Publications by authors named "Shengliu Wang"

10 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Structure of the FA core ubiquitin ligase closing the ID clamp on DNA.

Nat Struct Mol Biol 2021 Mar 8;28(3):300-309. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

The Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway is essential for the repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks. Central to the pathway is the FA core complex, a ubiquitin ligase of nine subunits that monoubiquitinates the FANCI-FANCD2 (ID) DNA clamp. The 3.1 Å structure of the 1.1-MDa human FA core complex, described here, reveals an asymmetric assembly with two copies of all but the FANCC, FANCE and FANCF subunits. The asymmetry is crucial, as it prevents the binding of a second FANCC-FANCE-FANCF subcomplex that inhibits the recruitment of the UBE2T ubiquitin conjugating enzyme, and instead creates an ID binding site. A single active site then ubiquitinates FANCD2 and FANCI sequentially. We also present the 4.2-Å structures of the human core-UBE2T-ID-DNA complex in three conformations captured during monoubiquitination. They reveal the core-UBE2T complex remodeling the ID-DNA complex, closing the clamp on the DNA before ubiquitination. Monoubiquitination then prevents clamp opening after release from the core.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41594-021-00568-8DOI Listing
March 2021

Molecular mechanisms of assembly and TRIP13-mediated remodeling of the human Shieldin complex.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Feb;118(8)

Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065;

The Shieldin complex, composed of REV7, SHLD1, SHLD2, and SHLD3, protects DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) to promote nonhomologous end joining. The AAA ATPase TRIP13 remodels Shieldin to regulate DNA repair pathway choice. Here we report crystal structures of human SHLD3-REV7 binary and fused SHLD2-SHLD3-REV7 ternary complexes, revealing that assembly of Shieldin requires fused SHLD2-SHLD3 induced conformational heterodimerization of open (O-REV7) and closed (C-REV7) forms of REV7. We also report the cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo-EM) structures of the ATPγS-bound fused SHLD2-SHLD3-REV7-TRIP13 complexes, uncovering the principles underlying the TRIP13-mediated disassembly mechanism of the Shieldin complex. We demonstrate that the N terminus of REV7 inserts into the central channel of TRIP13, setting the stage for pulling the unfolded N-terminal peptide of C-REV7 through the central TRIP13 hexameric channel. The primary interface involves contacts between the safety-belt segment of C-REV7 and a conserved and negatively charged loop of TRIP13. This process is mediated by ATP hydrolysis-triggered rotatory motions of the TRIP13 ATPase, thereby resulting in the disassembly of the Shieldin complex.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2024512118DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7923543PMC
February 2021

DNA clamp function of the monoubiquitinated Fanconi anaemia ID complex.

Nature 2020 04 11;580(7802):278-282. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

The ID complex, involving the proteins FANCI and FANCD2, is required for the repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICL) and related lesions. These proteins are mutated in Fanconi anaemia, a disease in which patients are predisposed to cancer. The Fanconi anaemia pathway of ICL repair is activated when a replication fork stalls at an ICL; this triggers monoubiquitination of the ID complex, in which one ubiquitin molecule is conjugated to each of FANCI and FANCD2. Monoubiquitination of ID is essential for ICL repair by excision, translesion synthesis and homologous recombination; however, its function remains unknown. Here we report a cryo-electron microscopy structure of the monoubiquitinated human ID complex bound to DNA, and reveal that it forms a closed ring that encircles the DNA. By comparison with the structure of the non-ubiquitinated ID complex bound to ICL DNA-which we also report here-we show that monoubiquitination triggers a complete rearrangement of the open, trough-like ID structure through the ubiquitin of one protomer binding to the other protomer in a reciprocal fashion. These structures-together with biochemical data-indicate that the monoubiquitinated ID complex loses its preference for ICL and related branched DNA structures, and becomes a sliding DNA clamp that can coordinate the subsequent repair reactions. Our findings also reveal how monoubiquitination in general can induce an alternative protein structure with a new function.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2110-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7398534PMC
April 2020

High-vacuum optical platform for cryo-CLEM (HOPE): A new solution for non-integrated multiscale correlative light and electron microscopy.

J Struct Biol 2018 01 4;201(1):63-75. Epub 2017 Nov 4.

Center for Biological Imaging, Core Facilities for Protein Science, Institute of Biophysics, CAS, Beijing, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; National Key Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address:

Cryo-correlative light and electron microscopy (cryo-CLEM) offers a unique way to analyze the high-resolution structural information of cryo-vitrified specimen by cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) with the guide of the search for unique events by cryo-fluorescence microscopy (cryo-FM). To achieve cryo-FM, a trade-off must be made between the temperature and performance of objective lens. The temperature of specimen should be kept below devitrification while the distance between the objective lens and specimen should be short enough for high resolution imaging. Although special objective lens was designed in many current cryo-FM approaches, the unavoided frosting and ice contamination are still affecting the efficiency of cryo-CLEM. In addition, the correlation accuracy between cryo-FM and cryo-EM would be reduced during the current specimen transfer procedure. Here, we report an improved cryo-CLEM technique (high-vacuum optical platform for cryo-CLEM, HOPE) based on a high-vacuum optical stage and a commercial cryo-EM holder. The HOPE stage comprises of a special adapter to suit the cryo-EM holder and a high-vacuum chamber with an anti-contamination system. It provides a clean and enduring environment for cryo specimen, while the normal dry objective lens in room temperature can be used via the optical windows. The 'touch-free' specimen transfer via cryo-EM holder allows least specimen deformation and thus maximizes the correlation accuracy between cryo-FM and cryo-EM. Besides, we developed a software to perform semi-automatic cryo-EM acquisition of the target region localized by cryo-FM. Our work provides a new solution for cryo-CLEM and can be adapted for different commercial fluorescence microscope and electron microscope.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2017.11.002DOI Listing
January 2018

Using integrated correlative cryo-light and electron microscopy to directly observe syntaphilin-immobilized neuronal mitochondria .

Biophys Rep 2017 21;3(1):8-16. Epub 2017 Mar 21.

National Key Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101 China.

Correlative cryo-fluorescence and cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-CLEM) system has been fast becoming a powerful technique with the advantage to allow the fluorescent labeling and direct visualization of the close-to-physiologic ultrastructure in cells at the same time, offering unique insights into the ultrastructure with specific cellular function. There have been various engineered ways to achieve cryo-CLEM including the commercial FEI iCorr system that integrates fluorescence microscope into the column of transmission electron microscope. In this study, we applied the approach of the cryo-CLEM-based iCorr to image the syntaphilin-immobilized neuronal mitochondria to test the performance of the FEI iCorr system and determine its correlation accuracy. Our study revealed the various morphologies of syntaphilin-immobilized neuronal mitochondria that interact with microtubules and suggested that the cryo-CLEM procedure by the FEI iCorr system is suitable with a half micron-meter correlation accuracy to study the cellular organelles that have a discrete distribution and large size, mitochondrion, Golgi complex, lysosome, .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s41048-017-0035-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5515996PMC
March 2017

Structural characterization of coatomer in its cytosolic state.

Protein Cell 2016 08 29;7(8):586-600. Epub 2016 Jul 29.

National Key Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.

Studies on coat protein I (COPI) have contributed to a basic understanding of how coat proteins generate vesicles to initiate intracellular transport. The core component of the COPI complex is coatomer, which is a multimeric complex that needs to be recruited from the cytosol to membrane in order to function in membrane bending and cargo sorting. Previous structural studies on the clathrin adaptors have found that membrane recruitment induces a large conformational change in promoting their role in cargo sorting. Here, pursuing negative-stain electron microscopy coupled with single-particle analyses, and also performing CXMS (chemical cross-linking coupled with mass spectrometry) for validation, we have reconstructed the structure of coatomer in its soluble form. When compared to the previously elucidated structure of coatomer in its membrane-bound form we do not observe a large conformational change. Thus, the result uncovers a key difference between how COPI versus clathrin coats are regulated by membrane recruitment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13238-016-0296-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4980336PMC
August 2016

FIRT: Filtered iterative reconstruction technique with information restoration.

J Struct Biol 2016 07 29;195(1):49-61. Epub 2016 Apr 29.

National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; Center for Biological Imaging, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address:

Electron tomography (ET) combining subsequent sub-volume averaging has been becoming a unique way to study the in situ 3D structures of macromolecular complexes. However, information missing in electron tomography due to limited angular sampling is still the bottleneck in high-resolution electron tomography application. Here, based on the understanding of smooth nature of biological specimen, we present a new iterative image reconstruction algorithm, FIRT (filtered iterative reconstruction technique) for electron tomography by combining the algebra reconstruction technique (ART) and the nonlinear diffusion (ND) filter technique. Using both simulated and experimental data, in comparison to ART and weight back projection method, we proved that FIRT could generate a better reconstruction with reduced ray artifacts and significant improved correlation with the ground truth and partially restore the information at the non-sampled angular region, which was proved by investigating the 90° re-projection and by the cross-validation method. This new algorithm will be subsequently useful in the future for both cellular and molecular ET with better quality and improved structural details.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2016.04.015DOI Listing
July 2016

ICON: 3D reconstruction with 'missing-information' restoration in biological electron tomography.

J Struct Biol 2016 07 11;195(1):100-12. Epub 2016 Apr 11.

National Key Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; Center for Biological Imaging, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Electron tomography (ET) plays an important role in revealing biological structures, ranging from macromolecular to subcellular scale. Due to limited tilt angles, ET reconstruction always suffers from the 'missing wedge' artifacts, thus severely weakens the further biological interpretation. In this work, we developed an algorithm called Iterative Compressed-sensing Optimized Non-uniform fast Fourier transform reconstruction (ICON) based on the theory of compressed-sensing and the assumption of sparsity of biological specimens. ICON can significantly restore the missing information in comparison with other reconstruction algorithms. More importantly, we used the leave-one-out method to verify the validity of restored information for both simulated and experimental data. The significant improvement in sub-tomogram averaging by ICON indicates its great potential in the future application of high-resolution structural determination of macromolecules in situ.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2016.04.004DOI Listing
July 2016

C-terminal motif within Sec7 domain regulates guanine nucleotide exchange activity via tuning protein conformation.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2014 Mar 5;446(1):380-6. Epub 2014 Mar 5.

National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address:

ADP-ribosylation factors (Arfs) play key roles in controlling membrane traffic and organelle structures. The activation of Arfs from GDP to GTP binding form is triggered by the guanine exchange factors (GEFs). There are six families of Arf-GEFs with a common guanine exchange catalytic domain (Sec7 domain) and various mechanisms of guanine exchange activity regulation. A loop region (loop>J motif) just following the helix J of Sec7 domain was found conserved and important for the catalytic activity regulation of Arf-GEFs. However, the molecular detail of the role the loop>J motif plays has been yet unclear. Here, we studied the catalytic domain of Sec7p, a yeast trans-Golgi network membrane localized Arf-GEFs, and found that the loop>J motif is indispensible for its GEF catalytic activity. Crystallographic, NMR spectrum and mutagenesis studies suggested that the loop>J motif with a key conserved residue Ile1010 modulates the fine conformation of Sec7 domain and thereby regulates its guanine exchange activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2014.02.125DOI Listing
March 2014

Photoreactive, core-shell cross-linked/hollow microspheres prepared by delayed addition of cross-linker in dispersion polymerization for antifouling and immobilization of protein.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2013 Jan 31;389(1):126-33. Epub 2012 Aug 31.

Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China.

When dispersion polymerization of styrene (St) had run for 3h, after particle rapidly growing stage, 4,4'-dimethacryloyloxybenzophenone (DMABP) cross-linker was added to reaction system and photoreactive, core(PSt)-shell(Poly(St-co-DMABP)) particles with rich benzophenone (BP) groups on surface were prepared. Polymerization of DMABP could occurred mainly on the preformed core of PSt because its diffusion could be impeded by (1) compactness of particles formed at the moment of cross-linker addition (more than 80% of monomer had been consumed, particles were no longer fully swollen by monomer), (2) reduced polarity of continuous phase, and (3) immediate occurrence of cross-linking. Subsequently, photoreactive, cross-linked hollow particles were yielded by removal of uncross-linked core in THF. SEM and TEM observation demonstrated the formation of core-shell structure and improvement of shell thickness when DMABP content increased. UV-vis spectra analysis on polymer dissolved in THF indicated that there is no polymer of DMABP in core. FTIR spectra analysis and XPS measurement further revealed that BP component on particle surface was enriched when amount of DMABP increased. Finally, an anti-fouling polymer (poly (ethylene glycol), PEG) and protein of mouse IgG was immobilized on particle surface under UV irradiation, as confirmed by FTIR spectra analysis, SEM observation and TMB color reaction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2012.08.047DOI Listing
January 2013