Publications by authors named "Sarah N Fernández Lafever"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Microcirculatory Changes in Pediatric Patients During Congenital Heart Defect Corrective Surgery.

J Cardiovasc Transl Res 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Gregorio Marañón General University Hospital, Calle Dr. Castelo 47, 28007, Madrid, Spain.

A prospective, observational single-center study was carried out. Pediatric patients undergoing congenital heart defect surgery were evaluated before, during, and after surgery. At each time point, sublingual microcirculation and clinical parameters were assessed, along with analytical variables. Twenty-four patients were included. All microcirculatory parameters worsened during cardiopulmonary bypass and returned to baseline values after surgery (p ≤ 0.001). In the intraoperative evaluation, body temperature correlated with perfused small vessel density (p = 0.014), proportion of perfused small vessels (p < 0.001), small vessel microvascular flow index (p = 0.003), and small vessel heterogeneity index (p < 0.002). Patients with cyanotic disease exhibited higher small vessel density (p < 0.008) and higher density of perfused small vessels (p < 0.022) at baseline, and a lower microvascular flow index (p = 0.022) and higher heterogeneity (p = 0.026) in the intraoperative phase. Children with congenital heart disease exhibited decreased vascular density and microvascular blood flow and increased heterogeneity during cardiopulmonary bypass. All these parameters returned to baseline values after surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12265-021-10132-wDOI Listing
May 2021

Hemodynamic disturbances and oliguria during continuous kidney replacement therapy in critically ill children.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 Jul 12;36(7):1889-1899. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Pediatric Intensive Care Department, Gregorio Marañón General University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

Background: About 1.5% of patients admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) will require continuous kidney replacement therapy (CKRT)/renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Mortality of these patients ranges from 30 to 60%. CKRT-related hypotension (CKRT-RHI) can occur in 19-45% of patients. Oliguria after onset of CKRT is also common, but to date has not been addressed directly in the scientific literature.

Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted to define factors involved in the hemodynamic changes that take place during the first hours of CKRT, and their relationship with urinary output.

Results: Twenty-five patients who were admitted to a single-center PICU requiring CKRT between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2018, were included, of whom 56.3% developed CKRT-RHI. This drop in blood pressure was transient and rapidly restored to baseline, and significantly improved after the third hour of CKRT, as core temperature and heart rate decreased. Urine output significantly decreased after starting CKRT, and 72% of patients were oliguric after 6 h of therapy. Duration of CKRT was significantly longer in patients presenting with oliguria than in non-oliguric patients (28.7 vs. 7.9 days, p = 0.013).

Conclusions: The initiation of CKRT caused hemodynamic instability immediately after initial connection in most patients, but had a beneficial effect on the patient's hemodynamic status after 3 h of therapy, presumably owing to decreases in body temperature and heart rate. Urine output significantly decreased in all patients and was not related to negative fluid balance, patient's hemodynamic status, CKRT settings, or kidney function parameters.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00467-020-04804-zDOI Listing
July 2021