Publications by authors named "Sara Momenzadeh"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The influence of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) ligands on cancer cell tumorigenicity.

Gene 2018 Apr 31;649:14-22. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Department of Cellular Biotechnology, Cell Science Research Center, Royan Institute for Biotechnology, ACECR, Isfahan, Iran.

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) belongs to the nuclear receptor superfamily of PPARs (PPARα, PPARβ/δ, PPARγ). Numerous studies have concentrated on the key role of PPARs in inflammation and a variety of cancers which include prostate, breast, glioblastoma, neuroblastoma, pancreatic, hepatic, leukemia, and bladder and thyroid tumors. This review, specifically deals with anti-tumor and tumorigenicity effects of PPARγ and its natural and synthetic agonists including Troglitazone, Cladosporol A, B, 15-Deoxi-Δ-Prostaglondin J2 (15-d-PGJ2), Ciglitazon, docosahexaenoic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid Alpha-eleostreac acid, Amorfrutin C, Sphingosine 1-phosphate, Evodiamine, Excavatolide B vs respected antagonists as GW9662, bisphenol-A-diglycidyl-ether. Considering the contradictory role of PPARγ on tumorigenicity, a number of studies demonstrate mechanisms involved in tumorigenicity effects of PPARγ agonists while several studies suggest key roles of PPARγ agonists in anti-proliferation, metastasis, angiogenesis, apoptosis and immunomodulatory through activation of signaling pathways in different cancer cells as well as in cancer stem cells. The aim of this review is summarizing of tumorigenicity and anti-tumorigenicity activities of PPARγ agonists and antagonists as well as therapeutic activities of these reagents as a coadjutant drug in the treatment of different cancers.
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April 2018

Crohn's disease and early exposure to domestic refrigeration.

PLoS One 2009 29;4(1):e4288. Epub 2009 Jan 29.

Digestive Disease Research Center, Medical Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Environmental risk factors playing a causative role in Crohn's Disease (CD) remain largely unknown. Recently, it has been suggested that refrigerated food could be involved in disease development. We thus conducted a pilot case control study to explore the association of CD with the exposure to domestic refrigeration in childhood.

Methodology/principal Findings: Using a standard questionnaire we interviewed 199 CD cases and 207 age-matched patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) as controls. Cases and controls were followed by the same gastroenterologists of tertiary referral clinics in Tehran, Iran. The questionnaire focused on the date of the first acquisition of home refrigerator and freezer. Data were analysed by a multivariate logistic model. The current age was in average 34 years in CD cases and the percentage of females in the case and control groups were respectively 48.3% and 63.7%. Patients were exposed earlier than controls to the refrigerator (X2 = 9.9, df = 3, P = 0.04) and refrigerator exposure at birth was found to be a risk factor for CD (OR = 2.08 (95% CI: 1.01-4.29), P = 0.05). Comparable results were obtained looking for the exposure to freezer at home. Finally, among the other recorded items reflecting the hygiene and comfort at home, we also found personal television, car and washing machine associated with CD.

Conclusion: This study supports the opinion that CD is associated with exposure to domestic refrigeration, among other household factors, during childhood.
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May 2009