Publications by authors named "Shanze Wang"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Acupuncture for Hashimoto thyroiditis: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2021 Jan 21;22(1):74. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

The Department of Acupuncture, Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, 100700, China.

Background: The incidence rate of Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) has gradually increased in recent years. There has been no specific etiological treatment for HT. Even though with normal level of thyroid hormone, the patients may still suffer from various clinical symptoms, such as anterior neck discomfort, fatigue, and mood swings, which seriously impair their quality of life. Acupuncture has long been used in the treatment of thyroid diseases, but there has been no related standardized clinical study as of today. This study aims to assess the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of acupuncture for HT.

Methods: This is a randomized, black-controlled assessor-blinded pilot trial. A total of 60 patients will be recruited and divided into the experimental group (n = 30) or the control group (n = 30). The experimental group will undergo acupuncture therapy (penetration needling of Hand-Yangming meridian, PNHM) for 16 weeks, followed by a 16-week follow-up period, and the control group will first go through an observation period for 16 weeks, followed by a 16-week compensation PNHM therapy. The primary outcome will be the change of the concentrations of anti-thyroperoxidase antibodies (TPOAb), antithyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb), and thyroid hormone, including total thyroxine (FT), free thyroxine (FT), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). The secondary outcome measurements include the thyroid-related quality of life questionnaire short-form (ThyPRO-39), The Mos 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD). Data collection will be performed before the start of the study (the baseline assessment) and at weeks 8, 16, 24, and 32.

Discussion: The study is designed to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of PNHM in reducing the thyroid antibody level and improving the quality of life of HT patients with hypothyroidism or subclinical hypothyroidism. Results of this trial will assist further analyses on whether the acupuncture treatment can alleviate symptoms for patients with HT.

Trial Registration: Acupuncture-Moxibustion Clinical Trial Registry AMCTR-IOR-19000308 ( ChiCTR1900026830 ). Registered on 23 October 2019.
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January 2021

The Underlying Mechanism of Pall. in Parkinson's Disease Based on a Network Pharmacology Approach.

Front Pharmacol 2020 23;11:581984. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Department of Neurology, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease worldwide, yet as of currently, there is no disease-modifying therapy that could delay its progression. Pall. is the most frequently used herb in formulas for PD in Traditional Chinese Medicine and also a potential neuroprotective agent for neurodegenerative diseases, while its mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, we aim to explore the underlying mechanism of in treating PD utilizing a network pharmacology approach. The protein targets of ingredients and PD were first obtained from several databases. To clarify the key targets, a Protein-Protein-Interaction (PPI) network was constructed and analyzed on the String database, and then enrichment analysis was performed by the Metascape platform to determine the main Gene Ontology biological processes and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways. Finally, the Ingredient-Target-Pathway (I-T-P) network was constructed and analyzed by Cytoscape software. Six active ingredients of (kaempferol, ß-sitosterol, betulinic acid, palbinone, paeoniflorin and (+)-catechin) as well as six core targets strongly related to PD treatment [AKT1, interleukin-6, CAT, Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), CASP3, and PTGS2] were identified. The main pathways were shown to involve neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, Calcium signaling pathway, PI3-Akt signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, and apoptosis signaling pathway. The main biological process included the regulation of neurotransmitter levels. may retard neurodegeneration by reducing neuroinflammation, inhibiting intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis, and may improve motor and non-motor symptoms by regulating the levels of neurotransmitters. Our study has revealed the mechanism of in the treatment of PD and may contribute to novel drug development for PD.
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November 2020

The rapid and sustained responses of dendritic cells to influenza virus infection in a non-human primate model.

Braz J Infect Dis 2014 Jul-Aug;18(4):406-13. Epub 2014 Apr 26.

Infectious Disease Program, Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, NM, USA. Electronic address:

Dendritic cells (DCs) are readily infected by influenza viruses and play a crucial role in regulating host innate and adaptive immune responses to viral infection. The aims of this study are to characterize the dynamic changes in the numbers and maturation status of dendritic cells present in the lung and lung-associated lymph nodes (LALNs) in the model of a non-human primate (NHP) infected by influenza A virus (IAV). Cynomolgus macaques were infected with influenza A virus (H3N2) via bronchoscopy. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the DC numbers, maturation status and subsets during the time of acute infection (days 1, 2, 3, 4, 7) and the resolution phase (day 30). A dramatic increase in the numbers of influenza A virus-infected CD11c+CD14- myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) and CD11c-CD123+ plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) were observed from day 1 to day 4 and peak up from day 7 post-infection. In lung and lung-associated lymph nodes, the numbers and maturation status of myeloid dendritic cells and plasmacytoid dendritic cells increased more slowly than those in the lung tissues. On day 30 post-infection, influenza A virus challenge increased the number of myeloid dendritic cells, but not plasmacytoid dendritic cells, compared with baseline. These findings indicate that dendritic cells are susceptible to influenza A virus infection, with the likely purpose of increasing mature myeloid dendritic cells numbers in the lung and lung and lung-associated lymph nodes, which provides important new insights into the regulation of dendritic cells in a non-human primate model.
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October 2014

IL-4 confers resistance to IL-27-mediated suppression on CD4+ T cells by impairing signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 signaling.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2013 Oct 16;132(4):912-21.e1-5. Epub 2013 Aug 16.

Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Medicine, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colo; Zhangshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: TH2 cells play a critical role in the pathogenesis of allergic asthma. Established TH2 cells have been shown to resist reprogramming into TH1 cells. The inherent stability of TH2 cells poses a significant barrier to treating allergic diseases.

Objective: We sought to understand the mechanisms by which CD4(+) T cells from asthmatic patients resist the IL-27-mediated inhibition.

Methods: We isolated and cultured CD4(+) T cells from both healthy subjects and allergic asthmatic patients to test whether IL-27 can inhibit IL-4 production by the cultured CD4(+) T cells using ELISA. Culturing conditions that resulted in resistance to IL-27 were determined by using both murine and human CD4(+) T-cell culture systems. Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 phosphorylation was analyzed by means of Western blotting and flow cytometry. Suppressor of cytokine signaling (Socs) mRNA expression was measured by using quantitative PCR. The small interfering RNA method was used to knockdown the expression of Socs3 mRNA.

Results: We demonstrated that CD4(+) T cells from asthmatic patients resisted the suppression of IL-4 production mediated by IL-27. We observed that repeated exposure to TH2-inducing conditions rendered healthy human CD4(+) T cells resistant to IL-27-mediated inhibition. Using an in vitro murine culture system, we further demonstrated that repeated or higher doses of IL-4 stimulation, but not IL-2 stimulation, upregulated Socs3 mRNA expression and impaired IL-27-induced STAT1 phosphorylation. The knockdown of Socs3 mRNA expression restored IL-27-induced STAT1 phosphorylation and IL-27-mediated inhibition of IL-4 production.

Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate that differentiated TH2 cells can resist IL-27-induced reprogramming toward TH1 cells by downregulating STAT1 phosphorylation and likely explain why the CD4(+) T cells of asthmatic patients are resistant to IL-27-mediated inhibition.
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October 2013