Publications by authors named "Sandy J Wilson"

31 Publications

Heteroarylureas with fused bicyclic diamine cores as inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2020 10 9;30(20):127463. Epub 2020 Aug 9.

Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

A series of mechanism-based heteroaryl urea fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors with fused bicyclic diamine cores is described. In contrast to compounds built around a piperazine core, most of the fused bicyclic diamine bearing analogs prepared exhibited greater potency against rFAAH than the human enzyme. Several compounds equipotent against both species were identified and profiled in vivo.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2020.127463DOI Listing
October 2020

The SAR of brain penetration for a series of heteroaryl urea FAAH inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2016 07 5;26(13):3109-3114. Epub 2016 May 5.

Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, L.L.C. 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, United States.

The SAR of brain penetration for a series of heteroaryl piperazinyl- and piperadinyl-urea fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors is described. Brain/plasma (B/P) ratios ranging from >4:1 to as low as 0.02:1 were obtained through relatively simple structural changes to various regions of the heteroaryl urea scaffold. It was not possible to predict the degree of central nervous system (CNS) penetration from the volumes of distribution (Vd) obtained from pharmacokinetic (PK) experiments as very high Vds did not correlate with high B/P ratios. Similarly, calculated topological polar surface areas (TPSAs) did not consistently correlate with the degree of brain penetration. The lowest B/P ratios were observed for those compounds that were significantly ionized at physiological pH. However, as this class of compounds inhibits the FAAH enzyme through covalent modification, low B/P ratios did not preclude effective central target engagement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2016.05.001DOI Listing
July 2016

Preclinical Characterization of the FAAH Inhibitor JNJ-42165279.

ACS Med Chem Lett 2015 Dec 2;6(12):1204-8. Epub 2015 Nov 2.

Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, L.L.C. , 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, California 92121, United States.

The pre-clinical characterization of the aryl piperazinyl urea inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) JNJ-42165279 is described. JNJ-42165279 covalently inactivates the FAAH enzyme, but is highly selective with regard to other enzymes, ion channels, transporters, and receptors. JNJ-42165279 exhibited excellent ADME and pharmacodynamic properties as evidenced by its ability to block FAAH in the brain and periphery of rats and thereby cause an elevation of the concentrations of anandamide (AEA), oleoyl ethanolamide (OEA), and palmitoyl ethanolamide (PEA). The compound was also efficacious in the spinal nerve ligation (SNL) model of neuropathic pain. The combination of good physical, ADME, and PD properties of JNJ-42165279 supported it entering the clinical portfolio.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsmedchemlett.5b00353DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4677372PMC
December 2015

1-Aryl-2-((6-aryl)pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)ethanols as competitive inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2014 Mar 31;24(5):1280-4. Epub 2014 Jan 31.

Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, United States.

A series of 1-aryl-2-(((6-aryl)pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)ethanols have been found to be competitive inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). One member of this class, JNJ-40413269, was found to have excellent pharmacokinetic properties, demonstrated robust central target engagement, and was efficacious in a rat model of neuropathic pain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2014.01.064DOI Listing
March 2014

Heteroarylureas with spirocyclic diamine cores as inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2014 Feb 6;24(3):737-41. Epub 2014 Jan 6.

Janssen Research and Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

A series of mechanism based heteroaryl urea fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors with spirocyclic diamine cores is described. A potent member of this class, (37), was found to inhibit FAAH centrally, elevate the brain levels of three fatty acid ethanolamides [FAAs: anandamide (AEA), oleoyl ethanolamide (OEA) and palmitoyl ethanolamide (PEA)], and was moderately efficacious in a rat model of neuropathic pain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2013.12.113DOI Listing
February 2014

Heteroaryl urea inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase: structure-mutagenicity relationships for arylamine metabolites.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2012 Dec 22;22(24):7357-62. Epub 2012 Oct 22.

Janssen Research and Development, LLC, 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, United States.

The structure-activity relationships for a series of heteroaryl urea inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) are described. Members of this class of inhibitors have been shown to inactivate FAAH by covalent modification of an active site serine with subsequent release of an aromatic amine from the urea electrophile. Systematic Ames II testing guided the optimization of urea substituents by defining the structure-mutagenicity relationships for the released aromatic amine metabolites. Potent FAAH inhibitors were identified having heteroaryl amine leaving groups that were non-mutagenic in the Ames II assay.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2012.10.076DOI Listing
December 2012

Heterocyclic replacement of the central phenyl core of diamine-based histamine H3 receptor antagonists.

Eur J Med Chem 2009 Nov 16;44(11):4413-25. Epub 2009 Jun 16.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, LLC, San Diego, CA 92121, United States.

A series of small molecules consisting of a heterocyclic core flanked by two basic functionalities were synthesized and screened for in vitro affinity at the human histamine H(3) receptor (hH(3)R). Nine of the twenty-eight compounds tested were found to possess a hH(3)R K(i) of less than 5 nM and consisted of a diverse range of central hetero-aromatic linkers (pyridine, pyrazine, oxazole, isoxazole, thiazole, furan, thiophene, and pyrrole). One member of this series, (4-isopropyl-piperazin-1-yl)-(6-piperidin-1-ylmethyl-pyridin-3-yl)-methanone (37), was found to be a high affinity, selective antagonist that crosses the blood-brain barrier and occupies H(3) receptors after oral administration in the rat.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2009.06.007DOI Listing
November 2009

Novel imidazole-based histamine H3 antagonists.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2009 Feb 6;19(3):903-7. Epub 2008 Dec 6.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

A novel series of imidazole containing histamine H(3) receptor ligands were investigated and found to be potent functional antagonists. After improving the stability of these molecules towards liver microsomes, these compounds were found to have no appreciable affinity for CYP P450s. Subsequent in vivo experiments showed significant brain uptake of (4-chloro-phenyl)-[2-(1-isopropyl-piperidin-4-ylmethoxy)-3-methyl-3H-imidazol-4-yl]-methanone 22.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.11.114DOI Listing
February 2009

Biochemical and biological properties of 4-(3-phenyl-[1,2,4] thiadiazol-5-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid phenylamide, a mechanism-based inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase.

Anesth Analg 2009 Jan;108(1):316-29

Pain and Related Disorders, Johnson and Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, LLC, San Diego, California 92121, USA.

Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is an integral membrane enzyme within the amidase-signature family. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of several endogenous biologically active lipids, including anandamide (arachidonoyl ethanolamide), oleoyl ethanolamide, and palmitoyl ethanolamide. These endogenous FAAH substrates have been shown to be involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes, including synaptic regulation, regulation of sleep and feeding, locomotor activity, pain and inflammation. Here we describe the biochemical and biological properties of a potent and selective FAAH inhibitor, 4-(3-phenyl-[1,2,4]thiadiazol-5-yl)-piperazine-1-carboxylic acid phenylamide (JNJ-1661010). The time-dependence of apparent IC(50) values at rat and human recombinant FAAH, dialysis and mass spectrometry data indicate that the acyl piperazinyl fragment of JNJ-1661010 forms a covalent bond with the enzyme. This bond is slowly hydrolyzed, with release of the piperazinyl fragment and recovery of enzyme activity. The lack of inhibition observed in a rat liver esterase assay suggests that JNJ-1661010 is not a general esterase inhibitor. JNJ-1661010 is >100-fold preferentially selective for FAAH-1 when compared to FAAH-2. JNJ-1661010 dose-dependently increases arachidonoyl ethanolamide, oleoyl ethanolamide, and palmitoyl ethanolamide in the rat brain. The compound attenuates tactile allodynia in the rat mild thermal injury model of acute tissue damage and in the rat spinal nerve ligation (Chung) model of neuropathic pain. JNJ-1661010 also diminishes thermal hyperalgesia in the inflammatory rat carrageenan paw model. These data suggest that FAAH inhibitors with modes of action similar to JNJ-1661010 may be useful clinically as broad-spectrum analgesics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/ane.0b013e31818c7cbdDOI Listing
January 2009

In-vitro and in-vivo characterization of JNJ-7925476, a novel triple monoamine uptake inhibitor.

Eur J Pharmacol 2008 Jun 10;587(1-3):141-6. Epub 2008 Apr 10.

Department of Neuroscience, Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

Triple reuptake inhibitors, which block the serotonin transporter (SERT), norepinephrine transporter (NET) and dopamine transporter (DAT) in the central nervous system have been described as therapeutic alternatives for classical selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, with advantages due to their multiple mechanisms of action. JNJ-7925476 (trans-6-(4-ethynylphenyl)-1,2,3,5,6,10b-hexahydropyrrolo[2,1-a]isoquinoline) is a selective and potent inhibitor of the SERT, NET, and DAT (K(i)=0.9, 17 and 5.2 nM, respectively). Following subcutaneous dosing in rat, JNJ-7925476 was rapidly absorbed into the plasma, and drug concentrations in the brain tracked with those in the plasma but were 7-fold higher. The ED(50) values for JNJ-7925476 occupancy of the SERT, NET, and DAT in rat brain were 0.18, 0.09 and 2.4 mg/kg, respectively. JNJ-7925476 (0.1-10 mg/kg, s.c.) rapidly induced a robust, dose-dependent increase in extracellular serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine levels in rat cerebral cortex. The compound also showed potent antidepressant-like activity in the mouse tail suspension test (ED(50)=0.3 mg/kg, i.p.). These results demonstrate that JNJ-7925476 is a triple reuptake inhibitor with in-vivo efficacy in biochemical and behavioral models of depression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.04.008DOI Listing
June 2008

Synthesis and biological activity of piperazine and diazepane amides that are histamine H3 antagonists and serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2008 Jan 13;18(1):39-43. Epub 2007 Nov 13.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

The synthesis and biological activity of a new series of piperazine and diazepane amides is described. The new compounds are high affinity histamine H3 ligands and serotonin reuptake inhibitors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2007.11.016DOI Listing
January 2008

Dual serotonin transporter inhibitor/histamine H3 antagonists: development of rigidified H3 pharmacophores.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2007 Oct 15;17(19):5325-9. Epub 2007 Aug 15.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

A series of tetrahydroisoquinolines acting as dual serotonin transporter inhibitor/histamine H(3) antagonists is described. The introduction of polar aromatic spacers as part of the histamine H(3) pharmacophore was explored. A convergent synthesis of the final products allowing late stage introduction of the aromatic side chain was developed. In vitro and in vivo data are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2007.08.017DOI Listing
October 2007

Pharmacological characterization of JNJ-28583867, a histamine H(3) receptor antagonist and serotonin reuptake inhibitor.

Eur J Pharmacol 2007 Dec 14;576(1-3):43-54. Epub 2007 Aug 14.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

Wake-promoting agents such as modafinil are used in the clinic as adjuncts to antidepressant therapy in order to alleviate lethargy. The wake-promoting action of histamine H(3) receptor antagonists has been evidenced in numerous animal studies. They may therefore be a viable strategy for use as an antidepressant therapy in conjunction with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. JNJ-28583867 (2-Methyl-4-(4-methylsulfanyl-phenyl)-7-(3-morpholin-4-yl-propoxy)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-isoquinoline) is a selective and potent histamine H(3) receptor antagonist (K(i)=10.6 nM) and inhibitor of the serotonin transporter (SERT) (K(i)=3.7 nM), with 30-fold selectivity for SERT over the dopamine and norepinephrine transporters. After subcutaneous administration, JNJ-28583867 occupied both the histamine H(3) receptor and the SERT in rat brain at low doses (<1 mg/kg). JNJ-28583867 blocked imetit-induced drinking (3-10 mg/kg i.p.), confirming in vivo functional activity at the histamine H(3) receptor and also significantly increased cortical extracellular levels of serotonin at doses of 0.3 mg/kg (s.c.) and higher. Smaller increases in cortical extracellular levels of norepinephrine and dopamine were also observed. JNJ-28583867 (3-30 mg/kg p.o.) showed antidepressant-like activity in the mouse tail suspension test. JNJ-28583867 (1-3 mg/kg s.c.) caused a dose-dependent increase in the time spent awake mirrored by a decrease in NREM. Concomitantly, JNJ-28583867 produced a potent suppression of REM sleep from the dose of 1 mg/kg onwards. JNJ-28583867 has good oral bioavailability in the rat (32%), a half-life of 6.9 h and a C(max) of 260 ng/ml after 10 mg/kg p.o. In summary, JNJ-28583867 is a combined histamine H(3) receptor antagonist-SERT inhibitor with in vivo efficacy in biochemical and behavioral models of depression and wakefulness.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2007.08.009DOI Listing
December 2007

Benzylamine histamine H(3) antagonists and serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2007 Sep 26;17(17):4799-803. Epub 2007 Jun 26.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development LLC, 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

The design, synthesis, and in vitro activity of a series of novel 5-ethynyl-2-aryloxybenzylamine-based histamine H(3) ligands that are also serotonin reuptake transporters is described.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2007.06.061DOI Listing
September 2007

Pyrrolidino-tetrahydroisoquinolines bearing pendant heterocycles as potent dual H3 antagonist and serotonin transporter inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2007 Aug 16;17(15):4374-7. Epub 2007 Mar 16.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, La Jolla, CA 92121, USA.

A series of novel and potent 6-heteroaryl-pyrrolidino-tetrahydroisoquinolines with dual histamine H(3) antagonist/serotonin transporter inhibitor activity is described. In vitro and in vivo data are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2007.03.043DOI Listing
August 2007

Synthesis and biological evaluation of diamine-based histamine H3 antagonists with serotonin reuptake inhibitor activity.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2007 Jun 15;17(11):3130-5. Epub 2007 Mar 15.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

The synthesis and structure-activity relationships of a series of novel phenoxyphenyl diamine derivatives with affinity for both the histamine H(3) receptor and the serotonin transporter is described.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2007.03.034DOI Listing
June 2007

Pyrrolidino-tetrahydroisoquinolines as potent dual H3 antagonist and serotonin transporter inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2007 May 4;17(9):2603-7. Epub 2007 Feb 4.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, La Jolla, CA 92121, USA.

A series of novel and potent pyrrolidino-tetrahydroisoquinolines with dual histamine H(3) antagonist/serotonin transporter inhibitor activity is described. A highly regio- and diastereoselective synthesis of the pyrrolidino-tetrahydroisoquinoline core involving acid mediated ring-closure of an acetophenone intermediate followed by reduction with NaCNBH(3) was developed. In vitro and in vivo data are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2007.01.106DOI Listing
May 2007

Novel naphthyridines are histamine H3 antagonists and serotonin reuptake transporter inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2007 May 4;17(9):2566-9. Epub 2007 Feb 4.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121-1126, USA.

A series of novel tetrahydronaphthyridine-based histamine H(3) ligands that have serotonin reuptake transporter inhibitor activity is described. The 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-2,6-naphthyridine scaffold is assembled via the addition of a nitrostyrene to a metalated pyridine followed by reduction and cyclization to form the naphthyridine. In vitro biological data for these novel compounds are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2007.02.006DOI Listing
May 2007

Novel tetrahydroisoquinolines are histamine H3 antagonists and serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2007 Feb 16;17(4):1047-51. Epub 2006 Nov 16.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

A series of novel 4-aryl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-based histamine H(3) ligands that also have serotonin reuptake transporter inhibitor activity is described. The synthesis, in vitro biological data, and select pharmacokinetic data for these novel compounds are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2006.11.036DOI Listing
February 2007

Dual serotonin transporter/histamine H3 ligands: Optimization of the H3 pharmacophore.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2007 Feb 2;17(3):702-6. Epub 2006 Nov 2.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development LLC, 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

A series of tetrahydroisoquinolines acting as dual histamine H3/serotonin transporter ligands is described. A highly regio-selective synthesis of the tetrahydroisoquinoline core involving acid mediated ring-closure of an acetophenone intermediate followed by reduction with NaCNBH3 was developed. In vitro and in vivo data are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2006.10.089DOI Listing
February 2007

Inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase produces analgesia by multiple mechanisms.

Br J Pharmacol 2006 May;148(1):102-13

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C., San Diego, CA 92121-1126, USA.

1 The reversible fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor OL135 reverses mechanical allodynia in the spinal nerve ligation (SNL) and mild thermal injury (MTI) models in the rat. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of the cannabinoid and opioid systems in mediating this analgesic effect. 2 Elevated brain concentrations of anandamide (350 pmol g(-1) of tissue vs 60 pmol g(-1) in vehicle-treated controls) were found in brains of rats given OL135 (20 mg kg(-1)) i.p. 15 min prior to 20 mg kg(-1) i.p. anandamide. 3 Predosing rats with OL135 (2-60 mg kg(-1) i.p.) 30 min before administration of an irreversible FAAH inhibitor (URB597: 0.3 mg kg(-1) intracardiac) was found to protect brain FAAH from irreversible inactivation. The level of enzyme protection was correlated with the OL135 concentrations in the same brains. 4 OL135 (100 mg kg(-1) i.p.) reduced by 50% of the maximum possible efficacy (MPE) mechanical allodynia induced by MTI in FAAH(+/+)mice (von Frey filament measurement) 30 min after dosing, but was without effect in FAAH(-/-) mice. 5 OL135 given i.p. resulted in a dose-responsive reversal of mechanical allodynia in both MTI and SNL models in the rat with an ED(50) between 6 and 9 mg kg(-1). The plasma concentration at the ED(50) in both models was 0.7 microM (240 ng ml(-1)). 6 In the rat SNL model, coadministration of the selective CB(2) receptor antagonist SR144528 (5 mg kg(-1) i.p.), with 20 mg kg(-1) OL135 blocked the OL135-induced reversal of mechanical allodynia, but the selective CB(1) antagonist SR141716A (5 mg kg(-1) i.p.) was without effect. 7 In the rat MTI model neither SR141716A or SR144528 (both at 5 mg kg(-1) i.p.), or a combination of both antagonists coadministered with OL135 (20 mg kg(-1)) blocked reversal of mechanical allodynia assessed 30 min after dosing. 8 In both the MTI model and SNL models in rats, naloxone (1 mg kg(-1), i.p. 30 min after OL135) reversed the analgesia (to 15% of control levels in the MTI model, to zero in the SNL) produced by OL135.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjp.0706699DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1617043PMC
May 2006

Preparation and biological evaluation of indole, benzimidazole, and thienopyrrole piperazine carboxamides: potent human histamine h(4) antagonists.

J Med Chem 2005 Dec;48(26):8289-98

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, California 92121, USA.

Three series of H(4) receptor ligands, derived from indoly-2-yl-(4-methyl-piperazin-1-yl)-methanones, have been synthesized and their structure-activity relationships evaluated for activity at the H(4) receptor in competitive binding and functional assays. In all cases, substitution of small lipophilic groups in the 4 and 5-positions led to increased activity in a [(3)H]histamine radiolabeled ligand competitive binding assay. In vitro metabolism and initial pharmacokinetic studies were performed on selected compounds leading to the identification of indole 8 and benzimidazole 40 as potent H(4) antagonists with the potential for further development. In addition, both 8 and 40 demonstrated efficacy in in vitro mast cell and eosinophil chemotaxis assays.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm0502081DOI Listing
December 2005

Aplysamine-1 and related analogs as histamine H3 receptor antagonists.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2006 Feb 21;16(4):897-900. Epub 2005 Nov 21.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

Aplysamine-1 (1), a marine natural product, was synthesized and screened for in vitro activity at the human and rat histamine H3 receptors. Aplysamine-1 (1) was found to possess a high binding affinity for the human H3 receptor (Ki = 30+/-4 nM). Synthetic analogs of 1, including des-bromoaplysamine-1 (10) and dimethyl-{2-[4-(3-piperidin-1-yl-propoxy)-phenyl]-ethyl}-amine (13), were potent H3 antagonists.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2005.11.003DOI Listing
February 2006

4-phenoxypiperidines: potent, conformationally restricted, non-imidazole histamine H3 antagonists.

J Med Chem 2005 Mar;48(6):2229-38

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, California 92121, USA.

Two new series of 4-(1-alkyl-piperidin-4-yloxy)-benzonitriles and 4-(1-isopropyl-piperidin-4-yloxy)-benzylamines have been prepared. In vitro activity was determined at the recombinant human H(3) receptor and several members of these new series were found to be potent H(3) antagonists. The present compounds contain a 4-phenoxypiperidine core, which behaves as a conformationally restricted version of the 3-amino-1-propanol moiety common to the many previously described non-imidazole histamine H(3) ligands. One selected member of the new series, 4-[4-(1-isopropyl-piperidin-4-yloxy)-benzyl]-morpholine (13g), was found to be a potent, highly selective H(3) receptor antagonist with in vivo efficacy in a rat EEG model of wakefulness at doses as low as 1 mg/kg sc.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm049212nDOI Listing
March 2005

A simple stopped assay for fatty acid amide hydrolase avoiding the use of a chloroform extraction phase.

J Biochem Biophys Methods 2004 Aug;60(2):171-7

Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Umeå University, SE901 87 Umeå, Sweden.

A stopped assay for fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) has been developed, whereby the enzyme reaction product ([(3)H]ethanolamine) was separated from substrate (anandamide [ethanolamine-1-(3)H]), by differential adsorption to charcoal. The assay gave a better extraction efficiency when acidic rather than alkaline charcoal solutions were used to stop the reaction, and a very good ratio of sample/blank was also seen. The acidic charcoal assay gave the expected sensitivities to compounds known to inhibit FAAH (palmitoyltrifluoromethyl ketone, arvanil, AM404 and indomethacin). It is concluded that the acidic charcoal extraction method provides a robust and simple stopped assay for FAAH without the need to use potentially hazardous solvents like chloroform.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbbm.2004.04.020DOI Listing
August 2004

The first potent and selective non-imidazole human histamine H4 receptor antagonists.

J Med Chem 2003 Sep;46(19):3957-60

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L.L.C, 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, California 92121, USA.

Following the discovery of the human histamine H4 receptor, a high throughput screen of our corporate compound collection identified compound 6 as a potential lead. Investigation of the SAR resulted in the discovery of novel compounds 10e and 10l, which are the first potent and selective histamine H4 receptor antagonists to be described.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm0341047DOI Listing
September 2003

A new class of diamine-based human histamine H3 receptor antagonists: 4-(aminoalkoxy)benzylamines.

J Med Chem 2003 Aug;46(18):3938-44

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, California 92121, USA.

4-(Aminoalkoxy)benzylamines were prepared and screened for in vitro activity at the human histamine H(3) receptor. Some members of this series exhibited subnanomolar binding affinities. Analogues in which one nitrogen atom was replaced with a methine group showed greatly reduced binding affinities. Six members of this series were found to be antagonists in a cell-based model of human histamine H(3) receptor activation. One member of this series, 1-[4-(3-piperidin-1-ylpropoxy)benzyl]piperidine (7b), was found to be a selective and potent human H(3) receptor antagonist.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm030185vDOI Listing
August 2003

A high-throughput-compatible assay for determining the activity of fatty acid amide hydrolase.

Anal Biochem 2003 Jul;318(2):270-5

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development LLC Neuroscience, 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

Fatty acid amide hydrolase (EC 3.5.1.4.) is the enzyme responsible for the rapid degradation of lipid-derived chemical messengers such as anandamide, oleamide, and 2-arachidonoylglycerol. The pharmacological characterization of this enzyme in vivo has been hampered by the lack of selective and bioavailable inhibitors. We have developed a simple, radioactive, high-throughput-compatible assay for this enzyme based on the differential absorption of the substrate and its products to activated charcoal. The assay was validated using known inhibitors. It may be applied for the identification of new inhibitors from a compound library.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0003-2697(03)00217-3DOI Listing
July 2003

Non-imidazole heterocyclic histamine H3 receptor antagonists.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2003 May;13(10):1767-70

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development L. L. C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

Continued exploration of the SAR around the lead imidazopyridine histamine H(3) antagonist 1 has led to the discovery of several related series of heterocyclic histamine H(3) antagonists. The synthesis and SAR of indolizine, indole and pyrazolopyridine based compounds are now described.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0960-894x(03)00299-3DOI Listing
May 2003

Novel human histamine H(3) receptor antagonists.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2002 Nov;12(22):3309-12

Johnson and Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L.L.C., San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

High throughput screening, using the recombinant human H(3) receptor, was used to identify novel histamine H(3) receptor antagonists. Evaluation of the lead compounds ultimately afforded potent, selective, orally bioavailable compounds (e.g., 38) with favorable blood-brain barrier penetration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0960-894x(02)00738-2DOI Listing
November 2002