Publications by authors named "Seyed Hamidreza Mortazavi"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Retinoic Acid Correlates with Reduced Serum IL-10 And TGF-β in Allergic Rhinitis.

Rep Biochem Mol Biol 2021 Jan;9(4):399-407

Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: Retinoic acid (RA) plays a key role in naïve T cell differentiation into FOXP3+ Treg cell in the respiratory airways. The present study aims to investigate RA and Treg-related cytokine serum levels, salivary IgA levels, FOXP3 and IL-4 gene expression, and the relationships between RA serum levels and Treg-related cytokines in allergic rhinitis (AR) patients and healthy controls.

Methods: Salivary IgA and serum IgE, RA, IL-10, and TGF-β concentrations were measured by ELISA in 37 AR patients and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy controls.

Results: IL-10 and TGF-β concentrations were significantly less in AR patients than in healthy controls (p< 0.01 and P< 0.0001, respectively). Salivary IgA was significantly greater in patients than in controls (p< 0.05). RA was not significantly different between patients and controls (p> 0.05); however, a significant positive correlation was found between serum RA and both IL-10 and TGF-β in AR patients.

Conclusion: Our data suggest that RA may influence AR risk via affecting the TGF-β and IL-10 production.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.52547/rbmb.9.4.399DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8068451PMC
January 2021

Association of interleukin-12B rs6887695 with susceptibility to allergic rhinitis.

Immunol Res 2021 Apr 8;69(2):189-195. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a heterodimeric cytokine encoded by two separate genes, IL12A and IL12B, which may play a regulatory role in allergen-induced inflammation through CD4 T-cell subsets polarization. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL12B gene with susceptibility to allergic rhinitis (AR). We performed a case-control study including 130 AR patients and 130 healthy controls to evaluate the possible association between IL12B gene SNPs (rs3212227, rs6887695) and the risk of AR using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Our results showed no significant association between IL12B rs3212227 A > C polymorphism with AR. In contrast, the GC genotype of rs6887695 G > C was associated with susceptibility to AR in comparison with the GG genotype (p = 0.049, OR = 1.684, 95% CI: 1.002-2.83). We also observed a statistically significant difference in the additive model (GC versus GG + CC, p = 0.03, OR = 1.705, 95% CI: 1.040-2.794) for SNPs rs6887695. Furthermore, haplotypes analysis demonstrated that C-C haplotype was associated with an increased risk of AR (p = 0.01, OR = 1.845, 95% CI: 1.114-3.057). Our findings suggest that IL12B rs6887695 polymorphism may be a potential biomarker for susceptibility to AR in an Iranian population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12026-021-09189-1DOI Listing
April 2021

Imbalanced serum levels of resolvin E1 (RvE1) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) in patients with allergic rhinitis.

Mol Biol Rep 2020 Oct 22;47(10):7745-7754. Epub 2020 Sep 22.

Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, PO-Box: 6714869914, Kermanshah, Iran.

Timely and successful resolution of acute inflammation plays a crucial role in preventing the development of chronic airway inflammation in allergic rhinitis (AR). This study intends to assess the serum levels of pro-inflammatory leukotriene B4 (LTB4), anti-inflammatory mediators, including resolvin E1 (RvE1), RvD1, IL-10, and TGF-β, besides mRNA expression level of G-protein coupled receptor 120 (GPR120) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) receptors in peripheral blood leukocytes of AR patients. Thirty-seven AR patients and thirty age- and gender-matched healthy subjects were enrolled in this study. The serum levels of LTB4, RvE1, RvD1, IL-10, and TGF-β were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique, and the mRNA expression level of GPR120 and PPAR-γ was assessed by the real-time PCR method. The serum levels of RvE1 and LTB4 were significantly higher in patients with AR than in healthy subjects (P < 0.01 and P < 0.0001, respectively). However, a significantly lower ratio of RvE1 and RvD1 to LTB4 was found in patients with AR relative to healthy subjects (P < 0.05 and P < 0.0001, respectively). Likewise, the serum levels of both IL-10 and TGF-β cytokines were significantly reduced in patients with AR compared to healthy subjects (P < 0.01 and P < 0.0001, respectively). Furthermore, the mRNA expression of PPAR-γ was significantly lower in patients with AR than in healthy subjects (P < 0.05). Our findings indicate that imbalanced pro-resolving lipid mediator RvE1 and pro-inflammatory LTB4 might contribute to the defective airway inflammation-resolution and subsequent progression toward chronic inflammation in AR patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-020-05849-xDOI Listing
October 2020

Immunoresolvents in asthma and allergic diseases: Review and update.

J Cell Physiol 2019 06 29;234(6):8579-8596. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Asthma and allergic diseases are inflammatory conditions developed by excessive reaction of the immune system against normally harmless environmental substances. Although acute inflammation is necessary to eradicate the damaging agents, shifting to chronic inflammation can be potentially detrimental. Essential fatty-acids-derived immunoresolvents, namely, lipoxins, resolvins, protectins, and maresins, are anti-inflammatory compounds that are believed to have protective and beneficial effects in inflammatory disorders, including asthma and allergies. Accordingly, impaired biosynthesis and defective production of immunoresolvents could be involved in the development of chronic inflammation. In this review, recent evidence on the anti-inflam]matory effects of immunoresolvents, their enzymatic biosynthesis routes, as well as their receptors are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.27836DOI Listing
June 2019

Fourth Update on the Iranian National Registry of Primary Immunodeficiencies: Integration of Molecular Diagnosis.

J Clin Immunol 2018 10 9;38(7):816-832. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Pediatric Infections Research Center, Mofid Children's Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The number of inherited diseases and the spectrum of clinical manifestations of primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs) are ever-expanding. Molecular diagnosis using genomic approaches should be performed for all PID patients since it provides a resource to improve the management and to estimate the prognosis of patients with these rare immune disorders.

Method: The current update of Iranian PID registry (IPIDR) contains the clinical phenotype of newly registered patients during last 5 years (2013-2018) and the result of molecular diagnosis in patients enrolled for targeted and next-generation sequencing.

Results: Considering the newly diagnosed patients (n = 1395), the total number of registered PID patients reached 3056 (1852 male and 1204 female) from 31 medical centers. The predominantly antibody deficiency was the most common subcategory of PID (29.5%). The putative causative genetic defect was identified in 1014 patients (33.1%) and an autosomal recessive pattern was found in 79.3% of these patients. Among the genetically different categories of PID patients, the diagnostic rate was highest in defects in immune dysregulation and lowest in predominantly antibody deficiencies and mutations in the MEFV gene were the most frequent genetic disorder in our cohort.

Conclusions: During a 20-year registration of Iranian PID patients, significant changes have been observed by increasing the awareness of the medical community, national PID network establishment, improving therapeutic facilities, and recently by inclusion of the molecular diagnosis. The current collective study of PID phenotypes and genotypes provides a major source for ethnic surveillance, newborn screening, and genetic consultation for prenatal and preimplantation genetic diagnosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10875-018-0556-1DOI Listing
October 2018

Comparison of Common Monogenic Defects in a Large Predominantly Antibody Deficiency Cohort.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 03 19;7(3):864-878.e9. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.

Background: Predominantly antibody deficiencies (PADs) are the most common primary immunodeficiencies, characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia and inability to generate effective antibody responses.

Objective: We intended to report most common monogenic PADs and to investigate how patients with PAD who were primarily diagnosed as suffering from agammaglobulinemia, hyper-IgM (HIgM) syndrome, and common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) have different clinical and immunological findings.

Methods: Stepwise next-generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing were performed for confirmation of the mutations in the patients clinically diagnosed as suffering from agammaglobulinemia, HIgM syndrome, and CVID.

Results: Among 550 registered patients, the predominant genetic defects associated with agammaglobulinemia (48 Bruton's tyrosine kinase [BTK] and 6 μ heavy chain deficiencies), HIgM syndrome (21 CD40 ligand and 7 activation-induced cytidine deaminase deficiencies), and CVID (17 lipopolysaccharides-responsive beige-like anchor deficiency and 12 atypical Immunodeficiency, Centromeric instability, and Facial dysmorphism syndromes) were identified. Clinical disease severity was significantly higher in patients with μ heavy chain and CD40 ligand mutations compared with patients with BTK (P = .003) and activation-induced cytidine deaminase (P = .009) mutations. Paralysis following live polio vaccination was considerably higher in patients with μ heavy chain deficiency compared with BTK deficiency (P < .001). We found a genotype-phenotype correlation among patients with BTK mutations regarding clinical manifestation of meningitis and chronic diarrhea. Surprisingly, we noticed that first presentations in most patients with Immunodeficiency, Centromeric instability, and Facial dysmorphism were respiratory complications (P = .008), whereas first presentations in patients with lipopolysaccharides-responsive beige-like anchor deficiency were nonrespiratory complications (P = .008).

Conclusions: This study highlights similarities and differences in the clinical and genetic spectrum of the most common PAD-associated gene defects. This comprehensive comparison will facilitate clinical decision making, and improve prognosis and targeted treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2018.09.004DOI Listing
March 2019

Clinical, immunologic, and genetic spectrum of 696 patients with combined immunodeficiency.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2018 04 12;141(4):1450-1458. Epub 2017 Sep 12.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Research Center, Al-Zahra Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Combined immunodeficiencies (CIDs) are diseases of defective adaptive immunity with diverse clinical phenotypes. Although CIDs are more prevalent in the Middle East than Western countries, the resources for genetic diagnosis are limited.

Objectives: This study aims to characterize the categories of patients with CIDs in Iran clinically and genetically.

Methods: Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from 696 patients with CIDs. Patients were subdivided into those with syndromic (344 patients) and nonsyndromic (352 patients) CIDs. Targeted DNA sequencing was performed on 243 (34.9%) patients.

Results: The overall diagnostic yield of the 243 sequenced patients was 77.8% (189 patients). The clinical diagnosis of hyper-IgE syndrome (P < .001), onset of disease at greater than 5 years (P = .02), and absence of multiple affected family members (P = .04) were significantly more frequent in the patients without a genetic diagnosis. An autosomal recessive disease was found in 62.9% of patients, reflecting the high rate of consanguinity in this cohort. Mutations impairing VDJ recombination and DNA repair were the most common underlying causes of CIDs. However, in patients with syndromic CIDs, autosomal recessive mutations in ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM), autosomal dominant mutations in signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and microdeletions in 22q11.21 were the most commonly affected genomic loci. Patients with syndromic CIDs had a significantly lower 5-year survival rate rather than those with nonsyndromic CIDs.

Conclusions: This study provides proof of principle for the application of targeted next-generation sequencing panels in countries with limited diagnostic resources. The effect of genetic diagnosis on clinical care requires continued improvements in therapeutic resources for these patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2017.06.049DOI Listing
April 2018

Down-regulation of TLR2, 3, 9 and Signaling Mediators, MyD88 and TRIF, Gene Transcript Levels in Patients with Kawasaki Disease Treated with IVIG.

Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2015 Apr;14(2):188-97

Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile systemic vasculitis of childhood characterized by elevated levels of inflammatory mediators at the acute stage. High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is well accepted as a conventional therapy for KD. The aim of the present study was to determine the expression level of Toll like receptors (TLRs) and their corresponding signaling mediators in PBMCs of IVIG-treated KD patients. TLR2, 3, 9 and signaling mediators, MyD88 and TRIF transcript levels were determined in PBMCs from 31 KD patients, before (acute phase), 2 weeks later (sub-acute phase) and 6 weeks later (convalescent phase) of IVIG therapy using real time PCR. The mean age of the patients was 3.6 years and 65% of subjects were male and 35% were female. 20 age-matched irrelevant febrile patients and 20 healthy subjects were included as control groups. Elevated levels of TLR2, MyD88, and TRIF gene transcripts were observed in the PBMCs at acute phase of untreated KD patients in compression with normal subjects. IVIG therapy resulted in significant decrease in TLR2, 3 and 9 (60-90%) as well as MyD88 and TRIF (60-70%) transcripts following 2 and 6 weeks. With Regard to significant up-regulation of MyD88 and TRIF at the acute phase of KD, our findings suggest TLR signaling pathway potential in KD pathogenesis and may also support the assumption of an infectious background in KD. Down-regulation of TLR members and corresponding mediators in IVIG treated patient suggest general TLR pathway suppression as a novel anti-inflammatory mechanism of IVIG.
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April 2015