Publications by authors named "Senthil Natarajan"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Programming antitachycardia pacing for primary prevention in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators: results from the PROVE trial.

J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2010 Dec;21(12):1349-54

Texas Heart Institute at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas, USA.

Objectives: the PROVE trial was designed to determine if antitachycardia pacing (ATP) is clinically beneficial for primary prevention in patients who have implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) or cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators (CRT-Ds).

Background: use of ICDs and CRT-Ds reduces mortality in patients with ventricular dysfunction and mild to moderate heart failure. However, in studies of the primary prevention population, shock-only ICDs are predominantly used, without ATP programming for less painful termination of ventricular tachycardia (VT).

Methods: we conducted a prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter study using market-released ICDs and CRT-Ds. Patients received devices programmed to deliver ATP for VT cycle lengths of 270-330 ms. Follow-up evaluation was performed at 3, 6, and 12 months. The incidence of VT and the rate of successful termination by ATP were analyzed.

Results: of 830 patients in the study population (men, 73%; mean age, 67.3 ± 12 years), 32% received single-chamber ICDs, 44% dual-chamber ICDs, and 24% CRT-Ds. ATP was attempted for 112 VT episodes in 71 patients, and 103 (92%) of the VT episodes were successfully terminated. Three VT episodes were accelerated by ATP and required termination by ICD shock; 6 episodes terminated spontaneously or by ICD shock.

Conclusions: VT is common in patients without a history of this arrhythmia who have received ICDs or CRT-Ds for primary prevention indications. Programming ICDs for ATP therapy at the time of implantation could potentially terminate most VT episodes and reduce the number of painful shocks for these patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-8167.2010.01825.xDOI Listing
December 2010

"Tuned" defibrillation waveforms outperform 50/50% tilt defibrillation waveforms: a randomized multi-center study.

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2007 Jan;30 Suppl 1:S139-42

Rochester General Hospital, Rochester, New York, USA.

Introduction: A superior performance of a tuned waveform based on duration using an assumed cardiac membrane time constant of 3.5 ms and of a 50/50% tilt waveform over a standard 65/65% tilt waveform has been documented before. However, there has been no direct comparison of the tuned versus the 50/50% tilt waveforms.

Methods: In 34 patients, defibrillation thresholds (DFTs) for tuned versus 50/50% tilt waveforms in a random order were measured by using the optimized binary search method. High voltage lead impedance was measured and used to select the pulse widths for tuned and 50/50% tilt defibrillation waveforms.

Results: Delivered energy (7.3 +/- 4.6 J vs 8.7 +/- 5.3 J, P = 0.01), stored energy (8.2 +/- 5.1 J vs 9.7 +/- 5.6 J, P = 0.01), and delivered voltage (405.9 +/- 121.7 V vs 445.0 +/- 122.6 V, P = 0.008) were significantly lower for the tuned than for the 50/50% tilt waveform. In four patients with DFT >/= 15 J, the tuned waveform lowered the mean energy DFT by 2.8 J and mean voltage DFT by 45 V. For all patients, the mean peak delivered energy DFT was reduced from 29 J to 22 J (24% decrease). Multiple regression analysis showed that a left ventricular ejection fraction < 20% is a significant predictor of this advantage.

Conclusion: Energy and voltage DFTs are lowered with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator that uses a tuned waveform compared to a standard 50% tilt biphasic waveform.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-8159.2007.00624.xDOI Listing
January 2007