Publications by authors named "Seyed-Ahmad Seyed-Alagheband"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Primary synovial sarcoma of thyroid gland: A case report and review of literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Aug 26;85:106245. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Colorectal Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Synovial cell sarcoma (SS) is an extremely rare mesenchymal malignancy, representing nearly 10% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. These high-grade soft tissue sarcomas commonly arise in the para-articular regions of lower extremities. However, 15% of Synovial sarcomas has been described at Unusual locations, including head, neck, and trunk. Herein, we describe the twelfth case of primary synovial cell sarcoma of thyroid with a literature review.

Case Presentation: A 43-year-old woman presented with complaint of a progressive neck mass for the last five-months. She developed with dysphagia and dyspnea nearly 2 months prior, without signs of hoarseness, and weight loss. Ultrasonography in which revealed a heterogeneous, hypervascularized thyroid mass. After total thyroidectomy immunohistochemistry was in favor of primary synovial cell sarcoma of thyroid. The diagnosis was confirmed via Molecular genetic analysis of the SYT-SSX fusion gene transcript using the RT- polymerase chain reaction method. Clinical Discussion: Primary thyroid SVS is an extremely rare malignancy with poor biological behavior. SVS has been known for its tendency to local and distal re-occurrence after a few years of treatment. SS can be classified into two subtypes of monophasic or biphasic based on the presence of mesenchymal and/or epithelial components. Accordingly, the most accurate diagnostic tool for SS is considered to be molecular genetic analysis for SYT/SSX fusion transcript.

Conclusion: Herein, we reported an extremely rare case of SVS of thyroid gland. These high-grade soft tissue sarcomas mainly present with an asymptomatic rapid growing neck mass. Unspecific clinical presentations and extreme rarity of this disorder, make the diagnosis of thyroid SVS very challenging. Due to paucity of data, there is not enough evidence to establish a reliable mortality rate. However, the prognosis of thyroid SVS seems unfavorable.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2021.106245DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8329501PMC
August 2021

Posttraumatic bronchobiliary fistulae due to foreign body remnants after  a road traffic injury: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 May 22;15(1):291. Epub 2021 May 22.

Colorectal Research Center, Department of Surgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Zand Avenue, P.O. Box 71345-1744, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Bronchobiliary fistula is an extremely rare disease that involves abnormal communication between a hepatic segment and bronchial tree. It is mostly caused by untreated hydatid cyst, liver abscess, iatrogenic stenosis, and, rarely, trauma.

Case Presentation: We experienced an extremely rare case of bronchobiliary fistula after motor vehicle accident. A 15-year-old Persian boy visited our clinic with chief complaints of persistent pleuritic chest pain, productive cough, weight loss, and fever for 2 months. Coronavirus disease 2019 reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction test was negative. Chest X-ray revealed hazy opacification of right lower lobe. Bronchoalveolar lavage for acid-fast bacillus came back negative. Thoracoabdominal computed tomography scan revealed a collection in segment VIII of the liver communicating with another 13 × 5 cm multiloculated collection in the lower lobe of the right lung, with air foci within the collection. Right posterolateral thoracotomy was performed with the impression of bronchobiliary fistula. Drainage of hepatic collection with debridement, diaphragmatic repair, and open decortication of lung followed by resection of the involved segment of the right lung was performed. Histopathologic evaluations revealed abscess formation in pulmonary tissue, and many multinucleated giant cells were seen that appear to be due to foreign body remnants after previous laparotomy surgery. The foreign body seemed to be the remnants of Surgicel absorbable hemostat.

Conclusions: Herein, we report an extremely rare case of a posttraumatic bronchobiliary fistula caused by remnants of Surgicel hemostatic agent. Bronchobiliary fistula is mainly caused by untreated hydatid cyst, liver abscess, iatrogenic stenosis, and, rarely, trauma. Migration and erosion of oxidized regenerated cellulose through the diaphragm seems to be the causative factor of bronchobiliary fistula in this patient.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-021-02859-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8139863PMC
May 2021
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