a Addiction and Behavioral Sciences Research Center
North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences
Bojnurd, North Khorasan | Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Main Specialties: Epidemiology, Public Health
2PubMed Central Citations
Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 2017 Mar 20;24(1):89-96. Epub 2016 Jan 20.
f Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Public Health , Kerman University of Medical Sciences , Kerman , Iran.
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Electron Physician 2016 Apr 25;8(4):2232-7. Epub 2016 Apr 25.
MA of General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Tonekabon Branch, Izlamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran.
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Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences
Background and Aim: Statistics show that 30% to 40 % of opium addicted fathers’ children are prone to substance abuse in the future. The present study aimed at assessing the effectiveness of cognitive therapy approach to attitude changing of adolescents with substance dependent fathers. Materials and Methods: In this controlled. field-trail randomized study. .data collection tool was “attitude to addiction questionnaire”. The study population was all male students in the first grade of high school in Maneh - Samalghan city. . Six sessions of group cognitive therapy based on the effectiveness of drug side effects in drug-addicted fathers’ adolescent children’s attitude were held. The above-mentioned questionnaire was filled out before and after intervention. The obtained data was fed into SPSS software (V: 16) using. Independent t-test .and paired t-test were used for analysis and P<0.05 was taken as the significant level. Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups in pre-test regarding their attitude about drug abuse (P=.20%). Mean score variance from pre-test to post-test in the intervention group decreased, but in the control group, it showed a slight increase. This means that the intervention reduced the positive attitude towards drugs, but the changes were not statistically significant (p=0.57). Besides, among ten factors decisive in an individual’s attitude about addiction, only group cognitive therapy was able to decrease mean points of an individual’s attitude about drug abuse .. Significantly (P = 0.04). Conclusion: It was found that group cognitive therapy education about opium addict complicationsdidn`t have a significant effect on the attitude of the students with addicted fathers. Thus, a change of adolescents’ attitude requires more research. Key Words: Cognitive therapy, Substance abusing parents ‘adolescent children, Opium
Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical sciences
Background and Objectives: Enlargement of the thyroid gland is called goiter. The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of the goiter and thyroid dysfunction in healthy children aged 7-18 years in Bojnurd city. Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 176,7-18 years old students in Bojnurd. The demographic and anthropometric data were collected with questionnaires. Physical examination was performed by endocrinologist in order to staging of goiter. Fasting blood sample was obtained to measure the level of thyroid hormones and TSH. The data were analyzed using SPSS software and presented with chi-square, fisher test and logistic regression Results: According to the results 28.4 % of students had goiter including 26.1% grade 1 and 3.2% grade 2. Thyroid function tests revealed 38 students (21.6 %) had subclinical hypothyroidism. A meaningful subclinical hypothyroidism was observed in 26% of girls and 18.2 % of boys (p=0.021). Conclusions: Given that to our results the prevalence of the goiter in Bojnurd was moderate more attention to this would be necessary. Keywords: students, Goiter, thyroid, Iran
Journal of North Khorasan University
Background & Objectives: Meta-Cognitive therapy is an emerging treatment that supposes reducing rumination as an effective component of psychopathology. The present study is an attempt to consider the effectiveness of this therapy to improve patients with insomnia. Material & Methods: This research performed as quasi-experimental pretest - post test control group design. Among patients with insomnia referred to a psychiatric clinic in Tabriz, 30 patients were randomly divided into 2 groups: intervention and control. Data were collected with Morin insomnia severity index. Results: The results indicate that meta-cognitive therapy has a significant effect on improving patients with insomnia. Conclusion: The results show that meta-cognitive therapy with focusing on rumination can be effective on treating patients with insomnia. Key words: insomnia , rumination , meta-cognitive therapy
Journal of Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention /214
Backgrounds and Objective: Using helmets reduces the rate of death and head injury in accidents. No study has yet been done in Iran to estimate the rate of helmet use. Hence, this study is to survey the rate of helmet use and its related factors among motorcyclists in Kerman city. Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study data collection was done by two people, an observer and a person completeing the check list, in winter and summer of 2012, on holidays and work days, morning and afternoon, main streets, by streets and freeways. Descriptive and analytical analysis (the Chi - Square and Regression logistic tests) were done in SPSS16. Results: Among 2880 motorcyclists, 324 people (11.2%) used helmets. This number was significantly less on holidays; (p<0.001) and higher in winter in comparison to summer; (p<0.001). There was not a significant difference among the main streets, bystreets and freeways. (p=0.206) Conclusion: Comparing this research to similar statistics in different countries shows a low rate of helmet use in Iran. In addition to legislation exertion, more education and planning for increasing the use of helmets must be performed. Keywords: Helmet, Motorcyclist, Kerman