Publications by authors named "Saudamini Sikchi"

2 Publications

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Decoding placental pathology: Usage of a comprehensive checklist and scoring system for reporting of placentas in the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2022 Apr-Jun;65(2):362-368

Department of Histopathology, Apollo Hospitals, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad (TS), Telangana, India.

Introduction/context: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are major complications of pregnancy and seen in about 5% to 10% of all pregnancies. Among these, pre-eclampsia is a leading cause of perinatal and fetal morbidity and mortality. It is a multifactorial and multisystemic disorder that results in a variety of histomorphologic features, some of which may be missed if a diligent examination is not performed.

Aims And Objectives: The present study aimed to propose a checklist and novel scoring system to ensure comprehensive placental examination. We also aimed to evaluate the correlation, if any, between histopathological and morphometric findings in HDP and with fetal growth.

Materials And Methods: A total of 100 placentas of women diagnosed with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy were included in our cross-sectional, observational study. Morphometric features and histological features that are known to be seen in HDP were analyzed, and each of them was given a numerical score based on their severity.

Statistical Analysis Used: Pearson correlation coefficient test was applied to correlate these findings, and ANOVA test was used to assess the correlation of these findings with fetal growth restriction (FGR).

Results: More than 50% of the placentas studied recorded maximum scores for weight and volume. At least 25% of the placentas showed the presence of all histo-pathological features under study. The association of total morphometric and histological scores was not found to be statistically significant (P-value = 0.239). We found a significant difference between means of morphometric scores of cases with normal fetal growth and cases showing FGR (P-value = 0.008).

Conclusion: Uneven distribution and presentation of the lesions in these cases may lead to the absence of correlation between morphometry and histopathology, as seen in our study. Morphometric derangements in the placenta correlate with FGR. Our proposed checklist and scoring system can be utilized to standardize reporting of placental specimens in the evaluation of placentas with HDP, in order to facilitate and standardize the placental reporting.
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April 2022

Prescription writing practices in a rural tertiary care hospital in Western Maharashtra, India.

Australas Med J 2011 31;4(1):4-8. Epub 2011 Jan 31.

Professor, Department of Community Medicine (PSM), Rural Medical College, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Loni, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Prescription is a written order from physician to pharmacist which contains name of drug, its dose and its method of dispensing and advice over consuming it. The frequency of drug prescription errors is high. Prescribing error contributes significantly towards adverse drug events. The present study was undertaken to understand the current prescription writing practices and to detect the common errors in them at a tertiary health care centre situated in a rural area of Western Maharashtra, India.

Method: A cross sectional study was conducted at a tertiary level hospital located at a rural area of Maharashtra state, India during October 2009-March 2010. 499 prescriptions coming to medical store during period of one month were considered for data analysis. Important information regarding the patient, doctor, drug and the general description of the prescription were obtained.

Results: All the prescriptions were on the hospital pad. A significant number of the prescriptions (n=88, 17.6%) were written in illegible handwriting and not easily readable. The name, age and sex of the patient were mentioned is majority of the prescriptions. All the prescriptions (100%) failed to demonstrate the presence of address, height and weight of the patient. Only the brand name of the drugs was mentioned in all the prescriptions with none of them having the generic name. The strength, quantity and route of administration of the drug were found on 73.1%, 65.3% and 75.2% prescriptions.

Conclusion: There are widespread errors in prescription writing by the doctors. Educational intervention programs and use of computer can substantially contribute in the lowering of such errors. A short course on prescription writing before the medical student enters the clinical field and strict monitoring by the administrative authorities may also help alleviate the problem.
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February 2013