Publications by authors named "Seok Kyu Oh"

92 Publications

Multivessel versus IRA-only PCI in patients with NSTEMI and severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(10):e0258525. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Korea Institute of Toxicology, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

Background: A substantial number of patients presenting with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and multivessel disease (MVD) have severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than 35%). But data are lacking regarding optimal percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy for these patients. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes of IRA (infarct-related artery)-only and multivessel PCI in patients with NSTEMI and MVD complicated by severe LVSD.

Methods: Among 13,104 patients enrolled in the PCI registry from November 2011 to December 2015, patients with NSTEMI and MVD with severe LVSD who underwent successful PCI were screened. The primary outcome was 3-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), defined as all-cause death, any myocardial infarction, stroke, and any revascularization.

Results: Overall, 228 patients were treated with IRA-only PCI (n = 104) or MV-PCI (n = 124). The MACE risk was significantly lower in the MV-PCI group than in the IRA-only PCI group (35.5% vs. 54.8%; hazard ratio [HR] 0.561; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.378-0.832; p = 0.04). This result was mainly driven by a significantly lower risk of all-cause death (23.4% vs. 41.4%; hazard ratio [HR] 0.503; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.314-0.806; p = 0.004). The results were consistent after multivariate regression, propensity-score matching, and inverse probability weighting to adjust for baseline differences.

Conclusions: Among patients with NSTEMI and MVD complicated with severe LVSD, multivessel PCI was associated with a significantly lower MACE risk. The findings may provide valuable information to physicians who are involved in decision-making for these patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0258525PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8513855PMC
October 2021

P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy in complex percutaneous coronary intervention: A post-hoc analysis of SMART-CHOICE randomized clinical trial.

Cardiol J 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Heart Vascular Stroke Institute, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: It remains unclear whether P2Y₁₂ monotherapy, especially clopidogrel, following short-duration dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is associated with favorable outcomes in patients undergoing complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Therefore, this study analyzed the efficacy and safety of P2Y₁₂ inhibitor monotherapy, mostly clopidogrel (78%), in complex PCI following short-term DAPT.

Methods: The post-hoc analysis of the SMART-CHOICE trial involving 2,993 patients included 498 cases of complex PCIs, defined by at least one of the following features: 3 vessels treated, ≥ 3 stents implanted, ≥ 3 lesions treated, bifurcation with ≥ 2 stents implanted, and a total stent length of ≥ 60 mm. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE), defined as the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke. The primary safety endpoint included bleeding, defined as Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) types 2 to 5.

Results: Complex PCI group had a higher risk of MACCE (4.0% vs. 2.3%, hazard ratio [HR] = 1.74, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05-2.89, p = 0.033) and a similar risk of BARC types 2-5 bleeding (2.6% vs. 2.6%, HR = 1.02, 95% CI: 0.56-1.86, p = 0.939) compared with those without complex PCIs. Patients undergoing complex PCIs, followed by P2Y₁₂ inhibitor monotherapy and 12 months of DAPT exhibited similar rates of MACCE (3.8% vs. 4.2%, HR = 0.92, 95% CI: 0.38-2.21, p = 0.853).

Conclusions: P2Y₁₂ inhibitor monotherapy, mostly clopidogrel, following 3 months of DAPT did not increase ischemic events in patients with complex PCIs.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/CJ.a2021.0101DOI Listing
September 2021

Clopidogrel Monotherapy in Patients with and without On-Treatment High Platelet Reactivity: a SMART-CHOICE sub-study.

EuroIntervention 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Heart Vascular Stroke Institute, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Although P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy has been emerged as a promising alternative for dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), there remains concern regarding safety of clopidogrel monotherapy.

Aims: We sought to investigate clinical outcomes of clopidogrel monotherapy in patients with and without on-treatment high platelet reactivity (HPR).

Methods: In the SMART-CHOICE study, 3-month DAPT followed by P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy was compared with 12-month DAPT undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Of these, platelet function test was performed for 833 patients with clopidogrel-based therapy. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE: a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke) at 12 months.

Results: Overall, 108 (13.0%) patients had HPR on clopidogrel. Patients with HPR had a significantly higher rate of MACCE than patients without HPR (8.7% vs 1.5%, adjusted HR 3.036, 95% CI 1.060-8.693, P=0.038). Treatment effect of clopidogrel monotherapy for the 12-month MACCE was not significantly different compared with DAPT among patients with HPR (8.0% vs. 9.4%, adjusted HR 0.718, 95% CI 0.189-2.737, P=0.628) and without HPR (2.2% vs. 0.9%, adjusted HR 2.587, 95% CI 0.684-9.779, P=0.161; adjusted P for interaction=0.170).

Conclusions: Clopidogrel monotherapy showed treatment effects comparable to DAPT for MACCE in patients with or without HPR. However, HPR was significantly associated with an increased risk of MACCE in clopidogrel-treated patients regardless of maintenance of aspirin.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4244/EIJ-D-21-00223DOI Listing
May 2021

Long-Term Outcomes of Patients With Late Presentation of ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2021 04;77(15):1859-1870

Department of Cardiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Republic of Korea; Department of Cardiology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Real-world data on baseline characteristics, clinical practice, and outcomes of late presentation (12 to 48 h of symptom onset) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are limited.

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate real-world features of STEMI late presenters in the contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) era.

Methods: Of 13,707 patients from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health database, 5,826 consecutive patients diagnosed with STEMI within 48 h of symptom onset during 2011 to 2015 were categorized as late (12 to 48 h; n = 624) or early (<12 h; n = 5,202) presenters. Coprimary outcomes were 180-day and 3-year all-cause mortality.

Results: Late presenters had remarkably worse clinical outcomes than early presenters (180-day mortality: 10.7% vs. 6.8%; 3-year mortality: 16.2% vs. 10.6%; both log-rank p < 0.001), whereas presentation at ≥12 h of symptom onset was not independently associated with increased mortality after STEMI. The use of invasive interventional procedures abruptly decreased from the first (<12 h) to the second (12 to 24 h) 12-h interval of symptom-to-door time ("no primary PCI strategy" increased from 4.9% to 12.4%, and "no PCI" from 2.3% to 6.6%; both p < 0.001). Mortality rates abruptly increased from the first to the second 12-h interval of symptom-to-door time (from 6.8% to 11.2% for 180-day mortality; from 10.6% to 17.3% for 3-year mortality; all p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Data from a nationwide prospective Korean registry reveal that inverse steep differences in the use of invasive interventional procedures and mortality rates were found between early and late presenters after STEMI. A multidisciplinary approach is required in identifying late presenters of STEMI who can benefit from invasive interventional procedures until further studied.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2021.02.041DOI Listing
April 2021

Successful Therapy With Ticagrelor in Three-Vessel Stent Thrombosis Related to Clopidogrel Resistance.

Can J Cardiol 2021 Aug 26;37(8):1278-1280. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Regional Cardiocerebrovascular Center, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Korea.

A 65-year-old man developed 3-vessel stent thrombosis after percutaneous coronary intervention with aspirin and clopidogrel. Platelet tests revealed clopidogrel resistance, which resolved after changing clopidogrel to ticagrelor. Although routine platelet tests after stenting are not recommended, these tests may be considered to identify the cause of stent thrombosis and modify antiplatelet therapy.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2021.03.017DOI Listing
August 2021

P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after coronary stenting according to type of P2Y12 inhibitor.

Heart 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Cardiology, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Korea (the Republic of).

Objective: To compare P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after 3-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with 12-month DAPT according to the type of P2Y12 inhibitor in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: The Smart Angioplasty Research Team: Comparison Between P2Y12 Antagonist Monotherapy vs Dual Antiplatelet Therapy in Patients Undergoing Implantation of Coronary Drug-Eluting Stents (SMART-CHOICE) randomised trial compared 3-month DAPT followed by P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy with 12-month DAPT. In this trial, 2993 patients undergoing successful PCI with drug-eluting stent were enrolled in Korea. As a prespecified analysis, P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after 3-month DAPT versus 12-month DAPT were compared among patients receiving clopidogrel and those receiving potent P2Y12 inhibitor (ticagrelor or prasugrel), respectively. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction or stroke at 12 months after the index procedure.

Results: Among 2993 patients (mean age 64 years), 58.2% presented with acute coronary syndrome. Clopidogrel was prescribed in 2312 patients (77.2%) and a potent P2Y12 inhibitor in 681 (22.8%). There were no significant differences in the primary endpoint between the P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy group and the DAPT group among patients receiving clopidogrel (3.0% vs 3.0%; HR: 1.02; 95% CI 0.64 to 1.65; p=0.93) as well as among patients receiving potent P2Y12 inhibitors (2.4% vs 0.7%; HR: 3.37; 95% CI 0.77 to 14.78; p=0.11; interaction p=0.1). Among patients receiving clopidogrel, P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy compared with DAPT showed consistent treatment effects across various subgroups for the primary endpoint. Among patients receiving potent P2Y12 inhibitors, the rate of bleeding (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium types 2- 5) was significantly lower in the P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy group than in the DAPT group (1.5% vs 5.0%; HR: 0.33; 95% CI 0.12 to 0.87; p=0.03).

Conclusions: Compared with 12-month DAPT, clopidogrel monotherapy after 3-month DAPT showed comparable cardiovascular outcomes in patients undergoing PCI.

Trial Registration Number: NCT02079194.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2020-318821DOI Listing
March 2021

Factors Related to Major Bleeding After Ticagrelor Therapy: Results from the TICO Trial.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 04 19;10(7):e019630. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Severance Cardiovascular HospitalYonsei University College of Medicine Seoul Korea.

Background There is a lack of data on factors that are related to clinically relevant bleeding after ticagrelor treatment. We investigated the clinical and procedural factors related to major bleeding in patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with ticagrelor after coronary stent implantation. Methods and Results From the TICO (Ticagrelor Monotherapy After 3 Months in Patients Treated With New Generation Sirolimus-Eluting Stent for Acute Coronary Syndrome) randomized trial, a total of 2660 patients were included for the present study. Patients with major bleeding, defined by TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) major or Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 3 or 5, were compared with those without major bleeding. On the basis of multivariable and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses, weight ≤65 kg, hemoglobin ≤12 g/dL, and estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min per 1.73 m were associated with an increased risk of major bleeding. In contrast, 3-month aspirin therapy with continued ticagrelor (versus 12-month aspirin and ticagrelor) was associated with a decreased risk of major bleeding. The lower risk of a net adverse clinical event (a composite of TIMI major bleeding and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events) in patients treated with 3-month aspirin therapy reported from the TICO trial remained valid in patients with any of these risk factors (hazard ratio, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.39-0.90; =0.74). Conclusions Low body weight, anemia, and chronic kidney disease were risk factors for major bleeding after ticagrelor therapy. Early aspirin discontinuation had a net clinical benefit among patients with a bleeding risk. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/. Unique Identifier: NCT02494895.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.019630DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8174385PMC
April 2021

New onset diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular events in Korean patients with acute myocardial infarction receiving high-intensity statins.

BMC Pharmacol Toxicol 2021 02 4;22(1):11. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Korea.

Background: High-intensity statin therapy is typically used in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) for secondary prevention. However, there have been consistent concerns regarding its association with diabetes mellitus. We investigated the effect of high-intensity atorvastatin and rosuvastatin on new-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) and cardiovascular outcomes over a 3-year follow-up period.

Methods: Data from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry were collected from November 2011 to October 2015, and 13,104 patients with AMI were enrolled from major cardiovascular centers. Among them, 2221 patients without diabetes who had been administered with high-intensity atorvastatin (40-80 mg) and rosuvastatin (20 mg) were investigated. The atorvastatin and rosuvastatin groups were evaluated for the incidence of NODM and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including death, myocardial infarction, and revascularization cases in the following 3 years.

Results: Baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups. Event-free survival rate of NODM was not significantly different between the atorvastatin and rosuvastatin groups (92.5% vs. 90.8%, respectively; Log-rank P-value = 0.550). The event-free survival rate of MACE was also not significantly different between atorvastatin and rosuvastatin groups (89.0% vs. 89.6%, respectively; Log rank P-value = 0.662). Multivariate Cox analysis revealed that statin type was not a prognostic factor in the development of NODM and MACE.

Conclusions: Administering high-intensity atorvastatin and rosuvastatin in patients with AMI produced comparable effects on NODM and clinical outcomes, suggesting their clinical equivalence in secondary prevention.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40360-021-00476-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7863364PMC
February 2021

Ischemic and Bleeding Events of Ticagrelor Monotherapy in Korean Patients With and Without Diabetes Mellitus: Insights From the TICO Trial.

Front Pharmacol 2020 14;11:620906. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Departments of Cardiovascular Medicine, Regional Cardiocerebrovascular Center, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, South Korea.

: Ticagrelor monotherapy after 3 months dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and ticagrelor can reduce bleeding without increasing ischemic events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the impact of this approach among the patient with diabetes remains unknown. : This was a sub-analysis of the Ticagrelor Monotherapy after 3 months in the Patients Treated with New Generation Sirolimus Eluting Stent for Acute Coronary Syndrome (TICO) trial. After successful PCI, the patients were randomly assigned to ticagrelor monotherapy after 3-months DPAT or to ticagrelor-based 12-months DAPT. We compared ischemic events and bleeding events between the patients with diabetes and without diabetes for 12 months. Ischemic events were defined as death, myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, stent thrombosis, and any revascularizations. Bleeding events were defined according to the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) criteria and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) definition. : Between August 2015 and October 2018, 3,056 patients were enrolled in the TICO trial, of which 835 (27.3%) had diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus was associated with all evaluated ischemic and bleeding events. No significant differences in any ischemic events were observed in patients with diabetes between ticagrelor monotherapy after 3-months DAPT and ticagrelor-based 12-months DAPT (hazard ratio [HR] 0.83, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.45-1.52, p = 0.540). In patients with diabetes, the overall incidence of bleeding complications during the 12-months follow-up period did not differ between the two treatment groups (HR 0.83, 95% CI 1.48-1.43, p = 0.505). However, ticagrelor monotherapy was significantly reduced both any TIMI bleeding and BARC three or five bleeding events in diabetes patients in the 3-months landmark analysis, after 3-months DAPT period (HR 0.20, 95% CI 0.07-0.59, p = 0.003). : In diabetic patients, ticagrelor monotherapy showed a lower incidence of bleeding complications after 3-months DAPT period, without increasing ischemic complications, compared with ticagrelor-based 12-months DAPT (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02494895).
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2020.620906DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7845141PMC
January 2021

Safety of 3-Month Dual Antiplatelet Therapy After Implantation of Ultrathin Sirolimus-Eluting Stents With Biodegradable Polymer (Orsiro): Results From the SMART-CHOICE Trial.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 01 21;10(1):e018366. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Samsung Medical Center Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Seoul Korea.

Background This study sought to investigate the safety of 3-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients receiving ultrathin sirolimus-eluting stents with biodegradable polymer (Orsiro). Methods and Results The SMART-CHOICE (Smart Angioplasty Research Team: Comparison Between P2Y12 Antagonist Monotherapy vs Dual Anti- platelet Therapy in Patients Undergoing Implantation of Coronary Drug-Eluting Stents) randomized trial compared 3-month DAPT followed by P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy with 12-month DAPT in 2993 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The present analysis was a prespecified subgroup analysis for patients receiving Orsiro stents. As a post hoc analysis, comparisons between Orsiro and everolimus-eluting stents were also done among patients receiving 3-month DAPT. Of 972 patients receiving Orsiro stents, 481 patients were randomly assigned to 3-month DAPT and 491 to 12-month DAPT. At 12 months, the target vessel failure, defined as a composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization, occurred in 8 patients (1.7%) in the 3-month DAPT group and in 14 patients (2.9%) in the 12-month DAPT group (hazard ratio [HR], 0.58; 95% CI, 0.24-1.39; =0.22). In whole population who were randomly assigned to receive 3-month DAPT (n=1495), there was no significant difference in the target vessel failure between the Orsiro group and the everolimus-eluting stent group (n=1014) (1.7% versus 1.8%; HR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.41-2.22; =0.92). Conclusions In patients receiving Orsiro stents, clinical outcomes at 1 year were similar between the 3-month DAPT followed by P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy and 12-month DAPT strategies. With 3-month DAPT, there was no significant difference in target vessel failure between Orsiro and everolimus-eluting stents. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02079194.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.018366DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7955499PMC
January 2021

Gender differences in clinical outcomes of acute myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: insights from the KAMIR-NIH Registry.

J Geriatr Cardiol 2020 Nov;17(11):680-693

Division of Cardiology, Daejeon St. Mary's hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: There are numerous but conflicting data regarding gender differences in outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Furthermore, gender differences in clinical outcomes with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) following PCI in Asian population remain uncertain because of the under-representation of Asian in previous trials.

Methods: A total of 13, 104 AMI patients from Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH) between November 2011 and December 2015 were classified into male ( = 8021, 75.9%) and female ( = 2547, 24.1%). We compared the demographic, clinical and angiographic characteristics, 30-days and 1-year major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in women with those in men after AMI by using propensity score (PS) matching.

Results: Compared with men, women were older, had more comorbidities and more often presented with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and reduced left ventricular systolic function. Over the median follow-up of 363 days, gender differences in both 30-days and 1-year MACCE as well as thrombolysis in myocardial infarction minor bleeding risk were not observed in the PS matched population (30-days MACCE: 5.3% . 4.7%, log-rank = 0.494, HR = 1.126, 95% CI: 0.800-1.585; 1-year MACCE: 9.3% . 9.0%, log-rank = 0.803, HR = 1.032, 95% CI: 0.802-1.328; TIMI minor bleeding: 4.9% . 3.9%, log-rank = 0.215, HR = 1.255, 95% CI: 0.869-1.814).

Conclusions: Among Korean AMI population undergoing contemporary PCI, women, as compared with men, had different clinical and angiographic characteristics but showed similar 30-days and 1-year clinical outcomes. The risk of bleeding after PCI was comparable between men and women during one-year follow up.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2020.11.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7729180PMC
November 2020

Clinical Implication of 'Obesity Paradox' in Elderly Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction.

Heart Lung Circ 2021 Apr 1;30(4):481-488. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Republic of Korea.

Background: The clinical impact of body mass index (BMI), especially in the elderly with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), has not been sufficiently evaluated. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the clinical impact of BMI in very old patients (≥80 years) with AMI.

Methods: The study analysed 2,489 AMI patients aged ≥80 years from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry and the Korea Working Group on Myocardial Infarction (KAMIR/KorMI) registries between November 2005 and March 2012. The study population was categorised into four groups based on their BMI: underweight (n=301), normal weight (n=1,150), overweight (n=890), and obese (n=148). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularisation, and target vessel revascularisation.

Results: Baseline characteristics among the four groups were similar, except for hypertension (45.1 vs 58.4 vs 66.2 vs 69.9%, respectively; p<0.001) and diabetes (16.6 vs 23.6 vs 30.7 vs 35.1%, respectively; p<0.001). Coronary care unit length of stay was significantly different among the four groups during hospitalisation (5.3±5.9 vs 4.8±6.8 vs 4.2±4.0 vs 3.5±2.1 days; p=0.007). MACE (16.9 vs 14.9 vs 13.7 vs 8.8%; p=0.115) and cardiac death (10.3 vs 8.4 vs 7.9 vs 4.1%; p=0.043) less frequently occurred in the obese group than in other groups during the 1-year follow-up. A multivariate regression model showed obese status (BMI ≥27.5 kg/m) as an independent predictor of reduced MACE (hazard ratio [HR], 0.20; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.06-0.69; p=0.010) along with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (≤40%) as a predictor of increased MACE (HR,1.87; 95% CI, 1.31-2.68; p=0.001).

Conclusion: Body mass index in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction was significantly associated with coronary care unit stay and clinical cardiovascular outcomes.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2020.08.013DOI Listing
April 2021

Comparative effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor versus angiotensin ii type i receptor blocker in acute myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries; from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry - National Institute of Health.

Cardiol J 2021 1;28(5):738-745. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Department of Cardiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.

Background: Selecting angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II type I receptor blocker (ARB) in patients diagnosed as acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) is not established. The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical effect of ACEI vs. ARB in MINOCA patients.

Methods And Results: A total of 273 patients between November 2011 to June 2015, diagnosed with MINOCA who were registered in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry - National Institute of Health were enrolled. Patients were divided into ACEI (n = 112) and ARB groups (n = 161). The primary endpoint was cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as cardiac death, recurrent MI, any new revascularization during 2 years clinical follow-up. Secondary endpoint was heart failure requiring re-hospitalization. Propensity score matching analysis was done. The incidence of primary endpoint was similar (10.4% vs. 15.6%, HR: 0.65; 95% CI: 0.29-1.47; p = 0.301) among both groups. However, the incidence of recurrent MI was significantly lower in ACEI group compared to ARB group (2.1% vs. 10.4%, HR: 0.18, 95% CI: 0.04-0.86; p = 0.031).

Conclusions: In the present study, the risk and incidence of MACE was similar between ACEI and ARB therapy in MINOCA patients. However, ACEI significantly reduced the risk of recurrent MI. Further larger scale multi-center randomized clinical trials are needed to clarify the proper use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blocker in these patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/CJ.a2020.0130DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8428933PMC
October 2021

Intensity of Statin Treatment in Korean Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction and Very Low LDL Cholesterol.

J Lipid Atheroscler 2019 Sep 2;8(2):208-220. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

Division of Cardiology, Gyungsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea.

Objective: Data on the intensity of statin therapy for patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and very low baseline low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level are lacking. We sought to assess the impact of statin intensity in patients with acute MI and LDL cholesterol <70 mg/dL.

Methods: A total of 1,086 patients with acute MI and baseline LDL cholesterol <70 mg/dL from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database were divided into less intensive statin (expected LDL reduction <40%, n=302) and more intensive statin (expected LDL reduction ≥40%, n=784) groups. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), a composite of cardiac death, MI, revascularization occurring at least 30 days after admission, and stroke, at 12 months.

Results: After 1:2 propensity matching, differences were not observed between less intensive (n=302) and more intensive statin (n=604) groups in incidence of cardiac death (0.3% vs. 0.3%) and hemorrhagic stroke (0.3% vs. 0.5%, =0.727) at 12 months. Compared with the less intensive statin group, the more intensive statin group showed lower target-vessel revascularization (4.6% vs. 1.8%, =0.027) and MACCE (11.6% vs. 7.0%, =0.021). Major bleeding was not different between less intensive and more intensive statin groups (1.0% vs. 2.6%, =0.118).

Conclusion: More intensive statin therapy was associated with significantly lower major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with acute MI and very low LDL cholesterol compared with less intensive statin therapy.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12997/jla.2019.8.2.208DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7379123PMC
September 2019

Optimal Revascularization Strategy in Non-ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction With Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease: Culprit-Only Versus One-Stage Versus Multistage Revascularization.

J Am Heart Assoc 2020 08 31;9(15):e016575. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Department of Cardiology Wonkwang University Hospital Iksan Republic of Korea.

Background Few studies have investigated optimal revascularization strategies in non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction with multivessel disease. We investigated 3-year clinical outcomes according to revascularization strategy in patients with non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction and multivessel disease. Methods and Results This retrospective, observational, multicenter study included patients with non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction and multivessel disease without cardiogenic shock. Data were analyzed at 3 years according to the percutaneous coronary intervention strategy: culprit-only revascularization (COR), 1-stage multivessel revascularization (MVR), and multistage MVR. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACE: a composite of all-cause death, nonfatal spontaneous myocardial infarction, or any repeat revascularization). The COR group had a higher risk of MACE than those involving other strategies (COR versus 1-stage MVR; hazard ratio, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.54-0.77; <0.001; and COR versus multistage MVR; hazard ratio, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.57-0.97; =0.027). There was no significant difference in the incidence of MACE between 1-stage and multistage MVR (hazard ratio, 1.14; 95% CI, 0.86-1.51; =0.355). The results were consistent after multivariate regression, propensity score matching, inverse probability weighting, and Bayesian proportional hazards modeling. In subgroup analyses stratified by the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events score, 1-stage MVR lowered the risk of MACE compared with multistage MVR in low-to-intermediate risk patients but not in patients at high risk. Conclusions MVR reduced 3-year MACE in patients with non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction and multivessel disease compared with COR. However, 1-stage MVR was not superior to multistage MVR for reducing MACE except in low-to-intermediate risk patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.016575DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7792267PMC
August 2020

Clinical Impact of Atypical Chest Pain and Diabetes Mellitus in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction from Prospective KAMIR-NIH Registry.

J Clin Med 2020 Feb 12;9(2). Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju 26426, Korea.

Atypical chest pain and diabetic autonomic neuropathy attract less clinical attention, leading to underdiagnosis and delayed treatment. To evaluate the long-term clinical impact of atypical chest pain and diabetes mellitus (DM), we categorized 11,159 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from the Korea AMI-National Institutes of Health between November 2011 and December 2015 into four groups (atypical DM, atypical non-DM, typical DM, and typical non-DM). The primary endpoint was defined as patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) at 2 years including all-cause death, any myocardial infarction (MI), and any revascularization. Patients with atypical chest pain showed higher 2-year mortality than those with typical chest pain in both DM (29.5% vs. 11.4%, < 0.0001) and non-DM (20.4% vs. 6.3%, < 0.0001) groups. The atypical DM group had the highest risks of POCE (hazard ratio (HR) 1.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.48-2.10), all-cause death (HR 2.23, 95% CI 1.80-2.76) and any MI (HR 2.34, 95% CI 1.51-3.64) in the adjusted model. In conclusion, atypical chest pain was significantly associated with mortality in patients with AMI. Among four groups, the atypical DM group showed the worst clinical outcomes at 2 years. Application of rapid rule in/out AMI protocols would be beneficial to improve clinical outcomes.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9020505DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7074023PMC
February 2020

Effect of Low-Dose Nebivolol in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Multi-Center Observational Study.

Chonnam Med J 2020 Jan 22;56(1):55-61. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Department of Cardiology, Kyungsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea.

The optimal dose of beta blockers after acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains uncertain. We evaluated the effectiveness of low-dose nebivolol, a beta1 blocker and a vasodilator, in patients with acute MI. A total of 625 patients with acute MI from 14 teaching hospitals in Korea were divided into 2 groups according to the dose of nebivolol (nebistol®, Elyson Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Seoul, Korea): low-dose group (1.25 mg daily, n=219) and usual- to high-dose group (≥2.5 mg daily, n=406). The primary endpoints were major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE, composite of death from any cause, non-fatal MI, stroke, repeat revascularization, rehospitalization for unstable angina or heart failure) at 12 months. After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, the rates of MACCE were not different between the low-dose and the usual- to high-dose groups (2.8% and 3.1%, respectively; hazard ratio: 0.92, 95% confidence interval: 0.38 to 2.24, p=0.860). The low-dose nebivolol group showed higher rates of MI than the usual- to high-dose group (1.2% and 0%, p=0.008). The 2 groups had similar rates of death from any cause (1.1% and 0.3%, p=0.273), stroke (0.4% and 1.1%, p=0.384), repeat PCI (1.2% and 0.8%, p=0.428), rehospitalization for unstable angina (1.2% and 1.0%, p=0.743) and for heart failure (0.6% and 0.7%, p=0.832). In patients with acute MI, the rates of MACCE for low-dose and usual- to high-dose nebivolol were not significantly different at 12-month follow-up.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4068/cmj.2020.56.1.55DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6976776PMC
January 2020

Practical guidance for P2Y12 inhibitors in acute myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother 2021 Mar;7(2):112-124

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Heart Vascular Stroke Institute, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81, Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 06351, Korea.

Aims: Potent P2Y12 inhibitors for dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is crucial for managing acute myocardial infarction; however, the selection of drugs is based on limited clinical information such as age and body weight. The current study sought to develop and validate a new risk scoring system that can be used to guide the selection of potent P2Y12 inhibitors by balancing ischaemic benefit and bleeding risk.

Methods And Results: Derivation cohort of 10 687 patients who participated in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health study was used to construct a new scoring system. We combined the ischaemic and bleeding models to establish a simple clinical prediction score. Among the low score group (n = 1764), the observed bleeding risk (8.7% vs. 4.4%, P < 0.001) due to potent P2Y12 inhibitors exceeded ischaemic benefit (1.3% vs. 2.2%, P = 0.185) during 12 months. Conversely, the high score group (n = 1898) showed an overall benefit from taking potent P2Y12 inhibitors from the standpoint of observed ischaemic (17.1% vs. 8.6%, P < 0.001) and bleeding events (10.1% vs. 6.8%, P = 0.073). The performance of ischaemic [integrated area under the curve (iAUC) = 0.809] and bleeding model (iAUC = 0.655) was deemed to be acceptable.

Conclusion: The new scoring system is a useful clinical tool for guiding DAPT by balancing ischaemic benefit and bleeding risk, especially among Asian populations. Further validation studies with other cohorts will be required to verify that the new system meets the needs of real clinical practice.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ehjcvp/pvaa005DOI Listing
March 2021

Ticagrelor versus clopidogrel in acute myocardial infarction patients with multivessel disease; From Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health.

J Cardiol 2020 05 16;75(5):478-484. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, South Korea.

Background: The clinical efficacy of ticagrelor is questionable in East Asian populations. Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with multivessel disease (MVD) are considered as high risk patients who might benefit from ticagrelor treatment. The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical effect of ticagrelor and clopidogrel in AMI patients with MVD in Korea.

Methods And Results: A total of 2275 patients between November 2011 and June 2015, diagnosed with AMI with MVD after successful percutaneous coronary intervention who were registered in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry - National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH) were enrolled. Patients were divided into ticagrelor (n = 837) and clopidogrel group (n = 1438). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as cardiac death, non-fatal MI, target vessel revascularization, or ischemic stroke during 2 years of clinical follow-up. Secondary endpoints were thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) major or minor bleeding, net clinical event composed of MACE and TIMI major bleeding, any repeated percutaneous coronary intervention, heart failure requiring re-hospitalization, and stent thrombosis. After propensity score matching analysis, the primary endpoint was lower in ticagrelor group compared to the clopidogrel group (8.6 % vs. 11.9 %; HR: 0.68; 95 % CI: 0.50-0.94; p = 0.018). The risk of TIMI major or minor bleeding was higher in the ticagrelor group (10.8 % vs. 4.8 %; HR: 2.51; 95 % CI: 1.68-3.76; p < 0.001). The net clinical event was similar between ticagrelor and clopidogrel group (11.3 % vs. 13.6 %; HR 0.82; 95 % CI: 0.60-1.11; p = 0.195).

Conclusion: Ticagrelor significantly reduced the risk of MACE than clopidogrel for AMI patients with MVD in Korea. However, the risk of TIMI major or minor bleeding was higher and the net clinical benefit was similar. Further large-scale multi-center randomized clinical trials are needed to clarify the proper use dual antiplatelet therapy in East Asian populations.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jjcc.2019.11.003DOI Listing
May 2020

Effect of Operator Volume on In-Hospital Outcomes Following Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Based on the 2014 Cohort of Korean Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (K-PCI) Registry.

Korean Circ J 2020 Feb 18;50(2):133-144. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

Division of Cardiovascular, Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Background And Objectives: The relationship between operator volume and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has not been fully investigated. We aimed to investigate the relationship between operator PCI volume and in-hospital outcomes after primary PCI for STEMI.

Methods: Among the total of 44,967 consecutive cases of PCI enrolled in the Korean nationwide, retrospective registry (K-PCI registry), 8,282 patients treated with PCI for STEMI by 373 operators were analyzed. PCI volumes above the 75th percentile (>30 cases/year), between the 75th and 25th percentile (10-30 cases/year), and below the 25th percentile (<10 cases/year) were defined as high, moderate, and low-volume operators, respectively. In-hospital outcomes including mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis, stroke, and urgent repeat PCI were analyzed.

Results: The average number of primary PCI cases performed by 373 operators was 22.2 in a year. In-hospital mortality after PCI for STEMI was 571 cases (6.9%). In-hospital outcomes by operator volume showed no significant differences in the death rate, cardiac death, non-fatal MI, and stent thrombosis. However, the rate of urgent repeat PCI tended to be lower in the high-volume operator (0.6%) than in the moderate-(0.7%)/low-(1.5%) volume operator groups (p=0.095). The adjusted odds ratios for adverse in-hospital outcomes were similar in the 3 groups. Multivariate analysis also showed that operator volume was not a predictor for adverse in-hospital outcomes.

Conclusions: In-hospital outcomes after primary PCI for STEMI were not associated with operator volume in the K-PCI registry.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2019.0206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6974659PMC
February 2020

Clopidogrel versus Aspirin after Dual Antiplatelet Therapy in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients Undergoing Drug-Eluting Stenting.

Korean Circ J 2020 Feb 11;50(2):120-129. Epub 2019 Oct 11.

Department of Cardiology, Kyungsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea.

Background And Objectives: There is a paucity of data regarding the benefit of clopidogrel monotherapy after dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients treated with drug-eluting stents (DES). This study compared outcome between clopidogrel versus aspirin as monotherapy after DES for acute myocardial infarction (MI).

Methods: From Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 1,819 patients treated with DES who were switched to monotherapy with clopidogrel (n=534) or aspirin (n=1,285) after uneventful 12-month DAPT were analyzed. The primary endpoint was net adverse clinical events (NACE), defined as a composite of death from any cause, MI, repeat percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), stent thrombosis, ischemic stroke, or major bleeding during the period from 12 to 24 months.

Results: After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, patients who received clopidogrel, compared with those treated with aspirin, had a similar incidence of NACE (0.7% and 0.7%; hazard ratio, 1.06; 95% confidence interval, 0.31-3.60; p=0.923). The 2 groups had similar rates of death from any cause (0.1% in each group, p=0.789), MI (0.3% and 0.1%, respectively; p=0.226), repeat PCI (0.1% and 0.3%, respectively; p=0.548), stent thrombosis (0.1% and 0%, respectively; p=0.121), major bleeding (0.2% in each group, p=0.974), and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (0.5% in each group, p=0.924).

Conclusions: Monotherapy with clopidogrel, compared to aspirin, after DAPT showed similar clinical outcomes in patients with acute MI treated with DES.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2019.0166DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6974667PMC
February 2020

Pre-hospital delay and emergency medical services in acute myocardial infarction.

Korean J Intern Med 2020 01 28;35(1):119-132. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Korea.

Background/aims: Minimising total ischemic time (TIT) is important for improving clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). TIT has not shown a significant improvement due to persistent pre-hospital delay. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with pre-hospital delay.

Methods: Individuals enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health between 2011 and 2015 were included in this study. The study population was analyzed according to the symptom-to-door time (STDT; within 60 or > 60 minutes), and according to the type of hospital visit (emergency medical services [EMS], non-PCI center, or PCI center).

Results: A total of 4,874 patients were included in the analysis, of whom 28.4% arrived at the hospital within 60 minutes of symptom-onset. Old age (> 65 years), female gender, and renewed ischemia were independent predictors of delayed STDT. Utilising EMS was the only factor shown to reduce STDT within 60 minutes, even when cardiogenic shock was evident. The overall frequency of EMS utilisation was low (21.7%). Female gender was associated with not utilising EMS, whereas cardiogenic shock, previous myocardial infarction, familial history of ischemic heart disease, and off-hour visits were associated with utilising EMS.

Conclusion: Factors associated with delayed STDT and not utilising EMS could be targets for preventive intervention to improve STDT and TIT.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3904/kjim.2019.123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6960059PMC
January 2020

Dual antiplatelet therapy beyond 12 months versus for 12 months after drug-eluting stents for acute myocardial infarction.

J Cardiol 2020 01 24;75(1):66-73. Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Kyungsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Republic of Korea.

Background: The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after acute coronary syndrome remains uncertain. This study investigated the benefit of DAPT beyond 12 months after drug-eluting stents (DES) for acute myocardial infarction (MI).

Methods: From Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 6199 patients treated with DAPT for 12 months after DES (second-generation DES 98%) without ischemic or bleeding events were analyzed. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), a composite of death from any cause, MI, or ischemic stroke during the period from 12 to 24 months.

Results: After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, patients who received DAPT beyond 12 months (n=4795), compared to patients treated with 12-month DAPT (n=1404), had a similar incidence of MACCE (1.3% vs. 1.0%, HR: 1.32, 95% CI: 0.71-2.45, p=0.378). The 2 groups did not differ significantly in the rates of death (0.1% vs. 0.1%), MI (0.8% vs.0.6%), stent thrombosis (0.1% vs. 0.2%), ischemic stroke (0.4% vs. 0.2%), and major bleeding (0.1% vs. 0.1%). The rate of net adverse clinical events was 1.4% with DAPT beyond 12 months and 1.1% with 12-month DAPT (p=0.466).

Conclusions: DAPT beyond 12 months, as compared with 12-month DAPT, in real-world patients with acute MI treated predominantly with second-generation DES did not reduce the risk of MACCE. The rates of major bleeding and net adverse clinical events did not differ significantly between the 2 treatments.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jjcc.2019.06.006DOI Listing
January 2020

Comparison of Two-Year Outcomes of Acute Myocardial Infarction Caused by Coronary Artery Spasm Versus that Caused by Coronary Atherosclerosis.

Am J Cardiol 2019 11 23;124(10):1493-1500. Epub 2019 Aug 23.

Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, South Korea.

The study compared the 2-year outcomes of patients diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) triggered by coronary artery atherosclerosis and AMI caused by coronary artery spasm. A total of 36,797 patients in the Korea AMI Registry were grouped into 2 categories-(1) AMI due to coronary artery spasm without stenotic lesion (CAS-AMI, n = 484); and (2) AMI induced by coronary artery atherosclerosis (CAA-AMI, n = 36,313). The major clinical outcomes of the 2 groups were compared over a 2-year clinical follow-up period. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were defined as the composite of total death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization. The incidence of MACE (7.1% vs 11.1%; p = 0.007) and repeat revascularization (0.4% vs 4.2%; p <0.001) in the CAS-AMI group were significantly lower than in the CAA-AMI group at 2 years. However, the incidence of total death and nonfatal myocardial infarction was similar in both the groups. Aborted cardiac arrest was strongly associated with 2-year mortality in the CAS-AMI group (hazard ratios 13.5, 95% confidence interval 5.34 to 34.15, p <0.001) The incidence of MACE in CAS-AMI patients was significantly lower than in the CAA-AMI group of patients up to 2 years due to the relatively lower rate of repeat revascularization in CAS-AMI patients. However, the incidence of total death or nonfatal myocardial infarction in CAS-AMI patients was not different from that of patients with CAA-AMI.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.08.019DOI Listing
November 2019

Temporal Variability of Platelet Reactivity in Patients Treated with Clopidogrel or Ticagrelor.

Korean Circ J 2019 Nov 1;49(11):1052-1061. Epub 2019 Jul 1.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Regional Cardiocerebrovascular Center, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Korea.

Background And Objectives: The degree of antiplatelet response to P2Y12 inhibitors has been associated with clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to test the variability of platelet reactivity over time among patients treated with clopidogrel or ticagrelor.

Methods: A single-center cohort of acute coronary syndrome patients that underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was analyzed. Platelet reactivity was measured at baseline, 48 hours after PCI, 1 month, and 6 months after clopidogrel (n=79) or ticagrelor (n=93) treatment. High on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) was defined as ≥47 U, assessed by multiple electrode platelet aggregometry.

Results: Platelet reactivity in the clopidogrel group increased over time, 38.2±21.7 U at 48 hours, 41.4±22.3 U at 1 month, and 44.7±25.5 U at 6 months (p=0.018, 48 hours to 6 months). However, platelet reactivity in the ticagrelor group was not significantly changed, 21.4±12.6 U at 48 hours, 20.0±12.2 U at 1 month, and 22.8±13.8 U at 6 months (p=0.392). A platelet reactivity change over time of more than 20U was found in 67.1% of the patients with clopidogrel group and 34.4% of ticagrelor group (p<0.001). Between 48 hours and 6 months, 43% of patients changed their responder status in the clopidogrel group, and 13% in the ticagrelor group (p<0.001).

Conclusions: Although ticagrelor treatment resulted in less temporal variability of platelet reactivity than clopidogrel treatment in terms of HPR, platelet reactivity varied over time in a significant proportion of patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2019.0098DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6813163PMC
November 2019

Effect of P2Y12 Inhibitor Monotherapy vs Dual Antiplatelet Therapy on Cardiovascular Events in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The SMART-CHOICE Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA 2019 06;321(24):2428-2437

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Importance: Data on P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after short-duration dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention are limited.

Objective: To determine whether P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after 3 months of DAPT is noninferior to 12 months of DAPT in patients undergoing PCI.

Design, Setting, And Participants: The SMART-CHOICE trial was an open-label, noninferiority, randomized study that was conducted in 33 hospitals in Korea and included 2993 patients undergoing PCI with drug-eluting stents. Enrollment began March 18, 2014, and follow-up was completed July 19, 2018.

Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to receive aspirin plus a P2Y12 inhibitor for 3 months and thereafter P2Y12 inhibitor alone (n = 1495) or DAPT for 12 months (n = 1498).

Main Outcomes And Measures: The primary end point was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke) at 12 months after the index procedure. Secondary end points included the components of the primary end point and bleeding defined as Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 2 to 5. The noninferiority margin was 1.8%.

Results: Among 2993 patients who were randomized (mean age, 64 years; 795 women [26.6%]), 2912 (97.3%) completed the trial. Adherence to the study protocol was 79.3% of the P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy group and 95.2% of the DAPT group. At 12 months, major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events occurred in 42 patients in the P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy group and in 36 patients in the DAPT group (2.9% vs 2.5%; difference, 0.4% [1-sided 95% CI, -∞% to 1.3%]; P = .007 for noninferiority). There were no significant differences in all-cause death (21 [1.4%] vs 18 [1.2%]; hazard ratio [HR], 1.18; 95% CI, 0.63-2.21; P = .61), myocardial infarction (11 [0.8%] vs 17 [1.2%]; HR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.31-1.40; P = .28), or stroke (11 [0.8%] vs 5 [0.3%]; HR, 2.23; 95% CI, 0.78-6.43; P = .14) between the 2 groups. The rate of bleeding was significantly lower in the P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy group than in the DAPT group (2.0% vs 3.4%; HR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.36-0.92; P = .02).

Conclusions And Relevance: Among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after 3 months of DAPT compared with prolonged DAPT resulted in noninferior rates of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events. Because of limitations in the study population and adherence, further research is needed in other populations.

Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02079194.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.8146DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6593635PMC
June 2019

Association between body mass index and 1-year outcome after acute myocardial infarction.

PLoS One 2019 14;14(6):e0217525. Epub 2019 Jun 14.

Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: Beneficial effects of overweight and obesity on mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been described as "Body Mass Index (BMI) paradox". However, the effects of BMI is still on debate. We analyzed the association between BMI and 1-year clinical outcomes after AMI.

Methods: Among 13,104 AMI patients registered in Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH) between November 2011 and December 2015, 10,568 patients who eligible for this study were classified into 3 groups according to BMI (Group 1; < 22 kg/m2, 22 ≤ Group 2 < 26 kg/m2, Group 3; ≥ 26 kg/m2). The primary end point was all cause death at 1 year.

Results: Over the median follow-up of 12 months, the event of primary end point occurred more frequently in the Group 1 patients than in the Group 3 patients (primary endpoint: adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.537; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.177 to 2.007, p = 0.002). Especially, cardiac death played a major role in this effect (aHR, 1.548; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.128 to 2.124, p = 0.007).

Conclusions: Higher BMI appeared to be good prognostic factor on 1-year all cause death after AMI. This result suggests that higher BMI or obesity might confer a protective advantage over the life-quality after AMI.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0217525PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6570024PMC
February 2020

Effectiveness and Safety of Zotarolimus-Eluting Stent (Resolute™ Integrity) in Patients with Diffuse Long Coronary Artery Disease.

Korean Circ J 2019 Aug 15;49(8):709-720. Epub 2019 May 15.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Background And Objectives: Diffuse long coronary artery disease (DLCAD) still has unfavorable clinical outcomes after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Resolute™ zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES; Resolute™ Integrity) for patients with DLCAD.

Methods: From December 2011 to December 2014, 1,011 patients who underwent PCI using R-ZES for CAD with longer than 25 mm lesion were prospectively enrolled from 21 hospitals in Korea. We assessed the clinical outcome of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as the composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and clinically-driven target vessel revascularization at 12 months.

Results: Mean age was 63.8±10.8 years, 701 (69.3%) patients were male, 572 (87.0%) patients had hypertension, 339 (33.8%) patients had diabetes, 549 (54.3%) patients diagnosed with acute MI and 545 (53.9%) patients had multi-vessel disease (MVD). A total of 1,697 stents were implanted into a total of 1,472 lesions. The mean diameter was 3.07±0.38 mm and the length was 28.27±6.97 mm. Multiple overlapping stents were performed in 205 (13.8%) lesions. A 12-month clinical follow-up was available in 1,004 patients (99.3%). The incidences of MACE and definite stent thrombosis at 12-month were 3.0% and 0.3% respectively. On multivariate Cox-regression analysis, multiple overlapping stents implantation, previous congestive heart failure, MVD, and age ≥75 years were independent predictors of one-year MACE.

Conclusions: Our study shows that R-ZES has an excellent 1-year clinical outcome in Korean patients with DLCAD.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2019.0018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6675695PMC
August 2019

Immediate multivessel intervention versus culprit-vessel intervention only in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and multivessel coronary disease: data from the prospective KAMIR-NIH registry.

Coron Artery Dis 2019 03;30(2):95-102

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital.

Background: The safety and efficacy of immediate multivessel coronary intervention (MVI) remain controversial in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel disease (MVD). This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of immediate MVI compared with culprit-vessel intervention only (CVI-O) in diverse subgroups with STEMI and MVD.

Patients And Methods: We compared immediate MVI (n=260) and CVI-O (n=931) regarding 1-year major adverse cardiac event rates for cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), and repeat revascularization in 1191 STEMI patients with MVD using data from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction-National Institutes of Health registry (2011-2015). High-risk patients and those who underwent a staged procedure were excluded from the analysis. Furthermore, propensity score matching and stratified subgroup analyses were performed.

Results: Immediate MVI and CVI-O groups had similar 1-year major adverse cardiac event rates [7.7 vs. 8.9%, hazard ratio (HR): 0.86, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.50-1.47, log-rank P=0.5628]. No difference was found between the groups in terms of the 1-year rate of cardiac death (2.9 vs. 1.3%, HR: 2.24, 95% CI: 0.75-6.67) or recurrent MI (2 vs. 1.5%, HR: 1.41, 95% CI: 0.45-4.44). However, repeat revascularization occurred less frequently in the immediate MVI group than in the CVI-O group (2.0 vs. 5.7%, HR: 0.35, 95% CI: 0.13-0.90, log-rank P=0.0142). These findings were found to be consistent across a broad spectrum of subgroups.

Conclusion: Compared with CVI-O, immediate MVI did not improve 1-year net clinical outcomes in stable STEMI patients with MVD. The only benefit found was a reduced repeat revascularization in immediate MVI.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCA.0000000000000684DOI Listing
March 2019

Association of potent P2Y12 blockers with ischemic and bleeding outcomes in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

J Cardiol 2019 02 26;73(2):142-150. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Kyungsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Republic of Korea.

Background: Potent P2Y12 blockers are preferred in patients with acute non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the risk of bleeding remains a major concern. We assessed the association of potent P2Y12 blockers with ischemic and bleeding outcomes in patients with NSTEMI.

Methods: From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 4927 patients with NSTEMI receiving drug-eluting stents (DES) were divided into potent P2Y12 blocker (ticagrelor or prasugrel, n=901) and clopidogrel (n=3180) groups. Propensity-matched 12-month ischemic and bleeding events were compared. Patients who received anticoagulants or who discontinued P2Y12 blockers or switched between potent P2Y12 blockers and clopidogrel were excluded.

Results: In the overall population, patients at higher ischemic and bleeding risks more often received clopidogrel. After propensity matching (n=901 in each group), 12-month rates of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events were lower (7.3% vs. 10.1%, p=0.038), but Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) major or minor bleeding rates were higher (5.9% vs. 2.2%, p<0.001) with potent P2Y12 blockers. Twelve-month rates of death from any cause, MI, stroke, or TIMI major bleeding were not different. On multivariate analysis, 12-month risk of TIMI major or minor bleeding was higher with B2 or C lesion, potent P2Y12 blocker use, body weight <60kg, and lower with time to PCI <12h and radial artery access.

Conclusions: In patients with NSTEMI receiving DES, potent P2Y12 blockers were associated with reduced ischemic but increased bleeding risk with similar net clinical benefits.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jjcc.2018.09.002DOI Listing
February 2019
-->