Publications by authors named "Satona Murakami"

12 Publications

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Reverse lateral upper arm flaps for treating large soft tissue defects extending from the elbow to the forearm.

Case Reports Plast Surg Hand Surg 2022 19;9(1):145-150. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Science, Nagoya City, Japan.

In this study, we report three cases wherein reverse lateral upper arm flaps were used to treat very large tissue defects extending from the elbow to the forearm. The flap sizes were 19 × 6.5 cm, 20 × 7 cm, and 17 × 7 cm. All flaps survived and elbow motion recovered sufficiently.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23320885.2022.2076683DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9122378PMC
May 2022

Effects of a walking program in patients with chronic unilateral vestibular hypofunction.

J Phys Ther Sci 2022 Feb 23;34(2):85-91. Epub 2022 Feb 23.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University: 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan.

[Purpose] Patients with chronic unilateral vestibular hypofunction show decreased postural stability and low levels of physical activity and also experience much anxiety. Physical activity is known to improve these symptoms; however, no study has reported any positive effects of physical activity, such as symptom reduction or improvement in function in these patients. In this study, we investigated the role of a walking program in improvement of dizziness, anxiety, and postural stability in this patient population. [Participants and Methods] This study included 21 patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction and chronic dizziness. Patients were instructed to walk 30 min daily for 3 months. Physical activity levels and questionnaires for clinical symptoms, anxiety, and postural stability were evaluated before and after intervention. [Results] We observed significant differences in the amount of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, clinical symptoms, and self-perceived handicap before and after the intervention. Additionally, anxiety levels were significantly reduced and postural stability was significantly improved in these patients. [Conclusion] A walking program improved physical activity levels, clinical symptoms, and postural stability and reduced self-perceived handicap and anxiety in patients with chronic unilateral vestibular hypofunction. These results highlight the effectiveness of a walking program for these patients and emphasize its role as a complementary vestibular rehabilitation strategy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1589/jpts.34.85DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8860696PMC
February 2022

Stand-up test could be a helpful adjunct for screening elbow disorders in Little League baseball players.

J Orthop Sci 2021 Dec 13. Epub 2021 Dec 13.

Department of Sports and Fitness, Faculty of Wellness, Shigakkan University, Obu, Japan.

Background: The purpose of this study is to justify the result of the modified Stand-Up test (MSUT) in Little League baseball players and to clarify the association with sports related disorders in the elbow.

Methods: A total of 245 (240 boys and 5 girls) Little League baseball players aged 9 to 12 underwent physical examination, elbow ultrasonography and questionnaires during a routine medical checkup. In addition, the MSUT, based on the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA)'s original Stand-Up test to evaluate the risk of Locomotive syndrome, was performed.

Results: Seventeen osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of capitellum and 4 medial epicondylar fragmentation (MEF) cases were diagnosed with ultrasonography in 242 players. Based on the MSUT, five boys could not stand up from 40 cm platform with the single leg stance, two of whom complained of current elbow pain, three of whom diagnosed with a positive finding with ultrasonography. Odds ratio (95% confidence limits) of risk factors for failing to the 40 cm-MSUT with the single leg stance were: incidence of current elbow pain 5.7 (0.9-35.5); OCD (Grade 1b and 2) 8.2 (0.8-83); and MEF 19.5 (1.7-230).

Conclusion: Two percent of Little League baseball players were unable to stand up from a 40 cm high platform/stool with the single leg stance by the MSUT and it was associated with an increase in MEF or OCD diagnosis by ultrasonography and presence of elbow pain. These results suggest that players who failed to the 40 cm-MSUT with the single leg stance are at risk of elbow disorders. Also, these results are consistent with previous research on throwing injuries that have associated poor control in the legs or trunk with pain and injury involving the upper extremities. MSUT, a relatively simple procedure, may be a helpful adjunct for screening to estimate readiness for resuming general physical activity in Little League baseball players.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2021.11.019DOI Listing
December 2021

Insidious Onset Compartment Syndrome of the Forearm in a Teenager: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2021 Sep;26(3):481-484

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Science, Nagoya, Japan.

Compartment syndrome affecting the upper extremities is a relatively underreported event compared with compartment syndrome affecting the lower extremities. Moreover, insidious onset forearm compartment syndrome has been rarely reported and is usually limited to single case reports. We report a compartment syndrome of the forearm in a teenager. She hit her right proximal forearm lightly on the cash register, but there was no pain. However, the next day, she had difficulty in moving her right hand. Although she underwent electrotherapy, her right forearm gradually became swollen, and she felt numbness in the ring and little fingers of her right hand. Six day after the onset, she came to our hospital and underwent fasciotomy. There was no aftereffect, and very good functional recovery was obtained. All clinicians need to keep the case of forearm compartment syndrome in a young individual with a diffuse course, such as in this case in mind.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S2424835521720218DOI Listing
September 2021

Validity of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Hip Disease Evaluation Questionnaire (JHEQ) for Japanese patients with labral tear.

J Hip Preserv Surg 2020 Aug 29;7(3):466-473. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Department of Anesthesiology, Aichi Children's Health and Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohbu City, Aichi 474-8710, Japan.

The Japanese Orthopaedic Association Hip Disease Evaluation Questionnaire (JHEQ) was created for patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and to evaluate the conditions of patients with hip disease. Nevertheless, the validity of the JHEQ for patients with hip labral tears remains unclear. Therefore, we validated the JHEQ in patients with labral tears. There were 51 patients (mean age 44.5, range 18-60 years; 31 women). Thirty-two patients had right-sided tears, 29 underwent hip arthroscopy, 32 had femoroacetabular impingement and 15 had developmental hip dysplasia. Five PROMs included in the JHEQ were evaluated using test-retest methods. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software according to the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health status Measurement Instruments checklist. The intra-class correlation coefficient (1, 2) of all JHEQ scores (84 points) was 0.88 and Cronbach's was 0.94. Bland-Altman analysis revealed good test-retest reliability for the JHEQ. The Spearman's rank test, including the SF-36 subscale, showed a high correlation with physical functioning [1, 0.67 ( < 0.01); 2, 0.65 ( < 0.01)], body pain [1, 0.54 ( < 0.01); 2, 0.53 ( < 0.01)] and physical component summary [1, 0.55 ( < 0.01); 2, 0.55 ( < 0.01)]. The value of minimal important change (22.9) was higher than that of smallest detectable change (3.21), suggesting that the JHEQ has adequate responsiveness. We demonstrated the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the JHEQ in Japanese patients with hip labral tears. JHEQ is a valid assessment tool not only for patients with hip osteoarthritis or osteonecrosis but also for those with hip labral tears.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhps/hnaa038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8081416PMC
August 2020

Exploring the validation of a Japanese version of the International Hip Outcome Tool 12: Reliability, validity, and responsiveness.

J Orthop Sci 2019 Jul 10;24(4):652-657. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Anesthesiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Backgrounds: The International Hip Outcome Tool 12 (iHOT12) was authorized by the Multicenter Arthroscopy of the Hip Outcomes Research Network (MAHORN). iHOT12 is increasingly being adopted in orthopedic studies to report patient outcomes. This study aimed to develop a Japanese version of the International Hip Outcome Tools "iHOT12J", and to establish its reliability, validity, and responsiveness.

Methods: To assess test-retest reliability, an identical set of patients reported outcome measures with five qualitative scoring measures including iHOT12; these were filled out by each patient twice. Reliability was explored using Cronbachss alpha and intraclass correlation coefficient. The Bland-Altman plot was used to explore the absolute agreement. To evaluate validity, we examined the relationships between SF36 and iHOT12. Responsiveness was assessed by comparing the smallest detectable change to the minimal important change by applying an anchor-based approach.

Results: Fifty patients (51 joints) were analyzed from March 2016 to October 2017 in Japanese four facility. The Cronbach α coefficient was 0.90 and the average value of intraclass coefficient (ICC) was 0.89. Bland-Altman plot analysis showed a solid agreement. Regarding the validity, the Spearman rank correlation coefficients were strong with PF (r = 0.69, p < 0.01), BP (r = 0.71, p < 0.01) and PCS (r = 0.69, p < 0.01). The smallest detectable change (3.19) was smaller than the minimum important change (12.40).

Conclusions: We developed iHOT12J, which seems to show sufficient reliability, validity, and responsiveness. We believe that this patient reported outcome measure is beneficial in studying Japanese patients with femoroacetabular impingement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2018.12.014DOI Listing
July 2019

Japanese version of the international PROMs "Vail Hip Score": Reliability, validity, and responsiveness according to the COSMIN checklist.

J Orthop Sci 2019 May 9;24(3):447-451. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Anesthesiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Background: This study aimed to develop a Japanese version of the international PROMs "Vail Hip Score (Vail10)" and to establish its reliability, validity, and responsiveness with COSMIN check-list.

Methods: The study was conducted from March 2016 to October 2017 and included 46 patients totaling 47 joints. Disorders included 30 cases of FAI (55%), 13 cases of DDH (28%), and 4 others (8%). We administered an identical set of PROMs (5 measures: Japanese-version iHOT12 (pilot draft), Japanese-version Vail10, Japanese-version Oxford Hip Score, JHEQ, and SF36) twice in these subjects. We determined interclass correlation coefficients for the first and second round [ICC(1,2)], as well as the Cronbach α coefficient for patient responses to each of the 10 items in Vail10. In addition, we determined Spearman rank correlation coefficients of Vail10, OHS, JHEQ, satisfaction VAS, the 8 subscales of SF36, and the 3 QOL summary scores.

Results: ICC for the total score of all 10 items in Vail10 was 0.96. Cronbach α coefficient was 0.96. Bland-Altman plot analysis showed a solid agreement. Regarding the validity, Spearman rank correlation coefficients, only satisfaction VAS, and SF36 subscales of PF and BP had r > 0.45 (p < 0.01 in both administration rounds). The SDC (1.32) was smaller than the MIC (8.14).

Conclusions: After developing the Japanese version of Vail10, we examined its Reliability, validity, and responsiveness by administering the measure to patients with acetabular labral tear. Correlations were strong and demonstrated the efficacy of the Japanese version of Vail10.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2018.10.013DOI Listing
May 2019

Is the canal flare index a reliable means of estimation of canal shape? Measurement of proximal femoral geometry by use of 3D models of the femur.

J Orthop Sci 2015 May 5;20(3):498-506. Epub 2015 Mar 5.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-Cho, Mizuho-Ward, Nagoya, Aichi, 467-8601, Japan,

Background: The canal flare index (CFI; the ratio of the diameter of the femoral canal at the isthmus in the anteroposterior (A-P) view to the diameter of the medullary canal 20 mm above the lesser trochanter) is often used as a canal characteristic. Clinically, however, CFI measurements are sometimes untrustworthy because of femoral rotation and, especially, greater anteversion among Japanese patients. Our objectives were to analyze femoral geometry, by use of 3D CAD models, to evaluate the effects of rotational error, and to seek an index less affected by rotation.

Methods: Computed axial tomography (CAT) scan data from 60 femurs were used. By use of CAD software, 3D femoral models were created. The outside of the femur and the inside canal width 20 mm (P20) and 10 mm proximal (P10), and 10 mm (D10), 20 mm (D20), 30 mm (D30), and 40 mm (D40) distal from the center of the lesser trochanter, and at the isthmus were measured for different angles of femoral rotation. CFI, FFI (femoral flare index; the ratio of the extra-cortical diameters at the same levels as for the CFI), and other canal ratios (P20/D10, P20/D20, P20/D30, and P20/D40) were then calculated and the effect of rotational errors was investigated.

Results: Mean CFI, FFI, P20/D10, P20/D20, P20/D30, and P20/D40 were 4.29, 2.08, 2.05, 2.49, 2.85, and 3.09 in the position without rotational error. CFI was not related to anteversion but had a negative correlation with isthmus canal width (only). In contrast FFI was almost constant at approximately 2.1 for different anteversion and age. With regard to the effect of rotational error, CFI changed by 1.31, FFI by 0.40, P20/D10 by 0.41, P20/D20 by 0.40, P20/D30 by 0.59, and P20/D40 by 0.80 for a variety of rotational angles.

Conclusions: Outside femoral shape was little different for any person; as a result, FFI was almost constant. In contrast, CFI was revealed to be affected by canal width at the isthmus only. With regard to the effect of rotation, P20/D20 was much less affected by rotation than CFI; it could, therefore, be an appropriate index for expressing proximal canal shape.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00776-015-0704-xDOI Listing
May 2015

Hip Arthroscopic Synovectomy and Labral Repair in a Patient With Rheumatoid Arthritis With a 2-Year Follow-up.

Arthrosc Tech 2014 Aug 18;3(4):e523-6. Epub 2014 Aug 18.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya, Japan.

The arthroscopic surgical procedures reported previously for a rheumatic hip joint have been primarily performed as diagnostic procedures. Only a few studies have reported the success of arthroscopic surgery in hip joint preservation. We encountered a special case in which joint remodeling was seen in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis treated with biological drugs after hip arthroscopic synovectomy and labral repair. We report the case of a 39-year-old woman with rheumatism, which was controlled with tocilizumab, prednisolone, and tacrolimus. The hip joint showed Larsen grade 3 destruction, and the Harris Hip Score was 55 points. Because of the patient's strong desire to undergo a hip preservation operation, we performed hip arthroscopic synovectomy and repair of a longitudinal labral tear. After 2.5 years, the joint space had undergone rebuilding with improvement to Larsen grade 2, and the Harris Hip Score had improved to 78 points; the patient was able to return to work with the use of 1 crutch. It is possible to perform hip arthroscopic surgery for rheumatoid arthritis with a hip preservation operation with biological drugs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eats.2014.06.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4175552PMC
August 2014

Anatomical basis of distally based anterolateral thigh flap.

J Plast Surg Hand Surg 2014 Jun 21;48(3):197-200. Epub 2013 Nov 21.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Science , Nagoya City, Aichi , Japan.

Soft tissue coverage around the knee has persisted as a challenge for plastic and reconstructive surgeons. The distally-based anterolateral thigh flap is often used for coverage. Nevertheless, few anatomical studies have investigated the retrograde vascular pedicle. This report clarifies the anatomy of the connection between the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery and the lateral superior genicular artery. This study examined 38 lower limbs from cadavers and recorded the numbers and locations of perforating vessels. Proximal and distal pivot points were also recorded. The proximal pivot point was 1.0-12.1 cm (average = 6.0 cm) from the inguinal ligament. The distal pivot point, found under the vastus lateralis muscle in all 38 specimens, was 4.0-13.6 cm (average = 9.8 cm) from the lateral superior edge of the patella. The most distal perforator was 8.2-28.0 cm (average = 18.9 cm) from the proximal pivot point. The most proximal perforator was 3.0-19.5 cm (average = 8.7 cm) from the distal pivot point. Details of the anastomosis of the descending branch and the superior lateral genicular artery were clarified. The distally-based anterolateral thigh flap presents one option for reconstruction around the knee.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/2000656X.2013.859146DOI Listing
June 2014

Relationship between screw trajectory of C1 lateral mass screw and internal carotid artery.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2008 Nov;33(24):2581-5

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan.

Study Design: Evaluation of diagnostic imaging.

Objective: To comprehend anatomic relationships between the internal carotid artery (ICA) and bicortical purchase of C1 lateral mass screws from the perspective of avoiding ICA injury.

Summary Of Background Data: No studies have evaluated safety trajectory of atlantal lateral mass screw that would avoid the ICA injury in relation to its location, although previous studies have indicated concern about ICA injury by the screw tip at the anterior surface of the lateral mass of the atlas.

Methods: From 149 of 177 human 3-dimensional computed tomography reconstruction images, 6 distance and 2 angle parameters related to both atlas and ICA were measured on the plane 15 degrees cephalad to the transverse plane. In addition, angle of error during screw insertion from intended trajectory was checked.

Results: The ICA was located in front of the C1 lateral mass in 64.4% of cases and faced the lateral one third of the C1 lateral mass in 54.6% of cases. None were located in front of the medial one third of the C1 lateral mass. The maximum inward screw trajectory that would violate the ICA was 8.6 degrees . Mean angle of preoperative C1/2 rotation and angle of error from intended trajectory was about 5 degrees , respectively.

Conclusion: The possibility of ICA injury can be excluded by correct insertion of the screw 10 degrees inward. Although bicortical purchase with adequately medially angulated trajectory might be safe enough, we must remember the possibility to violate the ICA in bicortical purchase, because the intended screw trajectory never be assured.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0b013e318186b2fdDOI Listing
November 2008
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