind placebo-controlled study, 120 adult patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were randomized to receive MET (1000 mg) or placebo daily with methotrexate (MTX, 7.5 mg/week) for 12 weeks. American College of Rheumatology (ACR)20, ACR50, and ACR70 response rates, Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS-28), and drug safety were the efficacy endpoints. Serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17A, NF-κB, TGG-β1, MDA together with gene expression of AMPK and IGF-IR were assessed before and after the therapy.

Results: A total of 80.8% of the patients in the MET group, compared with 54.7% in placebo group, met the criteria of ACR20 response after 12 weeks (P = 0.001). Statistically significant enhancements in the DAS28-3 (CRP) were observed after 4 and 8 weeks for the MET group compared with placebo and were sustained after 12 weeks. MET group showed statistically significant increase in percentage of patients achieving DAS remission after 12 weeks (P = 0.015). Significant improvements in ACR50, ACR70, Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI), and DAS28-3 (CRP) were also reported. MET was well-tolerated, and no serious adverse effects were reported in both groups. Furthermore, the MET group was superior in improving the measured parameters compared to the placebo.

Conclusions: MET improved the anti-rheumatic effect of MTX; suggesting it to be a beneficial adjuvant in patients with RA. Trial registration ID: NCT04068246.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2021.107575DOI Listing
June 2021
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