Publications by authors named "Seyyed Alireza Golshani"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Spanish Flu and the End of World War I in Southern Iran from 1917-1920.

Arch Iran Med 2021 01 1;24(1):78-83. Epub 2021 Jan 1.

Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

The Spanish Flu was one of the disasters in the history of Iran, especially Southern Iran, which led to the death of a significant number of people in Iran. It started on October 29, 1917, and lasted till 1920 - a disaster that we can claim changed the history. In one of the First World War battlefields in southern Iran in 1918, there was nothing left until the end of World War I and when the battle between Iranian warriors (especially people of Dashtestan and Tangestan in Bushehr, Arabs, and people of Bakhtiari in Khuzestan and people of Kazerun and Qashqai in Fars) and British forces had reached its peak. As each second encouraged the triumph for the Iranians, a flu outbreak among Iranian warriors led to many deaths and, as a result, military withdrawal. The flu outbreak in Kazerun, Firoozabad, Farshband, Abadeh, and even in Shiraz changed the end of the war. In this article, we attempt to discuss the role of the Spanish flu outbreak at the end of one of the forefronts of World War I.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2021.11DOI Listing
January 2021

Contagious Diseases and its Consequences in the Late Qajar Period Mashhad (1892-1921).

Arch Iran Med 2020 06 1;23(6):414-421. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

One of the historical periods of Iran that can be studied for contagious diseases and how they spread, is the late Qajar period. The city of Mashhad, after Tehran and Tabriz, had a special place among Russian and English governments in the Qajar period as one of the significant religious, political and economic centers in Iran due to Imam Reza's holy shrine, a large population and great geographical scale. The central governments' incompetence in preventing the outbreak of contagious diseases and lack of essential amenities, caused many lives to be lost all over Iran and especially Mashhad during the Qajar period. Hence, the neighbor governments such as Russia, ordered for quarantines to be set up at the borders and dispatched doctors to stop diseases' from reaching Russian lands. However, these attempts did not prevent the deaths of people in the border areas, especially in Mashhad, from diseases such as cholera, plague, smallpox, typhus, flu and other diseases. In this study, we investigate and explain the subjects: disease outbreaks, the problem of commerce, quarantine and its outcomes at the end of Qajar period, between the years 1892 and 1921 AD in Mashhad, with the help of historical and documentary sources using an analytical and medical historiography method.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.37DOI Listing
June 2020

The Ophthalmologist of the Timurid Era: Abu Zayn Kahhal.

J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2019 Apr-Jun;14(2):238-239

Department of History, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jovr.jovr_307_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6504717PMC
May 2019

Mirza Ali Hamedani: An Influential Physician in the Qajar Period, Iran.

Arch Iran Med 2018 10 1;21(10):491-494. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of History, Faculty of Literature and Humanities- Dr Ali Shariati, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

The knowledge of medicine underwent a revolution in the Qajar period, especially during the reign of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar (1831-1896 AD). The dispatch of students to Europe, establishment of Dar ul-Funun, Hafez al-Seheh Assembly, and clinics, entrance of European teachers and physicians to Iran, approval of medical rules by the parliament, introduction of a new therapeutic style, and translation of medical textbooks into Persian were some of the changes that occurred during this period. As a result, modern medicine influenced the Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine. An educated Iranian physician, Mirza Ali Doctor Hamedani was one of the physicians of this period, who traveled to France, studied the European medicine and considerably contributed to the evolution of the modern medicine along the traditional medicine. The present manuscript describes the scientific personality and contributions of this physician to the science of medicine.
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October 2018

Ibn Mandevaih Isfahani (949-983(?) AD), a physician from Isfahan's medical school.

J Med Biogr 2020 Aug 26;28(3):126-131. Epub 2017 Oct 26.

Student Research Committee, 48435Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; Essence of Parsiyan Wisdom Institute, Phytopharmaceutical Technology and Traditional Medicine Incubator, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

There have arisen a number of prominent Iranian-Islamic physicians throughout the history of the fertile medicine landscape of Iran, some of whom are not very well known. Abu Ali Ahmad ibn Abd al-Rahman Mandevaih Isfahani (949-983(?) AD) was a great medical figure with scientific activities in the Hospital of Isfahan and al-Adudi Hospital of Baghdad in the golden age of Iranian-Islamic history, culture, and civilization during the reign of the Buyid dynasty and Abbasid Caliphate. He was also a prominent physician during the reign of Adud al-Dawla Deylami (949-983 AD). This present research has as its objectives the studying of the scientific life of ibn Mandevaih Isfahani and his works in this field. The works of this scientist and scholar reflect his skill and expertise in literature, philosophy, medicine, and medicine-related fields including ophthalmology and pharmacology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0967772017719144DOI Listing
August 2020

Kheyr-on-Nessa Amoli, An Iranian Lady Physician in the Gurkani Court of India.

Arch Iran Med 2017 Sep;20(9):623-625

Museum, Archives and Cultural Studies of Norani Vesal, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Essence of Parsiyan Wisdom Institute, Traditional Medicine and Medicinal Plant Incubator, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

The popularity of the science of medicine in the Gurkani Court of India relied on the presence and scientific work of Iranian scholars. Iranian women, like men, enjoyed this area of science and were also actively involved in social issues. The remarkable participation of Iranian female physicians in some medical fields, such as issues and care in pregnancy, child-bearing, and baby care, is among their scientific contributions to the changes and growing trends in medicine. These affairs were monopolized by women who held this knowledge for centuries. One of the women who was considerably successful in this field was Zat-on-Nessa Amoli, titled Kheyr-on-Nessa, a seventeenth-century female Iranian physician. This research aimed to study the contributions and scientific life of this poet and Iranian physician based on historical documents and texts, considering the research on the science and knowledge of medicine.
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http://dx.doi.org/0172009/AIM.0012DOI Listing
September 2017

Chorasmia Medical School from the beginning until the Mongol invasion.

J Med Ethics Hist Med 2015 14;8:11. Epub 2015 Nov 14.

MD, PhD Student in Traditional Persian Medicine, Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, AND Essence of Parsiyan Wisdom Institute, Traditional Medicine and Medicinal Plant Incubator, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

In research on the history of medicine, less attention is paid to the subject of historical geography. Considering the importance of this subject in the history of science, this paper discusses one of the most important science centers in the world. This outstanding medical research center was located in Gorganch city, Chorasmia area, in the Eastern part of the Islamic. Chorasmia medical school was one of the important Iranian medical schools before the Mongols' attack. Its history (305-1231 A.D.) can be divided into three eras; Ale Iraq, Ale Ma'mun, and era of the Khwarazmian dynasty. This geographical area in the Northeast of Iran has escaped the notice of researchers in recent studies. The presence of great Persian physicians and scientists throughout history in this area indicates its scientific importance. The present article focuses on Chorasmia Medical School since its establishment until the Mongols' attack.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4920981PMC
June 2016