Publications by authors named "Sandra Lomazzi"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Somatostatin analogue pasireotide (SOM230) inhibits catecholamine secretion in human pheochromocytoma cells.

Cancer Lett 2021 Oct 9. Epub 2021 Oct 9.

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Strasbourg, Institut des Neurosciences Cellulaires et Intégratives, F-67000, Strasbourg, France. Electronic address:

Increasingly common, neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are regarded nowadays as neoplasms potentially causing debilitating symptoms and life-threatening medical conditions. Pheochromocytoma is a NET that develops from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla, and is responsible for an excessive secretion of catecholamines. Consequently, patients have an increased risk for clinical symptoms such as hypertension, elevated stroke risk and various cardiovascular complications. Somatostatin analogues are among the main anti-secretory medical drugs used in current clinical practice in patient with NETs. However, their impact on pheochromocytoma-associated catecholamine hypersecretion remains incompletely explored. This study investigated the potential efficacy of octreotide and pasireotide (SOM230) on human tumor cells directly cultured from freshly resected pheochromocytomas using an implemented catecholamine secretion measurement by carbon fiber amperometry. SOM230 treatment efficiently inhibited nicotine-induced catecholamine secretion both in bovine chromaffin cells and in human tumor cells whereas octreotide had no effect. Moreover, SOM230 specifically decreased the number of exocytic events by impairing the stimulation-evoked calcium influx as well as the nicotinic receptor-activated inward current in human pheochromocytoma cells. Altogether, our findings indicate that SOM230 acts as an inhibitor of catecholamine secretion through a mechanism involving the nicotinic receptor and might be considered as a potential anti-secretory treatment for patients with pheochromocytoma.
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October 2021

Humoral immunity to SARS-CoV-2 and seasonal coronaviruses in children and adults in north-eastern France.

EBioMedicine 2021 Aug 23;70:103495. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Urgences pédiatriques Hopital Clocheville, CHRU de Tours, Tours, France.

Background: Children are underrepresented in the COVID-19 pandemic and often experience milder disease than adolescents and adults. Reduced severity is possibly due to recent and more frequent seasonal human coronaviruses (HCoV) infections. We assessed the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 and seasonal HCoV specific antibodies in a large cohort in north-eastern France.

Methods: In this cross-sectional seroprevalence study, serum samples were collected from children and adults requiring hospital admission for non-COVID-19 between February and August 2020. Antibody responses to SARS-CoV-2 and seasonal HCoV (229E, HKU1, NL63, OC43) were assessed using a bead-based multiplex assay, Luciferase-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay, and a pseudotype neutralisation assay.

Findings: In 2,408 individuals, seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies was 7-8% with three different immunoassays. Antibody levels to seasonal HCoV increased substantially up to the age of 10. Antibody responses in SARS-CoV-2 seropositive individuals were lowest in adults 18-30 years. In SARS-CoV-2 seronegative individuals, we observed cross-reactivity between antibodies to the four HCoV and SARS-CoV-2 Spike. In contrast to other antibodies to SARS-CoV-2, specific antibodies to sub-unit 2 of Spike (S2) in seronegative samples were highest in children. Upon infection with SARS-CoV-2, antibody levels to Spike of betacoronavirus OC43 increased across the whole age spectrum. No SARS-CoV-2 seropositive individuals with low levels of antibodies to seasonal HCoV were observed.

Interpretation: Our findings underline significant cross-reactivity between antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 and seasonal HCoV, but provide no significant evidence for cross-protective immunity to SARS-CoV-2 infection due to a recent seasonal HCoV infection. In particular, across all age groups we did not observe SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals with low levels of antibodies to seasonal HCoV.

Funding: This work was supported by the « URGENCE COVID-19 » fundraising campaign of Institut Pasteur, by the French Government's Investissement d'Avenir program, Laboratoire d'Excellence Integrative Biology of Emerging Infectious Diseases (Grant No. ANR-10-LABX-62-IBEID), and by the REACTing (Research & Action Emerging Infectious Diseases), and by the RECOVER project funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 101003589, and by a grant from LabEx IBEID (ANR-10-LABX-62-IBEID).
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August 2021

COPPS, a composite score integrating pathological features, PS100 and SDHB losses, predicts the risk of metastasis and progression-free survival in pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas.

Virchows Arch 2019 Jun 13;474(6):721-734. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Pathology, CHRU de Nancy, Université de Lorraine, F-54000, Nancy, France.

Current histoprognostic parameters and prognostic scores used in paragangliomas and pheochromocytomas do not adequately predict the risk of metastastic progression and survival. Here, using a series of 147 cases of paraganglioma and pheochromocytoma, we designed and evaluated the potential of a new score, the COPPS (COmposite Pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma Prognostic Score), by taking into consideration three clinico-pathological features (including tumor size, necrosis, and vascular invasion), and the losses of PS100 and SDHB immunostain to predict the risk of metastasis. We compared also the performance of the COPPS with several presently used histoprognostic parameters in risk assessment of these tumors. A PASS score (Pheochromocytoma of the Adrenal gland Scaled Score) ≥ 6 was significantly associated with the occurrence of metastases (P < 0.0001) and shorter PFS (P = 0.013). In addition, both MCM6 and Ki-67 LI correlated with worse PFS (P = 0.004 and P < 0.0001, respectively), and MCM6, but not Ki-67, was significantly higher in metastatic group (P = 0.0004). Loss of PS100 staining correlated with the occurrence of metastasis (P < 0.0001) and shorter PFS (P < 0.0001). At a value of greater or equal to 3, the COPPS correlated with shorter PFS (P < 0.0001), and predicted reproducibly (weighted Kappa coefficient, 0.863) the occurrence of metastases with a sensitivity of 100.0% and specificity of 94.7%. It thus surpassed those found for either PASS, SDHB, MCM6, or Ki-67 alone. In conclusion, while validation is still necessary in independent confirmatory cohorts, COPPS could be of great potential for the risk assessment of metastasis and progression in paragangliomas and pheochromocytomas.
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June 2019

[Use of the PELICAN software for the creation and export of standardized pathology reports in central nervous system tumors: Example of meningiomas].

Ann Pathol 2019 Dec 8;39(6):414-424. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Service d'anatomie et cytologie pathologiques, hôpital Central, CHRU de Nancy, 29, avenue du Maréchal-de-Lattre-de-Tassigny, 54000 Nancy, France; Centre de ressources biologiques BB-0033-00035, CHRU de Nancy, 54000 Nancy, France; Inserm U1256, équipe 3 MIGB, NGERE, université de Lorraine, 54500 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: PELICAN ("Partager Efficacement en Laboratoire les Informations des Comptes rendus ANatomopathologiques") is a software, which generates standardized reports, and allows to automatically create a database. It has been used in central nervous system tumor pathology at the University Hospital of Nancy since 2014. The purpose of this article was to illustrate the use of this application for meningiomas, with a first statistical evaluation.

Materials And Methods: The export of data included all cases of meningiomas recorded in the PELICAN application until July 2018. The PELICAN application is a Microsoft Excel file containing a software, written in Visual Basic for Applications, and used by the pathologist to create the report. The main clinical data were collected from the Hérault Register census form. Follow-up was systematically reported for atypical meningiomas.

Results: Two hundred and ninety-five meningiomas were analyzed, including 250 grade I meningiomas, 42 grade II meningiomas, and 3 grade III meningiomas. Grade II meningiomas were characterized by a significantly higher proportion of men (P=0.002) and dural infiltration (P<0.001), a significant increase in the Ki-67 index (P<0.0001), and a significant decrease in progesterone receptor expression (P<0.001). In atypical meningiomas, a Ki-67 index of more than 20 % was significantly correlated with a shorter progression-free survival (P=0.032).

Conclusion: The PELICAN software is an easy-to-use tool that allows to generate standardized reports and feed a database, opening very interesting perspectives from an epidemiological and scientific point of view.
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December 2019

[Development and deployment of a standardized pathology report in lung cancer, basing on a data management software: The PELICAN software].

Ann Pathol 2019 Apr 6;39(2):87-99. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Service d'anatomie et cytologie pathologiques, hôpital Central, CHRU de Nancy, 29, avenue du Maréchal-De-Lattre de Tassigny, 54000 Nancy, France; Centre de ressources biologiques BB-0033-00035, CHRU de Nancy, 54000 Nancy, France; INSERM U1256, équipe 3 MIGB, NGERE, université de Lorraine, 54500 Vandoeuvre-Les-Nancy, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: PELICAN (« Partager Éfficacement en Laboratoire les Informations des Comptes rendus ANatomopathologiques ») is a software which generates standardized reports and, in parallel, allows to automatically create a database that can be used for research purpose. This application has been used in our laboratory since 2014 for central nervous system tumors. The aim of this work was to extend it to another type of tumor, lung cancer.

Materials And Methods: The content of the pathology reports was previously defined using various standards (Société Française de Pathologie, Institut National du Cancer, WHO Classification 2015, …). A double codification was used with SNOMED and ADICAP codes. The PELICAN application is a Microsoft Excel file containing a software specifically developed for pathology laboratories, written in Visual Basic for Applications and respecting the CDA-R2 standard.

Results: After definition of the software specifications, a beta-version was installed in February 2018. After various updates, the 3.19 version was installed in July 2018. Almost all lung cancer surgical pathology reports are now generated with the PELICAN software; a total of 56 reports were validated at the time of writing this manuscript. The medical time for the generation of the report was globally the same or decreased for some pathologists. The secretarial time was greatly reduced.

Conclusion: The PELICAN software is an easy to use tool that allows to generate standardized reports in pulmonary pathology and to feed a database that can be easily used for statistical purposes.
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April 2019

Cdc42 and Rac1 activity is reduced in human pheochromocytoma and correlates with FARP1 and ARHGEF1 expression.

Endocr Relat Cancer 2016 Apr 24;23(4):281-93. Epub 2016 Feb 24.

Institut des Neurosciences Cellulaires et Intégratives (INCI)CNRS UPR 3212, Strasbourg, France

Among small GTPases from the Rho family, Cdc42, RAC, and Rho are well known to mediate a large variety of cellular processes linked with cancer biology through their ability to cycle between an inactive (GDP-bound) and an active (GTP-bound) state. Guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) stimulate the exchange of GDP for GTP to generate the activated form, whereas the GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) catalyze GTP hydrolysis, leading to the inactivated form. Modulation of Rho GTPase activity following altered expression of RHO-GEFs and/or RHO-GAPs has already been reported in various human tumors. However, nothing is known about the Rho GTPase activity or the expression of their regulators in human pheochromocytomas, a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) arising from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla. In this study, we demonstrate, through an ELISA-based activity assay, that Rac1 and Cdc42 activities decrease in human pheochromocytomas (PCCs) compared with the matched adjacent non-tumor tissue. Furthermore, through quantitative mass spectrometry (MS) approaches, we show that the expression of two RHO-GEF proteins, namely ARHGEF1 and FARP1, is significantly reduced in tumors compared with matched non-tumor tissue, whereas ARHGAP36 expression is increased. Moreover, siRNA-based knockdown of ARHGEF1 and FARP1 in PC12 cells leads to a significant inhibition of Rac1 and Cdc42 activities, respectively. Finally, a principal component analysis (PCA) of our dataset was able to discriminate PCC from non-tumor tissue and indicates a close correlation between Cdc42/Rac1 activity and FARP1/ARHGEF1 expression. Altogether, our findings reveal for the first time the importance of modulation of Rho GTPase activities and expression of their regulators in human PCCs.
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April 2016

Increased expression of matrilin-3 not only in osteoarthritic articular cartilage but also in cartilage-forming tumors, and down-regulation of SOX9 via epidermal growth factor domain 1-dependent signaling.

Arthritis Rheum 2008 Sep;58(9):2798-808

UMR 7561 CNRS-UHP, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France.

Objective: To identify regulators of the cartilaginous phenotype, on the basis of their differential expression in human conventional chondrogenic tumors compared with articular cartilage.

Methods: Differential proteomics analysis revealed matrilin-3 (MATN3) as a candidate regulator of the cartilaginous phenotype. Its capacity to modulate gene expression was investigated in human HCS-2/8 chondrosarcoma cells and transfected chondrocytes, using cell culture fractionation, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and Western blot analyses.

Results: Increased expression of the cartilage-specific matrix protein MATN3 was specifically observed in enchondromas and conventional chondrosarcomas. A substantial fraction of MATN3 was found in cytoplasmic structures of tumor cells, as demonstrated by immunohistochemistry. Analyses of intracellular MATN3 revealed that it corresponded to an imperfectly maturated MATN3 polypeptide, both in HCS-2/8 human chondrosarcoma cells and in transfected human chondrocytes. Moderately increased expression of MATN3 resulted in its intracellular retention. Antibody-mediated blockade of soluble, extracellular MATN3 in HCS-2/8 cell cultures resulted in increased expression of MATN3 and the chondrogenic transcription factor SOX9. Conversely, increased ectopic expression of MATN3 resulted in decreased expression of MATN3 and SOX9 in primary chondrocytes, while a mutant MATN3 lacking its first epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like domain failed to down-regulate SOX9.

Conclusion: Aberrant expression and processing of MATN3 are hallmarks of conventional cartilaginous neoplasms. A particular step in the maturation of MATN3 limits its processing through the secretion machinery, resulting in its intracellular accumulation upon increased expression. Soluble, secreted MATN3, however, down-regulates SOX9 at the messenger RNA and protein levels. The first EGF-like domain of MATN3 is a critical determinant of its regulatory activity toward SOX9. These activities of MATN3 suggest that its increased expression in osteoarthritis might contribute to the degeneration of articular cartilage.
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September 2008