Publications by authors named "Sheikh Ibrahimrashid Mohamed"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Tibial Tubercle-Roman Arch Distance: A New Measurement of Patellar Dislocation and Indication of Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy.

Orthop J Sports Med 2020 Apr 28;8(4):2325967120914872. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Orthopaedics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Background: The surgical indication for tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) has been based on a tibial tubercle-trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance of 20 mm or greater in patients with patellar dislocation. However, the measurement of this parameter is less reliable in patients with trochlear dysplasia.

Hypothesis: The novel measurement of tibial tubercle-Roman arch (TT-RA) distance would be a reliable parameter for identifying the relative position of the tibial tubercle in patients with patellar dislocation, especially those with trochlear dysplasia.

Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2.

Methods: A total of 56 patients with a diagnosis of patellar dislocation and 60 volunteers (60 knee joints) without a history of lower extremity pain or injury were included in our study. The TT-RA distance, TT-TG distance, and some femoral anatomic parameters were assessed by use of computed tomography. The measurements were performed by a radiologist and an orthopaedic surgeon in a blinded and randomized fashion. The difference in each parameter between the study and control groups was analyzed through use of an unpaired test. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to evaluate the discriminatory capacity of the included parameters. The cutoff values of the included measurements with specificity and sensitivity were calculated. In addition, the TT-TG distance and TT-RA distance were analyzed using the Dejour classification to evaluate the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of each parameter in different types of femoral trochlea.

Result: A significant difference for TT-RA distance was found between the study group (23.24 ± 4.41 mm) and control group (19.15 ± 4.24 mm) ( < .001). The TT-RA distance had an area under the curve of 0.757. At a value greater than 23.74 mm, TT-RA distance had 53.57% sensitivity and 88.33% specificity for patellar dislocation. The ICCs of TT-RA distance measurements were excellent in all Dejour classifications (>0.939), whereas the ICCs of TT-TG distance measurements were relatively lower than the ICCs of TT-RA distance measurements. According to the data from included healthy individuals, the pathological TT-RA distance threshold was 26 mm.

Conclusion: Compared with TT-TG distance, the TT-RA distance is a more reliable parameter for identifying the relative position of the tibial tubercle in patients with trochlear dysplasia. For patients with a TT-RA distance greater than 26 mm, surgery should be considered to correct the malposition of the tibial tubercle.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967120914872DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222266PMC
April 2020

Anatomical Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Hamstring Tendon Autografts: A Comparative Study of Three Different Techniques.

J Knee Surg 2021 Sep 5;34(11):1243-1252. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China.

The ideal procedure for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is one that can achieve anatomical restoration for a better ACL function. This retrospective comparative study was conducted to evaluate the objective and subjective clinical results of the conventional single-bundle femoral round (SBR) tunnel technique, the single-bundle femoral oval (SBO) tunnel technique, and the double-bundle (DB) surgical technique for anatomical ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendon autografts. Patients who underwent the SBO, SBR, and DB ACL reconstructions from January 2016 to August 2017 were included in this study. A total of 163 patients underwent different surgical techniques; 41 patients underwent the SBO procedure, 78 patients received SBR, and the remaining 44 patients underwent the DB procedure. The Lachman's test, pivot-shift test, Lysholm's score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, and Tegner's score were compared among groups postoperatively. KT-1000 was used to measure the anterior laxity of the knee. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to compare the ACL graft maturity. Second-look arthroscopy was conducted to compare the graft status and synovial coverage. Significant differences among groups were found with respect to the Lysholm's score, Tegner's score, and IKDC score. Patients in the SBO and DB groups acquired higher functional scores than the SBR group. More patients with positive pivot-shift test were observed in the SBR group than other groups at 12- and 24-month postoperative follow-ups. The postoperative KT-1000 was better in the SBO and DB groups than in the SBR group. The mean signal/noise quotient (SNQ) of the SBO group was 2.70 ± 0.92, significantly lower than 3.58 ± 1.21 of the SBR group. Despite a higher proportion of patients with grade B or C synovial coverage and partial graft injury found in the SBR group, there were no significant differences among the groups. The SBO and DB technique achieved better clinical results than the SBR technique. The SBO technique was indeed an ideal surgical procedure for ACL reconstruction provided that the shortcoming of DB technique must be taken into account. This is a Level III, retrospective comparative study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1702164DOI Listing
September 2021

Femoral Anteversion Is Related to Tibial Tubercle-Trochlear Groove Distance in Patients with Patellar Dislocation.

Arthroscopy 2020 04 14;36(4):1114-1120. Epub 2019 Dec 14.

Department of Orthopaedics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate the potential relationship between the tibial tubercle-trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance and the femoral anteversion of different segments of the femur in patients with patellar dislocation.

Methods: A total of 60 patients with a diagnosis of patellar dislocation were included in our study. Patients with previous knee surgeries, previous fractures, or lack of necessary radiologic examinations were excluded from our study. The data of computed tomography scanning within a week before the surgery was used to measure the TT-TG distance, total anteversion, proximal anteversion, diaphyseal anteversion, distal anteversion, and tibial torsion. All the data were obtained from the picture archiving and communication system (PACS) workstation. The Pearson correlation analysis was performed to confirm the potential relationship between TT-TG distance and femoral anteversion of different segments. The intraclass correlation coefficient was used to assess the interobserver reliability of measurements.

Results: The TT-TG distance was significantly correlated with the diaphyseal anteversion (r = -0.305, P = 0.008) and distal anteversion (r = 0.365, P = 0.004). The total anteversion was associated with proximal anteversion (r = 0.392, P = 0.02) and diaphyseal anteversion (r = 0.631, P < 0.001). The intraclass correlation coefficient showed the measurements of included parameters were presented with excellent agreement.

Conclusion: Our study showed that patients with high diaphyseal anteversion and distal anteversion tend to had a higher TT-TG distance but the value of total and proximal femoral anteversion were independent of the value of TT-TG distance.

Level Of Evidence: Level IV therapeutic case series.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2019.10.033DOI Listing
April 2020

Oval femoral tunnel technique is superior to the conventional round femoral tunnel technique using the hamstring tendon in anatomical anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2020 Jul 27;28(7):2245-2254. Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, China.

Purpose: This study was conducted to compare the efficacy between the oval femoral tunnel technique and the conventional round femoral tunnel technique in ACL reconstruction using an autologous hamstring tendon on the basis of the postoperative clinical outcomes and ACL graft tendon maturity. The hypothesis was that ACL reconstruction performed using the oval femoral tunnel technique was better than that performed using the round femoral tunnel technique in clinical functions and graft maturity.

Methods: One hundred and eight patients who underwent anatomical single-bundle ACL reconstruction were included in this study and the follow-up period was at least 2 years. Thirty-nine patients admitted between February and August in 2016 were included in the oval femoral tunnel group and 69 patients admitted between September 2016 and March 2017 were included in the round femoral tunnel group. The Lachman test result, pivot-shift test result, Lysholm score, IKDC score, and VAS score were used for the clinical evaluation. An objective assessment of anteroposterior stability was performed using a KT1000 arthrometer. Postoperative MRI was conducted to compare the ACL graft maturity differences between the oval femoral tunnel group and round femoral tunnel group, where the signal/noise quotient (SNQ) was calculated. In addition, second-look arthroscopy was conducted to compare the graft status and synovial coverage at 24 months postoperatively.

Results: All the patients presented with significant improvement in all clinical scores from the preoperative period to the 24-month follow-up. During the postoperative follow-up period, no statistically significant differences were found between the two groups in terms of the VAS score, knee ROM, Lachman test results, and graft status determined in the second-look arthroscopic evaluation. The Lysholm score was 97.1 ± 3.9 and 94.8 ± 5.6 in the oval femoral tunnel group and round femoral tunnel group, respectively, at the 24-month follow-up (p = 0.031). The IKDC subjective score was 92.0 ± 2.6 and 89.0 ± 3.6 in the oval femoral tunnel group and round femoral tunnel group, respectively, at the end of the follow-up period (p < 0.001). Significantly more patients with 1-degree positive pivot-shift test results were observed in the round femoral tunnel group (10/65) than in the oval femoral tunnel group (1/37) at the end of the follow-up period (p = 0.048). The mean SNQ of the oval femoral tunnel group was 2.7 ± 0.9, which was significantly lower than that of the round femoral tunnel group (3.6 ± 1.1) at the 24-month postoperative follow-up (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Based on the clinical evaluations, MRI findings and second-look arthroscopy results of the two groups, the oval femoral tunnel technique yielded significantly better knee function and knee laxity restoration and more mature ACL grafts than the round femoral tunnel technique, whereas no significant differences were found at the second-look arthroscopy.

Level Of Evidence: III.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-019-05809-4DOI Listing
July 2020
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