Publications by authors named "Shadi Khorrami"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Association of a genetic variant in Interleukin-10 gene with increased risk and inflammation associated with cervical cancer.

Gene 2021 Aug 28;807:145933. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Metabolic Syndrome Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; Medical Genetics Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Cervical-cancer is among the most commonly diagnosed cancers in women, and infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer and altered serum concentrations of inflammatory cytokines. We have explored the association between a genetic variation in the Interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene (rs1800896) and cervical cancer risk and its relationship with tissue Interferon gamma (IFN-γ), Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) concentrations in women with cervical cancer.

Methods: A total of 315 women with, or without cervical cancer, were recruited into the study. DNA was extracted from cervical cells, and genotyping was undertaken using Taq-man real-time PCR. The genotype frequency and allele distribution were analyzed together with their association with pathological data. The association of the rs1800896 gene variation with tissue levels of the inflammatory cytokines was also investigated.

Results: Our data showed a significant association between the A allele of the rs1800896 gene variant and the presence of cervical cancer. In particular, patients with AG/AA genotypes had an increased risk of cervical cancer with an odds ratio of 1.929 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.879-4.23, P < 0.001) in a recessive model, compared with the GG genotype. Also, the tissue concentrations of IFN-γ, TGF-β, and TNF-α in cervical tissues were significantly higher in women with cervical cancer (P < 0.001) and were associated with the AA genotype.

Conclusion: We have found an association between the polymorphism rs1800896 in the IL-10 gene and an increased risk of cervical cancer as well as a higher level of tissue inflammatory cytokines. Further investigations are necessary on the value of emerging biomarkers for the risk stratification for the management of cervical cancer patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2021.145933DOI Listing
August 2021

Association of a variant in the tumor necrosis factor alpha gene with risk of cervical cancer.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Feb 8;48(2):1433-1437. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in the regulation of the immune system and potentially the progression of cervical neoplastic lesions. In this study, we aimed to explore the possible relationship between polymorphisms of the TNF-α gene and susceptibility to cervical cancer. The relationship between a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the TNF-α gene (rs1800629) and the risk of cervical cancer was evaluated in a total of 445 subjects with (n = 153), or without (n = 292) cancer. Genotyping was performed using a Taq-Man based real time PCR method. Logistic regression analysis showed that individuals with AG/AA genotypes had an increased risk of cervical cancer compared to those with a GG genotype (OR 3.79, 95% CI 2.4-5.7, < 0.001). Our findings demonstrated that a genetic variant in the TNF-α gene (rs1800629) was associated with increased level and risk of developing cervical cancer, suggesting its potential use as a genetic risk factor for cervical neoplasia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-021-06185-4DOI Listing
February 2021

The therapeutic potential of targeting CD73 and CD73-derived adenosine in melanoma.

Biochimie 2020 Sep 23;176:21-30. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Nanotechnology Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; Department of Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address:

The hypoxic environment of melanoma results in CD73 upregulation on the surface of various tumor microenvironment (TME) cells including tumor cells, stromal cells and infiltrated immune cells. Consequently, CD73 through both enzymatic and none enzymatic functions affect melanoma progression. Overaccumulation of CD73-derived adenosine through interaction with its four G coupled receptors (AAR, AAR, AAR, and AAR) mediate tumor growth, immune suppression, angiogenesis, and metastasis. This paper aims to comprehensively review the therapeutic potential of CD73 ectonucleotidase targeting in melanoma. To reach this goal, firstly, we summarize the structure, function, regulation, and clinical outcome of CD73 ectonucleotidase. Then, we depict the metabolism and signaling of CD73-derived adenosine along with its progressive role in development of melanoma. Furthermore, the therapeutic potentials of CD73 -adenosine axis targeting is assessed in both preclinical and clinical studies. Targeting CD73-derived adenosine via small molecule inhibitor or monoclonal antibodies studies especially in combination with immune checkpoint blockers including PD-1 and CTLA-4 have shown desirable results for management of melanoma in preclinical studies and several clinical trials have recently been started to evaluate the therapeutic potential of CD73-derived adenosine targeting in solid tumors. Indeed, targeting of CD73-derived adenosine signaling could be considered as a new therapeutic target in melanoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biochi.2020.06.001DOI Listing
September 2020

Therapeutic Potential of Targeting Transforming Growth Factor-beta in Colorectal Cancer: Rational and Progress.

Curr Pharm Des 2019 ;25(38):4085-4089

Metabolic syndrome Research centre, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common types of cancer and is associated with an increasing rate of mortality. Transforming Growth Factor-Beta (TGF-β) is often upregulated in CRC, and appears to play an important role in regulating cell proliferation, migration, immune surveillance, apoptosis, cell differentiation, drug-resistance and many cellular processes that may be involved in CRC, and therefore underscores its potential value as a therapeutic target in the treatment of CRC. An increased expression of the TGF- β pathway has been associated with poor prognosis in several cancer types, including CRC.

Methods: Here, we describe the critical role of the TGF-β pathway in CRC as well as the preclinical and clinical investigations on TGF-β inhibitors, with particular emphasis on recent findings with small-molecule inhibitors in CRC. Several TGF-β inhibitors (e.g., Trabedersen, Galunisertib, Gradalis, PF-03446962, NIS793) have been generated over the past decade for targeting this pathway.

Results: There is accumulating evidence of the therapeutic potential of this and other TGF-β inhibitors for the treatment of other malignancies. These inhibitors might be used in combination with chemotherapy as well as with other biological agents, in order to overcome different resistance mechanisms. However, further studies are needed to identify determinants of the activity of TGF-β inhibitors, through the analysis of genetic and environmental alterations affecting TGF-β and parallel pro-cancer pathways.

Conclusion: These studies will be critical to improving the efficacy and selectivity of current and future anticancer strategies targeting TGF-β.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1381612825666191105114539DOI Listing
June 2020

The interaction of high and low-risk human papillomavirus genotypes increases the risk of developing genital warts: A population-based cohort study.

J Cell Biochem 2019 08 13;120(8):12870-12874. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Metabolic Syndrome Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Cervical cancer is among the most common type of cancers in women and is associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Genital warts are also reported to be linked with HPV infection types 11 and 6. In turn, clinical characteristics and morphological features of warts may be useful in the prediction of prognosis and in making treatment decisions. Thus, we have investigated the association of high and low-risk HPVs genotype with genital wart risk, as well as pathological and cytological information in cases recruited from a population-based cohort study of 1380 patients. Patients infected with HPV genotype 6 or 11 had an increased risk of having warts, with OR of 2.34 (95% CI: 0.955-5.737, P = 0.06). Also, this association was enhanced in the presence of high plus low-risk HPV for having genital wart (OR: 2.814; 95%: 1.208-6.55, P = 0.017) and cases having high-risk HPV (OR: 2.329; 95% CI: 1.029-5.269, P = 0.042). Moreover, we observed patients with genital warts having CIN2/3, indicating the importance of informing the physician to the patient to prevent more severe lesions. Our data demonstrated that patients with both low/high-risk HPV types had an increased risk of developing genital warts and persistent infection with HPV was a necessary precursor for the increase in cervical lesions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcb.28557DOI Listing
August 2019

Targeting the C-MET/HGF Signaling Pathway in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma.

Curr Pharm Des 2018 ;24(39):4619-4625

Brighton & Sussex Medical School, Division of Medical Education, Falmer, Brighton, Sussex BN1 9PH, United Kingdom.

The c-mesenchymal-epithelial transition factor (c-MET) is involved in the tumorigenesis of various cancers. HGF/Met inhibitors are now attracting considerable interest due to their anti-tumor activity in multiple malignancies such as pancreatic cancer. It is likely that within the next few years, HGF/Met inhibitors will become a crucial component for cancer management. In this review, we summarize the role of HGF/Met pathway in the pathogenesis of pancreatic cancer, with particular emphasize on HGF/Met inhibitors in the clinical setting, including Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351), Crizotinib (PF-02341066), MK-2461, Merestinib (LY2801653), Tivantinib (ARQ197), SU11274, Onartuzumab (MetMab), Emibetuzumab (LY2875358), Ficlatuzumab (AV- 299), Rilotumumab (AMG 102), and NK4 in pancreatic cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1381612825666190110145855DOI Listing
November 2019
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