Publications by authors named "Sara Najimi"

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Acute and subacute toxicities of biogenic tellurium nanorods in mice.

Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2017 Nov 18;90:222-230. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran; Pharmaceutics Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. Electronic address:

The current study was performed to evaluate the acute and subacute toxicities of biogenic tellurium nanorods (Te NRs). The Te NRs were prepared using Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes strain Te in a culture medium containing KTeO (1 mM) and their physiochemical properties were investigated using TEM, EDX and XRD. The median lethal dose (LD) of Te NRs and potassium tellurite (KTeO) were determined in mice and the subacute toxicity was also evaluated. The experimental design involved certain general toxicological, haematological, serum and histopathological investigations. The TEM and XRD analyses showed that the biogenic nanoparticles were rod-shaped and hexagonal. The toxicological evaluation showed that the LD values of Te NRs and KTeO were 60 and 12.5 mg/kg, respectively. Higher doses of Te NRs (6 mg/kg) and KTeO (1.25 mg/kg) were accompanied by signs of toxicity, including lower body weight, elevation in MDA and depletion in GSH content, SOD and CAT activity, and changes in biochemistry parameters. No obvious histopathological changes were observed in the treatment with Te NRs. In conclusion, the biogenic Te NRs were less toxic as compared to KTeO, and the no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) dose of Te NRs in 14 days subacute toxicity study was lower than 1.2 mg/kg.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2017.09.014DOI Listing
November 2017