Publications by authors named "Saumya Sekhar Jenasamant"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Thoracic duct injury after decortication of lung, new technique to repair thoracic duct in this challenging situation: A case report.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2021 Jul 2;29(6):558-561. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Internal Medicine, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Kanchipuram, India.

Background: Chylothorax is a rare form of pleural effusion that can be associated with both traumatic and non-traumatic causes. Very few patients respond to conservative line of therapy. Thoracic duct ligation is often the treatment of choice in post-surgical patients; however, the optimal treatment of this disease process after traumatic injury remains unclear. We present the case of a 46-year-old woman with thoracic duct injury secondary to decortication for post-pneumonic empyema. Conservative therapy and pleurodesis done twice failed. She developed severe cachexia losing 15 kg in 30 days. She was referred to our center for ligation of thoracic duct. Preoperative lymphangiography located the duct injury in upper part of mediastinum. Computerized tomography scan of chest showed collapse of left lower lobe and thickened left pleura, indicating a significant pericardial effusion. She underwent decortication of left lung, pericardial window, and native pericardial patch repair of thoracic duct. In this unusual and complex case, successful resolution of the chyle leak was achieved with new surgical technique of patch repair. The patient recovered well and was now on a normal diet. She has put on 12 kg in four months. We have avoided late complications of thoracic duct ligation by this technique. This nouvelle technique may be recommended as it is simple and effective. Ligation of thoracic duct carries late complications. Isolating right lung by double lumen tube may cause severe hypoxia as left-sided lung is not expanded as in this case.
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July 2021

Surgical challenge in situs inversus with dextrocardia and Lutembacher syndrome.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2018 Nov 6;26(9):690-693. Epub 2017 Mar 6.

GB Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, New Delhi, India.

Situs inversus with dextrocardia and Lutembacher syndrome is a rare cardiac anomaly. It is associated with other complex cardiac anomalies and anatomical defects. A 30-year-old woman with this condition underwent mitral valve replacement and closure of a secundum atrial septal defect. We describe the surgical approach, position of the surgeon, and bicaval cannulation technique for this anatomical aberration.
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November 2018

A prospective study of the Bedside Index for Severity in Acute Pancreatitis (BISAP) score in acute pancreatitis: an Indian perspective.

Pancreatology 2014 Sep-Oct;14(5):335-9. Epub 2014 Jul 22.

Department of General Surgery, SCB Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, 753007, India.

Introduction: A simple and easily applicable system for stratifying patients with acute pancreatitis is lacking. The aim of our study was to evaluate the ability of BISAP score to predict mortality in acute pancreatitis patients from our institution and to predict which patients are at risk for development of organ failure, persistent organ failure and pancreatic necrosis.

Methods: All patients with acute pancreatitis were included in the study. BISAP score was calculated within 24 h of admission. A Contrast CT was used to differentiate interstitial from necrotizing pancreatitis within seven days of hospitalization whereas Marshall Scoring System was used to characterize organ failure.

Results: Among 246 patients M:F = 153:93, most common aetiology among men was alcoholism and among women was gallstone disease. 207 patients had no organ failure and remaining 39 developed organ failure. 17 patients had persistent organ failure, 16 of those with BISAP score ≥3. 13 patients in our study died, out of which 12 patients had BISAP score ≥3. We also found that a BISAP score of ≥3 had a sensitivity of 92%, specificity of 76%, a positive predictive value of 17%, and a negative predictive value of 99% for mortality.

Discussion: The BISAP score is a simple and accurate method for the early identification of patients at increased risk for in hospital mortality and morbidity.
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June 2015