Publications by authors named "Serge J H Heines"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Serial measurements in COVID-19-induced acute respiratory disease to unravel heterogeneity of the disease course: design of the Maastricht Intensive Care COVID cohort (MaastrICCht).

BMJ Open 2020 09 29;10(9):e040175. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Department of Intensive Care, Maastricht University Medical Center+, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Introduction: The course of the disease in SARS-CoV-2 infection in mechanically ventilated patients is unknown. To unravel the clinical heterogeneity of the SARS-CoV-2 infection in these patients, we designed the prospective observational Maastricht Intensive Care COVID cohort (MaastrICCht). We incorporated serial measurements that harbour aetiological, diagnostic and predictive information. The study aims to investigate the heterogeneity of the natural course of critically ill patients with a SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Methods And Analysis: Mechanically ventilated patients admitted to the intensive care with a SARS-CoV-2 infection will be included. We will collect clinical variables, vital parameters, laboratory variables, mechanical ventilator settings, chest electrical impedance tomography, ECGs, echocardiography as well as other imaging modalities to assess heterogeneity of the course of a SARS-CoV-2 infection in critically ill patients. The MaastrICCht is also designed to foster various other studies and registries and intends to create an open-source database for investigators. Therefore, a major part of the data collection is aligned with an existing national intensive care data registry and two international COVID-19 data collection initiatives. Additionally, we create a flexible design, so that additional measures can be added during the ongoing study based on new knowledge obtained from the rapidly growing body of evidence. The spread of the COVID-19 pandemic requires the swift implementation of observational research to unravel heterogeneity of the natural course of the disease of SARS-CoV-2 infection in mechanically ventilated patients. Our study design is expected to enhance aetiological, diagnostic and prognostic understanding of the disease. This paper describes the design of the MaastrICCht.

Ethics And Dissemination: Ethical approval has been obtained from the medical ethics committee (Medisch Ethische Toetsingscommissie 2020-1565/3 00 523) of the Maastricht University Medical Centre+ (Maastricht UMC+), which will be performed based on the Declaration of Helsinki. During the pandemic, the board of directors of Maastricht UMC+ adopted a policy to inform patients and ask their consent to use the collected data and to store serum samples for COVID-19 research purposes. All study documentation will be stored securely for fifteen years after recruitment of the last patient. The results will be published in peer-reviewed academic journals, with a preference for open access journals, while particularly considering deposition of the manuscripts on a preprint server early.

Trial Registration Number: The Netherlands Trial Register (NL8613).
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September 2020

Mechanical ventilation variability due to tracheal compression in a patient with a mycotic descending aortic aneurysm: an inverse correlation with blood pressure.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2020 10;58(4):864-866

Department of Vascular Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Mycotic aortic aneurysms carry significant morbidity and mortality. In the current report, we present a case of a patient with a mycotic descending aortic aneurysm with contained rupture causing variable compression of the trachea, influenced by a variability in blood pressure. In these patients, blood pressure management is paramount as relative hypertensive periods do not only increase the risk of rupture but can also warrant high ventilation pressures or can potentially result in airway occlusion.
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October 2020

Clinical implementation of electric impedance tomography in the treatment of ARDS: a single centre experience.

J Clin Monit Comput 2019 Apr 29;33(2):291-300. Epub 2018 May 29.

Department of Intensive Care, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, P. Debyelaan 25, 6229HX, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

To report on our clinical experience using EIT in individualized PEEP titration in ARDS. Using EIT assessment, we optimized PEEP settings in 39 ARDS patients. The EIT PEEP settings were compared with the physicians' PEEP settings and the PEEP settings according to the ARDS network. We defined a PEEP difference equal to or greater than 4 cm HO as clinically relevant. Changes in lung compliance and PaO/FiO-ratio were compared in patients with EIT-based PEEP adjustments and in patients with unaltered PEEP. In 28% of the patients, the difference in EIT-based PEEP and physician-PEEP was clinically relevant; in 36%, EIT-based PEEP and physician-PEEP were equal. The EIT-based PEEP disagreed with the PEEP settings according to the ARDS network. Adjusting PEEP based upon EIT led to a rapid increase in lung compliance and PaO/FiO-ratio. However, this increase was also observed in the group where the PEEP difference was less than 4 cm HO. We hypothesize that this can be attributed to the alveolar recruitment during the PEEP trial. EIT based individual PEEP setting appears to be a promising method to optimize PEEP in ARDS patients. The clinical impact, however, remains to be established.
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April 2019

Accuracy of end-tidal CO2 capnometers in post-cardiac surgery patients during controlled mechanical ventilation.

J Emerg Med 2013 Jul 30;45(1):130-5. Epub 2013 Jan 30.

Department of Intensive Care, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: The determination of end-tidal carbon dioxide (etCO2) is very helpful in cardiac resuscitation for confirmation and monitoring of endotracheal tube placement and as an indicator of return of circulation and effectiveness of chest compressions. There is now also widespread use of capnometry on-site at emergency and trauma fields.

Objective: We studied the accuracy and correlation of three capnometers (EMMA, Medtronic, and Evita) with partial pressure of arterial CO2 (PaCO2) measurements.

Methods: The three capnometers were placed in-line in the ventilator tubing of the patient. Forty sedated and mechanically ventilated post-cardiac surgery patients were studied. Twenty consecutive etCO2 values were collected simultaneously from all three monitors while drawing an arterial blood sample. Paired sample t-test and Pearson correlation were used to compare the capnometers and their correlation with PaCO2.

Results: The correlation of etCO2 measurements between all three capnometers was good (Emma vs. Evita: 0.874, Emma vs. Medtronic: 0.949, Evita vs. Medtronic: 0.878). The correlation of PaCO2 with the Evita is the lowest (0.671) as compared to the EMMA (0.693) and the Medtronic (0.727). The lowest dispersion of the difference between etCO2 and PaCO2 was seen in EMMA (3.30), the highest in Evita (3.98).

Conclusions: A good correlation between etCO2 and PaCO2 was shown with the three capnometers in the present study. However, etCO2 measurements were not valid to estimate PaCO2 in these patients. Therefore, capnometry cannot be used to replace serial blood gas analyses completely, but may be a good cardiopulmonary trend monitor and alerting system in catastrophic events.
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July 2013