Publications by authors named "Saurav Barman"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Residual effect of pre-emergence herbicides on microbial activities in relation to mineralization of C, N and P in the Gangetic alluvial soil of West Bengal, India.

Environ Monit Assess 2015 Jul 26;187(7):465. Epub 2015 Jun 26.

Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, 741252, West Bengal, India.

An experiment has been conducted under laboratory conditions to investigate the residual effect of three pre-emergence herbicides (thiobencarb, pendimethalin and pretilachlor) at fivefold field application rates (7.5, 10.0 and 2.5 kg a.i. ha(-1), respectively), on the changes of microbial activities and some biochemical processes in the Gangetic alluvial soil of West Bengal. Application of herbicides in general significantly increased microbial biomass resulting in greater mineralization of C, N and P in soil. The highest stimulation of microbial biomass C was recorded with thiobencarb (24.4%) followed by pendimethalin (23.4%). Microbial biomass N was highly induced under pretilachlor (54.5%) and thiobencarb (52.7%), while the stimulation of microbial biomass P was at par in the herbicide-treated soils. Compared to untreated control, the highest amount of organic C was retained with thiobencarb followed by pendimethalin. A similar trend was recorded with thiobencarb for total N, while pendimethalin induced exchangeable NH4 (+) and soluble NO3 (-) to the highest extent (42.2 and 34.5%, respectively). Regarding the availability of P in soil, pretilachlor manifested greater stimulation (33.1%) than thiobencarb (21.6%) and pendimethalin (11.4%). As compared to untreated control, thiobencarb harboured maximum number of bacteria (107.9%), while pretilachlor exerted the highest stimulations towards the proliferations of actinomycetes (132.6%) and fungi (149.5%) in soil.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-015-4698-9DOI Listing
July 2015

Effect of Pre-emergence Herbicides on Microbial Biomass and Biochemical Processes in a Typic Fluvaquent Soil Amended with Farm Yard Manure.

Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2015 Sep 6;95(3):395-400. Epub 2015 Jun 6.

Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, 741252, West Bengal, India,

Application of thiobencarb, pendimethalin and pretilachlor at rates of 7.5, 10.0 and 2.5 kg a.i. ha(-1), respectively, under laboratory conditions, significantly increased microbial biomass C, N and P, resulting in greater availability of C, N and P in soil amended with farm yard manure. Application of thiobencarb highly induced microbial biomass C (46.3 %) and N (40.6 %), while pretilachlor and thiobencarb augmented microbial biomass P to the extent of 14.9 % and 14.1 %, respectively. Application of pendimethalin retained the highest amount of total N (19.9 %), soluble NO3 (-) (56 %) and available P (69.5 %) in soil. A similar trend was recorded with thiobencarb for oxidizable organic C (18.1 %) and with pretilachlor for exchangeable NH4 (+) (65.8 %). At the end of the experiment, the highest stimulation of bacteria was recorded with thiobencarb (29.6 %), while pretilachlor harboured the maximum number of actinomycetes (37.2 %) and fungi (40 %) in soil compared to the untreated control.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00128-015-1571-zDOI Listing
September 2015
-->