Publications by authors named "Sanja Radojevic-Skodric"

38 Publications

Oxidopamine and oxidative stress: Recent advances in experimental physiology and pharmacology.

Chem Biol Interact 2021 Feb 13;336:109380. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, P.O.B. 653, Beersheba, Israel.

Oxidopamine (6-hydroxydopamine, 6-OHDA) is a toxin commonly used for the creation of experimental animal models of Parkinson's disease, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. Its exact mechanism of action is not completely understood, although there are many indications that it is related to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), primarily in dopaminergic neurons. In certain experimental conditions, oxidopamine may also cause programmed cell death via various signaling pathways. Oxidopamine may also have a significant impact on chromatin structure and nuclear structural organization in some cells. Today, many researchers use oxidopamine-associated oxidative damage to evaluate different antioxidant-based pharmacologically active compounds as drug candidates for various neurological and non-neurological diseases. Additional research is needed to clarify the exact biochemical pathways associated with oxidopamine toxicity, related ROS generation and apoptosis. In this short review, we focus on the recent research in experimental physiology and pharmacology, related to the cellular and animal experimental models of oxidopamine - mediated toxicity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbi.2021.109380DOI Listing
February 2021

The Fractal and GLCM Textural Parameters of Chromatin May Be Potential Biomarkers of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma in Hashimoto's Thyroiditis Specimens.

Microsc Microanal 2020 08;26(4):717-730

Institute of Physics Belgrade, University of Belgrade, Pregrevica 118, 11080Zemun-Belgrade, Serbia.

Occasionally, Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) share similar nuclear features. The current study aims to quantify the differences between the investigated specimens of HT-associated PTC versus the HT alone, to reduce the subjective experience of an observer, by the use of fractal parameters as well as gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) textural parameters. We have analyzed 250 segmented nuclei per group (nn = 25 per patient and np = 10 patients per group) using the ImageJ software (NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA) as well as an in-house written code for the GLCM analysis. The mean values of parameters were calculated for each patient. The results demonstrated that the malignant cells from the HT-associated PTC specimens showed lower chromatin fractal dimension (p = 0.0321) and higher lacunarity (p = 0.0038) compared with the corresponding cells from the HT specimens. Also, there was a statistically significant difference between the investigated specimens, in the contrast, correlation, angular second moment, and homogeneity, of the GLCM corresponding to the visual texture of follicular cell chromatin. The differences in chromatin fractal and GLCM parameters could be integrated with other diagnostic methods for the improved evaluation of distinctive features of the HT-associated PTC versus the HT in cytology and surgical pathology specimens.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1431927620001683DOI Listing
August 2020

The effect of antioxidant status on overall survival in renal cell carcinoma.

Arch Med Sci 2020 22;16(1):94-101. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Endocrinology, "Vinča" Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Introduction: The oxidative stress contributes to all three phases of carcinogenesis and represents a concomitant condition in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). RCC is the most common type of neoplasm of the kidney, and despite numerous studies the set of predictive and prognostic markers of survival are still unknown. The aim of our study was to examine the relation between antioxidant (AO) status and overall survival (OS) in RCC patients.

Material And Methods: Our study included 95 patients with RCC, who underwent radical nephrectomy. We analysed the prognostic role of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase, glutathione reductase, glutathione, and malondialdehyde) and other clinicopathological factors (size, grade, stage, and histological subtype) on the OS of RCC patients.

Results: The 5-year OS was 54.6%. The survival analysis related to AO parameters showed no significant difference in survival of RCC patients. The concentration of malondialdehyde, an indicator of lipid peroxidation, also had no significant effect on the survival rate of RCC patients. Univariate and multivariate analysis confirmed the significance of clinicopathological parameters (size, < 0.001; Fuhrman grade, = 0.001, and stage, < 0.001) for patients' survival.

Conclusions: In our cohort of patients, different antioxidant parameters were not found to be predictors for OS of patients with RCC, who underwent radical nephrectomy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/aoms.2019.86818DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6963148PMC
July 2019

Pioglitazone attenuates kidney injury in an experimental model of gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats.

Sci Rep 2019 09 23;9(1):13689. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Department of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 11000, Serbia.

Gentamicin, belonging to the aminoglycosides, possesses the greatest nephrotoxic effect of all other antibiotics from this group. On the other hand, pioglitazone, which represents peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) agonist recently showed antiinflamatory, antioxidative effects, amelioration of endothelial dysfunction etc. Therefore, the goal of our study was to investigate the effects of pioglitazone on kidney injury in an experimental model of gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. These effects were observed by following values of biochemical (serum urea and creatinine) parametars, total histological kidney score, urine level of kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) as well as parametars of oxidative stress (malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, catalase, total oxidant status, total antioxidant status, oxidative stress index and advanced oxidation protein products). It seems that pioglitazone protects the injured rat kidney in a U-shaped manner. Medium dose of pioglitazone (1 mg/kg, i.p.) was protective regarding biochemical (serum urea and creatinine), total histological score and the values of kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) (P < 0.05 vs. control group, i.e. rats injected with gentamicin only). This finding could be of great importance for the wider use of aminoglycosides, with therapy that would reduce the occurrence of serious adverse effects, such as nephrotoxicity and acute renal failure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-49835-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6757036PMC
September 2019

Sex specific associations in genome wide association analysis of renal cell carcinoma.

Eur J Hum Genet 2019 10 23;27(10):1589-1598. Epub 2019 Jun 23.

Russian N.N. Blokhin Cancer Research Centre, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has an undisputed genetic component and a stable 2:1 male to female sex ratio in its incidence across populations, suggesting possible sexual dimorphism in its genetic susceptibility. We conducted the first sex-specific genome-wide association analysis of RCC for men (3227 cases, 4916 controls) and women (1992 cases, 3095 controls) of European ancestry from two RCC genome-wide scans and replicated the top findings using an additional series of men (2261 cases, 5852 controls) and women (1399 cases, 1575 controls) from two independent cohorts of European origin. Our study confirmed sex-specific associations for two known RCC risk loci at 14q24.2 (DPF3) and 2p21(EPAS1). We also identified two additional suggestive male-specific loci at 6q24.3 (SAMD5, male odds ratio (OR) = 0.83 [95% CI = 0.78-0.89], P = 1.71 × 10 compared with female odds ratio (OR) = 0.98 [95% CI = 0.90-1.07], P = 0.68) and 12q23.3 (intergenic, OR = 0.75 [95% CI = 0.68-0.83], P = 1.59 × 10 compared with OR = 0.93 [95% CI = 0.82-1.06], P = 0.21) that attained genome-wide significance in the joint meta-analysis. Herein, we provide evidence of sex-specific associations in RCC genetic susceptibility and advocate the necessity of larger genetic and genomic studies to unravel the endogenous causes of sex bias in sexually dimorphic traits and diseases like RCC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41431-019-0455-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6777615PMC
October 2019

Cyclin D1 and p57 expression in relation to clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival in patients with renal cell carcinoma.

J BUON 2019 Jan-Feb;24(1):301-309

Institute of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Purpose: There is a need for identifying molecular prognostic biomarkers to better predict clinical outcomes in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This study investigated the pattern of cyclin D1 and p57 expression in RCC patients and evaluated their relation with clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival (OS).

Methods: Immunohistochemistry was applied to paraffin-embedded tissue sections of 74 RCC patients. Two cut-off groups were defined by the fraction of positive cells as follows: ≤10% and >10% positive cells for cyclin D1, and ≤5% and >5% positive cells for p57.

Results: Cyclin D1 expression in >10% of positive cells was observed mostly in the clear cell RCC, while p57 expression in ≤5% of positive cells was found in 86% of chromophobe RCC specimens. The higher expression of cyclin D1 and lower expression of p57 were more frequent in grade I-II tumors. OS was associated with unfavorable clinicopathological characteristics. However, cyclin D1/p57 expression did not influence the survival rates.

Conclusion: Although cyclin D1 and p57 expression did not affect survival rates in RCC patients, proper validation and establishment of the qualitative cut-off point are needed for these tumors.
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September 2019

Immunohistochemical analysis of cyclin A expression in Wilms tumor.

PeerJ 2019 11;6:e6212. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Endocrinology, Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Cyclin A overexpression is found in a variety of human tumors and correlates with unfavorable outcome. We analyzed immunohistochemical expression of cyclin A in Wilms tumor (WT) in relation to clinicopathological characteristics, preoperative chemotherapy (PrOpChTh), and overall survival (OS).

Methods: This retrospective study involved 43 patients who underwent nephrectomy from January 1996 to October 2010. Tumor stage and histological subtype were determined by revised Societé International d'Oncologie Pediatrique protocol, based on histological components/alterations caused by PrOpChTh, within the prognostic group of low, intermediate and high risk, and with criteria for anaplasia. The regressive/necrotic changes in total tumor mass of primary tumor and the proportion of epithelial, blastemal, and stromal components in the remaining viable tumor tissue were also determined. Cyclin A expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry using a polyclonal rabbit, antihuman antibody (H-432).

Results: Cyclin A overexpression was found in 34.3% of WTs, with higher frequency in tumors with epithelial (31.3%) and blastemal (37.1%) components than those with stromal component (17.7%). Regarding histological type, cyclin A overexpression was found most often in focal anaplasia (100%), stromal (60%), and diffuse anaplastic (66.7) WTs. The overexpression was also more frequent in stages 3 and 4 (77.8% and 66.7%, respectively) compared to tumors in stages 1 and 2 (13.3% and 12.5%, respectively; = 0.004) in all components, as well as in blastemal component in stages 3 and 4 (77.8% and 66.7%, respectively) vs. stages 1 and 2 (13.3% and 25%, respectively, = 0.009). Cyclin A overexpression in all components was 66.7% in WTs with metastasis and 31.3% in WTs without metastasis ( = 0.265, Fisher test). Log-rank testing revealed differences of OS regarding stage ( = 0.000), prognostic groups ( = 0.001), and cyclin A expression in blastemal component ( = 0.025). After univariate analysis, tumor stage ( = 0.001), prognostic group ( = 0.004), and cyclin A expression in blastemal component ( = 0.042) were significant prognostic factors for OS; however, after multivariate analysis, none of these factors were confirmed as independent predictors of survival.

Discussion: This study showed that cyclin A overexpression might be associated with the development and progression of WT with anaplasia. Also, cyclin A overexpression was more often observed in advanced stages (3 and 4) of WT, in the group of high-risk WTs, and in focal and diffuse anaplasia WTs. There was no relation of cyclin A overexpression and metastatic ability of WT. Although this study has not confirmed the prognostic value of cyclin A overexpression, its association with unfavorable prognosis should be further evaluated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6212DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330955PMC
January 2019

HTERT promoter methylation and single nucleotide polymorphism (-245 T>C) affect renal cell carcinoma behavior in Serbian population.

J BUON 2018 Nov-Dec;23(6):1887-1892

Institute of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Purpose: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common renal cancer in adults and includes several subtypes that may be distinguished by their histology, genetic background, clinical course and responses to treatment. Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), a crucial enzyme for telomere maintenance, has been linked to RCC development. The purpose of this study was to search for genetic and epigenetic alterations in hTERT (promoter mutations and methylation and gene amplification), and to establish a possible association between molecular and clinico-pathological characteristics of RCC.

Methods: DNA was extracted from 31 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor samples and 23 blood samples from 54 patients with RCC. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products were sequenced and analyzed using the Sequencher software. HTERT amplification was determined by quantitative PCR, while the promoter methylation status was assessed by methylation specific PCR. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS.

Results: No mutations could be detected in the hTERT promoter but only a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (-245 T>C). In 54 analyzed RCC cases, the variant allele C was present in homozygous or heterozygous form in 48% of the patients. The C allele was significantly more frequent in low grade tumors (p=0.046). Gene amplification was detected in 19.4% of the 31 RCCs and hTERT methylation in 54.8% of the 31 samples. An association was established between methylation and histological type of RCC (p=0.047).

Conclusions: HTERT seems to be implicated in RCC pathogenesis since the promoter polymorphism exerts a modulation effect on tumor behavior. In addition, hTERT promoter methylation status is related to RCC histology.
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August 2019

The influence of obesity-related factors in the etiology of renal cell carcinoma-A mendelian randomization study.

PLoS Med 2019 01 3;16(1):e1002724. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

National Institute of Public Health, Bucharest, Romania.

Background: Several obesity-related factors have been associated with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), but it is unclear which individual factors directly influence risk. We addressed this question using genetic markers as proxies for putative risk factors and evaluated their relation to RCC risk in a mendelian randomization (MR) framework. This methodology limits bias due to confounding and is not affected by reverse causation.

Methods And Findings: Genetic markers associated with obesity measures, blood pressure, lipids, type 2 diabetes, insulin, and glucose were initially identified as instrumental variables, and their association with RCC risk was subsequently evaluated in a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 10,784 RCC patients and 20,406 control participants in a 2-sample MR framework. The effect on RCC risk was estimated by calculating odds ratios (ORSD) for a standard deviation (SD) increment in each risk factor. The MR analysis indicated that higher body mass index increases the risk of RCC (ORSD: 1.56, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.44-1.70), with comparable results for waist-to-hip ratio (ORSD: 1.63, 95% CI 1.40-1.90) and body fat percentage (ORSD: 1.66, 95% CI 1.44-1.90). This analysis further indicated that higher fasting insulin (ORSD: 1.82, 95% CI 1.30-2.55) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP; ORSD: 1.28, 95% CI 1.11-1.47), but not systolic blood pressure (ORSD: 0.98, 95% CI 0.84-1.14), increase the risk for RCC. No association with RCC risk was seen for lipids, overall type 2 diabetes, or fasting glucose.

Conclusions: This study provides novel evidence for an etiological role of insulin in RCC, as well as confirmatory evidence that obesity and DBP influence RCC risk.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002724DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317776PMC
January 2019

Immunohistochemical expression of proliferative markers in renal cell carcinoma.

J BUON 2018 Jul-Aug;23(4):1103-1110

Institute of Pathology, University of Belgrade School of Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate into the expression of cyclin A and telomerase in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and to analyze the relationship between expression and the clinicopathological characteristics of the tumor and their impact on survival.

Methods: The overall material included 74 samples of RCC and 4 of normal renal tissue. Primary cyclin A antibody from Santa Cruz Biotechnology and TERT MA5-16034 antibody from Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc were used. Staining was performed by streptavidin-biotin technique using DAKO LSAB+ kit. Statistical analyses were performed using of SPSS 23 Statistics software from IBM.

Results: No differences in cyclin A and telomerase expression among gender and age groups were found, nor did the tumor dimensions have any significant impact on expression. Also, tumor grades and stages did not differ. However, histological types differed in favor of the papillary type. A significant positive correlation between both markers, as well as between the expression and tumor stage and grade was noticed. Only the tumor stage had negative impact on survival.

Conclusions: Although not affecting survival, the expression of cyclin A and telomerase increased with tumor stage and grade, suggesting that cyclin A and telomerase could be potential proliferative immunohistochemical markers of RCC.
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September 2019

Concomitance of Polymorphisms in Glutathione Transferase Omega Genes Is Associated with Risk of Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Tohoku J Exp Med 2018 09;246(1):35-44

Institute of Medical and Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade.

Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), a superfamily of multifunctional enzymes, play an important role in the onset and progression of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, novel GST omega class (GSTO), consisting of GSTO1-1 and GSTO2-2 isoenzymes, has not been studied in RCC yet. Two coding single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) supposedly affect their functions: GSTO1*C419A (rs4925) causing alanine to aspartate substitution (*A140D) and GSTO2*A424G (rs156697) causing asparagine to aspartate substitution (*N142D), and have been associated with several neurodegenerative diseases and cancers. Functional relevance of yet another GSTO2 polymorphism, identified at the 5' untranslated (5'UTR) gene region (GSTO2*A183G, rs2297235), has not been clearly discerned so far. Therefore, we aimed to assess the effect of specific GSTO1 and GSTO2 gene variants, independently and in interaction with established risk factors (smoking, obesity and hypertension) on the risk for the most aggressive RCC subtype, the clear cell RCC (ccRCC). Genotyping was performed in 239 ccRCC patients and 350 matched controls, while plasma levels of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), a biomarker of oxidative DNA damage, were determined by ELISA. As a result, combined effect of all three variant genotypes exhibited almost 3-fold risk of RCC development. Additionally, this association was confirmed at the haplotype level [variant GSTO1*A/GSTO2*G (rs156697)/GSTO2*G (rs2297235) haplotype], suggesting a potential role of those variants in propensity to RCC. Regarding the gene-environment interactions, variant GSTO2*G (rs156697) homozygous smokers are at higher ccRCC risk. Association in terms of oxidative DNA damage was found for GSTO2 polymorphism in 5'UTR and 8-OHdG. In conclusion, the concomitance of GSTO polymorphisms may influence ccRCC risk.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1620/tjem.246.35DOI Listing
September 2018

Clinicopathological characteristics and survival in Serbian patients with renal cell carcinoma: a retrospective analysis.

J BUON 2017 Nov-Dec;22(6):1434-1440

Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Endocrinology, "Vinca" Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Purpose: Indications of kidney cancer outcome in lowerincome countries are based on an incidence/mortality ratio due to lack of survival information. This study was conducted to provide outcome data in Serbian patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and to identify prognostic factors that could affect their overall survival (OS).

Methods: This retrospective study included 185 patients who underwent nephrectomy. We assessed certain clinicopathological data including age, gender, tumor size, grade, stage and histological subtypes for their possible impact on OS.

Results: The 5-year OS was 63.2%. Significant association was found between OS and age (log-rank 12.455, p=0.006), tumor size (log-rank 26.425, p=0.000), grade (log-rank 13.249, p=0.000) and stage (log-rank 43.235, p=0.000). Univariate analysis indicated size (p=0.000), grade (p=0.001) and stage (p=0.000) as prognostic factors for OS. In multivariate analysis, grade (p=0.014) and stage (p=0.000) remained significant predictors of OS.

Conclusion: Tumor grade and stage were identified as independent prognostic factors of OS survival in Serbian patients with RCC.
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July 2019

Immunohistochemical study of cyclin A and p16 expression in patients with renal cell carcinoma.

J BUON 2017 Sep-Oct;22(5):1322-1327

The Institute of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Purpose: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignant kidney tumor in adults. Dysregulation of the cell cycle can lead to cancer development. In this study, the mitosis-associated cyclin A and p16, a negative controller, were investigated as potential key points in the RCC development.

Methods: This retrospective study included 74 patients with RCC. The expression of cyclin A and p16 and their correlation to histopathological parameters (TNM stage, histological subtype, nuclear grade, tumor size), gender, age, and clinical outcome were studied and analyzed.

Results: The highest median value for cyclin A (40%; range 0-70)) and for p16 (57.5%); range 35-80) were found in the papillary histological subtype. Survival analysis showed that in the group of patients that had died before September 2015, the median value for cyclin A was 20% (range 0-60), which was significantly higher than 5% (range 0-70), found in the group of patients that survived (p=0.019).

Conclusions: In relation to the histological subtype, the papillary type of RCC was associated with a significantly higher expression of cyclin A and p16 compared to other subtypes of RCC. High expression of cyclin A indicated worse prognosis, therefore cyclin A could be considered to be a significant prognostic marker.
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July 2019

Postnatal Developmental Changes in Fractal Complexity of Giemsa-Stained Chromatin in Mice Spleen Follicular Cells.

Microsc Microanal 2017 10 18;23(5):1024-1029. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

Institute of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Visegradska 26/II, RS-11129 Belgrade, Serbia.

Although there are numerous recent works focusing on fractal properties of DNA and chromatin, many issues regarding changes in chromatin fractality during physiological aging remain unclear. In this study, we present results indicating that in mice, there is an age-related reduction of chromatin fractal complexity in a population of spleen follicular cells (SFCs). Spleen tissue was obtained from 16 mice and fixated in Carnoy solution. The youngest animal was newborn, and each animal was exactly 1 month older than the previous. We performed fractal analysis of SFC chromatin structure, stained using Giemsa technique. Fractal analysis was done in a plugin algorithm of ImageJ software. We also performed gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) analysis of all chromatin structures with the calculation of parameters such as angular second moment and inverse difference moment. Giemsa-stained SFC chromatin exhibited an age-dependent reduction of fractal dimension with statistically significant (p<0.01) linear trend. Moreover, there was a statistically significant increase of SFC chromatin lacunarity. The chromatin GLCM parameters did not significantly change. To our knowledge, this is the first study to perform fractal and GLCM analyses of SFC chromatin and to investigate potential changes of fractal parameters during postnatal development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1431927617012545DOI Listing
October 2017

Polymorphisms of survivin -31 G/C gene are associated with risk of urothelial carcinoma in Serbian population.

J BUON 2017 Jan-Feb;22(1):270-277

University of Belgrade, School of Medicine, Institute of Pathology, Belgrade, Serbia.

Purpose: Survivin is thought to play an important role in carcinogenesis and is found to be associated with poor clinical outcome in various malignancies. Gene -31 G/C polymorphism has been identified as a risk factor for the development of several types of tumors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between survivin gene promoter -31C/G polymorphism and urothelial carcinoma (UC) risk in Serbian population and to compare the different expressions of survivin in UC of different disease stages, histological grades and tumor location in the upper or lower urinary tract.

Methods: DNA from 94 patients with primary UC and from 82 healthy subjects was subjected to PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (PCR-RFLP) to identify individual genotypes. UC samples were subjected to immunohistochemical analysis to assess survivin expression in these lesions.

Results: It was observed that the frequency of G/G genotype was greater in patients with UC (58.7%) than in controls (32%). Compared with study subjects carrying the C/G or C/C genotypes, significantly increased UC risk was found for individuals carrying the G/G genotype. Those carrying the G/G genotype had a significantly increased UC risk compared with those with C/G or C/C genotypes. Patients with UC carrying the G/G genotype had a greater prevalence of muscle-invading (stage T2-T4), high-grade (G2) tumor and immunohistochemicaly overexpressed survivin compared with those carrying the C/G or C/C genotypes.

Conclusions: G/G genotype of the -31C/G polymorphism might be a risk factor for UC development.
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August 2017

GSTM1 genotype is an independent prognostic factor in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

Urol Oncol 2017 06 9;35(6):409-417. Epub 2017 Mar 9.

Institute of Medical and Clinical Biochemistry, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Medicine, University in Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address:

Purpose: Owing to dual functionality of cytosolic glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), they might affect both the development and the progression of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, the data on the prognostic value of GST polymorphism in patients with RCC are scarce. Hence, we evaluated the effect of GST gene variants on both the risk of RCC development and the postoperative prognosis in patients with clear cell RCC (ccRCC).

Methods: GST genotypes were determined in 305 patients with RCC and 326 matched controls, whereas the overall survival was evaluated in patients with ccRCC only. The presence of GSTM1:ASK1 protein-protein interaction in ccRCC tissue samples was analyzed by methods of immunoprecipitation and immunoblot.

Results: We noted an increased risk of RCC development in carriers of GSTM1-null and GSTP1-variant genotype (P<0.05). On the contrary, survival analysis indicated shorter overall survival for patients with ccRCC with GSTM1-active genotype (P = 0.026). Furthermore, patients with ccRCC with GSTM1-active genotype had significantly higher hazard ratio (P<0.05), in analyzed regression models, compared with the carriers of GSTM1-null genotype. Finally, the presence of GSTM1:ASK1 protein-protein interaction was found in all RCC tissue samples studied.

Conclusions: Carriers of GSTM1-null and GSTP1-variant genotypes are in increased risk of RCC development. On the contrary, GSTM1-null genotype is associated with favorable postoperative prognosis in ccRCC. The possible molecular mechanism underlying the role of GSTM1 protein in RCC progression might be the presence of GSTM1:ASK1 protein-protein interaction. Hence, determination of GSTM1-genotype might serve as a valuable indicator in both RCC risk assessment and postoperative prognosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urolonc.2017.02.005DOI Listing
June 2017

Cytomegalovirus induces Interleukin-6 mediated inflammatory response in salivary gland cancer.

J BUON 2016 Nov-Dec;21(6):1530-1536

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine whether cytomegalovirus (CMV) is present in different histological types of salivary gland cancer (SGC) by detecting CMV immediate-early (IE) and early gene products, and to determine the presence of its association with the overexpression of interleukin (IL)-6.

Methods: Immunohistochemical analysis of 92 cases of different histological types of SGC was performed to determine the presence of IL-6 and CMV antigen and its intensity in tumor tissue. Twenty samples of normal salivary gland tissue obtained during autopsy served as healthy controls.

Results: CMV antigens were not found in healthy acinar tissue of salivary glands, but were expressed in epithelium of salivary gland ducts. Negative expression of CMV antigens was also found in salivary gland tissue surrounding tumors. On the other hand, CMV was detected in 65/92 SGC cases (70.6%). Higher expression of IL-6 was found in SGC (70.7%) than in normal tissue (20%). There was a high association of CMV antigen presence with the presence of IL-6, and with the IL-6 expression intensity.

Conclusions: Positive expression of CMV antigens in a high percentage of SGC cells suggests that it might play an important role in carcinogenesis by increasing IL-6 production and leading to inhibition of apoptosis and tumor development.
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June 2017

The role of TERT-CLPTM1L SNPs, hTERT expression and telomere length in the pathogenesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

J Oral Sci 2016 ;58(4):449-458

Institute of Human Genetics, School of Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade.

The aim of this study was to assess TERT-CLPTM1L single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs402710 C/T in the CLPTM1L gene; rs2736100 A/C and rs2736098 G/A in the TERT gene) as risk factors for development of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), and to investigate the relationship between the analyzed polymorphisms, relative telomere length (RTL), telomerase expression and clinicopathologic characteristics of OSCC in a Serbian population. Paraffin-embedded tumor samples and buccal swabs from cancer-free controls were genotyped using PCR-RFLP, while tumor RTL values and telomerase expression were estimated by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. CLPTM1L rs402710 and TERT rs2736100 polymorphisms were associated with a significantly increased risk of OSCC, and TERT rs2736098 with a significantly decreased risk. No significant association was found between TERT-CLPTM1L polymorphisms, tumor RTL values, telomerase expression, and clinicopathologic features, although a trend towards longer telomeres was evident in telomerase-positive samples and less advanced tumors. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients with longer telomeres in their tumors had significantly better overall survival than patients with shorter telomeres. Our research seems to provide strong evidence for an association between CLPTM1L rs402710C/T and TERT rs2736100A/C SNPs and the risk of OSSC, and suggests that higher tumor RTL values and positive hTERT expression may be applicable as early prognostic markers.(J Oral Sci 58, 449-458, 2016).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2334/josnusd.16-0108DOI Listing
November 2017

Combined GSTM1-Null, GSTT1-Active, GSTA1 Low-Activity and GSTP1-Variant Genotype Is Associated with Increased Risk of Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.

PLoS One 2016 8;11(8):e0160570. Epub 2016 Aug 8.

Institute of Medical and Clinical Biochemistry, Belgrade, Serbia.

The aim of this study was to evaluate specific glutathione S-transferase (GST) gene variants as determinants of risk in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (cRCC), independently or simultaneously with established RCC risk factors, as well as to discern whether phenotype changes reflect genotype-associated risk. GSTA1, GSTM1, GSTP1 and GSTT1 genotypes were determined in 199 cRCC patients and 274 matched controls. Benzo(a)pyrene diolepoxide (BPDE)-DNA adducts were determined in DNA samples obtained from cRCC patients by ELISA method. Significant association between GST genotype and risk of cRCC development was found for the GSTM1-null and GSTP1-variant genotype (p = 0.02 and p<0.001, respectively). Furthermore, 22% of all recruited cRCC patients were carriers of combined GSTM1-null, GSTT1-active, GSTA1-low activity and GSTP1-variant genotype, exhibiting 9.32-fold elevated cRCC risk compared to the reference genotype combination (p = 0.04). Significant association between GST genotype and cRCC risk in smokers was found only for the GSTP1 genotype, while GSTM1-null/GSTP1-variant/GSTA1 low-activity genotype combination was present in 94% of smokers with cRCC, increasing the risk of cRCC up to 7.57 (p = 0.02). Furthermore, cRCC smokers with GSTM1-null genotype had significantly higher concentration of BPDE-DNA adducts in comparison with GSTM1-active cRCC smokers (p = 0.05). GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTA1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms might be associated with the risk of cRCC, with special emphasis on GSTM1-null and GSTP1-variant genotypes. Combined GSTM1-null, GSTT1-active, GSTA1 low activity and GSTP1-variant genotypes might be considered as "risk-carrying genotype combination" in cRCC.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0160570PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4976979PMC
August 2017

Active Lactobacillus rhamnosus LA68 or Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 administration positively influences liver fatty acid composition in mice on a HFD regime.

Food Funct 2016 Jun 27;7(6):2840-8. Epub 2016 May 27.

Department of Bromatology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, Vojvode Stepe 450, 11221 Belgrade, Serbia.

Western life style, and high calorie diet in particular is causing major health problems such as insulin resistance, hepatic steatosis and heart disease in the modern age. High fat diet (HFD) induces similar changes in mice, such as increased body weight, hypercholesterolemia and accumulation of triglycerides in the liver. These changes can be ameliorated by the administration of some Lactobacillus species. The focus of this study was to analyze the fatty acid content of liver, heart and brain tissues of mice fed HFD and administered with either Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 or Lactobacillus rhamnosus LA68, and to analyze the fatty acid content of these organs after a two months washout period. The fatty acid composition of mouse liver tissue changed significantly due to probiotic administration during a 12 weeks HFD regime and active Lactobacillus administration had a slightly reversing effect toward the standard mouse diet group, but after the washout period these changes disappeared. The fatty acid composition of the heart and brain tissues was significantly changed in the HFD regime but probiotic administration had no significant influence on the fatty acid profile of these two organs. Upon the 8 weeks washout period the only remaining beneficial effect was the significantly lower mouse weight in the supplemented groups compared to the HFD group.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c5fo01432hDOI Listing
June 2016

Acute Renal Failure in Different Malignant Tumors.

Curr Med Chem 2016 ;23(19):2041-6

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia.

Acute renal failure (ARF) represents a severe complication of malignancies, that causes significant morbidity and mortality. ARF is a common part of multiple organ dysfunction in critically ill patients with cancer with reported mortality rates from 72% to 85% in patients who need renal replacement therapy. The pathways leading to ARF in cancer patients are common to the development of ARF in other conditions. However, certain factors leading to the development of ARF may be associated to the tumor or to the tumor therapy. The purpose of this review is to give specific aspects of renal disease in critically ill cancer patients (CICPs), to overview the causes of ARF in CICPs and to describe recent progress in the management of these complications, including treatment toxicity and bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The prevention of ARF is obligatory and therefore the possible treatments of ARF in CICPs are also discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/0929867323666160407113245DOI Listing
February 2017

Fractal analysis and Gray level co-occurrence matrix method for evaluation of reperfusion injury in kidney medulla.

J Theor Biol 2016 May 7;397:61-7. Epub 2016 Mar 7.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Dr Subotica 1, RS-11129 Belgrade, Serbia.

Fractal analysis and Gray level co-occurrence matrix method represent two novel mathematical algorithms commonly used in medical sciences as potential parts of computer-aided diagnostic systems. In this study, we tested the ability of these methods to discriminate the kidney medullar tissue suffering from reperfusion injury, from normal tissue. A total of 320 digital micrographs of Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) - stained kidney medulla from 16 Wistar albino mice (20 per animal), were analyzed using National Institutes of Health ImageJ software (NIH, Bethesda, MD) and its plugins. 160 micrographs were obtained from the experimental group with induced reperfusion injury, and another 160 were obtained from the controls. For each micrograph we calculated the values of fractal dimension, lacunarity, as well as five GLCM features: angular second moment, entropy, inverse difference moment, GLCM contrast, and GLCM correlation. Discriminatory value of the parameters was tested using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, by measuring the area below ROC curve. The results indicate that certain features of GLCM algorithm have excellent discriminatory ability in evaluation of damaged kidney tissue. Fractal dimension and lacunarity as parameters of fractal analysis also had a relatively good discriminatory value in differentiation of injured from the normal tissue. Both methods have potentially promising application in future design of novel techniques applicable in cell physiology, histology and pathology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2016.02.038DOI Listing
May 2016

Biochemical Markers of Renal Function.

Curr Med Chem 2016 ;23(19):2018-40

Institute of Medical Chemistry, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Višegradska 26, 11 000, Belgrade, Serbia.

Kidney damage can be induced by ischemia, autoimmune diseases, hypertension, allograft rejection, metabolic or genetic disorders, infections or toxins. The influence of these factors could result in acute kidney injury (AKI) defined as an unexpected decrease in urine output or renal function, or encourage the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Biomarkers of renal function, measured in urine and serum, are in increasing use in order to estimate the severity and nature of kidney injury, and consequently apply appropriate therapy and improve patient management. The determined values of biomarkers can suggest the potential risk of kidney disease and the type of renal injury, predict the disease progression, as well as be helpful for assessing the response to an applied therapy. Although novel biomarkers are in practical use, serum creatinine, the indicator of glomerular filtration rate is still the most frequently used biomarker of renal function despite its known limitations. In recent decades, numerous studies resulted in discovering urinary and serum proteins that can serve as biomarkers for early and accurate detection of AKI and its development, as well as the identification of CKD. This review gives an overview of the most important renal biomarkers investigated in kidney diseases, classified in following types: functional biomarkers, up-regulated proteins, enzymes, and cycle arrest biomarkers. It describes their properties, physiological roles, and discusses the utility of these molecules in different clinical settings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/0929867323666160115130241DOI Listing
February 2017

Kidney Injury Molecule-1 and Cardiovascular Diseases: From Basic Science to Clinical Practice.

Biomed Res Int 2015 30;2015:854070. Epub 2015 Nov 30.

Department of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Dr Subotica Starijeg 1, 11129 Belgrade, Serbia.

Despite the recent findings concerning pathogenesis and novel therapeutic strategies, cardiovascular disease (CVD) still stays the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with renal dysfunction, especially acute kidney injury (AKI). Early detection of patients with impaired renal function with cardiovascular risk may help ensure more aggressive treatment and improve clinical outcome. Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) is a new, promising marker of kidney damage which is currently the focus of countless studies worldwide. Some recent animal and human studies established KIM-1 as an important marker of acute tubular necrosis (ATN) and reliable predictor of development and prognosis of AKI. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in USA acclaimed KIM-1 as an AKI biomarker for preclinical drug development. Recent data suggest the importance of monitoring of KIM-1 for early diagnosis and clinical course not only in patients with various forms of AKI and other renal diseases but also in patients with cardiorenal syndrome, heart failure, cardiopulmonary bypass, cardiothoracic surgical interventions in the pediatric emergency setting, and so forth. The aim of this review article is to summarize the literature data concerning KIM-1 as a potential novel marker in the early diagnosis and prediction of clinical outcome of certain cardiovascular diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/854070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4677159PMC
September 2016

Hematological and Biochemical Parameters in Elite Soccer Players During A Competitive Half Season.

J Med Biochem 2015 Oct 19;34(4):460-466. Epub 2015 Sep 19.

Clinic of Gastroenterology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: The purpose of the present study was to report and discuss the hematological and biochemical behavior of elite soccer players, in order to get more insight in the physiological characteristics of these sportsmen and to provide trainers and sports doctors with useful indicators.

Methods: Nineteen male soccer players volunteered to participate in this study. We followed the young elite soccer players during a competitive half season. Venous blood samples were collected between 9:00 and 10:00 a.m. after an overnight fast (10 h) at baseline, after 45 and 90 days and hematological and biochemical parameters were measured.

Results: Hemoglobin and hematocrit levels were significantly reduced over the observational period (p<0.05), but erythrocyte count and iron levels remained unchanged. Bilirubin and ferritin levels significantly increased in response to regular soccer training (p<0.05). We observed a significant decrease in muscle enzyme plasma activity during the 90 days study period. ANOVA analysis revealed a significant increase in the leukocyte and neutrophil counts (p<0.05), in parallel with a significant decrease in the lymphocyte count (p<0.05) after the observational period of 90 days.

Conclusions: Elite soccer players are characterized by significant changes in biochemical and hematological parameters over the half season, which are linked to training workload, as well as adaptation induced by the soccer training. Although the values of the measured parameters fell within the reference range, regular monitoring of the biochemical and hematological parameters is fundamental for the identification of a healthy status and related optimal performances by sport doctors and trainers and selection of a correct workload by trainers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/jomb-2014-0057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4922354PMC
October 2015

Effect of Astaxanthin Supplementation on Salivary IgA, Oxidative Stress, and Inflammation in Young Soccer Players.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2015 18;2015:783761. Epub 2015 Jun 18.

Snezana Pejic, Department of Molecular Biology and Endocrinology, "Vinca" Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 522, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

The physiologic stress induced by physical activity is reflected in immune system perturbations, oxidative stress, muscle injury, and inflammation. We investigated the effect of astaxanthin (Asx) supplementation on salivary IgA (sIgA) and oxidative stress status in plasma, along with changes in biochemical parameters and total/differential white cell counts. Forty trained male soccer players were randomly assigned to Asx and placebo groups. Asx group was supplemented with 4 mg of Asx. Saliva and blood samples were collected at the baseline and after 90 days of supplementation in preexercise conditions. We observed a rise of sIgA levels at rest after 90 days of Asx supplementation, which was accompanied with a decrease in prooxidant-antioxidant balance. The plasma muscle enzymes levels were reduced significantly by Asx supplementation and by regular training. The increase in neutrophil count and hs-CRP level was found only in placebo group, indicating a significant blunting of the systemic inflammatory response in the subjects taking Asx. This study indicates that Asx supplementation improves sIgA response and attenuates muscle damage, thus preventing inflammation induced by rigorous physical training. Our findings also point that Asx could show significant physiologic modulation in individuals with mucosal immunity impairment or under conditions of increased oxidative stress and inflammation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/783761DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4488551PMC
July 2015

Lactobacillus rhamnosus LA68 and Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 differently influence metabolic and immunological parameters in high fat diet-induced hypercholesterolemia and hepatic steatosis.

Food Funct 2015 Feb;6(2):558-65

Department of Bromatology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

In this study, two Lactobacillus strains (L. rhamnosus LA68 and L. plantarum WCFS1) were evaluated for their effects on high fat diet induced pathology in mice. The aim was to determine whether the administration of lactic acid bacteria had beneficial effects on ameliorating pathology. C57BL/6 mice fed a high fat diet were orally administered with the Lactobacillus strains. Both the metabolic and immunological parameters were analyzed. The administration of both of the strains had beneficial effects on mouse weight, serum cholesterol, TNF-α levels and liver histology. LA68 lowered the total cholesterol and HDL levels more prominently, whereas WCFS1 was more potent in lowering the TG and LDL levels. Leptin and adiponectin levels were increased in all experimental groups to different extents. The administration of L. plantarum WCFS1 led to a marked increase in leptin levels, as well as an increase in CD3+CD4+ and CD3+CD8+ cells, and a decrease of CD25+ cells, and had a lowering effect on IL-6 production and cell metabolic activity. In conclusion, active administration of both Lactobacillus strains had a positive effect on HFD-induced pathology. Although both of the tested strains had beneficial effects, oral administration of WCFS1 increased leptin levels and had a more prominent immunomodulatory effect, which should be taken into consideration in case of humane usage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4fo00843jDOI Listing
February 2015

Acute pretreatment with chloroquine attenuates renal I/R injury in rats.

PLoS One 2014 28;9(3):e92673. Epub 2014 Mar 28.

Department of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) still remains an unresolved problem in pharmacotherapy and renal inflammation is a major factor in its development. Chloroquine, a well-known antimalarial drug, posses pleitropic effects as well: antiinflammatory, anticoagulant and vascular actions. The effects of chloroquine on renal function may involve significant increase in urine flow rate, glomerular filtration rate and sodium excretion, as well as stimulation of nitric oxide synthase. However, its role in experimental models of renal I/R injury is unknown. We aimed to analyze the acute effects of a single-dose intravenous chloroquine administered at three different times in the experimental model of I/R injury in rat.

Methods: Rats were subjected to bilateral renal ischemia (45 min) followed by reperfusion with saline lasting 4 hours. Chloroquine was administered in doses of 0.3 mg/kg i.v. and 3 mg/kg i.v. 30 min before ischemia, 30 min before reperfusion and 5 min before reperfusion. Selected a hemodynamic, biochemical and morphological parameters were followed in the Sham-operated animals and rats subjected to I/R injury and pretreated with saline or chloroquine.

Results: Chloroquine (0.3 and 3 mg/kg, i.v.) protected the I/R injured kidney in an U-shaped manner. Both doses were protective regarding biochemical and histological markers of the I/R injury (serum urea, creatinine and fractional excretion of sodium, as well as total histological score, tubular necrosis score and KIM-1 staining score) (P<0.05 vs. corresponding controls, i.e. rats subjected to I/R injury and treated with saline only). The protective effects of the lower dose of chloroquine were more profound. Time-related differences between pretreatments were not observed (P>0.05, all).

Conclusion: Our study shows for the first time that a single dose of chloroquine (0.3 mg/kg i.v.) could afford significant protection of the injured rat kidney.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0092673PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3969327PMC
June 2015

Survivin gene promoter -31 G/C polymorphism is associated with Wilms tumor susceptibility in Serbian children.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2012 Nov;34(8):e310-4

Institute of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Survivin, an apoptotic inhibitor, is overexpressed in various types of cancer. Mechanisms of survivin upregulation are still poorly understood, but single nucleotide polymorphisms in the survivin gene promoter have been shown to modulate survivin expression and consequently the risk for some types of cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether survivin promoter -31 G/C and -241 C/T polymorphisms could represent susceptibility factors for Wilms tumor (WT) development in Serbian population. Genotype and allele frequencies for the 2 polymorphisms in survivin promoter have been analyzed by polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism in 59 WT patients and 82 controls. The frequencies of alleles and genotypes were significantly different between patients and controls for the -31 G/C polymorphism. Individuals with CC and CG genotypes had significantly decreased risk of WT compared with GG individuals (odds ratio 0.26, 95% confidence interval, 0.07-0.96; odds ratio 0.30, 95% confidence interval, 0.15-0.60). There was also a statistically significant difference in genotype frequencies between intermediate and high-risk prognostic groups (P=0.015). The -241 C/T polymorphism did not show association with WT susceptibility. Our findings suggest that the G allele at -31 survivin gene promoter position is associated with a significantly higher cancer risk in Serbian children, with a gene dosage effect.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPH.0b013e31825d3076DOI Listing
November 2012

[Immunohistochemical expression of p53 oncoprotein in Wilms tumour in relation to histological components, histological types and preoperative chemotherapy].

Srp Arh Celok Lek 2008 Dec;136 Suppl 4:298-306

Introduction: There have been only few studies of immunoexpression of p53 in Wilms tumour (WT), and their results are somewhat contradictory.

Objective: The aim of the study was to determine p53 immunohistochemical expression in WT in relation to its histological components, histological prognostic types classified according to the SIOP Working Classification of Renal Tumours of Childhood (2001), and influence of preoperative chemotherapy.

Method: The analyses are based on 79 primary WTs treated in single institution according to SIOP protocols between 1983-2001. For the immunohistochemical detection of p53, the monoclonal p53 antibody (DO-7, DAKO) was used. Semiquantitative grading of nuclear staining was done.

Results: The immunoexpression of p53 was significantly higher in the blastemal and epithelial than in the stromal component (p < 0.001). It was significantly correlated to WT histological prognostic types (p = 0.039).The exensivity of p53 immunoexpression was higher in anaplastic components but a difference between WT type of diffuse anaplasia and all other types was nonsignificant (p = 0.10). Five blastemal type WTs were p53 immunopositive and four immunonegative. There was no difference in p53 immunopositivity between WT treated with the preoperative chemotherapy and primary resected WT (p = 0.88).

Conclusion: The immunoexpression of p53 in WT was significantly higher in the blastemal and epithelial than in the stromal component. It was in significant correlation with histological types of WT. The anaplastic component had noticeable but statistically not significantly higher p53 immunoexpression than non-anaplastic. The preoperative chemotherapy did not modify p53 immunoexpression of WT which had been found in other similar studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/sarh08s4298dDOI Listing
December 2008