Publications by authors named "Seoung Il Woo"

6 Publications

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mHealth Interventions for Lifestyle and Risk Factor Modification in Coronary Heart Disease: Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 09 24;9(9):e29928. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Prevention and Management, School of Medicine, Inha University Hospital, Inha University, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Background: Self-management of lifestyle and cardiovascular disease risk factors is challenging in older patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). SMS text messaging could be a potential support tool for self-management and the most affordable and accessible method through a mobile phone. High-quality evidence had been lacking, and previous studies evaluated the effects of SMS text messaging on the subjective measures of short-term outcomes. Recently, a large-sized randomized controlled trial in Australia reported promising findings on the objective measures upon 6-month follow-up. However, an examination of the effectiveness of such interventions in an Asian population with unique demographic characteristics would be worthwhile.

Objective: This study examined the effectiveness of a 1-way SMS text messaging program to modify the lifestyle and cardiovascular disease risk factors of patients who underwent the first percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: A parallel, single-blinded, 1:1 random allocation clinical trial was conducted with 879 patients treated through PCI. They were recruited during hospital admission from April 2017 to May 2020 at 2 university hospitals in the Republic of Korea. In addition to standard care, the intervention group received access to a supporting website and 4 SMS text messages per week for 6 months regarding a healthy diet, physical activity, smoking cessation, and cardiovascular health. Random allocation upon study enrollment and SMS text messaging after hospital discharge were performed automatically using a computer program. The coprimary outcomes were low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and BMI. The secondary outcomes were change in lifestyle and adherence to the recommended health behaviors.

Results: Of the eligible population, 440 and 439 patients who underwent PCI were assigned to the intervention and control groups, respectively. The 1-way SMS text messaging program significantly enhanced physical activity (P=.02), healthy diet (P<.01), and medication adherence (P<.04) among patients with CHD. Hence, more people were likely to control their cardiovascular disease risk factors per the recommendations. The intervention group was more likely to control all 5 risk factors by 62% (relative risk 1.62, 95% CI 1.05-2.50) per the recommendations. On the other hand, physiological measures of the primary outcomes, including LDL-C levels, SBP, and BMI, were not significant. Most participants found the SMS text messaging program useful and helpful in motivating lifestyle changes.

Conclusions: Lifestyle-focused SMS text messages were effective in the self-management of a healthy diet, exercise, and medication adherence, but their influence on the physiological measures was not significant. One-way SMS text messages can be used as an affordable adjuvant method for lifestyle modification to help prevent the recurrence of cardiovascular disease.

Trial Registration: Clinical Research Information Service (CRiS) KCT0005087; https://cris.nih.go.kr/cris/search/detailSearch.do/19282.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/29928DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8501404PMC
September 2021

Machine learning enhances the performance of short and long-term mortality prediction model in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Sci Rep 2021 06 18;11(1):12886. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Prevention and Management, School of Medicine, Inha University Hospital, Inha University, 27 Inhang-Ro, Jung-Gu, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Machine learning (ML) has been suggested to improve the performance of prediction models. Nevertheless, research on predicting the risk in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been limited and showed inconsistency in the performance of ML models versus traditional models (TMs). This study developed ML-based models (logistic regression with regularization, random forest, support vector machine, and extreme gradient boosting) and compared their performance in predicting the short- and long-term mortality of patients with AMI with those of TMs with comparable predictors. The endpoints were the in-hospital mortality of 14,183 participants and the three- and 12-month mortality in patients who survived at discharge. The performance of the ML models in predicting the mortality of patients with an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was comparable to the TMs. In contrast, the areas under the curves (AUC) of the ML models for non-STEMI (NSTEMI) in predicting the in-hospital, 3-month, and 12-month mortality were 0.889, 0.849, and 0.860, respectively, which were superior to the TMs, which had corresponding AUCs of 0.873, 0.795, and 0.808. Overall, the performance of the predictive model could be improved, particularly for long-term mortality in NSTEMI, from the ML algorithm rather than using more clinical predictors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-92362-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8213755PMC
June 2021

Intercoronary Communication between the Circumflex and Right Coronary Arteries Coexisted with Coronary Vasospasm.

Korean Circ J 2013 Jul 31;43(7):488-90. Epub 2013 Jul 31.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University College of Medicine, Chungju, Korea.

Intercoronary arterial connection between normal coronary arteries is a rare variant of coronary anatomy in which there is open-ended circulation. It is distinguished from collaterals seen in the occlusive coronary artery disease. We report a case of bidirectional intercoronary communication between the left circumflex artery and the right coronary artery without occlusive coronary artery disease, but with left anterior descending artery spasm.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2013.43.7.488DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3744737PMC
July 2013

A case of malignant pericardial mesothelioma with constrictive pericarditis physiology misdiagnosed as pericardial metastatic cancer.

Korean Circ J 2011 Jun 30;41(6):338-41. Epub 2011 Jun 30.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

Malignant pericardial mesothelioma is a rare and progressive cardiac tumor. There is no established standard treatment and the prognosis is poor. Most patients were retrospectively diagnosed from surgery or autopsy due to absence of specific clinical manifestation. Most patients with pericardial mesothelioma have demonstrated constrictive physiology on echocardiography or cardiac catheterization. Therefore, pericardial mesothelioma was often misdiagnosed as other causes of constrictive pericarditis. We report a case of primary pericardial mesothelioma misdiagnosed as pericardial metastasis of unknown origin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2011.41.6.338DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3132698PMC
June 2011

Complete atrioventricular block secondary to bortezomib use in multiple myeloma.

Yonsei Med J 2011 Jan;52(1):196-8

Department of Internal Medicine, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

Bortezomib is an inhibitor of 26S proteasome, which is an effective treatment for multiple myeloma. The common adverse effects of bortezomib are asthenic conditions, gastrointestinal disturbances, and peripheral neuropathy. Here we describe a patient with dyspnea and general weakness because of complete atrioventricular block while receiving bortezomib. We immediately stopped bortezomib, and after inserting a permanent VDD pacemaker, the patients' symptoms disappeared.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2011.52.1.196DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3017698PMC
January 2011

Postcardiac injury syndrome after percutaneous coronary intervention.

Yonsei Med J 2010 Mar 12;51(2):284-6. Epub 2010 Feb 12.

Department of Cardiology, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

The post cardiac injury syndrome is characterized by the development of a fever, pleuropericarditis, and parenchymal pulmonary infiltrates in the weeks following trauma to the pericardium or myocardium. According to previous reports, almost all cases develop after major cardiac surgery or a myocardial infarction. Recently, a few reports have described post cardiac injury syndrome as a complication of endovascular procedures such as percutaneous cardiac intervention. Here we describe an unusual case of post cardiac injury syndrome after a percutaneous coronary intervention.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2010.51.2.284DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2824878PMC
March 2010
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