Publications by authors named "Sara Tita Farinella"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The multidimensional prognostic index (MPI) for the prognostic stratification of older inpatients with COVID-19: A multicenter prospective observational cohort study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2021 Apr 5;95:104415. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Primary Care, District 3, ULSS 3, Venice, Italy,; Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, University of Palermo, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: The topic of prognosis in COVID-19 research may be important in adopting appropriate clinical decisions. Multidimensional prognostic index (MPI) is a frailty assessment tool widely used for stratifying prognosis in older people, but data regarding inpatients, affected by COVID-19, are not available.

Objectives: To evaluate whether MPI can predict in-hospital mortality and the admission to intensive care unit (ICU) in older inpatients hospitalized for COVID-19 infection.

Methods: In this longitudinal, Italian, multi-center study, older patients with COVID-19 were included. MPI was calculated using eight different domains typical of comprehensive geriatric assessment and categorized in three groups (MPI 1 ≤ 0.33, MPI 2 0.34-0.66, MPI 3 > 0.66). A multivariable Cox's regression analysis was used reporting the results as hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs).

Results: 227 older patients hospitalized for SARS-CoV-2 infection were enrolled (mean age: 80.5 years, 59% females). Inpatients in the MPI 3 were subjected less frequently than those in the MPI 1 to non-invasive ventilation (NIV). In the multivariable analysis, people in MPI 3 experienced a higher risk of in hospital mortality (HR = 6.30, 95%CI: 1.44-27.61), compared to MPI 1. The accuracy of MPI in predicting in hospital mortality was good (Area Under the Curve (AUC) = 0.76, 95%CI: 0.68-0.83). People in MPI 3 experienced a significant longer length of stay (LOS) in hospital compared to other participants. No association between MPI and ICU admission was found.

Conclusions: Frailty- as assessed by high MPI score - was associated with a significant higher risk of in-hospital mortality, longer LOS, and lower use NIV, whilst the association with ICU admission was not significant. These findings suggest that prognostic stratification by using the MPI could be useful in clinical decision making in older inpatients affected by COVID-19.
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April 2021

Benign lymphoepithelial parotid lesions in vertically HIV-infected patients.

AIDS Patient Care STDS 2006 Aug;20(8):536-41

Department of Infectious Diseases, DICMI, University of Genoa, San Martino Hospital, Genoa, Italy.

Benign lymphoepithelial parotid lesions (BLL) are frequently reported in HIV-infected patients, although their clinical and prognostic significance in HIV infection has not been clearly defined. Ultrasonography (USG) has been shown to be a reliable method in monitoring the progression of such lesions. The purpose of this study was to describe the spectrum of sonographic and Doppler findings and to monitor any clinically evident physical change of parotid glands in a cohort of congenitally HIV-infected patients taking antiretroviral therapy. USG findings-based on their severity-have been grouped in three different patterns (0, 1, 2). Our cohort consisted of 51 patients with HIV in various Centers for Disease Control (CDC) stages and being given different antiretroviral protocols. The median USG follow-up was 36 months. The most frequent USG pattern was aspecific parotid gland enlargement (type 0, 45,1%). Patients with either lower CD4+ % (p < 0.20) and higher absolute and percent CD8+ cell count (p < 0.001 and p < 0.003) presented more frequently a type 2 USG pattern. None of them had any symptoms ascribed to "sicca syndrome" and only one patient developed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma during the follow-up, although his USG pattern at baseline was type 0. In summary, the spectrum of USG findings of BLL in vertically HIV-infected patients is broad. Because of the reported, although rare, possible malignant transformation of BLL in HIV-infected children, it is advisable to perform-even in asymptomatic patients-USG at least once per year or in concomitance with any physical modification of the parotid lesions.
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August 2006