Publications by authors named "Sergio G Tisminetzky"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A Simplified and Efficient Process for Insulin Production in Pichia pastoris.

PLoS One 2016 1;11(12):e0167207. Epub 2016 Dec 1.

ICGEB, Trieste, Italy.

A significant barrier to insulin is affordability. In this manuscript we describe improvements to key steps in the insulin production process in Pichia pastoris that reduce cost and time. The strategy for recovery and processing of human insulin precursor has been streamlined to two steps from bioreactor to the transpeptidation reaction. In the first step the insulin precursor secreted during the methanol induction phase is recovered directly from the culture broth using Tangential Flow Filtration with a Prostak™ module eliminating the laborious and time-consuming multi-step clarification, including centrifugation. In the second step the protein is applied at very high loadings on a cation exchange resin and eluted in a mixture of water and ethanol to obtain a concentrated insulin precursor, suitable for use directly in the transpeptidation reaction. Overall the yield from insulin precursor to human insulin was 51% and consisted of three purification chromatography steps. In addition we describe a method for recovery of the excess of H-Thr(tBu)-OtBu from the transpeptidation reaction mixture, one of the more costly reagents in the process, along with its successful reuse.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0167207PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5131935PMC
June 2017

Dual role of dextran sulfate 5000 Da as anti-apoptotic and pro-autophagy agent.

Mol Biotechnol 2013 Jun;54(2):711-20

International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Trieste, Italy.

Dextran sulfate 5,000 Da (DS), a sulfated polysaccharide, has been used in recombinant mammalian cell cultures to prevent cell aggregation, thereby increasing cell viability. Previous studies using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) suspension cultures had shown that low concentrations of DS are related to an inhibition of apoptosis. In this study, DS was used on anchorage-dependent CHO cells producing erythropoietin (EPO), in order to investigate the effect of this molecule on anti-apoptotic and pro-survival cellular pathways. DS 5,000 Da treatment was shown to prolong the life of cells and increase productivity of EPO by 1.8-fold comparing with controls, in standard batch conditions. At a molecular level, we show that DS inhibits apoptosis by DNA fragmentation delay and decrease of annexin V-labeled cells, causes a G0/G1 cell cycle arrest, decreases p53 expression and increases the pro-survival factor Hsc70 expression. DS treatment also resulted in an enhanced LC3-I to LC3-II conversion and increased autophagosomes formation employing tagged-LC3. Our data show, for the first time, that low doses of DS may promote autophagy in different cell lines. These findings suggest that a better understanding and manipulation of phenomenon of autophagy could be of crucial importance in the bio-pharmaceutical industry, in particular in the field of protein production.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12033-012-9620-xDOI Listing
June 2013

Mix-infections with different genotypes of HCV and with HCV plus other hepatitis viruses in patients with hepatitis C in China.

World J Gastroenterol 2003 May;9(5):984-92

Key laboratory, Institute of Medical Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Kunming 650118, Yunnan Province, China.

Aim: Clinical therapy and prognosis in HCV infections are not good, and mix-infections with different HCV genotypes or quasispecies and mix-infections with HCV plus other hepatitis viruses are important concerns worldwide. The present report describes the sequence diversity and genotying of the 5'NCR of HCV isolates from hepatitis patients mix-infected with different HCV genotypes or variants, and the conditions of mix-infections with HCV plus other hepatitis viruses, providing important diagnostic and prognostic information for more effective treatment of HCV infections.

Methods: The 5' non-coding region (5'NCR) of HCV was isolated from the patients sera and sequenced, and sequence variability and genotypes of HCV were defined by nucleotide sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis, and the patients mix-infected with HCV plus other hepatitis viruses were analyzed. The conditions and clinical significance of mix-infections with HCV plus other hepatitis viruses were further studied.

Results: Twenty-four out of 43 patients with chronic hepatitis C were defined as mix-infected with different genotypes of HCV. Among these 24 patients, 9 were mix-infected with genotype 1 and 3, 7 with different variants of genotype 1, 2 with different variants of genotype 2, 6 with different variants of genotype 3. No patients were found mix-infected with genotype 1 and 2 or with genotype 2 and 3. The clinical virological analysis of 60 patients mix-infected with HCV plus other hepatitis viruses showed that 45.0 % of the patients were mix-infected with HCV plus HAV, 61.7 % with HCV plus HBV, 6.7 % with HCV plus HDV/HBV, 8.4 % with HCV plus HEV, 3.3 % with HCV plus HGV. Infections with HCV plus other hepatitis viruses may exacerbate the pathological lesion of the liver.

Conclusion: The findings in the present study imply that mix-infections with different HCV genotypes and mix-infections with HCV plus other hepatitis viruses were relatively high in Yunnan, China, providing important diagnostic and prognostic information for more effective treatment of HCV infections.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4611410PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v9.i5.984DOI Listing
May 2003
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