Publications by authors named "Sebnem Calik"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Histopathological examination of the impact of sodium hypochlorite on the hepatobiliary system. An experimental study.

Ann Ital Chir 2021 ;92:412-418

Background: The liver is the most common organ for settlement of hydatic cyst disease. All acknowledged protoscolicidals that are used for echinococcus degeneration have a risk of caustic secondary sclerosing cholangitis. The sodium hypochlorite is an effective protoscolicidal agent for treatment of hydatid liver cysts in vitro.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the safe usability of sodium hypochlorite for the treatment of hydatid cyst in the hepatobiliary system in an experimental rat model.

Methods: This experimental study designed as one side blinded animal study. Study was carried out between October 2017 and August 2018. Rats were randomly allocated to the study (n=7), control (n=7), and sham (n=7) groups. A duodenotomy was performed, and a catheter was inserted through the ampulla. The tip of the catheter was placed to instill 0.15 ml sodium hypochlorite (0,25%) solution, and 0.15 ml isotonic saline solution were into the common bile duct in the study and control groups, respectively. After three months, all rats were sacrificed. Livers, biliary tracts, pancreas, and duodenum were investigated for histopathological changes by blinded two pathologists.

Results: No significant difference was found between groups for periductal portal inflammation (p=0.077), parenchymal inflammation, and focal necrosis (p=0.119). There was not any histopathological change in 71.4 % of the subjects in control and experimental groups.

Conclusion: Sodium hypochlorite (0,25%) did not cause any unfavorable changes in the hepatobiliary system, and this reminds that sodium hypochlorite can be a safe alternative in percutaneous drainage, laparoscopic, and open surgery in the treatment of hydatid cyst.

Key Words: Hepatobiliary system, Hydatid disease, Sodium hypochlorite, Treatment.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

September 2021

Roles of certain biochemical and hematological parameters in predicting mortality and ICU admission in COVID-19 patients.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2021 9;67Suppl 1(Suppl 1):67-73. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Izmir Katip Çelebi University, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Department of Allergy and Immunology - İzmir, Turkey.

Objective: In this study, we aimed to retrospectively analyze the roles of certain hematological and biochemical parameters in predicting mortality and intensive care unit admission in patients diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Methods: We analyzed the complete blood count and biochemical parameters of 186 COVID-19 patients by using the polymerase chain reaction test. Whether these parameters can be used to predict intensive care unit admission and mortality in the COVID-19 patients was investigated.

Results: The complete blood count and biochemical parameters of COVID-19 patients and in those admitted to intensive care unit were compared. The red cell distribution width, ferritin, lactate dehydrogenase, D-dimer, C-reactive protein, prothrombin time, and creatinine levels were found to be the most significant parameters. We found that these parameters are significant for predicting not only intensive care unit admission, but also the mortality of the patients admitted to the intensive care unit.

Conclusions: We determined that the most effective parameters to predict intensive care unit admission and mortality in COVID-19 patients are ferritin, lactate dehydrogenase, D-dimer, C-reactive protein, red cell distribution width, creatinine, and intensive care unit. Close monitoring of these parameters and early intervention in alterations are of vital importance.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
August 2021

Determination of the relationship between mortality and SOFA, qSOFA, MASCC scores in febrile neutropenic patients monitored in the intensive care unit.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Jul 6;29(7):4089-4094. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Department of Hematology, Izmir Bozyaka Education and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Izmir, Turkey.

Purpose: Febrile neutropenia (FN) is a hematological emergency. It is challenging and confusing for the clinicians to make the decision of the febrile neutropenic patients under chemotherapy to be monitored at intensive care unit (ICU). The aim of this study was to define the factors supporting decision-making for the critical patients with febrile neutropenia.

Methods: The data of 60 patients, who were taken to the ICU while they were under treatment in the Hematology Clinic with a diagnosis of febrile neutropenia, were analyzed retrospectively, in order to identify clinically useful prognostic parameters.

Results: The ICU mortality rate was 80%. Mortality was significantly associated with higher sequential organ failure assessment score (SOFA), quick sequential organ failure assessment score (qSOFA), and hematological SOFA (SOFAhem) scores on admission. All cases having SOFA score 10 and above and qSOFA score 2 and above died. In multivariate analysis, qSOFA score was found to be statistically significant in predicting mortality in regard to ICU admission (p = 0.004).

Conclusion: Mortality of febrile neutropenic patients admitted to ICU is high. It would be appropriate to determine the extent of organ dysfunction instead of underlying disease, for making the decision of ICU admission. It should be noticed that the risk mortality is high for the FN cases with SOFA score 10 or above, qSOFA score 2 or above, and in need of mechanical ventilation and positive inotropic support; hence, early intervention is recommended. In our study, the most significant parameter in predicting ICU mortality was found to be qSOFA.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
July 2021

Impact of antibiotic resistance on outcomes of neutropenic cancer patients with bacteraemia (IRONIC study): study protocol of a retrospective multicentre international study.

BMJ Open 2019 05 24;9(5):e025744. Epub 2019 May 24.

Infectious Diseases Clinic, Department of Medicine, University of Udine and Azienda Sanitaria Universitaria Integrata, Udine, Italy.

Introduction: (PA) has historically been one of the major causes of severe sepsis and death among neutropenic cancer patients. There has been a recent increase of multidrug-resistant PA (MDRPA) isolates that may determine a worse prognosis, particularly in immunosuppressed patients. The aim of this study is to establish the impact of antibiotic resistance on the outcome of neutropenic onco-haematological patients with PA bacteraemia, and to identify the risk factors for MDRPA bacteraemia and mortality.

Methods And Analysis: This is a retrospective, observational, multicentre, international study. All episodes of PA bacteraemia occurring in neutropenic onco-haematological patients followed up at the participating centres from 1 January 2006 to 31 May 2018 will be retrospectively reviewed. The primary end point will be overall case-fatality rate within 30 days of onset of PA bacteraemia. The secondary end points will be to describe the following: the incidence and risk factors for multidrug-resistant and extremely drug-resistant PA bacteraemia (by comparing the episodes due to susceptible PA with those produced by MDRPA), the efficacy of ceftolozane/tazobactam, the rates of persistent bacteraemia and bacteraemia relapse and the risk factors for very early (48 hours), early (7 days) and overall (30 days) case-fatality rates.

Ethics And Dissemination: The Clinical Research Ethics Committee of Bellvitge University Hospital approved the protocol of the study at the primary site. To protect personal privacy, identifying information of each patient in the electronic database will be encrypted. The processing of the patients' personal data collected in the study will comply with the Spanish Data Protection Act of 1998 and with the European Directive on the privacy of data. All data collected, stored and processed will be anonymised. Results will be reported at conferences and in peer-reviewed publications.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
May 2019

Risk factors for noncatheter-related Candida bloodstream infections in intensive care units: A multicenter case-control study.

Med Mycol 2019 Aug;57(6):668-674

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Candida bloodstream infections are associated with high mortality among critically ill patients in intensive care units (ICUs). Studies that explore the risk factors for candidemia may support better patient care in intensive care units. We conducted a retrospective, multicenter case-control study to investigate the risk factors for noncatheter-related Candida bloodstream infections (CBSI) in adult ICUs. Participants selected controls randomly on a 1:1 basis among all noncase patients stayed during the same period in ICUs. Data on 139 cases and 140 controls were deemed eligible. Among the controls, 69 patients died. The stratified Fine-Gray model was used to estimate the subdistribution Hazard ratios. The subdistribution hazards and 95% confidence intervals for final covariates were as follows: prior exposure to antimycotic agents, 2.21 (1.56-3.14); prior exposure to N-acetylcysteine, 0.11 (0.03-0.34) and prior surgical intervention, 1.26 (0.76-2.11). Of the patients, those exposed to antimycotic drugs, 87.1% (54/62) had breakthrough candidemia. Serious renal, hepatic, or hematologic side effects were comparable between patients those exposed and not-exposed to systemic antimycotic drugs. Untargeted administration of antimycotic drugs did not improve survival among candidemic patients (not-exposed, 63.6% [49/77]; exposed % 66.1 [41/62]; P = .899). This study documented that exposure to an antifungal agent is associated with increased the risk of subsequent development of CBSIs among nonneutropenic adult patients admitted to the ICU. Only two centers regularly prescribed N-acetylcysteine. Due to the limited number of subjects, we interpreted the positive effect of N-acetylcysteine on the absolute risk of CBSIs with caution.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
August 2019

The relationship between mortality and microbiological parameters in febrile neutropenic patients with hematological malignancies.

Saudi Med J 2018 Sep;39(9):878-885

Department of Infectious Diseases & Clinical Microbiology, Izmir Bozyaka Training and Research hospital, University of Health Science, Izmir, Turkey. E-mail.

Objectives: To determine effective risk factors on mortality in febrile neutropenic cases with hematologic malignancy. Patients with hematologic diseases are more prone to infections and those are frequent causes of mortality.

Methods: This retrospective study was performed using data of 164 febrile neutropenic cases with hematologic malignancies who were followed up in a hematology clinic of a tertiary health care center between 2011-2015. The relationship between descriptive and clinical parameters rates and rates of mortality on the 7th and the 21st days were investigated.

Results: Patients with absolute neutrophil count less than 100/mm3, duration of neutropenia longer than 7 days, pneumonia or gastrointestinal foci of infection, central catheterization (p=0.025), isolation of Gram (-) bacteria in culture, carbapenem resistance, septic shock, and bacterial growth during intravenous administration of antibiotic treatment were under more risk for mortality on both the 7th and the 21st days. The final multivariate logistic regression results showed that pneumonia (p less than 0.0001), septic shock (p=0.004) and isolation of Gram-negative bacteria (p=0.032) were statistically significant risk factors.

Conclusion: Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of serious infections, which are important causes of morbidity and mortality, are crucial in patients with febrile neutropenia. Thus, each center should closely follow up causes of infection and establish their empirical antibiotherapy protocols to accomplish better results in the management of febrile neutropenia.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
September 2018

A persistently low HBV DNA level is a predictor of spontaneous HBsAg clearance in patients with chronic hepatitis B.

Turk J Med Sci 2016 Jan 5;46(1):48-52. Epub 2016 Jan 5.

Department of Microbiology and Clinical Microbiology, İzmir Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey.

Background/aim: The incidence and predictors of spontaneous hepatitis B surface-antigen (HBsAg) seroclearance in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) were evaluated.

Materials And Methods: A total of 1427 patients with chronic HBV infection, who were followed between 1994 and 2013, were investigated in this retrospective study. All data were extracted from patient files.

Results: Spontaneous HBsAg seroclearance occurred in 84 patients during 8798 person-years of follow-up. The patients were categorized into 3 groups at follow-up based on HBV DNA features as continuously <100 copies/mL (Group A), 0-10,000 copies/mL (Group B), and 0 to >10,000 copies/mL (Group C). Alanine aminotransferase features in the 2 groups were categorized as continuously normal (<40 U/L) and 0 to >40 U/L. Spontaneous HBsAg seroclearance was seen primarily in patients with Group A HBV DNA features, and continuously low HBV DNA values were the main predictor of HBsAg seroclearance (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: These results suggest that a continuously low viral load is the most important factor affecting spontaneous HBsAg seroclearance.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
January 2016

Vancomycin versus linezolid in the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus meningitis in an experimental rabbit model.

Med Sci Monit 2012 Nov;18(11):SC5-8

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Urla State Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the antibacterial efficacy of vancomycin and linezolid in a rabbit model of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) meningitis.

Material/methods: Meningitis was induced by intracisternal inoculation of ATCC 43300 strain. After 16 h incubation time and development of meningitis, the vancomycin group received vancomycin 20 mg/kg every 12 h. The linezolid-10 and linezolid-20 groups received linezolid in 10 and 20 mg/kg dosages every 12 h, respectively. The control group did not receive any antibiotics. Cerebrospinal fluid bacterial counts were measured at the end of 16-h incubation time and at the end of 24-h treatment.

Results: Bacterial counts were similar in all groups at 16 h. At the end of treatment the decrease in bacterial counts in the vancomycin group was approximately 2 logs higher than the linezolid-20 group (p>0.05) and approximately 4 logs higher than in the linezolid-10 group (p: 0.037) (Vancomycin group: -2.860 ± 4.495 versus Linezolid-20: -0.724 ± 4.360, versus Linezolid-10: 1.39 ± 3.37). Full or partial bacteriological response was higher in vancomycin versus linezolid-10 (p: 0.01), but not vancomycin versus linezolid-20 or linezolid-10 versus-linezolid-20 groups.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that linezolid is not statistically inferior to vancomycin in the treatment of MRSA meningitis in an experimental rabbit model in 20 mg/kg q12 h dosage; however, it is inferior in 10 mg/kg q12 h dosage. Additional data should gathered to confirm these findings in advance of clinical trials to assess efficacy in humans.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
November 2012

Moxifloxacin versus ampicillin + gentamicin in the therapy of experimental Listeria monocytogenes meningitis.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2008 Mar 29;61(3):670-3. Epub 2008 Jan 29.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.

Objectives: This study aimed to compare the antibacterial activity of moxifloxacin and ampicillin + gentamicin in the treatment of Listeria monocytogenes meningitis in a rabbit meningitis model.

Methods: Meningitis was induced by direct inoculation of a clinical strain isolated from an immunocompromised patient (10(7) cfu/mL) into the cisterna magna of New Zealand rabbits. After 16 h of incubation, rabbits were separated into four groups: moxifloxacin (M), ampicillin + gentamicin (A), ampicillin + gentamicin 2 (A2) and control (C). Group M received 20 mg/kg moxifloxacin at the end of the incubation time and 5 h later by intravenous (i.v.) route. Group A received ampicillin (30 mg/kg/h) and gentamicin (2.5 mg/kg/h) by i.v. route with continuous infusion for 8 h in 36 mL of 0.9% NaCl, group A2 received the same dosage of gentamicin and ampicillin in two different 36 mL 0.9% NaCl solutions and group C did not receive any treatment. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples (0.1-0.25 mL) were obtained 16 and 24 h after induction of meningitis.

Results: At the end of the 16 h of incubation, CSF bacterial counts were similar in all groups (P > 0.05). At the final stage of the study (24 h after induction of meningitis), bacterial counts in all treatment groups were significantly lower than the control group (P < 0.05). When the three treatment groups were compared, bacterial counts were found to be similar (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: These data suggest that antibacterial activity of moxifloxacin is similar to ampicillin + gentamicin in the treatment of experimental L. monocytogenes meningitis of rabbits.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
March 2008

[Ochrobactrum anthropi bacteremia developed after cholangiopancreatography].

Mikrobiyol Bul 2007 Jul;41(3):469-72

Ege Universitesi Tip Fakültesi, Enfeksiyon Hastaliklari ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dali, Izmir.

Ochrobactrum anthropi (formerly Achromobacter spp.) is an aerobic, motile, oxidase positive and lactose negative gram negative bacillus which is widely distributed in the environment and water sources. In recent publications, O. anthropi has an increasing importance as a nosocomial infection agent. The aim of this report was to present a case of O. anthropi bacteremia developed after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). A 89-year old female patient presented with high fever one day after ERCP performed due to klatskin tumour. O. anthropi had been grown in blood culture (BacT/ALERT 3D, bioMérieux, Durham, USA), and the isolate was identified by automatized system (VITEK, bioMerieux, Marcy l'Etoile, France). Since there was no clinical response to empirical ceftriaxone therapy, it was switched to meropenem, which was found effective by VITEK antibiotic susceptibility detection system. The patient was treated successfully with meropenem therapy (3 x 1 gr/day, 10 days). As a result, in case of suspected post-ERCP bacteremia, unconventional microorganisms such as O. anthropi should be taken into consideration.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

July 2007

Accuracy of consultations performed by infectious diseases trainees and factors associated with adherence to them.

Int J Infect Dis 2007 Nov 27;11(6):518-23. Epub 2007 Apr 27.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey.

Objectives: Infectious diseases (ID) trainees should be familiar with duties relevant to consultation practice. In this study we aimed to analyze the ID trainee night/weekend shift consultation process in terms of consultant characteristics, types of recommendations, and compliance with recommendations.

Methods: All consultations performed by ID trainees on the night shift and at the weekends between 10 June and 10 August 2004 were recorded prospectively on standardized forms. Infectious diseases specialists assessed the appropriateness of recommendations the day after each consultation. Recommendations were considered complied with if they were carried out within 72 hours of the consultation.

Results: Of 440 consultations, 163 were for a clinically diagnosed infection (without specific antibiotic request) and 79 were for treatment continuation. Overall, 152 consultations were for requesting specific antibiotic(s), and 327 antibiotics were recommended or approved in 270 consultations. Eight of these recommendations were inappropriate. Overall compliance to ID recommendations was 75.3% (418/555). In univariate analysis, the compliance rate to non-treatment recommendations (microbiologic cultures, radiology, biochemistry, etc.) was found to be lower than the rate of compliance to antibiotic recommendations (186/308 vs. 232/247, p<0.05). In addition, compliance to recommendations made by the first-year trainees was lower than to the recommendations made by the other trainees. In logistic regression analysis only recommendations including antibiotic treatment was associated with higher compliance (p=0.0001, odds ratio=10.2, 95% CI=5.7-18.3).

Conclusions: ID trainees are capable of evaluating patients and recommending appropriate antibiotics. Methodologies to improve the compliance to non-treatment-based recommendations and optimizing antibiotic selection seem to be necessary.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
November 2007