Publications by authors named "SathishKumar Chidambaram"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Green catalyst Cu(II)-enzyme-mediated eco-friendly synthesis of 2-pyrimidinamines as potential larvicides against Culex quinquefasciatus mosquito and toxicity investigation against non-target aquatic species.

Bioorg Chem 2021 Apr 8;109:104697. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Research Department of Chemistry, Nehru Memorial College (Affiliated to Bharathidasan University), Puthanampatti 621007, Tiruchirappalli District, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address:

Novel one-pot multicomponent synthesis of 2-pyrimidinamine derivatives can be achieved via green chemistry, using Cu(II)-tyrosinase enzyme (Cu-Tyr) as a catalyst. This method offers mild reaction conditions and a high yield of derivatives. We synthesised several compounds in this manner and evaluated their larvicidal, and antifeedant activities. Out of the synthesised derivatives, compound 3, with a median lethal dose (LD) of 21.43 µg/mL, was highly active against Culex quinquefasciatus, compared to compounds 1a-m and 2, and the control, hydantocidin. Compounds 1j, 1d, and 1e were low active against C. quinquefasciatus with LD values of 78.46, 78.59, and 79.54 µg/mL, respectively. In antifeedant screening, compounds 1j, 1l, and 2 generated 100% mortality within 24 h against Oreochromis mossambicus at 100 µg/mL, where toxicity was determined as the ratio of the number of dead and live fingerlings (%) at 24 h. In contrast, compounds 1a-f, 1i, 1m, and 3 were less toxic to O. mossambicus as compared to the control, dibromoisophakellin. Therefore, compound 3 had high larvicidal activity against C. quinquefasciatus and was less toxic to non-target aquatic species. Molecular docking studies also supported the finding that compound 3 was an effective larvicide with more inhibition ability than the control hydantocidin (-9.6 vs. -6.1 kcal/mol).
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April 2021

Synthesis of novel coumarin analogues: Investigation of molecular docking interaction of SARS-CoV-2 proteins with natural and synthetic coumarin analogues and their pharmacokinetics studies.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Jan 12;28(1):1100-1108. Epub 2020 Nov 12.

Research Department of Chemistry, Nehru Memorial College (Affiliated to Bharathidasan University), Puthanampatti 621007, Tiruchirappalli District, Tamil Nadu, India.

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, identified as SARS-CoV-2, initially established in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019, affects respiratory infections known as COVID-19. In an extraordinary manner, COVID-19 is affecting human life and has transformed a global public health issue into a crisis. Natural products are already recognized owing to the massive advantageous window and efficient antioxidant, antiviral immunomodulatory, and anti-inflammatory belongings. Additionally, the object of the present study was to demonstrate the inhibitory potential of the natural products coumarins and its analogues alongside SARS coronavirus. The present work, focuses on the synthesis of new coumarin analogues and characterized by FT-IR, H and C NMR, elemental analyses, and mass spectra. The recently synthesised compounds were projected conceptual association for COVID-19 protease and also to explore in anticipation if this protein will help target protease inhibitor drugs such as , , , , , , , , and . The natural coumarin analogues docking scores were compared to standard Hydroxychloroquine. While the 3D module of SARS coronavirus main protease was predicted with the SWISS MODEL web server, as well as biochemical interaction tests were performed with the AutoDock Vina tool between the target protein with ligands. This research further showed that all the protease inhibitors accessed the target protein with negative dock energy. Molecular docking studies found that the natural coumarin analogue showed an exceptional potential for inhibition with a binding energy of -8.4 kcal/mol. The synthetic coumarin analogues and both demonstrated a similar binding energy, inhibition potential of -7.9 kcal / mol as opposed to hydroxychloroquine and co-crystallized ligand alpha-ketoamide with binding energy values of -5.8 and -6.6 kcal / mol. All compounds evaluated were known as drug-like in nature, passing Lipinski's "Law of 5" with 0 violations except for alpha-ketoamide, passing Lipinski's "Rule of 5" with 1 violation (MW > 500). The inhibitor binding research thus offers a structural understanding of COVID-19 and molecular interactions across the known protease inhibitors centred on the findings of the multiple sequence alliance.
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January 2021

Synthesis, Cytotoxic Analysis, and Molecular Docking Studies of Tetrazole Derivatives via N-Mannich Base Condensation as Potential Antimicrobials.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2020 23;14:4477-4492. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Research Department of Chemistry, Nehru Memorial College (Affiliated with the Bharathidasan University), Puthanampatti, Tiruchirappalli District, Tamil Nadu, South India.

Purpose: A new series of tetrazole derivatives, which are renowned antimicrobials possessing a five-membered aromatic heterocyclic group, are synthesized herein and subjected to antimicrobial and cytotoxicity screening.

Methods: The tetrazole derivatives were synthesized via ultrasonication using Mannich base condensation. Structural verification of the products was performed using IR, H NMR, and C NMR spectroscopy, as well as mass spectroscopic and elemental analyses. The compounds were then screened for antimicrobial and cytotoxic activity against HepG2 (liver), MCF-7 (breast), and HeLa (cervical) cell lines. Inter- and intra-molecular binding interactions were determined using molecular docking studies. The exact binding mode between the most active tetrazole derivatives (ie, 1b, 2a, and 2b) and the proteins (ie, 4OR7, 1AI9, and 4FM9) was established using Autodock Vina 1.1.2 software and compared to the binding mode of the reference compounds (ie, cefazolin, clotrimazole, and fluorouracil).

Results: Compound 1b was extremely active against relative to the positive control cefazolin. Compounds 1b and 1e were active against and compared to the positive control clotrimazole in antifungal screening. The HepG2 (liver) and MCF-7 (breast) cancer cell lines were particularly susceptible to the synthesized compounds. Compared to the control compound fluorouracil, 2a and 2b were extremely active against all three cancer cell lines. Molecular docking studies showed that 2b exhibited higher binding affinity (-7.8 kcal/mol) to the 4OR7 protein than the control cefazolin (-7.2 kcal/mol).

Conclusion: Generally, 1b, 2a, and 2b exhibited impressive inhibitory capabilities in antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic screenings relative to the reference compounds. The results of the molecular docking studies and both the microbial and anticancer screenings indicate that these novel derivatives could be developed into potential therapeutic agents for medical applications.
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October 2020